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atp.c

/* atp.c: Attached (pocket) ethernet adapter driver for linux. */
/*
      This is a driver for commonly OEM pocket (parallel port)
      ethernet adapters based on the Realtek RTL8002 and RTL8012 chips.

      Written 1993-2000 by Donald Becker.

      This software may be used and distributed according to the terms of
      the GNU General Public License (GPL), incorporated herein by reference.
      Drivers based on or derived from this code fall under the GPL and must
      retain the authorship, copyright and license notice.  This file is not
      a complete program and may only be used when the entire operating
      system is licensed under the GPL.

      Copyright 1993 United States Government as represented by the Director,
      National Security Agency.  Copyright 1994-2000 retained by the original
      author, Donald Becker. The timer-based reset code was supplied in 1995
      by Bill Carlson, wwc@super.org.

      The author may be reached as becker@scyld.com, or C/O
      Scyld Computing Corporation
      410 Severn Ave., Suite 210
      Annapolis MD 21403

      Support information and updates available at
      http://www.scyld.com/network/atp.html


      Modular support/softnet added by Alan Cox.
      _bit abuse fixed up by Alan Cox

*/

static const char version[] =
"atp.c:v1.09=ac 2002/10/01 Donald Becker <becker@scyld.com>\n";

/* The user-configurable values.
   These may be modified when a driver module is loaded.*/

static int debug = 1;               /* 1 normal messages, 0 quiet .. 7 verbose. */
#define net_debug debug

/* Maximum events (Rx packets, etc.) to handle at each interrupt. */
static int max_interrupt_work = 15;

#define NUM_UNITS 2
/* The standard set of ISA module parameters. */
static int io[NUM_UNITS];
static int irq[NUM_UNITS];
static int xcvr[NUM_UNITS];               /* The data transfer mode. */

/* Operational parameters that are set at compile time. */

/* Time in jiffies before concluding the transmitter is hung. */
#define TX_TIMEOUT  (400*HZ/1000)

/*
      This file is a device driver for the RealTek (aka AT-Lan-Tec) pocket
      ethernet adapter.  This is a common low-cost OEM pocket ethernet
      adapter, sold under many names.

  Sources:
      This driver was written from the packet driver assembly code provided by
      Vincent Bono of AT-Lan-Tec.    Ever try to figure out how a complicated
      device works just from the assembly code?  It ain't pretty.  The following
      description is written based on guesses and writing lots of special-purpose
      code to test my theorized operation.

      In 1997 Realtek made available the documentation for the second generation
      RTL8012 chip, which has lead to several driver improvements.
        http://www.realtek.com.tw/cn/cn.html

                              Theory of Operation

      The RTL8002 adapter seems to be built around a custom spin of the SEEQ
      controller core.  It probably has a 16K or 64K internal packet buffer, of
      which the first 4K is devoted to transmit and the rest to receive.
      The controller maintains the queue of received packet and the packet buffer
      access pointer internally, with only 'reset to beginning' and 'skip to next
      packet' commands visible.  The transmit packet queue holds two (or more?)
      packets: both 'retransmit this packet' (due to collision) and 'transmit next
      packet' commands must be started by hand.

      The station address is stored in a standard bit-serial EEPROM which must be
      read (ughh) by the device driver.  (Provisions have been made for
      substituting a 74S288 PROM, but I haven't gotten reports of any models
      using it.)  Unlike built-in devices, a pocket adapter can temporarily lose
      power without indication to the device driver.  The major effect is that
      the station address, receive filter (promiscuous, etc.) and transceiver
      must be reset.

      The controller itself has 16 registers, some of which use only the lower
      bits.  The registers are read and written 4 bits at a time.  The four bit
      register address is presented on the data lines along with a few additional
      timing and control bits.  The data is then read from status port or written
      to the data port.

      Correction: the controller has two banks of 16 registers.  The second
      bank contains only the multicast filter table (now used) and the EEPROM
      access registers.

      Since the bulk data transfer of the actual packets through the slow
      parallel port dominates the driver's running time, four distinct data
      (non-register) transfer modes are provided by the adapter, two in each
      direction.  In the first mode timing for the nibble transfers is
      provided through the data port.  In the second mode the same timing is
      provided through the control port.  In either case the data is read from
      the status port and written to the data port, just as it is accessing
      registers.

      In addition to the basic data transfer methods, several more are modes are
      created by adding some delay by doing multiple reads of the data to allow
      it to stabilize.  This delay seems to be needed on most machines.

      The data transfer mode is stored in the 'dev->if_port' field.  Its default
      value is '4'.  It may be overridden at boot-time using the third parameter
      to the "ether=..." initialization.

      The header file <atp.h> provides inline functions that encapsulate the
      register and data access methods.  These functions are hand-tuned to
      generate reasonable object code.  This header file also documents my
      interpretations of the device registers.
*/

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/crc32.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/dma.h>

#include "atp.h"

MODULE_AUTHOR("Donald Becker <becker@scyld.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("RealTek RTL8002/8012 parallel port Ethernet driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

module_param(max_interrupt_work, int, 0);
module_param(debug, int, 0);
module_param_array(io, int, NULL, 0);
module_param_array(irq, int, NULL, 0);
module_param_array(xcvr, int, NULL, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_interrupt_work, "ATP maximum events handled per interrupt");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "ATP debug level (0-7)");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(io, "ATP I/O base address(es)");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(irq, "ATP IRQ number(s)");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(xcvr, "ATP transceiver(s) (0=internal, 1=external)");

/* The number of low I/O ports used by the ethercard. */
#define ETHERCARD_TOTAL_SIZE  3

/* Sequence to switch an 8012 from printer mux to ethernet mode. */
static char mux_8012[] = { 0xff, 0xf7, 0xff, 0xfb, 0xf3, 0xfb, 0xff, 0xf7,};

struct net_local {
    spinlock_t lock;
    struct net_device *next_module;
    struct timer_list timer;  /* Media selection timer. */
    long last_rx_time;        /* Last Rx, in jiffies, to handle Rx hang. */
    int saved_tx_size;
    unsigned int tx_unit_busy:1;
    unsigned char re_tx,      /* Number of packet retransmissions. */
            addr_mode,        /* Current Rx filter e.g. promiscuous, etc. */
            pac_cnt_in_tx_buf,
            chip_type;
};

/* This code, written by wwc@super.org, resets the adapter every
   TIMED_CHECKER ticks.  This recovers from an unknown error which
   hangs the device. */
#define TIMED_CHECKER (HZ/4)
#ifdef TIMED_CHECKER
#include <linux/timer.h>
static void atp_timed_checker(unsigned long ignored);
#endif

/* Index to functions, as function prototypes. */

static int atp_probe1(long ioaddr);
static void get_node_ID(struct net_device *dev);
static unsigned short eeprom_op(long ioaddr, unsigned int cmd);
static int net_open(struct net_device *dev);
static void hardware_init(struct net_device *dev);
static void write_packet(long ioaddr, int length, unsigned char *packet, int pad, int mode);
static void trigger_send(long ioaddr, int length);
static int  atp_send_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev);
static irqreturn_t atp_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id);
static void net_rx(struct net_device *dev);
static void read_block(long ioaddr, int length, unsigned char *buffer, int data_mode);
static int net_close(struct net_device *dev);
static void set_rx_mode_8002(struct net_device *dev);
static void set_rx_mode_8012(struct net_device *dev);
static void tx_timeout(struct net_device *dev);


/* A list of all installed ATP devices, for removing the driver module. */
static struct net_device *root_atp_dev;

/* Check for a network adapter of this type, and return '0' iff one exists.
   If dev->base_addr == 0, probe all likely locations.
   If dev->base_addr == 1, always return failure.
   If dev->base_addr == 2, allocate space for the device and return success
   (detachable devices only).

   FIXME: we should use the parport layer for this
   */
static int __init atp_init(void)
{
      int *port, ports[] = {0x378, 0x278, 0x3bc, 0};
      int base_addr = io[0];

      if (base_addr > 0x1ff)        /* Check a single specified location. */
            return atp_probe1(base_addr);
      else if (base_addr == 1)      /* Don't probe at all. */
            return -ENXIO;

      for (port = ports; *port; port++) {
            long ioaddr = *port;
            outb(0x57, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
            if (inb(ioaddr + PAR_DATA) != 0x57)
                  continue;
            if (atp_probe1(ioaddr) == 0)
                  return 0;
      }

      return -ENODEV;
}

static int __init atp_probe1(long ioaddr)
{
      struct net_device *dev = NULL;
      struct net_local *lp;
      int saved_ctrl_reg, status, i;
      int res;
      DECLARE_MAC_BUF(mac);

      outb(0xff, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
      /* Save the original value of the Control register, in case we guessed
         wrong. */
      saved_ctrl_reg = inb(ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
      if (net_debug > 3)
            printk("atp: Control register was %#2.2x.\n", saved_ctrl_reg);
      /* IRQEN=0, SLCTB=high INITB=high, AUTOFDB=high, STBB=high. */
      outb(0x04, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
#ifndef final_version
      if (net_debug > 3) {
            /* Turn off the printer multiplexer on the 8012. */
            for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
                  outb(mux_8012[i], ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
            write_reg(ioaddr, MODSEL, 0x00);
            printk("atp: Registers are ");
            for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
                  printk(" %2.2x", read_nibble(ioaddr, i));
            printk(".\n");
      }
#endif
      /* Turn off the printer multiplexer on the 8012. */
      for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
            outb(mux_8012[i], ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_RESET);
      /* udelay() here? */
      status = read_nibble(ioaddr, CMR1);

      if (net_debug > 3) {
            printk(KERN_DEBUG "atp: Status nibble was %#2.2x..", status);
            for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
                  printk(" %2.2x", read_nibble(ioaddr, i));
            printk("\n");
      }

      if ((status & 0x78) != 0x08) {
            /* The pocket adapter probe failed, restore the control register. */
            outb(saved_ctrl_reg, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
            return -ENODEV;
      }
      status = read_nibble(ioaddr, CMR2_h);
      if ((status & 0x78) != 0x10) {
            outb(saved_ctrl_reg, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
            return -ENODEV;
      }

      dev = alloc_etherdev(sizeof(struct net_local));
      if (!dev)
            return -ENOMEM;

      /* Find the IRQ used by triggering an interrupt. */
      write_reg_byte(ioaddr, CMR2, 0x01);             /* No accept mode, IRQ out. */
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_RxENABLE | CMR1h_TxENABLE);    /* Enable Tx and Rx. */

      /* Omit autoIRQ routine for now. Use "table lookup" instead.  Uhgggh. */
      if (irq[0])
            dev->irq = irq[0];
      else if (ioaddr == 0x378)
            dev->irq = 7;
      else
            dev->irq = 5;
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_TxRxOFF); /* Disable Tx and Rx units. */
      write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_NULL);

      dev->base_addr = ioaddr;

      /* Read the station address PROM.  */
      get_node_ID(dev);

#ifndef MODULE
      if (net_debug)
            printk(KERN_INFO "%s", version);
#endif

      printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: Pocket adapter found at %#3lx, IRQ %d, "
             "SAPROM %s.\n",
             dev->name, dev->base_addr, dev->irq, print_mac(mac, dev->dev_addr));

      /* Reset the ethernet hardware and activate the printer pass-through. */
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_RESET | CMR1h_MUX);

      lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      lp->chip_type = RTL8002;
      lp->addr_mode = CMR2h_Normal;
      spin_lock_init(&lp->lock);

      /* For the ATP adapter the "if_port" is really the data transfer mode. */
      if (xcvr[0])
            dev->if_port = xcvr[0];
      else
            dev->if_port = (dev->mem_start & 0xf) ? (dev->mem_start & 0x7) : 4;
      if (dev->mem_end & 0xf)
            net_debug = dev->mem_end & 7;

      dev->open         = net_open;
      dev->stop         = net_close;
      dev->hard_start_xmit    = atp_send_packet;
      dev->set_multicast_list =
        lp->chip_type == RTL8002 ? &set_rx_mode_8002 : &set_rx_mode_8012;
      dev->tx_timeout         = tx_timeout;
      dev->watchdog_timeo     = TX_TIMEOUT;

      res = register_netdev(dev);
      if (res) {
            free_netdev(dev);
            return res;
      }

      lp->next_module = root_atp_dev;
      root_atp_dev = dev;

      return 0;
}

/* Read the station address PROM, usually a word-wide EEPROM. */
static void __init get_node_ID(struct net_device *dev)
{
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      int sa_offset = 0;
      int i;

      write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_EEPROM);       /* Point to the EEPROM control registers. */

      /* Some adapters have the station address at offset 15 instead of offset
         zero.  Check for it, and fix it if needed. */
      if (eeprom_op(ioaddr, EE_READ(0)) == 0xffff)
            sa_offset = 15;

      for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
            ((u16 *)dev->dev_addr)[i] =
                  be16_to_cpu(eeprom_op(ioaddr, EE_READ(sa_offset + i)));

      write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_NULL);
}

/*
  An EEPROM read command starts by shifting out 0x60+address, and then
  shifting in the serial data. See the NatSemi databook for details.
 *             ________________
 * CS : __|
 *                   ___         ___
 * CLK: ______|     |___|       |
 *           __ _______ _______
 * DI :      __X_______X_______X
 * DO :      _________X_______X
 */

static unsigned short __init eeprom_op(long ioaddr, u32 cmd)
{
      unsigned eedata_out = 0;
      int num_bits = EE_CMD_SIZE;

      while (--num_bits >= 0) {
            char outval = (cmd & (1<<num_bits)) ? EE_DATA_WRITE : 0;
            write_reg_high(ioaddr, PROM_CMD, outval | EE_CLK_LOW);
            write_reg_high(ioaddr, PROM_CMD, outval | EE_CLK_HIGH);
            eedata_out <<= 1;
            if (read_nibble(ioaddr, PROM_DATA) & EE_DATA_READ)
                  eedata_out++;
      }
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, PROM_CMD, EE_CLK_LOW & ~EE_CS);
      return eedata_out;
}


/* Open/initialize the board.  This is called (in the current kernel)
   sometime after booting when the 'ifconfig' program is run.

   This routine sets everything up anew at each open, even
   registers that "should" only need to be set once at boot, so that
   there is non-reboot way to recover if something goes wrong.

   This is an attachable device: if there is no dev->priv entry then it wasn't
   probed for at boot-time, and we need to probe for it again.
   */
static int net_open(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      int ret;

      /* The interrupt line is turned off (tri-stated) when the device isn't in
         use.  That's especially important for "attached" interfaces where the
         port or interrupt may be shared. */
      ret = request_irq(dev->irq, &atp_interrupt, 0, dev->name, dev);
      if (ret)
            return ret;

      hardware_init(dev);

      init_timer(&lp->timer);
      lp->timer.expires = jiffies + TIMED_CHECKER;
      lp->timer.data = (unsigned long)dev;
      lp->timer.function = &atp_timed_checker;    /* timer handler */
      add_timer(&lp->timer);

      netif_start_queue(dev);
      return 0;
}

/* This routine resets the hardware.  We initialize everything, assuming that
   the hardware may have been temporarily detached. */
static void hardware_init(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
    int i;

      /* Turn off the printer multiplexer on the 8012. */
      for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
            outb(mux_8012[i], ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_RESET);

    for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
            write_reg_byte(ioaddr, PAR0 + i, dev->dev_addr[i]);

      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR2, lp->addr_mode);

      if (net_debug > 2) {
            printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Reset: current Rx mode %d.\n", dev->name,
                     (read_nibble(ioaddr, CMR2_h) >> 3) & 0x0f);
      }

    write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_IRQOUT);
    write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_RxENABLE | CMR1h_TxENABLE);

      /* Enable the interrupt line from the serial port. */
      outb(Ctrl_SelData + Ctrl_IRQEN, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);

      /* Unmask the interesting interrupts. */
    write_reg(ioaddr, IMR, ISR_RxOK | ISR_TxErr | ISR_TxOK);
    write_reg_high(ioaddr, IMR, ISRh_RxErr);

      lp->tx_unit_busy = 0;
    lp->pac_cnt_in_tx_buf = 0;
      lp->saved_tx_size = 0;
}

static void trigger_send(long ioaddr, int length)
{
      write_reg_byte(ioaddr, TxCNT0, length & 0xff);
      write_reg(ioaddr, TxCNT1, length >> 8);
      write_reg(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1_Xmit);
}

static void write_packet(long ioaddr, int length, unsigned char *packet, int pad_len, int data_mode)
{
    if (length & 1)
    {
      length++;
      pad_len++;
    }

    outb(EOC+MAR, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
    if ((data_mode & 1) == 0) {
            /* Write the packet out, starting with the write addr. */
            outb(WrAddr+MAR, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
            do {
                  write_byte_mode0(ioaddr, *packet++);
            } while (--length > pad_len) ;
            do {
                  write_byte_mode0(ioaddr, 0);
            } while (--length > 0) ;
    } else {
            /* Write the packet out in slow mode. */
            unsigned char outbyte = *packet++;

            outb(Ctrl_LNibWrite + Ctrl_IRQEN, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
            outb(WrAddr+MAR, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);

            outb((outbyte & 0x0f)|0x40, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
            outb(outbyte & 0x0f, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
            outbyte >>= 4;
            outb(outbyte & 0x0f, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
            outb(Ctrl_HNibWrite + Ctrl_IRQEN, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
            while (--length > pad_len)
                  write_byte_mode1(ioaddr, *packet++);
            while (--length > 0)
                  write_byte_mode1(ioaddr, 0);
    }
    /* Terminate the Tx frame.  End of write: ECB. */
    outb(0xff, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
    outb(Ctrl_HNibWrite | Ctrl_SelData | Ctrl_IRQEN, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
}

static void tx_timeout(struct net_device *dev)
{
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;

      printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: Transmit timed out, %s?\n", dev->name,
               inb(ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL) & 0x10 ? "network cable problem"
               :  "IRQ conflict");
      dev->stats.tx_errors++;
      /* Try to restart the adapter. */
      hardware_init(dev);
      dev->trans_start = jiffies;
      netif_wake_queue(dev);
      dev->stats.tx_errors++;
}

static int atp_send_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      int length;
      unsigned long flags;

      length = ETH_ZLEN < skb->len ? skb->len : ETH_ZLEN;

      netif_stop_queue(dev);

      /* Disable interrupts by writing 0x00 to the Interrupt Mask Register.
         This sequence must not be interrupted by an incoming packet. */

      spin_lock_irqsave(&lp->lock, flags);
      write_reg(ioaddr, IMR, 0);
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, IMR, 0);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lp->lock, flags);

      write_packet(ioaddr, length, skb->data, length-skb->len, dev->if_port);

      lp->pac_cnt_in_tx_buf++;
      if (lp->tx_unit_busy == 0) {
            trigger_send(ioaddr, length);
            lp->saved_tx_size = 0;                    /* Redundant */
            lp->re_tx = 0;
            lp->tx_unit_busy = 1;
      } else
            lp->saved_tx_size = length;
      /* Re-enable the LPT interrupts. */
      write_reg(ioaddr, IMR, ISR_RxOK | ISR_TxErr | ISR_TxOK);
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, IMR, ISRh_RxErr);

      dev->trans_start = jiffies;
      dev_kfree_skb (skb);
      return 0;
}


/* The typical workload of the driver:
   Handle the network interface interrupts. */
static irqreturn_t atp_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance)
{
      struct net_device *dev = dev_instance;
      struct net_local *lp;
      long ioaddr;
      static int num_tx_since_rx;
      int boguscount = max_interrupt_work;
      int handled = 0;

      ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      lp = netdev_priv(dev);

      spin_lock(&lp->lock);

      /* Disable additional spurious interrupts. */
      outb(Ctrl_SelData, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);

      /* The adapter's output is currently the IRQ line, switch it to data. */
      write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_NULL);
      write_reg(ioaddr, IMR, 0);

      if (net_debug > 5) printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: In interrupt ", dev->name);
    while (--boguscount > 0) {
            int status = read_nibble(ioaddr, ISR);
            if (net_debug > 5) printk("loop status %02x..", status);

            if (status & (ISR_RxOK<<3)) {
                  handled = 1;
                  write_reg(ioaddr, ISR, ISR_RxOK); /* Clear the Rx interrupt. */
                  do {
                        int read_status = read_nibble(ioaddr, CMR1);
                        if (net_debug > 6)
                              printk("handling Rx packet %02x..", read_status);
                        /* We acknowledged the normal Rx interrupt, so if the interrupt
                           is still outstanding we must have a Rx error. */
                        if (read_status & (CMR1_IRQ << 3)) { /* Overrun. */
                              dev->stats.rx_over_errors++;
                              /* Set to no-accept mode long enough to remove a packet. */
                              write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2h_OFF);
                              net_rx(dev);
                              /* Clear the interrupt and return to normal Rx mode. */
                              write_reg_high(ioaddr, ISR, ISRh_RxErr);
                              write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR2, lp->addr_mode);
                        } else if ((read_status & (CMR1_BufEnb << 3)) == 0) {
                              net_rx(dev);
                              num_tx_since_rx = 0;
                        } else
                              break;
                  } while (--boguscount > 0);
            } else if (status & ((ISR_TxErr + ISR_TxOK)<<3)) {
                  handled = 1;
                  if (net_debug > 6)  printk("handling Tx done..");
                  /* Clear the Tx interrupt.  We should check for too many failures
                     and reinitialize the adapter. */
                  write_reg(ioaddr, ISR, ISR_TxErr + ISR_TxOK);
                  if (status & (ISR_TxErr<<3)) {
                        dev->stats.collisions++;
                        if (++lp->re_tx > 15) {
                              dev->stats.tx_aborted_errors++;
                              hardware_init(dev);
                              break;
                        }
                        /* Attempt to retransmit. */
                        if (net_debug > 6)  printk("attempting to ReTx");
                        write_reg(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1_ReXmit + CMR1_Xmit);
                  } else {
                        /* Finish up the transmit. */
                        dev->stats.tx_packets++;
                        lp->pac_cnt_in_tx_buf--;
                        if ( lp->saved_tx_size) {
                              trigger_send(ioaddr, lp->saved_tx_size);
                              lp->saved_tx_size = 0;
                              lp->re_tx = 0;
                        } else
                              lp->tx_unit_busy = 0;
                        netif_wake_queue(dev);  /* Inform upper layers. */
                  }
                  num_tx_since_rx++;
            } else if (num_tx_since_rx > 8
                           && time_after(jiffies, dev->last_rx + HZ)) {
                  if (net_debug > 2)
                        printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Missed packet? No Rx after %d Tx and "
                                 "%ld jiffies status %02x  CMR1 %02x.\n", dev->name,
                                 num_tx_since_rx, jiffies - dev->last_rx, status,
                                 (read_nibble(ioaddr, CMR1) >> 3) & 15);
                  dev->stats.rx_missed_errors++;
                  hardware_init(dev);
                  num_tx_since_rx = 0;
                  break;
            } else
                  break;
    }

      /* This following code fixes a rare (and very difficult to track down)
         problem where the adapter forgets its ethernet address. */
      {
            int i;
            for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
                  write_reg_byte(ioaddr, PAR0 + i, dev->dev_addr[i]);
#if 0 && defined(TIMED_CHECKER)
            mod_timer(&lp->timer, jiffies + TIMED_CHECKER);
#endif
      }

      /* Tell the adapter that it can go back to using the output line as IRQ. */
    write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_IRQOUT);
      /* Enable the physical interrupt line, which is sure to be low until.. */
      outb(Ctrl_SelData + Ctrl_IRQEN, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
      /* .. we enable the interrupt sources. */
      write_reg(ioaddr, IMR, ISR_RxOK | ISR_TxErr | ISR_TxOK);
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, IMR, ISRh_RxErr);              /* Hmmm, really needed? */

      spin_unlock(&lp->lock);

      if (net_debug > 5) printk("exiting interrupt.\n");
      return IRQ_RETVAL(handled);
}

#ifdef TIMED_CHECKER
/* This following code fixes a rare (and very difficult to track down)
   problem where the adapter forgets its ethernet address. */
static void atp_timed_checker(unsigned long data)
{
      struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *)data;
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      int tickssofar = jiffies - lp->last_rx_time;
      int i;

      spin_lock(&lp->lock);
      if (tickssofar > 2*HZ) {
#if 1
            for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
                  write_reg_byte(ioaddr, PAR0 + i, dev->dev_addr[i]);
            lp->last_rx_time = jiffies;
#else
            for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
                  if (read_cmd_byte(ioaddr, PAR0 + i) != atp_timed_dev->dev_addr[i])
                        {
                  struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(atp_timed_dev);
                  write_reg_byte(ioaddr, PAR0 + i, atp_timed_dev->dev_addr[i]);
                  if (i == 2)
                    dev->stats.tx_errors++;
                  else if (i == 3)
                    dev->stats.tx_dropped++;
                  else if (i == 4)
                    dev->stats.collisions++;
                  else
                    dev->stats.rx_errors++;
              }
#endif
      }
      spin_unlock(&lp->lock);
      lp->timer.expires = jiffies + TIMED_CHECKER;
      add_timer(&lp->timer);
}
#endif

/* We have a good packet(s), get it/them out of the buffers. */
static void net_rx(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      struct rx_header rx_head;

      /* Process the received packet. */
      outb(EOC+MAR, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
      read_block(ioaddr, 8, (unsigned char*)&rx_head, dev->if_port);
      if (net_debug > 5)
            printk(KERN_DEBUG " rx_count %04x %04x %04x %04x..", rx_head.pad,
                     rx_head.rx_count, rx_head.rx_status, rx_head.cur_addr);
      if ((rx_head.rx_status & 0x77) != 0x01) {
            dev->stats.rx_errors++;
            if (rx_head.rx_status & 0x0004) dev->stats.rx_frame_errors++;
            else if (rx_head.rx_status & 0x0002) dev->stats.rx_crc_errors++;
            if (net_debug > 3)
                  printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Unknown ATP Rx error %04x.\n",
                           dev->name, rx_head.rx_status);
            if  (rx_head.rx_status & 0x0020) {
                  dev->stats.rx_fifo_errors++;
                  write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_TxENABLE);
                  write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_RxENABLE | CMR1h_TxENABLE);
            } else if (rx_head.rx_status & 0x0050)
                  hardware_init(dev);
            return;
      } else {
            /* Malloc up new buffer. The "-4" omits the FCS (CRC). */
            int pkt_len = (rx_head.rx_count & 0x7ff) - 4;
            struct sk_buff *skb;

            skb = dev_alloc_skb(pkt_len + 2);
            if (skb == NULL) {
                  printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Memory squeeze, dropping packet.\n",
                           dev->name);
                  dev->stats.rx_dropped++;
                  goto done;
            }

            skb_reserve(skb, 2);    /* Align IP on 16 byte boundaries */
            read_block(ioaddr, pkt_len, skb_put(skb,pkt_len), dev->if_port);
            skb->protocol = eth_type_trans(skb, dev);
            netif_rx(skb);
            dev->last_rx = jiffies;
            dev->stats.rx_packets++;
            dev->stats.rx_bytes += pkt_len;
      }
 done:
      write_reg(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1_NextPkt);
      lp->last_rx_time = jiffies;
      return;
}

static void read_block(long ioaddr, int length, unsigned char *p, int data_mode)
{

      if (data_mode <= 3) { /* Mode 0 or 1 */
            outb(Ctrl_LNibRead, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
            outb(length == 8  ?  RdAddr | HNib | MAR  :  RdAddr | MAR,
                   ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
            if (data_mode <= 1) { /* Mode 0 or 1 */
                  do  *p++ = read_byte_mode0(ioaddr);  while (--length > 0);
            } else      /* Mode 2 or 3 */
                  do  *p++ = read_byte_mode2(ioaddr);  while (--length > 0);
      } else if (data_mode <= 5)
            do      *p++ = read_byte_mode4(ioaddr);  while (--length > 0);
      else
            do      *p++ = read_byte_mode6(ioaddr);  while (--length > 0);

    outb(EOC+HNib+MAR, ioaddr + PAR_DATA);
      outb(Ctrl_SelData, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
}

/* The inverse routine to net_open(). */
static int
net_close(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;

      netif_stop_queue(dev);

      del_timer_sync(&lp->timer);

      /* Flush the Tx and disable Rx here. */
      lp->addr_mode = CMR2h_OFF;
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2h_OFF);

      /* Free the IRQ line. */
      outb(0x00, ioaddr + PAR_CONTROL);
      free_irq(dev->irq, dev);

      /* Reset the ethernet hardware and activate the printer pass-through. */
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR1, CMR1h_RESET | CMR1h_MUX);
      return 0;
}

/*
 *    Set or clear the multicast filter for this adapter.
 */

static void set_rx_mode_8002(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;

      if ( dev->mc_count > 0 || (dev->flags & (IFF_ALLMULTI|IFF_PROMISC))) {
            /* We must make the kernel realise we had to move
             *    into promisc mode or we start all out war on
             *    the cable. - AC
             */
            dev->flags|=IFF_PROMISC;
            lp->addr_mode = CMR2h_PROMISC;
      } else
            lp->addr_mode = CMR2h_Normal;
      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR2, lp->addr_mode);
}

static void set_rx_mode_8012(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct net_local *lp = netdev_priv(dev);
      long ioaddr = dev->base_addr;
      unsigned char new_mode, mc_filter[8]; /* Multicast hash filter */
      int i;

      if (dev->flags & IFF_PROMISC) {                 /* Set promiscuous. */
            new_mode = CMR2h_PROMISC;
      } else if ((dev->mc_count > 1000)  ||  (dev->flags & IFF_ALLMULTI)) {
            /* Too many to filter perfectly -- accept all multicasts. */
            memset(mc_filter, 0xff, sizeof(mc_filter));
            new_mode = CMR2h_Normal;
      } else {
            struct dev_mc_list *mclist;

            memset(mc_filter, 0, sizeof(mc_filter));
            for (i = 0, mclist = dev->mc_list; mclist && i < dev->mc_count;
                   i++, mclist = mclist->next)
            {
                  int filterbit = ether_crc_le(ETH_ALEN, mclist->dmi_addr) & 0x3f;
                  mc_filter[filterbit >> 5] |= 1 << (filterbit & 31);
            }
            new_mode = CMR2h_Normal;
      }
      lp->addr_mode = new_mode;
    write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_IRQOUT | 0x04); /* Switch to page 1. */
    for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
            write_reg_byte(ioaddr, i, mc_filter[i]);
      if (net_debug > 2 || 1) {
            lp->addr_mode = 1;
            printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: Mode %d, setting multicast filter to",
                     dev->name, lp->addr_mode);
            for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
                  printk(" %2.2x", mc_filter[i]);
            printk(".\n");
      }

      write_reg_high(ioaddr, CMR2, lp->addr_mode);
    write_reg(ioaddr, CMR2, CMR2_IRQOUT); /* Switch back to page 0 */
}

static int __init atp_init_module(void) {
      if (debug)                          /* Emit version even if no cards detected. */
            printk(KERN_INFO "%s", version);
      return atp_init();
}

static void __exit atp_cleanup_module(void) {
      struct net_device *next_dev;

      while (root_atp_dev) {
            next_dev = ((struct net_local *)root_atp_dev->priv)->next_module;
            unregister_netdev(root_atp_dev);
            /* No need to release_region(), since we never snarf it. */
            free_netdev(root_atp_dev);
            root_atp_dev = next_dev;
      }
}

module_init(atp_init_module);
module_exit(atp_cleanup_module);

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