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cpufreq_userspace.c

/*
 *  linux/drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq_userspace.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C)  2001 Russell King
 *            (C)  2002 - 2004 Dominik Brodowski <linux@brodo.de>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/sysfs.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>


/**
 * A few values needed by the userspace governor
 */
static unsigned int     cpu_max_freq[NR_CPUS];
static unsigned int     cpu_min_freq[NR_CPUS];
static unsigned int     cpu_cur_freq[NR_CPUS]; /* current CPU freq */
static unsigned int     cpu_set_freq[NR_CPUS]; /* CPU freq desired by userspace */
static unsigned int     cpu_is_managed[NR_CPUS];

static DEFINE_MUTEX     (userspace_mutex);
static int cpus_using_userspace_governor;

#define dprintk(msg...) cpufreq_debug_printk(CPUFREQ_DEBUG_GOVERNOR, "userspace", msg)

/* keep track of frequency transitions */
static int
userspace_cpufreq_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val,
                       void *data)
{
        struct cpufreq_freqs *freq = data;

      if (!cpu_is_managed[freq->cpu])
            return 0;

      dprintk("saving cpu_cur_freq of cpu %u to be %u kHz\n",
                  freq->cpu, freq->new);
      cpu_cur_freq[freq->cpu] = freq->new;

        return 0;
}

static struct notifier_block userspace_cpufreq_notifier_block = {
        .notifier_call  = userspace_cpufreq_notifier
};


/**
 * cpufreq_set - set the CPU frequency
 * @freq: target frequency in kHz
 * @cpu: CPU for which the frequency is to be set
 *
 * Sets the CPU frequency to freq.
 */
static int cpufreq_set(unsigned int freq, struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
      int ret = -EINVAL;

      dprintk("cpufreq_set for cpu %u, freq %u kHz\n", policy->cpu, freq);

      mutex_lock(&userspace_mutex);
      if (!cpu_is_managed[policy->cpu])
            goto err;

      cpu_set_freq[policy->cpu] = freq;

      if (freq < cpu_min_freq[policy->cpu])
            freq = cpu_min_freq[policy->cpu];
      if (freq > cpu_max_freq[policy->cpu])
            freq = cpu_max_freq[policy->cpu];

      /*
       * We're safe from concurrent calls to ->target() here
       * as we hold the userspace_mutex lock. If we were calling
       * cpufreq_driver_target, a deadlock situation might occur:
       * A: cpufreq_set (lock userspace_mutex) -> cpufreq_driver_target(lock policy->lock)
       * B: cpufreq_set_policy(lock policy->lock) -> __cpufreq_governor -> cpufreq_governor_userspace (lock userspace_mutex)
       */
      ret = __cpufreq_driver_target(policy, freq, CPUFREQ_RELATION_L);

 err:
      mutex_unlock(&userspace_mutex);
      return ret;
}


/************************** sysfs interface ************************/
static ssize_t show_speed (struct cpufreq_policy *policy, char *buf)
{
      return sprintf (buf, "%u\n", cpu_cur_freq[policy->cpu]);
}

static ssize_t
store_speed (struct cpufreq_policy *policy, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
      unsigned int freq = 0;
      unsigned int ret;

      ret = sscanf (buf, "%u", &freq);
      if (ret != 1)
            return -EINVAL;

      cpufreq_set(freq, policy);

      return count;
}

static struct freq_attr freq_attr_scaling_setspeed =
{
      .attr = { .name = "scaling_setspeed", .mode = 0644 },
      .show = show_speed,
      .store = store_speed,
};

static int cpufreq_governor_userspace(struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
                           unsigned int event)
{
      unsigned int cpu = policy->cpu;
      int rc = 0;

      switch (event) {
      case CPUFREQ_GOV_START:
            if (!cpu_online(cpu))
                  return -EINVAL;
            BUG_ON(!policy->cur);
            mutex_lock(&userspace_mutex);
            rc = sysfs_create_file (&policy->kobj,
                              &freq_attr_scaling_setspeed.attr);
            if (rc)
                  goto start_out;

            if (cpus_using_userspace_governor == 0) {
                  cpufreq_register_notifier(
                              &userspace_cpufreq_notifier_block,
                              CPUFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
            }
            cpus_using_userspace_governor++;

            cpu_is_managed[cpu] = 1;
            cpu_min_freq[cpu] = policy->min;
            cpu_max_freq[cpu] = policy->max;
            cpu_cur_freq[cpu] = policy->cur;
            cpu_set_freq[cpu] = policy->cur;
            dprintk("managing cpu %u started (%u - %u kHz, currently %u kHz)\n", cpu, cpu_min_freq[cpu], cpu_max_freq[cpu], cpu_cur_freq[cpu]);
start_out:
            mutex_unlock(&userspace_mutex);
            break;
      case CPUFREQ_GOV_STOP:
            mutex_lock(&userspace_mutex);
            cpus_using_userspace_governor--;
            if (cpus_using_userspace_governor == 0) {
                  cpufreq_unregister_notifier(
                              &userspace_cpufreq_notifier_block,
                              CPUFREQ_TRANSITION_NOTIFIER);
            }

            cpu_is_managed[cpu] = 0;
            cpu_min_freq[cpu] = 0;
            cpu_max_freq[cpu] = 0;
            cpu_set_freq[cpu] = 0;
            sysfs_remove_file (&policy->kobj, &freq_attr_scaling_setspeed.attr);
            dprintk("managing cpu %u stopped\n", cpu);
            mutex_unlock(&userspace_mutex);
            break;
      case CPUFREQ_GOV_LIMITS:
            mutex_lock(&userspace_mutex);
            dprintk("limit event for cpu %u: %u - %u kHz,"
                  "currently %u kHz, last set to %u kHz\n",
                  cpu, policy->min, policy->max,
                  cpu_cur_freq[cpu], cpu_set_freq[cpu]);
            if (policy->max < cpu_set_freq[cpu]) {
                  __cpufreq_driver_target(policy, policy->max,
                                    CPUFREQ_RELATION_H);
            }
            else if (policy->min > cpu_set_freq[cpu]) {
                  __cpufreq_driver_target(policy, policy->min,
                                    CPUFREQ_RELATION_L);
            }
            else {
                  __cpufreq_driver_target(policy, cpu_set_freq[cpu],
                                    CPUFREQ_RELATION_L);
            }
            cpu_min_freq[cpu] = policy->min;
            cpu_max_freq[cpu] = policy->max;
            cpu_cur_freq[cpu] = policy->cur;
            mutex_unlock(&userspace_mutex);
            break;
      }
      return rc;
}


struct cpufreq_governor cpufreq_gov_userspace = {
      .name       = "userspace",
      .governor   = cpufreq_governor_userspace,
      .owner            = THIS_MODULE,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpufreq_gov_userspace);

static int __init cpufreq_gov_userspace_init(void)
{
      return cpufreq_register_governor(&cpufreq_gov_userspace);
}


static void __exit cpufreq_gov_userspace_exit(void)
{
      cpufreq_unregister_governor(&cpufreq_gov_userspace);
}


MODULE_AUTHOR ("Dominik Brodowski <linux@brodo.de>, Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION ("CPUfreq policy governor 'userspace'");
MODULE_LICENSE ("GPL");

#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_DEFAULT_GOV_USERSPACE
fs_initcall(cpufreq_gov_userspace_init);
#else
module_init(cpufreq_gov_userspace_init);
#endif
module_exit(cpufreq_gov_userspace_exit);

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