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piggyback.c

/* $Id: piggyback.c,v 1.2 2000/09/19 14:34:39 anton Exp $
   Simple utility to make a single-image install kernel with initial ramdisk
   for Sparc64 tftpbooting without need to set up nfs.
   
   Copyright (C) 1997 Jakub Jelinek (jj@sunsite.mff.cuni.cz)
   
   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.
   
   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.  */
   
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

/* Note: run this on an a.out kernel (use elftoaout for it), as PROM looks for a.out image onlly
   usage: piggyback vmlinux System.map tail, where tail is gzipped fs of the initial ramdisk */

void die(char *str)
{
      perror (str);
      exit(1);
}

int main(int argc,char **argv)
{
      char buffer [1024], *q, *r;
      unsigned int i, j, k, start, end, offset;
      FILE *map;
      struct stat s;
      int image, tail;
      
      if (stat (argv[3], &s) < 0) die (argv[3]);
      map = fopen (argv[2], "r");
      if (!map) die(argv[2]);
      while (fgets (buffer, 1024, map)) {
            if (!strcmp (buffer + 19, "_start\n"))
            start = strtoul (buffer + 8, NULL, 16);
            else if (!strcmp (buffer + 19, "_end\n"))
            end = strtoul (buffer + 8, NULL, 16);
      }
      fclose (map);
      if ((image = open(argv[1],O_RDWR)) < 0) die(argv[1]);
      if (read(image,buffer,512) != 512) die(argv[1]);
      if (!memcmp (buffer, "\177ELF", 4)) {
            unsigned int *p = (unsigned int *)(buffer + *(unsigned int *)(buffer + 28));
            
            i = p[1] + *(unsigned int *)(buffer + 24) - p[2];
            if (lseek(image,i,0) < 0) die("lseek");
            if (read(image,buffer,512) != 512) die(argv[1]);
            j = 0;
      } else if (*(unsigned int *)buffer == 0x01030107) {
            i = j = 32;
      } else {
            fprintf (stderr, "Not ELF nor a.out. Don't blame me.\n");
            exit(1);
      }
      k = i;
      if (j == 32 && buffer[40] == 'H' && buffer[41] == 'd' && buffer[42] == 'r' && buffer[43] == 'S') {
            offset = 40 + 10;
      } else {
            i += ((*(unsigned short *)(buffer + j + 2))<<2) - 512;
            if (lseek(image,i,0) < 0) die("lseek");
            if (read(image,buffer,1024) != 1024) die(argv[1]);
            for (q = buffer, r = q + 512; q < r; q += 4) {
                  if (*q == 'H' && q[1] == 'd' && q[2] == 'r' && q[3] == 'S')
                        break;
            }
            if (q == r) {
                  fprintf (stderr, "Couldn't find headers signature in the kernel.\n");
                  exit(1);
            }
            offset = i + (q - buffer) + 10;
      }
      if (lseek(image, offset, 0) < 0) die ("lseek");
      *(unsigned *)buffer = 0;
      *(unsigned *)(buffer + 4) = 0x01000000;
      *(unsigned *)(buffer + 8) = ((end + 32 + 8191) & ~8191);
      *(unsigned *)(buffer + 12) = s.st_size;
      if (write(image,buffer+2,14) != 14) die (argv[1]);
      if (lseek(image, 4, 0) < 0) die ("lseek");
      *(unsigned *)buffer = ((end + 32 + 8191) & ~8191) - (start & ~0x3fffffUL) + s.st_size;
      *(unsigned *)(buffer + 4) = 0;
      *(unsigned *)(buffer + 8) = 0;
      if (write(image,buffer,12) != 12) die (argv[1]);
      if (lseek(image, k - start + ((end + 32 + 8191) & ~8191), 0) < 0) die ("lseek");
      if ((tail = open(argv[3],O_RDONLY)) < 0) die(argv[3]);
      while ((i = read (tail,buffer,1024)) > 0)
            if (write(image,buffer,i) != i) die (argv[1]);
      if (close(image) < 0) die("close");
      if (close(tail) < 0) die("close");
      return 0;
}

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