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3c574_cs.c

/* 3c574.c: A PCMCIA ethernet driver for the 3com 3c574 "RoadRunner".

      Written 1993-1998 by
      Donald Becker, becker@scyld.com, (driver core) and
      David Hinds, dahinds@users.sourceforge.net (from his PC card code).
      Locking fixes (C) Copyright 2003 Red Hat Inc

      This software may be used and distributed according to the terms of
      the GNU General Public License, incorporated herein by reference.

      This driver derives from Donald Becker's 3c509 core, which has the
      following copyright:
      Copyright 1993 United States Government as represented by the
      Director, National Security Agency.
      

*/

/*
                        Theory of Operation

I. Board Compatibility

This device driver is designed for the 3Com 3c574 PC card Fast Ethernet
Adapter.

II. Board-specific settings

None -- PC cards are autoconfigured.

III. Driver operation

The 3c574 uses a Boomerang-style interface, without the bus-master capability.
See the Boomerang driver and documentation for most details.

IV. Notes and chip documentation.

Two added registers are used to enhance PIO performance, RunnerRdCtrl and
RunnerWrCtrl.  These are 11 bit down-counters that are preloaded with the
count of word (16 bits) reads or writes the driver is about to do to the Rx
or Tx FIFO.  The chip is then able to hide the internal-PCI-bus to PC-card
translation latency by buffering the I/O operations with an 8 word FIFO.
Note: No other chip accesses are permitted when this buffer is used.

A second enhancement is that both attribute and common memory space
0x0800-0x0fff can translated to the PIO FIFO.  Thus memory operations (faster
with *some* PCcard bridges) may be used instead of I/O operations.
This is enabled by setting the 0x10 bit in the PCMCIA LAN COR.

Some slow PC card bridges work better if they never see a WAIT signal.
This is configured by setting the 0x20 bit in the PCMCIA LAN COR.
Only do this after testing that it is reliable and improves performance.

The upper five bits of RunnerRdCtrl are used to window into PCcard
configuration space registers.  Window 0 is the regular Boomerang/Odie
register set, 1-5 are various PC card control registers, and 16-31 are
the (reversed!) CIS table.

A final note: writing the InternalConfig register in window 3 with an
invalid ramWidth is Very Bad.

V. References

http://www.scyld.com/expert/NWay.html
http://www.national.com/pf/DP/DP83840.html

Thanks to Terry Murphy of 3Com for providing development information for
earlier 3Com products.

*/

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/ethtool.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <pcmcia/cs_types.h>
#include <pcmcia/cs.h>
#include <pcmcia/cistpl.h>
#include <pcmcia/cisreg.h>
#include <pcmcia/ciscode.h>
#include <pcmcia/ds.h>
#include <pcmcia/mem_op.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/system.h>

/*====================================================================*/

/* Module parameters */

MODULE_AUTHOR("David Hinds <dahinds@users.sourceforge.net>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("3Com 3c574 series PCMCIA ethernet driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

#define INT_MODULE_PARM(n, v) static int n = v; module_param(n, int, 0)

/* Maximum events (Rx packets, etc.) to handle at each interrupt. */
INT_MODULE_PARM(max_interrupt_work, 32);

/* Force full duplex modes? */
INT_MODULE_PARM(full_duplex, 0);

/* Autodetect link polarity reversal? */
INT_MODULE_PARM(auto_polarity, 1);

#ifdef PCMCIA_DEBUG
INT_MODULE_PARM(pc_debug, PCMCIA_DEBUG);
#define DEBUG(n, args...) if (pc_debug>(n)) printk(KERN_DEBUG args)
static char *version =
"3c574_cs.c 1.65ac1 2003/04/07 Donald Becker/David Hinds, becker@scyld.com.\n";
#else
#define DEBUG(n, args...)
#endif

/*====================================================================*/

/* Time in jiffies before concluding the transmitter is hung. */
#define TX_TIMEOUT  ((800*HZ)/1000)

/* To minimize the size of the driver source and make the driver more
   readable not all constants are symbolically defined.
   You'll need the manual if you want to understand driver details anyway. */
/* Offsets from base I/O address. */
#define EL3_DATA  0x00
#define EL3_CMD         0x0e
#define EL3_STATUS      0x0e

#define EL3WINDOW(win_num) outw(SelectWindow + (win_num), ioaddr + EL3_CMD)

/* The top five bits written to EL3_CMD are a command, the lower
   11 bits are the parameter, if applicable. */
enum el3_cmds {
      TotalReset = 0<<11, SelectWindow = 1<<11, StartCoax = 2<<11,
      RxDisable = 3<<11, RxEnable = 4<<11, RxReset = 5<<11, RxDiscard = 8<<11,
      TxEnable = 9<<11, TxDisable = 10<<11, TxReset = 11<<11,
      FakeIntr = 12<<11, AckIntr = 13<<11, SetIntrEnb = 14<<11,
      SetStatusEnb = 15<<11, SetRxFilter = 16<<11, SetRxThreshold = 17<<11,
      SetTxThreshold = 18<<11, SetTxStart = 19<<11, StatsEnable = 21<<11,
      StatsDisable = 22<<11, StopCoax = 23<<11,
};

enum elxl_status {
      IntLatch = 0x0001, AdapterFailure = 0x0002, TxComplete = 0x0004,
      TxAvailable = 0x0008, RxComplete = 0x0010, RxEarly = 0x0020,
      IntReq = 0x0040, StatsFull = 0x0080, CmdBusy = 0x1000 };

/* The SetRxFilter command accepts the following classes: */
enum RxFilter {
      RxStation = 1, RxMulticast = 2, RxBroadcast = 4, RxProm = 8
};

enum Window0 {
      Wn0EepromCmd = 10, Wn0EepromData = 12, /* EEPROM command/address, data. */
      IntrStatus=0x0E,        /* Valid in all windows. */
};
/* These assumes the larger EEPROM. */
enum Win0_EEPROM_cmds {
      EEPROM_Read = 0x200, EEPROM_WRITE = 0x100, EEPROM_ERASE = 0x300,
      EEPROM_EWENB = 0x30,          /* Enable erasing/writing for 10 msec. */
      EEPROM_EWDIS = 0x00,          /* Disable EWENB before 10 msec timeout. */
};

/* Register window 1 offsets, the window used in normal operation.
   On the "Odie" this window is always mapped at offsets 0x10-0x1f.
   Except for TxFree, which is overlapped by RunnerWrCtrl. */
enum Window1 {
      TX_FIFO = 0x10,  RX_FIFO = 0x10,  RxErrors = 0x14,
      RxStatus = 0x18,  Timer=0x1A, TxStatus = 0x1B,
      TxFree = 0x0C, /* Remaining free bytes in Tx buffer. */
      RunnerRdCtrl = 0x16, RunnerWrCtrl = 0x1c,
};

enum Window3 {                /* Window 3: MAC/config bits. */
      Wn3_Config=0, Wn3_MAC_Ctrl=6, Wn3_Options=8,
};
enum wn3_config {
      Ram_size = 7,
      Ram_width = 8,
      Ram_speed = 0x30,
      Rom_size = 0xc0,
      Ram_split_shift = 16,
      Ram_split = 3 << Ram_split_shift,
      Xcvr_shift = 20,
      Xcvr = 7 << Xcvr_shift,
      Autoselect = 0x1000000,
};

enum Window4 {          /* Window 4: Xcvr/media bits. */
      Wn4_FIFODiag = 4, Wn4_NetDiag = 6, Wn4_PhysicalMgmt=8, Wn4_Media = 10,
};

#define MEDIA_TP  0x00C0      /* Enable link beat and jabber for 10baseT. */

struct el3_private {
      struct pcmcia_device    *p_dev;
      dev_node_t node;
      struct net_device_stats stats;
      u16 advertising, partner;           /* NWay media advertisement */
      unsigned char phys;                 /* MII device address */
      unsigned int autoselect:1, default_media:3;     /* Read from the EEPROM/Wn3_Config. */
      /* for transceiver monitoring */
      struct timer_list media;
      unsigned short media_status;
      unsigned short fast_poll;
      unsigned long last_irq;
      spinlock_t window_lock;             /* Guards the Window selection */
};

/* Set iff a MII transceiver on any interface requires mdio preamble.
   This only set with the original DP83840 on older 3c905 boards, so the extra
   code size of a per-interface flag is not worthwhile. */
static char mii_preamble_required = 0;

/* Index of functions. */

static int tc574_config(struct pcmcia_device *link);
static void tc574_release(struct pcmcia_device *link);

static void mdio_sync(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int bits);
static int mdio_read(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int phy_id, int location);
static void mdio_write(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int phy_id, int location, int value);
static unsigned short read_eeprom(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int index);
static void tc574_wait_for_completion(struct net_device *dev, int cmd);

static void tc574_reset(struct net_device *dev);
static void media_check(unsigned long arg);
static int el3_open(struct net_device *dev);
static int el3_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev);
static irqreturn_t el3_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id);
static void update_stats(struct net_device *dev);
static struct net_device_stats *el3_get_stats(struct net_device *dev);
static int el3_rx(struct net_device *dev, int worklimit);
static int el3_close(struct net_device *dev);
static void el3_tx_timeout(struct net_device *dev);
static int el3_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *rq, int cmd);
static const struct ethtool_ops netdev_ethtool_ops;
static void set_rx_mode(struct net_device *dev);

static void tc574_detach(struct pcmcia_device *p_dev);

/*
      tc574_attach() creates an "instance" of the driver, allocating
      local data structures for one device.  The device is registered
      with Card Services.
*/

static int tc574_probe(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
      struct el3_private *lp;
      struct net_device *dev;

      DEBUG(0, "3c574_attach()\n");

      /* Create the PC card device object. */
      dev = alloc_etherdev(sizeof(struct el3_private));
      if (!dev)
            return -ENOMEM;
      lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      link->priv = dev;
      lp->p_dev = link;

      spin_lock_init(&lp->window_lock);
      link->io.NumPorts1 = 32;
      link->io.Attributes1 = IO_DATA_PATH_WIDTH_16;
      link->irq.Attributes = IRQ_TYPE_DYNAMIC_SHARING|IRQ_HANDLE_PRESENT;
      link->irq.IRQInfo1 = IRQ_LEVEL_ID;
      link->irq.Handler = &el3_interrupt;
      link->irq.Instance = dev;
      link->conf.Attributes = CONF_ENABLE_IRQ;
      link->conf.IntType = INT_MEMORY_AND_IO;
      link->conf.ConfigIndex = 1;

      /* The EL3-specific entries in the device structure. */
      dev->hard_start_xmit = &el3_start_xmit;
      dev->get_stats = &el3_get_stats;
      dev->do_ioctl = &el3_ioctl;
      SET_ETHTOOL_OPS(dev, &netdev_ethtool_ops);
      dev->set_multicast_list = &set_rx_mode;
      dev->open = &el3_open;
      dev->stop = &el3_close;
#ifdef HAVE_TX_TIMEOUT
      dev->tx_timeout = el3_tx_timeout;
      dev->watchdog_timeo = TX_TIMEOUT;
#endif

      return tc574_config(link);
} /* tc574_attach */

/*

      This deletes a driver "instance".  The device is de-registered
      with Card Services.  If it has been released, all local data
      structures are freed.  Otherwise, the structures will be freed
      when the device is released.

*/

static void tc574_detach(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
      struct net_device *dev = link->priv;

      DEBUG(0, "3c574_detach(0x%p)\n", link);

      if (link->dev_node)
            unregister_netdev(dev);

      tc574_release(link);

      free_netdev(dev);
} /* tc574_detach */

/*
      tc574_config() is scheduled to run after a CARD_INSERTION event
      is received, to configure the PCMCIA socket, and to make the
      ethernet device available to the system.
*/

#define CS_CHECK(fn, ret) \
  do { last_fn = (fn); if ((last_ret = (ret)) != 0) goto cs_failed; } while (0)

static const char *ram_split[] = {"5:3", "3:1", "1:1", "3:5"};

static int tc574_config(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
      struct net_device *dev = link->priv;
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      tuple_t tuple;
      __le16 buf[32];
      int last_fn, last_ret, i, j;
      kio_addr_t ioaddr;
      __be16 *phys_addr;
      char *cardname;
      __u32 config;
      DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);

      phys_addr = (__be16 *)dev->dev_addr;

      DEBUG(0, "3c574_config(0x%p)\n", link);

      link->io.IOAddrLines = 16;
      for (i = j = 0; j < 0x400; j += 0x20) {
            link->io.BasePort1 = j ^ 0x300;
            i = pcmcia_request_io(link, &link->io);
            if (i == CS_SUCCESS) break;
      }
      if (i != CS_SUCCESS) {
            cs_error(link, RequestIO, i);
            goto failed;
      }
      CS_CHECK(RequestIRQ, pcmcia_request_irq(link, &link->irq));
      CS_CHECK(RequestConfiguration, pcmcia_request_configuration(link, &link->conf));

      dev->irq = link->irq.AssignedIRQ;
      dev->base_addr = link->io.BasePort1;

      ioaddr = dev->base_addr;

      /* The 3c574 normally uses an EEPROM for configuration info, including
         the hardware address.  The future products may include a modem chip
         and put the address in the CIS. */
      tuple.Attributes = 0;
      tuple.TupleData = (cisdata_t *)buf;
      tuple.TupleDataMax = 64;
      tuple.TupleOffset = 0;
      tuple.DesiredTuple = 0x88;
      if (pcmcia_get_first_tuple(link, &tuple) == CS_SUCCESS) {
            pcmcia_get_tuple_data(link, &tuple);
            for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
                  phys_addr[i] = htons(le16_to_cpu(buf[i]));
      } else {
            EL3WINDOW(0);
            for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
                  phys_addr[i] = htons(read_eeprom(ioaddr, i + 10));
            if (phys_addr[0] == htons(0x6060)) {
                  printk(KERN_NOTICE "3c574_cs: IO port conflict at 0x%03lx"
                           "-0x%03lx\n", dev->base_addr, dev->base_addr+15);
                  goto failed;
            }
      }
      if (link->prod_id[1])
            cardname = link->prod_id[1];
      else
            cardname = "3Com 3c574";

      {
            u_char mcr;
            outw(2<<11, ioaddr + RunnerRdCtrl);
            mcr = inb(ioaddr + 2);
            outw(0<<11, ioaddr + RunnerRdCtrl);
            printk(KERN_INFO "  ASIC rev %d,", mcr>>3);
            EL3WINDOW(3);
            config = inl(ioaddr + Wn3_Config);
            lp->default_media = (config & Xcvr) >> Xcvr_shift;
            lp->autoselect = config & Autoselect ? 1 : 0;
      }

      init_timer(&lp->media);

      {
            int phy;
            
            /* Roadrunner only: Turn on the MII transceiver */
            outw(0x8040, ioaddr + Wn3_Options);
            mdelay(1);
            outw(0xc040, ioaddr + Wn3_Options);
            tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, TxReset);
            tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, RxReset);
            mdelay(1);
            outw(0x8040, ioaddr + Wn3_Options);
            
            EL3WINDOW(4);
            for (phy = 1; phy <= 32; phy++) {
                  int mii_status;
                  mdio_sync(ioaddr, 32);
                  mii_status = mdio_read(ioaddr, phy & 0x1f, 1);
                  if (mii_status != 0xffff) {
                        lp->phys = phy & 0x1f;
                        DEBUG(0, "  MII transceiver at index %d, status %x.\n",
                                phy, mii_status);
                        if ((mii_status & 0x0040) == 0)
                              mii_preamble_required = 1;
                        break;
                  }
            }
            if (phy > 32) {
                  printk(KERN_NOTICE "  No MII transceivers found!\n");
                  goto failed;
            }
            i = mdio_read(ioaddr, lp->phys, 16) | 0x40;
            mdio_write(ioaddr, lp->phys, 16, i);
            lp->advertising = mdio_read(ioaddr, lp->phys, 4);
            if (full_duplex) {
                  /* Only advertise the FD media types. */
                  lp->advertising &= ~0x02a0;
                  mdio_write(ioaddr, lp->phys, 4, lp->advertising);
            }
      }

      link->dev_node = &lp->node;
      SET_NETDEV_DEV(dev, &handle_to_dev(link));

      if (register_netdev(dev) != 0) {
            printk(KERN_NOTICE "3c574_cs: register_netdev() failed\n");
            link->dev_node = NULL;
            goto failed;
      }

      strcpy(lp->node.dev_name, dev->name);

      printk(KERN_INFO "%s: %s at io %#3lx, irq %d, "
             "hw_addr %s.\n",
             dev->name, cardname, dev->base_addr, dev->irq,
             print_mac(mac, dev->dev_addr));
      printk(" %dK FIFO split %s Rx:Tx, %sMII interface.\n",
               8 << config & Ram_size,
               ram_split[(config & Ram_split) >> Ram_split_shift],
               config & Autoselect ? "autoselect " : "");

      return 0;

cs_failed:
      cs_error(link, last_fn, last_ret);
failed:
      tc574_release(link);
      return -ENODEV;

} /* tc574_config */

/*
      After a card is removed, tc574_release() will unregister the net
      device, and release the PCMCIA configuration.  If the device is
      still open, this will be postponed until it is closed.
*/

static void tc574_release(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
      pcmcia_disable_device(link);
}

static int tc574_suspend(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
      struct net_device *dev = link->priv;

      if (link->open)
            netif_device_detach(dev);

      return 0;
}

static int tc574_resume(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
      struct net_device *dev = link->priv;

      if (link->open) {
            tc574_reset(dev);
            netif_device_attach(dev);
      }

      return 0;
}

static void dump_status(struct net_device *dev)
{
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      EL3WINDOW(1);
      printk(KERN_INFO "  irq status %04x, rx status %04x, tx status "
               "%02x, tx free %04x\n", inw(ioaddr+EL3_STATUS),
               inw(ioaddr+RxStatus), inb(ioaddr+TxStatus),
               inw(ioaddr+TxFree));
      EL3WINDOW(4);
      printk(KERN_INFO "  diagnostics: fifo %04x net %04x ethernet %04x"
               " media %04x\n", inw(ioaddr+0x04), inw(ioaddr+0x06),
               inw(ioaddr+0x08), inw(ioaddr+0x0a));
      EL3WINDOW(1);
}

/*
  Use this for commands that may take time to finish
*/
static void tc574_wait_for_completion(struct net_device *dev, int cmd)
{
      int i = 1500;
      outw(cmd, dev->base_addr + EL3_CMD);
      while (--i > 0)
            if (!(inw(dev->base_addr + EL3_STATUS) & 0x1000)) break;
      if (i == 0)
            printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: command 0x%04x did not complete!\n", dev->name, cmd);
}

/* Read a word from the EEPROM using the regular EEPROM access register.
   Assume that we are in register window zero.
 */
static unsigned short read_eeprom(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int index)
{
      int timer;
      outw(EEPROM_Read + index, ioaddr + Wn0EepromCmd);
      /* Pause for at least 162 usec for the read to take place. */
      for (timer = 1620; timer >= 0; timer--) {
            if ((inw(ioaddr + Wn0EepromCmd) & 0x8000) == 0)
                  break;
      }
      return inw(ioaddr + Wn0EepromData);
}

/* MII transceiver control section.
   Read and write the MII registers using software-generated serial
   MDIO protocol.  See the MII specifications or DP83840A data sheet
   for details.
   The maxium data clock rate is 2.5 Mhz.  The timing is easily met by the
   slow PC card interface. */

#define MDIO_SHIFT_CLK  0x01
#define MDIO_DIR_WRITE  0x04
#define MDIO_DATA_WRITE0 (0x00 | MDIO_DIR_WRITE)
#define MDIO_DATA_WRITE1 (0x02 | MDIO_DIR_WRITE)
#define MDIO_DATA_READ  0x02
#define MDIO_ENB_IN           0x00

/* Generate the preamble required for initial synchronization and
   a few older transceivers. */
static void mdio_sync(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int bits)
{
      kio_addr_t mdio_addr = ioaddr + Wn4_PhysicalMgmt;

      /* Establish sync by sending at least 32 logic ones. */
      while (-- bits >= 0) {
            outw(MDIO_DATA_WRITE1, mdio_addr);
            outw(MDIO_DATA_WRITE1 | MDIO_SHIFT_CLK, mdio_addr);
      }
}

static int mdio_read(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int phy_id, int location)
{
      int i;
      int read_cmd = (0xf6 << 10) | (phy_id << 5) | location;
      unsigned int retval = 0;
      kio_addr_t mdio_addr = ioaddr + Wn4_PhysicalMgmt;

      if (mii_preamble_required)
            mdio_sync(ioaddr, 32);

      /* Shift the read command bits out. */
      for (i = 14; i >= 0; i--) {
            int dataval = (read_cmd&(1<<i)) ? MDIO_DATA_WRITE1 : MDIO_DATA_WRITE0;
            outw(dataval, mdio_addr);
            outw(dataval | MDIO_SHIFT_CLK, mdio_addr);
      }
      /* Read the two transition, 16 data, and wire-idle bits. */
      for (i = 19; i > 0; i--) {
            outw(MDIO_ENB_IN, mdio_addr);
            retval = (retval << 1) | ((inw(mdio_addr) & MDIO_DATA_READ) ? 1 : 0);
            outw(MDIO_ENB_IN | MDIO_SHIFT_CLK, mdio_addr);
      }
      return (retval>>1) & 0xffff;
}

static void mdio_write(kio_addr_t ioaddr, int phy_id, int location, int value)
{
      int write_cmd = 0x50020000 | (phy_id << 23) | (location << 18) | value;
      kio_addr_t mdio_addr = ioaddr + Wn4_PhysicalMgmt;
      int i;

      if (mii_preamble_required)
            mdio_sync(ioaddr, 32);

      /* Shift the command bits out. */
      for (i = 31; i >= 0; i--) {
            int dataval = (write_cmd&(1<<i)) ? MDIO_DATA_WRITE1 : MDIO_DATA_WRITE0;
            outw(dataval, mdio_addr);
            outw(dataval | MDIO_SHIFT_CLK, mdio_addr);
      }
      /* Leave the interface idle. */
      for (i = 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            outw(MDIO_ENB_IN, mdio_addr);
            outw(MDIO_ENB_IN | MDIO_SHIFT_CLK, mdio_addr);
      }

      return;
}

/* Reset and restore all of the 3c574 registers. */
static void tc574_reset(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      int i;
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      unsigned long flags;

      tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, TotalReset|0x10);

      spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      /* Clear any transactions in progress. */
      outw(0, ioaddr + RunnerWrCtrl);
      outw(0, ioaddr + RunnerRdCtrl);

      /* Set the station address and mask. */
      EL3WINDOW(2);
      for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
            outb(dev->dev_addr[i], ioaddr + i);
      for (; i < 12; i+=2)
            outw(0, ioaddr + i);

      /* Reset config options */
      EL3WINDOW(3);
      outb((dev->mtu > 1500 ? 0x40 : 0), ioaddr + Wn3_MAC_Ctrl);
      outl((lp->autoselect ? 0x01000000 : 0) | 0x0062001b,
             ioaddr + Wn3_Config);
      /* Roadrunner only: Turn on the MII transceiver. */
      outw(0x8040, ioaddr + Wn3_Options);
      mdelay(1);
      outw(0xc040, ioaddr + Wn3_Options);
      EL3WINDOW(1);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      
      tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, TxReset);
      tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, RxReset);
      mdelay(1);
      spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      EL3WINDOW(3);
      outw(0x8040, ioaddr + Wn3_Options);

      /* Switch to the stats window, and clear all stats by reading. */
      outw(StatsDisable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      EL3WINDOW(6);
      for (i = 0; i < 10; i++)
            inb(ioaddr + i);
      inw(ioaddr + 10);
      inw(ioaddr + 12);
      EL3WINDOW(4);
      inb(ioaddr + 12);
      inb(ioaddr + 13);

      /* .. enable any extra statistics bits.. */
      outw(0x0040, ioaddr + Wn4_NetDiag);
      
      EL3WINDOW(1);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      
      /* .. re-sync MII and re-fill what NWay is advertising. */
      mdio_sync(ioaddr, 32);
      mdio_write(ioaddr, lp->phys, 4, lp->advertising);
      if (!auto_polarity) {
            /* works for TDK 78Q2120 series MII's */
            int i = mdio_read(ioaddr, lp->phys, 16) | 0x20;
            mdio_write(ioaddr, lp->phys, 16, i);
      }

      spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      /* Switch to register set 1 for normal use, just for TxFree. */
      set_rx_mode(dev);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      outw(StatsEnable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD); /* Turn on statistics. */
      outw(RxEnable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD); /* Enable the receiver. */
      outw(TxEnable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD); /* Enable transmitter. */
      /* Allow status bits to be seen. */
      outw(SetStatusEnb | 0xff, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      /* Ack all pending events, and set active indicator mask. */
      outw(AckIntr | IntLatch | TxAvailable | RxEarly | IntReq,
             ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      outw(SetIntrEnb | IntLatch | TxAvailable | RxComplete | StatsFull
             | AdapterFailure | RxEarly, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
}

static int el3_open(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      struct pcmcia_device *link = lp->p_dev;

      if (!pcmcia_dev_present(link))
            return -ENODEV;
      
      link->open++;
      netif_start_queue(dev);
      
      tc574_reset(dev);
      lp->media.function = &media_check;
      lp->media.data = (unsigned long) dev;
      lp->media.expires = jiffies + HZ;
      add_timer(&lp->media);
      
      DEBUG(2, "%s: opened, status %4.4x.\n",
              dev->name, inw(dev->base_addr + EL3_STATUS));
      
      return 0;
}

static void el3_tx_timeout(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      
      printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: Transmit timed out!\n", dev->name);
      dump_status(dev);
      lp->stats.tx_errors++;
      dev->trans_start = jiffies;
      /* Issue TX_RESET and TX_START commands. */
      tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, TxReset);
      outw(TxEnable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      netif_wake_queue(dev);
}

static void pop_tx_status(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      int i;
    
      /* Clear the Tx status stack. */
      for (i = 32; i > 0; i--) {
            u_char tx_status = inb(ioaddr + TxStatus);
            if (!(tx_status & 0x84))
                  break;
            /* reset transmitter on jabber error or underrun */
            if (tx_status & 0x30)
                  tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, TxReset);
            if (tx_status & 0x38) {
                  DEBUG(1, "%s: transmit error: status 0x%02x\n",
                          dev->name, tx_status);
                  outw(TxEnable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
                  lp->stats.tx_aborted_errors++;
            }
            outb(0x00, ioaddr + TxStatus); /* Pop the status stack. */
      }
}

static int el3_start_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
{
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      unsigned long flags;

      DEBUG(3, "%s: el3_start_xmit(length = %ld) called, "
              "status %4.4x.\n", dev->name, (long)skb->len,
              inw(ioaddr + EL3_STATUS));

      spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      outw(skb->len, ioaddr + TX_FIFO);
      outw(0, ioaddr + TX_FIFO);
      outsl(ioaddr + TX_FIFO, skb->data, (skb->len+3)>>2);

      dev->trans_start = jiffies;

      /* TxFree appears only in Window 1, not offset 0x1c. */
      if (inw(ioaddr + TxFree) <= 1536) {
            netif_stop_queue(dev);
            /* Interrupt us when the FIFO has room for max-sized packet. 
               The threshold is in units of dwords. */
            outw(SetTxThreshold + (1536>>2), ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      }

      pop_tx_status(dev);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      dev_kfree_skb(skb);
      return 0;
}

/* The EL3 interrupt handler. */
static irqreturn_t el3_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
      struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *) dev_id;
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      kio_addr_t ioaddr;
      unsigned status;
      int work_budget = max_interrupt_work;
      int handled = 0;

      if (!netif_device_present(dev))
            return IRQ_NONE;
      ioaddr = dev->base_addr;

      DEBUG(3, "%s: interrupt, status %4.4x.\n",
              dev->name, inw(ioaddr + EL3_STATUS));

      spin_lock(&lp->window_lock);
      
      while ((status = inw(ioaddr + EL3_STATUS)) &
               (IntLatch | RxComplete | RxEarly | StatsFull)) {
            if (!netif_device_present(dev) ||
                  ((status & 0xe000) != 0x2000)) {
                  DEBUG(1, "%s: Interrupt from dead card\n", dev->name);
                  break;
            }

            handled = 1;

            if (status & RxComplete)
                  work_budget = el3_rx(dev, work_budget);

            if (status & TxAvailable) {
                  DEBUG(3, "  TX room bit was handled.\n");
                  /* There's room in the FIFO for a full-sized packet. */
                  outw(AckIntr | TxAvailable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
                  netif_wake_queue(dev);
            }

            if (status & TxComplete)
                  pop_tx_status(dev);

            if (status & (AdapterFailure | RxEarly | StatsFull)) {
                  /* Handle all uncommon interrupts. */
                  if (status & StatsFull)
                        update_stats(dev);
                  if (status & RxEarly) {
                        work_budget = el3_rx(dev, work_budget);
                        outw(AckIntr | RxEarly, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
                  }
                  if (status & AdapterFailure) {
                        u16 fifo_diag;
                        EL3WINDOW(4);
                        fifo_diag = inw(ioaddr + Wn4_FIFODiag);
                        EL3WINDOW(1);
                        printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: adapter failure, FIFO diagnostic"
                                 " register %04x.\n", dev->name, fifo_diag);
                        if (fifo_diag & 0x0400) {
                              /* Tx overrun */
                              tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, TxReset);
                              outw(TxEnable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
                        }
                        if (fifo_diag & 0x2000) {
                              /* Rx underrun */
                              tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, RxReset);
                              set_rx_mode(dev);
                              outw(RxEnable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
                        }
                        outw(AckIntr | AdapterFailure, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
                  }
            }

            if (--work_budget < 0) {
                  DEBUG(0, "%s: Too much work in interrupt, "
                          "status %4.4x.\n", dev->name, status);
                  /* Clear all interrupts */
                  outw(AckIntr | 0xFF, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
                  break;
            }
            /* Acknowledge the IRQ. */
            outw(AckIntr | IntReq | IntLatch, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      }

      DEBUG(3, "%s: exiting interrupt, status %4.4x.\n",
              dev->name, inw(ioaddr + EL3_STATUS));
              
      spin_unlock(&lp->window_lock);
      return IRQ_RETVAL(handled);
}

/*
    This timer serves two purposes: to check for missed interrupts
      (and as a last resort, poll the NIC for events), and to monitor
      the MII, reporting changes in cable status.
*/
static void media_check(unsigned long arg)
{
      struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *) arg;
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      unsigned long flags;
      unsigned short /* cable, */ media, partner;

      if (!netif_device_present(dev))
            goto reschedule;
      
      /* Check for pending interrupt with expired latency timer: with
         this, we can limp along even if the interrupt is blocked */
      if ((inw(ioaddr + EL3_STATUS) & IntLatch) && (inb(ioaddr + Timer) == 0xff)) {
            if (!lp->fast_poll)
                  printk(KERN_INFO "%s: interrupt(s) dropped!\n", dev->name);
            el3_interrupt(dev->irq, dev);
            lp->fast_poll = HZ;
      }
      if (lp->fast_poll) {
            lp->fast_poll--;
            lp->media.expires = jiffies + 2*HZ/100;
            add_timer(&lp->media);
            return;
      }

      spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      EL3WINDOW(4);
      media = mdio_read(ioaddr, lp->phys, 1);
      partner = mdio_read(ioaddr, lp->phys, 5);
      EL3WINDOW(1);
      
      if (media != lp->media_status) {
            if ((media ^ lp->media_status) & 0x0004)
                  printk(KERN_INFO "%s: %s link beat\n", dev->name,
                           (lp->media_status & 0x0004) ? "lost" : "found");
            if ((media ^ lp->media_status) & 0x0020) {
                  lp->partner = 0;
                  if (lp->media_status & 0x0020) {
                        printk(KERN_INFO "%s: autonegotiation restarted\n",
                                 dev->name);
                  } else if (partner) {
                        partner &= lp->advertising;
                        lp->partner = partner;
                        printk(KERN_INFO "%s: autonegotiation complete: "
                                 "%sbaseT-%cD selected\n", dev->name,
                                 ((partner & 0x0180) ? "100" : "10"),
                                 ((partner & 0x0140) ? 'F' : 'H'));
                  } else {
                        printk(KERN_INFO "%s: link partner did not autonegotiate\n",
                                 dev->name);
                  }

                  EL3WINDOW(3);
                  outb((partner & 0x0140 ? 0x20 : 0) |
                         (dev->mtu > 1500 ? 0x40 : 0), ioaddr + Wn3_MAC_Ctrl);
                  EL3WINDOW(1);

            }
            if (media & 0x0010)
                  printk(KERN_INFO "%s: remote fault detected\n",
                           dev->name);
            if (media & 0x0002)
                  printk(KERN_INFO "%s: jabber detected\n", dev->name);
            lp->media_status = media;
      }
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);

reschedule:
      lp->media.expires = jiffies + HZ;
      add_timer(&lp->media);
}

static struct net_device_stats *el3_get_stats(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);

      if (netif_device_present(dev)) {
            unsigned long flags;
            spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
            update_stats(dev);
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);
      }
      return &lp->stats;
}

/*  Update statistics.
      Suprisingly this need not be run single-threaded, but it effectively is.
      The counters clear when read, so the adds must merely be atomic.
 */
static void update_stats(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      u8 rx, tx, up;

      DEBUG(2, "%s: updating the statistics.\n", dev->name);

      if (inw(ioaddr+EL3_STATUS) == 0xffff) /* No card. */
            return;
            
      /* Unlike the 3c509 we need not turn off stats updates while reading. */
      /* Switch to the stats window, and read everything. */
      EL3WINDOW(6);
      lp->stats.tx_carrier_errors         += inb(ioaddr + 0);
      lp->stats.tx_heartbeat_errors       += inb(ioaddr + 1);
      /* Multiple collisions. */          inb(ioaddr + 2);
      lp->stats.collisions                += inb(ioaddr + 3);
      lp->stats.tx_window_errors          += inb(ioaddr + 4);
      lp->stats.rx_fifo_errors            += inb(ioaddr + 5);
      lp->stats.tx_packets                += inb(ioaddr + 6);
      up                             = inb(ioaddr + 9);
      lp->stats.tx_packets                += (up&0x30) << 4;
      /* Rx packets   */                     inb(ioaddr + 7);
      /* Tx deferrals */                     inb(ioaddr + 8);
      rx                             = inw(ioaddr + 10);
      tx                             = inw(ioaddr + 12);

      EL3WINDOW(4);
      /* BadSSD */                           inb(ioaddr + 12);
      up                             = inb(ioaddr + 13);

      lp->stats.tx_bytes                  += tx + ((up & 0xf0) << 12);

      EL3WINDOW(1);
}

static int el3_rx(struct net_device *dev, int worklimit)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      short rx_status;
      
      DEBUG(3, "%s: in rx_packet(), status %4.4x, rx_status %4.4x.\n",
              dev->name, inw(ioaddr+EL3_STATUS), inw(ioaddr+RxStatus));
      while (!((rx_status = inw(ioaddr + RxStatus)) & 0x8000) &&
               (--worklimit >= 0)) {
            if (rx_status & 0x4000) { /* Error, update stats. */
                  short error = rx_status & 0x3800;
                  lp->stats.rx_errors++;
                  switch (error) {
                  case 0x0000:      lp->stats.rx_over_errors++; break;
                  case 0x0800:      lp->stats.rx_length_errors++; break;
                  case 0x1000:      lp->stats.rx_frame_errors++; break;
                  case 0x1800:      lp->stats.rx_length_errors++; break;
                  case 0x2000:      lp->stats.rx_frame_errors++; break;
                  case 0x2800:      lp->stats.rx_crc_errors++; break;
                  }
            } else {
                  short pkt_len = rx_status & 0x7ff;
                  struct sk_buff *skb;

                  skb = dev_alloc_skb(pkt_len+5);

                  DEBUG(3, "  Receiving packet size %d status %4.4x.\n",
                          pkt_len, rx_status);
                  if (skb != NULL) {
                        skb_reserve(skb, 2);
                        insl(ioaddr+RX_FIFO, skb_put(skb, pkt_len),
                                    ((pkt_len+3)>>2));
                        skb->protocol = eth_type_trans(skb, dev);
                        netif_rx(skb);
                        dev->last_rx = jiffies;
                        lp->stats.rx_packets++;
                        lp->stats.rx_bytes += pkt_len;
                  } else {
                        DEBUG(1, "%s: couldn't allocate a sk_buff of"
                                " size %d.\n", dev->name, pkt_len);
                        lp->stats.rx_dropped++;
                  }
            }
            tc574_wait_for_completion(dev, RxDiscard);
      }

      return worklimit;
}

static void netdev_get_drvinfo(struct net_device *dev,
                         struct ethtool_drvinfo *info)
{
      strcpy(info->driver, "3c574_cs");
}

static const struct ethtool_ops netdev_ethtool_ops = {
      .get_drvinfo            = netdev_get_drvinfo,
};

/* Provide ioctl() calls to examine the MII xcvr state. */
static int el3_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *rq, int cmd)
{
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      u16 *data = (u16 *)&rq->ifr_ifru;
      int phy = lp->phys & 0x1f;

      DEBUG(2, "%s: In ioct(%-.6s, %#4.4x) %4.4x %4.4x %4.4x %4.4x.\n",
              dev->name, rq->ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name, cmd,
              data[0], data[1], data[2], data[3]);

      switch(cmd) {
      case SIOCGMIIPHY:       /* Get the address of the PHY in use. */
            data[0] = phy;
      case SIOCGMIIREG:       /* Read the specified MII register. */
            {
                  int saved_window;
                  unsigned long flags;

                  spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
                  saved_window = inw(ioaddr + EL3_CMD) >> 13;
                  EL3WINDOW(4);
                  data[3] = mdio_read(ioaddr, data[0] & 0x1f, data[1] & 0x1f);
                  EL3WINDOW(saved_window);
                  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);
                  return 0;
            }
      case SIOCSMIIREG:       /* Write the specified MII register */
            {
                  int saved_window;
                       unsigned long flags;

                  if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN))
                        return -EPERM;
                  spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
                  saved_window = inw(ioaddr + EL3_CMD) >> 13;
                  EL3WINDOW(4);
                  mdio_write(ioaddr, data[0] & 0x1f, data[1] & 0x1f, data[2]);
                  EL3WINDOW(saved_window);
                  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);
                  return 0;
            }
      default:
            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
      }
}

/* The Odie chip has a 64 bin multicast filter, but the bit layout is not
   documented.  Until it is we revert to receiving all multicast frames when
   any multicast reception is desired.
   Note: My other drivers emit a log message whenever promiscuous mode is
   entered to help detect password sniffers.  This is less desirable on
   typical PC card machines, so we omit the message.
   */

static void set_rx_mode(struct net_device *dev)
{
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;

      if (dev->flags & IFF_PROMISC)
            outw(SetRxFilter | RxStation | RxMulticast | RxBroadcast | RxProm,
                   ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      else if (dev->mc_count || (dev->flags & IFF_ALLMULTI))
            outw(SetRxFilter|RxStation|RxMulticast|RxBroadcast, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      else
            outw(SetRxFilter | RxStation | RxBroadcast, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
}

static int el3_close(struct net_device *dev)
{
      kio_addr_t ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      struct el3_private *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      struct pcmcia_device *link = lp->p_dev;

      DEBUG(2, "%s: shutting down ethercard.\n", dev->name);
      
      if (pcmcia_dev_present(link)) {
            unsigned long flags;

            /* Turn off statistics ASAP.  We update lp->stats below. */
            outw(StatsDisable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
            
            /* Disable the receiver and transmitter. */
            outw(RxDisable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
            outw(TxDisable, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
            
            /* Note: Switching to window 0 may disable the IRQ. */
            EL3WINDOW(0);
            spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->window_lock, flags);
            update_stats(dev);
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->window_lock, flags);

            /* force interrupts off */
            outw(SetIntrEnb | 0x0000, ioaddr + EL3_CMD);
      }

      link->open--;
      netif_stop_queue(dev);
      del_timer_sync(&lp->media);

      return 0;
}

static struct pcmcia_device_id tc574_ids[] = {
      PCMCIA_DEVICE_MANF_CARD(0x0101, 0x0574),
      PCMCIA_MFC_DEVICE_CIS_MANF_CARD(0, 0x0101, 0x0556, "3CCFEM556.cis"),
      PCMCIA_DEVICE_NULL,
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pcmcia, tc574_ids);

static struct pcmcia_driver tc574_driver = {
      .owner            = THIS_MODULE,
      .drv        = {
            .name = "3c574_cs",
      },
      .probe            = tc574_probe,
      .remove           = tc574_detach,
      .id_table       = tc574_ids,
      .suspend    = tc574_suspend,
      .resume           = tc574_resume,
};

static int __init init_tc574(void)
{
      return pcmcia_register_driver(&tc574_driver);
}

static void __exit exit_tc574(void)
{
      pcmcia_unregister_driver(&tc574_driver);
}

module_init(init_tc574);
module_exit(exit_tc574);

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