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video.h

/* -*- linux-c -*- ------------------------------------------------------- *
 *
 *   Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
 *   Copyright 2007 rPath, Inc. - All Rights Reserved
 *
 *   This file is part of the Linux kernel, and is made available under
 *   the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.
 *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * arch/i386/boot/video.h
 *
 * Header file for the real-mode video probing code
 */

#ifndef BOOT_VIDEO_H
#define BOOT_VIDEO_H

#include <linux/types.h>

/* Enable autodetection of SVGA adapters and modes. */
#undef CONFIG_VIDEO_SVGA

/* Enable autodetection of VESA modes */
#define CONFIG_VIDEO_VESA

/* Retain screen contents when switching modes */
#define CONFIG_VIDEO_RETAIN

/* Force 400 scan lines for standard modes (hack to fix bad BIOS behaviour */
#undef CONFIG_VIDEO_400_HACK

/* This code uses an extended set of video mode numbers. These include:
 * Aliases for standard modes
 *      NORMAL_VGA (-1)
 *      EXTENDED_VGA (-2)
 *      ASK_VGA (-3)
 * Video modes numbered by menu position -- NOT RECOMMENDED because of lack
 * of compatibility when extending the table. These are between 0x00 and 0xff.
 */
#define VIDEO_FIRST_MENU 0x0000

/* Standard BIOS video modes (BIOS number + 0x0100) */
#define VIDEO_FIRST_BIOS 0x0100

/* VESA BIOS video modes (VESA number + 0x0200) */
#define VIDEO_FIRST_VESA 0x0200

/* Video7 special modes (BIOS number + 0x0900) */
#define VIDEO_FIRST_V7 0x0900

/* Special video modes */
#define VIDEO_FIRST_SPECIAL 0x0f00
#define VIDEO_80x25 0x0f00
#define VIDEO_8POINT 0x0f01
#define VIDEO_80x43 0x0f02
#define VIDEO_80x28 0x0f03
#define VIDEO_CURRENT_MODE 0x0f04
#define VIDEO_80x30 0x0f05
#define VIDEO_80x34 0x0f06
#define VIDEO_80x60 0x0f07
#define VIDEO_GFX_HACK 0x0f08
#define VIDEO_LAST_SPECIAL 0x0f09

/* Video modes given by resolution */
#define VIDEO_FIRST_RESOLUTION 0x1000

/* The "recalculate timings" flag */
#define VIDEO_RECALC 0x8000

/* Define DO_STORE according to CONFIG_VIDEO_RETAIN */
#ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_RETAIN
void store_screen(void);
#define DO_STORE() store_screen()
#else
#define DO_STORE() ((void)0)
#endif /* CONFIG_VIDEO_RETAIN */

/*
 * Mode table structures
 */

struct mode_info {
      u16 mode;         /* Mode number (vga= style) */
      u8  x, y;         /* Width, height */
};

struct card_info {
      const char *card_name;
      int (*set_mode)(struct mode_info *mode);
      int (*probe)(void);
      struct mode_info *modes;
      int nmodes;       /* Number of probed modes so far */
      int unsafe;       /* Probing is unsafe, only do after "scan" */
      u16 xmode_first;  /* Unprobed modes to try to call anyway */
      u16 xmode_n;            /* Size of unprobed mode range */
};

#define __videocard struct card_info __attribute__((section(".videocards")))
extern struct card_info video_cards[], video_cards_end[];

int mode_defined(u16 mode);   /* video.c */

/* Basic video information */
#define ADAPTER_CGA     0     /* CGA/MDA/HGC */
#define ADAPTER_EGA     1
#define ADAPTER_VGA     2

extern int adapter;
extern u16 video_segment;
extern int force_x, force_y;  /* Don't query the BIOS for cols/rows */
extern int do_restore;        /* Restore screen contents */
extern int graphic_mode;      /* Graphics mode with linear frame buffer */

/*
 * int $0x10 is notorious for touching registers it shouldn't.
 * gcc doesn't like %ebp being clobbered, so define it as a push/pop
 * sequence here.
 *
 * A number of systems, including the original PC can clobber %bp in
 * certain circumstances, like when scrolling.  There exists at least
 * one Trident video card which could clobber DS under a set of
 * circumstances that we are unlikely to encounter (scrolling when
 * using an extended graphics mode of more than 800x600 pixels), but
 * it's cheap insurance to deal with that here.
 */
#define INT10 "pushl %%ebp; pushw %%ds; int $0x10; popw %%ds; popl %%ebp"

/* Accessing VGA indexed registers */
static inline u8 in_idx(u16 port, u8 index)
{
      outb(index, port);
      return inb(port+1);
}

static inline void out_idx(u8 v, u16 port, u8 index)
{
      outw(index+(v << 8), port);
}

/* Writes a value to an indexed port and then reads the port again */
static inline u8 tst_idx(u8 v, u16 port, u8 index)
{
      out_idx(port, index, v);
      return in_idx(port, index);
}

/* Get the I/O port of the VGA CRTC */
u16 vga_crtc(void);           /* video-vga.c */

#endif /* BOOT_VIDEO_H */

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