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process.c

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2002 - 2007 Jeff Dike (jdike@{addtoit,linux.intel}.com)
 * Licensed under the GPL
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/ptrace.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include "init.h"
#include "kern_constants.h"
#include "longjmp.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "process.h"
#include "skas_ptrace.h"
#include "user.h"

#define ARBITRARY_ADDR -1
#define FAILURE_PID    -1

#define STAT_PATH_LEN sizeof("/proc/#######/stat\0")
#define COMM_SCANF "%*[^)])"

unsigned long os_process_pc(int pid)
{
      char proc_stat[STAT_PATH_LEN], buf[256];
      unsigned long pc = ARBITRARY_ADDR;
      int fd, err;

      sprintf(proc_stat, "/proc/%d/stat", pid);
      fd = open(proc_stat, O_RDONLY, 0);
      if (fd < 0) {
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "os_process_pc - couldn't open '%s', "
                   "errno = %d\n", proc_stat, errno);
            goto out;
      }
      CATCH_EINTR(err = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)));
      if (err < 0) {
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "os_process_pc - couldn't read '%s', "
                   "err = %d\n", proc_stat, errno);
            goto out_close;
      }
      os_close_file(fd);
      pc = ARBITRARY_ADDR;
      if (sscanf(buf, "%*d " COMM_SCANF " %*c %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d "
               "%*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d "
               "%*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %lu", &pc) != 1)
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "os_process_pc - couldn't find pc in '%s'\n",
                   buf);
 out_close:
      close(fd);
 out:
      return pc;
}

int os_process_parent(int pid)
{
      char stat[STAT_PATH_LEN];
      char data[256];
      int parent = FAILURE_PID, n, fd;

      if (pid == -1)
            return parent;

      snprintf(stat, sizeof(stat), "/proc/%d/stat", pid);
      fd = open(stat, O_RDONLY, 0);
      if (fd < 0) {
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "Couldn't open '%s', errno = %d\n", stat,
                   errno);
            return parent;
      }

      CATCH_EINTR(n = read(fd, data, sizeof(data)));
      close(fd);

      if (n < 0) {
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "Couldn't read '%s', errno = %d\n", stat,
                   errno);
            return parent;
      }

      parent = FAILURE_PID;
      n = sscanf(data, "%*d " COMM_SCANF " %*c %d", &parent);
      if (n != 1)
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "Failed to scan '%s'\n", data);

      return parent;
}

void os_stop_process(int pid)
{
      kill(pid, SIGSTOP);
}

void os_kill_process(int pid, int reap_child)
{
      kill(pid, SIGKILL);
      if (reap_child)
            CATCH_EINTR(waitpid(pid, NULL, __WALL));
}

/* This is here uniquely to have access to the userspace errno, i.e. the one
 * used by ptrace in case of error.
 */

long os_ptrace_ldt(long pid, long addr, long data)
{
      int ret;

      ret = ptrace(PTRACE_LDT, pid, addr, data);

      if (ret < 0)
            return -errno;
      return ret;
}

/* Kill off a ptraced child by all means available.  kill it normally first,
 * then PTRACE_KILL it, then PTRACE_CONT it in case it's in a run state from
 * which it can't exit directly.
 */

void os_kill_ptraced_process(int pid, int reap_child)
{
      kill(pid, SIGKILL);
      ptrace(PTRACE_KILL, pid);
      ptrace(PTRACE_CONT, pid);
      if (reap_child)
            CATCH_EINTR(waitpid(pid, NULL, __WALL));
}

/* Don't use the glibc version, which caches the result in TLS. It misses some
 * syscalls, and also breaks with clone(), which does not unshare the TLS.
 */

int os_getpid(void)
{
      return syscall(__NR_getpid);
}

int os_getpgrp(void)
{
      return getpgrp();
}

int os_map_memory(void *virt, int fd, unsigned long long off, unsigned long len,
              int r, int w, int x)
{
      void *loc;
      int prot;

      prot = (r ? PROT_READ : 0) | (w ? PROT_WRITE : 0) |
            (x ? PROT_EXEC : 0);

      loc = mmap64((void *) virt, len, prot, MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED,
                 fd, off);
      if (loc == MAP_FAILED)
            return -errno;
      return 0;
}

int os_protect_memory(void *addr, unsigned long len, int r, int w, int x)
{
      int prot = ((r ? PROT_READ : 0) | (w ? PROT_WRITE : 0) |
                (x ? PROT_EXEC : 0));

      if (mprotect(addr, len, prot) < 0)
            return -errno;

      return 0;
}

int os_unmap_memory(void *addr, int len)
{
      int err;

      err = munmap(addr, len);
      if (err < 0)
            return -errno;
      return 0;
}

#ifndef MADV_REMOVE
#define MADV_REMOVE KERNEL_MADV_REMOVE
#endif

int os_drop_memory(void *addr, int length)
{
      int err;

      err = madvise(addr, length, MADV_REMOVE);
      if (err < 0)
            err = -errno;
      return err;
}

int __init can_drop_memory(void)
{
      void *addr;
      int fd, ok = 0;

      printk(UM_KERN_INFO "Checking host MADV_REMOVE support...");
      fd = create_mem_file(UM_KERN_PAGE_SIZE);
      if (fd < 0) {
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "Creating test memory file failed, "
                   "err = %d\n", -fd);
            goto out;
      }

      addr = mmap64(NULL, UM_KERN_PAGE_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
                  MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
      if (addr == MAP_FAILED) {
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "Mapping test memory file failed, "
                   "err = %d\n", -errno);
            goto out_close;
      }

      if (madvise(addr, UM_KERN_PAGE_SIZE, MADV_REMOVE) != 0) {
            printk(UM_KERN_ERR "MADV_REMOVE failed, err = %d\n", -errno);
            goto out_unmap;
      }

      printk("OK\n");
      ok = 1;

out_unmap:
      munmap(addr, UM_KERN_PAGE_SIZE);
out_close:
      close(fd);
out:
      return ok;
}

void init_new_thread_signals(void)
{
      set_handler(SIGSEGV, (__sighandler_t) sig_handler, SA_ONSTACK,
                SIGUSR1, SIGIO, SIGWINCH, SIGVTALRM, -1);
      set_handler(SIGTRAP, (__sighandler_t) sig_handler, SA_ONSTACK,
                SIGUSR1, SIGIO, SIGWINCH, SIGVTALRM, -1);
      set_handler(SIGFPE, (__sighandler_t) sig_handler, SA_ONSTACK,
                SIGUSR1, SIGIO, SIGWINCH, SIGVTALRM, -1);
      set_handler(SIGILL, (__sighandler_t) sig_handler, SA_ONSTACK,
                SIGUSR1, SIGIO, SIGWINCH, SIGVTALRM, -1);
      set_handler(SIGBUS, (__sighandler_t) sig_handler, SA_ONSTACK,
                SIGUSR1, SIGIO, SIGWINCH, SIGVTALRM, -1);
      signal(SIGHUP, SIG_IGN);

      init_irq_signals(1);
}

int run_kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, jmp_buf **jmp_ptr)
{
      jmp_buf buf;
      int n;

      *jmp_ptr = &buf;
      n = UML_SETJMP(&buf);
      if (n != 0)
            return n;
      (*fn)(arg);
      return 0;
}

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