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ctcmain.c

/*
 * CTC / ESCON network driver
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2001 IBM Deutschland Entwicklung GmbH, IBM Corporation
 * Author(s): Fritz Elfert (elfert@de.ibm.com, felfert@millenux.com)
 * Fixes by : Jochen Röhrig (roehrig@de.ibm.com)
 *            Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
            Peter Tiedemann (ptiedem@de.ibm.com)
 * Driver Model stuff by : Cornelia Huck <cornelia.huck@de.ibm.com>
 *
 * Documentation used:
 *  - Principles of Operation (IBM doc#: SA22-7201-06)
 *  - Common IO/-Device Commands and Self Description (IBM doc#: SA22-7204-02)
 *  - Common IO/-Device Commands and Self Description (IBM doc#: SN22-5535)
 *  - ESCON Channel-to-Channel Adapter (IBM doc#: SA22-7203-00)
 *  - ESCON I/O Interface (IBM doc#: SA22-7202-029
 *
 * and the source of the original CTC driver by:
 *  Dieter Wellerdiek (wel@de.ibm.com)
 *  Martin Schwidefsky (schwidefsky@de.ibm.com)
 *  Denis Joseph Barrow (djbarrow@de.ibm.com,barrow_dj@yahoo.com)
 *  Jochen Röhrig (roehrig@de.ibm.com)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 *
 */
#undef DEBUG
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/string.h>

#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <net/dst.h>

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/ccwdev.h>
#include <asm/ccwgroup.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>

#include <asm/idals.h>

#include "fsm.h"
#include "cu3088.h"

#include "ctcdbug.h"
#include "ctcmain.h"

MODULE_AUTHOR("(C) 2000 IBM Corp. by Fritz Elfert (felfert@millenux.com)");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Linux for S/390 CTC/Escon Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
/**
 * States of the interface statemachine.
 */
enum dev_states {
      DEV_STATE_STOPPED,
      DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX,
      DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX,
      DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX,
      DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX,
      DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX,
      DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX,
      DEV_STATE_RUNNING,
      /**
       * MUST be always the last element!!
       */
      CTC_NR_DEV_STATES
};

static const char *dev_state_names[] = {
      "Stopped",
      "StartWait RXTX",
      "StartWait RX",
      "StartWait TX",
      "StopWait RXTX",
      "StopWait RX",
      "StopWait TX",
      "Running",
};

/**
 * Events of the interface statemachine.
 */
enum dev_events {
      DEV_EVENT_START,
      DEV_EVENT_STOP,
      DEV_EVENT_RXUP,
      DEV_EVENT_TXUP,
      DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN,
      DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN,
      DEV_EVENT_RESTART,
      /**
       * MUST be always the last element!!
       */
      CTC_NR_DEV_EVENTS
};

static const char *dev_event_names[] = {
      "Start",
      "Stop",
      "RX up",
      "TX up",
      "RX down",
      "TX down",
      "Restart",
};

/**
 * Events of the channel statemachine
 */
enum ch_events {
      /**
       * Events, representing return code of
       * I/O operations (ccw_device_start, ccw_device_halt et al.)
       */
      CH_EVENT_IO_SUCCESS,
      CH_EVENT_IO_EBUSY,
      CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,
      CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,
      CH_EVENT_IO_UNKNOWN,

      CH_EVENT_ATTNBUSY,
      CH_EVENT_ATTN,
      CH_EVENT_BUSY,

      /**
       * Events, representing unit-check
       */
      CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET,
      CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET,
      CH_EVENT_UC_TXTIMEOUT,
      CH_EVENT_UC_TXPARITY,
      CH_EVENT_UC_HWFAIL,
      CH_EVENT_UC_RXPARITY,
      CH_EVENT_UC_ZERO,
      CH_EVENT_UC_UNKNOWN,

      /**
       * Events, representing subchannel-check
       */
      CH_EVENT_SC_UNKNOWN,

      /**
       * Events, representing machine checks
       */
      CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,
      CH_EVENT_MC_GOOD,

      /**
       * Event, representing normal IRQ
       */
      CH_EVENT_IRQ,
      CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,

      /**
       * Event, representing timer expiry.
       */
      CH_EVENT_TIMER,

      /**
       * Events, representing commands from upper levels.
       */
      CH_EVENT_START,
      CH_EVENT_STOP,

      /**
       * MUST be always the last element!!
       */
      NR_CH_EVENTS,
};

/**
 * States of the channel statemachine.
 */
enum ch_states {
      /**
       * Channel not assigned to any device,
       * initial state, direction invalid
       */
      CH_STATE_IDLE,

      /**
       * Channel assigned but not operating
       */
      CH_STATE_STOPPED,
      CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,
      CH_STATE_STARTRETRY,
      CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,
      CH_STATE_RXINIT,
      CH_STATE_TXINIT,
      CH_STATE_RX,
      CH_STATE_TX,
      CH_STATE_RXIDLE,
      CH_STATE_TXIDLE,
      CH_STATE_RXERR,
      CH_STATE_TXERR,
      CH_STATE_TERM,
      CH_STATE_DTERM,
      CH_STATE_NOTOP,

      /**
       * MUST be always the last element!!
       */
      NR_CH_STATES,
};

static int loglevel = CTC_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT;

/**
 * Linked list of all detected channels.
 */
static struct channel *channels = NULL;

/**
 * Print Banner.
 */
static void
print_banner(void)
{
      static int printed = 0;

      if (printed)
            return;

      printk(KERN_INFO "CTC driver initialized\n");
      printed = 1;
}

/**
 * Return type of a detected device.
 */
static enum channel_types
get_channel_type(struct ccw_device_id *id)
{
      enum channel_types type = (enum channel_types) id->driver_info;

      if (type == channel_type_ficon)
            type = channel_type_escon;

      return type;
}

static const char *ch_event_names[] = {
      "ccw_device success",
      "ccw_device busy",
      "ccw_device enodev",
      "ccw_device ioerr",
      "ccw_device unknown",

      "Status ATTN & BUSY",
      "Status ATTN",
      "Status BUSY",

      "Unit check remote reset",
      "Unit check remote system reset",
      "Unit check TX timeout",
      "Unit check TX parity",
      "Unit check Hardware failure",
      "Unit check RX parity",
      "Unit check ZERO",
      "Unit check Unknown",

      "SubChannel check Unknown",

      "Machine check failure",
      "Machine check operational",

      "IRQ normal",
      "IRQ final",

      "Timer",

      "Start",
      "Stop",
};

static const char *ch_state_names[] = {
      "Idle",
      "Stopped",
      "StartWait",
      "StartRetry",
      "SetupWait",
      "RX init",
      "TX init",
      "RX",
      "TX",
      "RX idle",
      "TX idle",
      "RX error",
      "TX error",
      "Terminating",
      "Restarting",
      "Not operational",
};

#ifdef DEBUG
/**
 * Dump header and first 16 bytes of an sk_buff for debugging purposes.
 *
 * @param skb    The sk_buff to dump.
 * @param offset Offset relative to skb-data, where to start the dump.
 */
static void
ctc_dump_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset)
{
      unsigned char *p = skb->data;
      __u16 bl;
      struct ll_header *header;
      int i;

      if (!(loglevel & CTC_LOGLEVEL_DEBUG))
            return;
      p += offset;
      bl = *((__u16 *) p);
      p += 2;
      header = (struct ll_header *) p;
      p -= 2;

      printk(KERN_DEBUG "dump:\n");
      printk(KERN_DEBUG "blocklen=%d %04x\n", bl, bl);

      printk(KERN_DEBUG "h->length=%d %04x\n", header->length,
             header->length);
      printk(KERN_DEBUG "h->type=%04x\n", header->type);
      printk(KERN_DEBUG "h->unused=%04x\n", header->unused);
      if (bl > 16)
            bl = 16;
      printk(KERN_DEBUG "data: ");
      for (i = 0; i < bl; i++)
            printk("%02x%s", *p++, (i % 16) ? " " : "\n<7>");
      printk("\n");
}
#else
static inline void
ctc_dump_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset)
{
}
#endif

/**
 * Unpack a just received skb and hand it over to
 * upper layers.
 *
 * @param ch The channel where this skb has been received.
 * @param pskb The received skb.
 */
static void
ctc_unpack_skb(struct channel *ch, struct sk_buff *pskb)
{
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = (struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv;
      __u16 len = *((__u16 *) pskb->data);

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      skb_put(pskb, 2 + LL_HEADER_LENGTH);
      skb_pull(pskb, 2);
      pskb->dev = dev;
      pskb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
      while (len > 0) {
            struct sk_buff *skb;
            struct ll_header *header = (struct ll_header *) pskb->data;

            skb_pull(pskb, LL_HEADER_LENGTH);
            if ((ch->protocol == CTC_PROTO_S390) &&
                (header->type != ETH_P_IP)) {

#ifndef DEBUG
                    if (!(ch->logflags & LOG_FLAG_ILLEGALPKT)) {
#endif
                        /**
                         * Check packet type only if we stick strictly
                         * to S/390's protocol of OS390. This only
                         * supports IP. Otherwise allow any packet
                         * type.
                         */
                        ctc_pr_warn(
                              "%s Illegal packet type 0x%04x received, dropping\n",
                              dev->name, header->type);
                        ch->logflags |= LOG_FLAG_ILLEGALPKT;
#ifndef DEBUG
                  }
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG
                  ctc_dump_skb(pskb, -6);
#endif
                  privptr->stats.rx_dropped++;
                  privptr->stats.rx_frame_errors++;
                  return;
            }
            pskb->protocol = ntohs(header->type);
            if (header->length <= LL_HEADER_LENGTH) {
#ifndef DEBUG
                    if (!(ch->logflags & LOG_FLAG_ILLEGALSIZE)) {
#endif
                        ctc_pr_warn(
                               "%s Illegal packet size %d "
                               "received (MTU=%d blocklen=%d), "
                               "dropping\n", dev->name, header->length,
                               dev->mtu, len);
                        ch->logflags |= LOG_FLAG_ILLEGALSIZE;
#ifndef DEBUG
                  }
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG
                  ctc_dump_skb(pskb, -6);
#endif
                  privptr->stats.rx_dropped++;
                  privptr->stats.rx_length_errors++;
                  return;
            }
            header->length -= LL_HEADER_LENGTH;
            len -= LL_HEADER_LENGTH;
            if ((header->length > skb_tailroom(pskb)) ||
                (header->length > len)) {
#ifndef DEBUG
                    if (!(ch->logflags & LOG_FLAG_OVERRUN)) {
#endif
                        ctc_pr_warn(
                              "%s Illegal packet size %d "
                              "(beyond the end of received data), "
                              "dropping\n", dev->name, header->length);
                        ch->logflags |= LOG_FLAG_OVERRUN;
#ifndef DEBUG
                  }
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG
                  ctc_dump_skb(pskb, -6);
#endif
                  privptr->stats.rx_dropped++;
                  privptr->stats.rx_length_errors++;
                  return;
            }
            skb_put(pskb, header->length);
            skb_reset_mac_header(pskb);
            len -= header->length;
            skb = dev_alloc_skb(pskb->len);
            if (!skb) {
#ifndef DEBUG
                    if (!(ch->logflags & LOG_FLAG_NOMEM)) {
#endif
                        ctc_pr_warn(
                              "%s Out of memory in ctc_unpack_skb\n",
                              dev->name);
                        ch->logflags |= LOG_FLAG_NOMEM;
#ifndef DEBUG
                  }
#endif
                  privptr->stats.rx_dropped++;
                  return;
            }
            skb_copy_from_linear_data(pskb, skb_put(skb, pskb->len),
                                pskb->len);
            skb_reset_mac_header(skb);
            skb->dev = pskb->dev;
            skb->protocol = pskb->protocol;
            pskb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY;
            /**
             * reset logflags
             */
            ch->logflags = 0;
            privptr->stats.rx_packets++;
            privptr->stats.rx_bytes += skb->len;
            netif_rx_ni(skb);
            dev->last_rx = jiffies;
            if (len > 0) {
                  skb_pull(pskb, header->length);
                  if (skb_tailroom(pskb) < LL_HEADER_LENGTH) {
#ifndef DEBUG
                        if (!(ch->logflags & LOG_FLAG_OVERRUN)) {
#endif
                              ctc_pr_warn(
                                    "%s Overrun in ctc_unpack_skb\n",
                                    dev->name);
                              ch->logflags |= LOG_FLAG_OVERRUN;
#ifndef DEBUG
                        }
#endif
                        return;
                  }
                  skb_put(pskb, LL_HEADER_LENGTH);
            }
      }
}

/**
 * Check return code of a preceeding ccw_device call, halt_IO etc...
 *
 * @param ch          The channel, the error belongs to.
 * @param return_code The error code to inspect.
 */
static void
ccw_check_return_code(struct channel *ch, int return_code, char *msg)
{
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      switch (return_code) {
            case 0:
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_IO_SUCCESS, ch);
                  break;
            case -EBUSY:
                  ctc_pr_warn("%s (%s): Busy !\n", ch->id, msg);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_IO_EBUSY, ch);
                  break;
            case -ENODEV:
                  ctc_pr_emerg("%s (%s): Invalid device called for IO\n",
                             ch->id, msg);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV, ch);
                  break;
            case -EIO:
                  ctc_pr_emerg("%s (%s): Status pending... \n",
                             ch->id, msg);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_IO_EIO, ch);
                  break;
            default:
                  ctc_pr_emerg("%s (%s): Unknown error in do_IO %04x\n",
                             ch->id, msg, return_code);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_IO_UNKNOWN, ch);
      }
}

/**
 * Check sense of a unit check.
 *
 * @param ch    The channel, the sense code belongs to.
 * @param sense The sense code to inspect.
 */
static void
ccw_unit_check(struct channel *ch, unsigned char sense)
{
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      if (sense & SNS0_INTERVENTION_REQ) {
            if (sense & 0x01) {
                  ctc_pr_debug("%s: Interface disc. or Sel. reset "
                              "(remote)\n", ch->id);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, ch);
            } else {
                  ctc_pr_debug("%s: System reset (remote)\n", ch->id);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, ch);
            }
      } else if (sense & SNS0_EQUIPMENT_CHECK) {
            if (sense & SNS0_BUS_OUT_CHECK) {
                  ctc_pr_warn("%s: Hardware malfunction (remote)\n",
                            ch->id);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_HWFAIL, ch);
            } else {
                  ctc_pr_warn("%s: Read-data parity error (remote)\n",
                            ch->id);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_RXPARITY, ch);
            }
      } else if (sense & SNS0_BUS_OUT_CHECK) {
            if (sense & 0x04) {
                  ctc_pr_warn("%s: Data-streaming timeout)\n", ch->id);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_TXTIMEOUT, ch);
            } else {
                  ctc_pr_warn("%s: Data-transfer parity error\n", ch->id);
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_TXPARITY, ch);
            }
      } else if (sense & SNS0_CMD_REJECT) {
            ctc_pr_warn("%s: Command reject\n", ch->id);
      } else if (sense == 0) {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: Unit check ZERO\n", ch->id);
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_ZERO, ch);
      } else {
            ctc_pr_warn("%s: Unit Check with sense code: %02x\n",
                      ch->id, sense);
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_UC_UNKNOWN, ch);
      }
}

static void
ctc_purge_skb_queue(struct sk_buff_head *q)
{
      struct sk_buff *skb;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);

      while ((skb = skb_dequeue(q))) {
            atomic_dec(&skb->users);
            dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
      }
}

static int
ctc_checkalloc_buffer(struct channel *ch, int warn)
{
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      if ((ch->trans_skb == NULL) ||
          (ch->flags & CHANNEL_FLAGS_BUFSIZE_CHANGED)) {
            if (ch->trans_skb != NULL)
                  dev_kfree_skb(ch->trans_skb);
            clear_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[1]);
            ch->trans_skb = __dev_alloc_skb(ch->max_bufsize,
                                    GFP_ATOMIC | GFP_DMA);
            if (ch->trans_skb == NULL) {
                  if (warn)
                        ctc_pr_warn(
                              "%s: Couldn't alloc %s trans_skb\n",
                              ch->id,
                              (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) ?
                              "RX" : "TX");
                  return -ENOMEM;
            }
            ch->ccw[1].count = ch->max_bufsize;
            if (set_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[1], ch->trans_skb->data)) {
                  dev_kfree_skb(ch->trans_skb);
                  ch->trans_skb = NULL;
                  if (warn)
                        ctc_pr_warn(
                              "%s: set_normalized_cda for %s "
                              "trans_skb failed, dropping packets\n",
                              ch->id,
                              (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) ?
                              "RX" : "TX");
                  return -ENOMEM;
            }
            ch->ccw[1].count = 0;
            ch->trans_skb_data = ch->trans_skb->data;
            ch->flags &= ~CHANNEL_FLAGS_BUFSIZE_CHANGED;
      }
      return 0;
}

/**
 * Dummy NOP action for statemachines
 */
static void
fsm_action_nop(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
}

/**
 * Actions for channel - statemachines.
 *****************************************************************************/

/**
 * Normal data has been send. Free the corresponding
 * skb (it's in io_queue), reset dev->tbusy and
 * revert to idle state.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_txdone(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = dev->priv;
      struct sk_buff *skb;
      int first = 1;
      int i;
      unsigned long duration;
      struct timespec done_stamp = current_kernel_time();

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);

      duration =
          (done_stamp.tv_sec - ch->prof.send_stamp.tv_sec) * 1000000 +
          (done_stamp.tv_nsec - ch->prof.send_stamp.tv_nsec) / 1000;
      if (duration > ch->prof.tx_time)
            ch->prof.tx_time = duration;

      if (ch->irb->scsw.count != 0)
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: TX not complete, remaining %d bytes\n",
                       dev->name, ch->irb->scsw.count);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&ch->io_queue))) {
            privptr->stats.tx_packets++;
            privptr->stats.tx_bytes += skb->len - LL_HEADER_LENGTH;
            if (first) {
                  privptr->stats.tx_bytes += 2;
                  first = 0;
            }
            atomic_dec(&skb->users);
            dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
      }
      spin_lock(&ch->collect_lock);
      clear_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[4]);
      if (ch->collect_len > 0) {
            int rc;

            if (ctc_checkalloc_buffer(ch, 1)) {
                  spin_unlock(&ch->collect_lock);
                  return;
            }
            ch->trans_skb->data = ch->trans_skb_data;
            skb_reset_tail_pointer(ch->trans_skb);
            ch->trans_skb->len = 0;
            if (ch->prof.maxmulti < (ch->collect_len + 2))
                  ch->prof.maxmulti = ch->collect_len + 2;
            if (ch->prof.maxcqueue < skb_queue_len(&ch->collect_queue))
                  ch->prof.maxcqueue = skb_queue_len(&ch->collect_queue);
            *((__u16 *) skb_put(ch->trans_skb, 2)) = ch->collect_len + 2;
            i = 0;
            while ((skb = skb_dequeue(&ch->collect_queue))) {
                  skb_copy_from_linear_data(skb, skb_put(ch->trans_skb,
                                                 skb->len),
                                      skb->len);
                  privptr->stats.tx_packets++;
                  privptr->stats.tx_bytes += skb->len - LL_HEADER_LENGTH;
                  atomic_dec(&skb->users);
                  dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
                  i++;
            }
            ch->collect_len = 0;
            spin_unlock(&ch->collect_lock);
            ch->ccw[1].count = ch->trans_skb->len;
            fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
            ch->prof.send_stamp = current_kernel_time();
            rc = ccw_device_start(ch->cdev, &ch->ccw[0],
                              (unsigned long) ch, 0xff, 0);
            ch->prof.doios_multi++;
            if (rc != 0) {
                  privptr->stats.tx_dropped += i;
                  privptr->stats.tx_errors += i;
                  fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
                  ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "chained TX");
            }
      } else {
            spin_unlock(&ch->collect_lock);
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_TXIDLE);
      }
      ctc_clear_busy(dev);
}

/**
 * Initial data is sent.
 * Notify device statemachine that we are up and
 * running.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_txidle(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_TXIDLE);
      fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) ch->netdev->priv)->fsm, DEV_EVENT_TXUP,
              ch->netdev);
}

/**
 * Got normal data, check for sanity, queue it up, allocate new buffer
 * trigger bottom half, and initiate next read.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_rx(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = dev->priv;
      int len = ch->max_bufsize - ch->irb->scsw.count;
      struct sk_buff *skb = ch->trans_skb;
      __u16 block_len = *((__u16 *) skb->data);
      int check_len;
      int rc;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      if (len < 8) {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: got packet with length %d < 8\n",
                       dev->name, len);
            privptr->stats.rx_dropped++;
            privptr->stats.rx_length_errors++;
            goto again;
      }
      if (len > ch->max_bufsize) {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: got packet with length %d > %d\n",
                       dev->name, len, ch->max_bufsize);
            privptr->stats.rx_dropped++;
            privptr->stats.rx_length_errors++;
            goto again;
      }

      /**
       * VM TCP seems to have a bug sending 2 trailing bytes of garbage.
       */
      switch (ch->protocol) {
            case CTC_PROTO_S390:
            case CTC_PROTO_OS390:
                  check_len = block_len + 2;
                  break;
            default:
                  check_len = block_len;
                  break;
      }
      if ((len < block_len) || (len > check_len)) {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: got block length %d != rx length %d\n",
                       dev->name, block_len, len);
#ifdef DEBUG
            ctc_dump_skb(skb, 0);
#endif
            *((__u16 *) skb->data) = len;
            privptr->stats.rx_dropped++;
            privptr->stats.rx_length_errors++;
            goto again;
      }
      block_len -= 2;
      if (block_len > 0) {
            *((__u16 *) skb->data) = block_len;
            ctc_unpack_skb(ch, skb);
      }
 again:
      skb->data = ch->trans_skb_data;
      skb_reset_tail_pointer(skb);
      skb->len = 0;
      if (ctc_checkalloc_buffer(ch, 1))
            return;
      ch->ccw[1].count = ch->max_bufsize;
      rc = ccw_device_start(ch->cdev, &ch->ccw[0], (unsigned long) ch, 0xff, 0);
      if (rc != 0)
            ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "normal RX");
}

static void ch_action_rxidle(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg);

/**
 * Initialize connection by sending a __u16 of value 0.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_firstio(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      int rc;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);

      if (fsm_getstate(fi) == CH_STATE_TXIDLE)
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: remote side issued READ?, init ...\n", ch->id);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      if (ctc_checkalloc_buffer(ch, 1))
            return;
      if ((fsm_getstate(fi) == CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT) &&
          (ch->protocol == CTC_PROTO_OS390)) {
            /* OS/390 resp. z/OS */
            if (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) {
                  *((__u16 *) ch->trans_skb->data) = CTC_INITIAL_BLOCKLEN;
                  fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC,
                             CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
                  ch_action_rxidle(fi, event, arg);
            } else {
                  struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
                  fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_TXIDLE);
                  fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                          DEV_EVENT_TXUP, dev);
            }
            return;
      }

      /**
       * Don't setup a timer for receiving the initial RX frame
       * if in compatibility mode, since VM TCP delays the initial
       * frame until it has some data to send.
       */
      if ((CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == WRITE) ||
          (ch->protocol != CTC_PROTO_S390))
            fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);

      *((__u16 *) ch->trans_skb->data) = CTC_INITIAL_BLOCKLEN;
      ch->ccw[1].count = 2;   /* Transfer only length */

      fsm_newstate(fi, (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ)
                 ? CH_STATE_RXINIT : CH_STATE_TXINIT);
      rc = ccw_device_start(ch->cdev, &ch->ccw[0], (unsigned long) ch, 0xff, 0);
      if (rc != 0) {
            fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT);
            ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "init IO");
      }
      /**
       * If in compatibility mode since we don't setup a timer, we
       * also signal RX channel up immediately. This enables us
       * to send packets early which in turn usually triggers some
       * reply from VM TCP which brings up the RX channel to it's
       * final state.
       */
      if ((CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) &&
          (ch->protocol == CTC_PROTO_S390)) {
            struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm, DEV_EVENT_RXUP,
                    dev);
      }
}

/**
 * Got initial data, check it. If OK,
 * notify device statemachine that we are up and
 * running.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_rxidle(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
      __u16 buflen;
      int rc;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      buflen = *((__u16 *) ch->trans_skb->data);
#ifdef DEBUG
      ctc_pr_debug("%s: Initial RX count %d\n", dev->name, buflen);
#endif
      if (buflen >= CTC_INITIAL_BLOCKLEN) {
            if (ctc_checkalloc_buffer(ch, 1))
                  return;
            ch->ccw[1].count = ch->max_bufsize;
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_RXIDLE);
            rc = ccw_device_start(ch->cdev, &ch->ccw[0],
                              (unsigned long) ch, 0xff, 0);
            if (rc != 0) {
                  fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_RXINIT);
                  ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "initial RX");
            } else
                  fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                          DEV_EVENT_RXUP, dev);
      } else {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: Initial RX count %d not %d\n",
                       dev->name, buflen, CTC_INITIAL_BLOCKLEN);
            ch_action_firstio(fi, event, arg);
      }
}

/**
 * Set channel into extended mode.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_setmode(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      int rc;
      unsigned long saveflags;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT);
      saveflags = 0;    /* avoids compiler warning with
                     spin_unlock_irqrestore */
      if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER)  // only for timer not yet locked
            spin_lock_irqsave(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      rc = ccw_device_start(ch->cdev, &ch->ccw[6], (unsigned long) ch, 0xff, 0);
      if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER)
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      if (rc != 0) {
            fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_STARTWAIT);
            ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "set Mode");
      } else
            ch->retry = 0;
}

/**
 * Setup channel.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_start(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      unsigned long saveflags;
      int rc;
      struct net_device *dev;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      if (ch == NULL) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ch_action_start ch=NULL\n");
            return;
      }
      if (ch->netdev == NULL) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ch_action_start dev=NULL, id=%s\n", ch->id);
            return;
      }
      dev = ch->netdev;

#ifdef DEBUG
      ctc_pr_debug("%s: %s channel start\n", dev->name,
                 (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) ? "RX" : "TX");
#endif

      if (ch->trans_skb != NULL) {
            clear_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[1]);
            dev_kfree_skb(ch->trans_skb);
            ch->trans_skb = NULL;
      }
      if (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) {
            ch->ccw[1].cmd_code = CCW_CMD_READ;
            ch->ccw[1].flags = CCW_FLAG_SLI;
            ch->ccw[1].count = 0;
      } else {
            ch->ccw[1].cmd_code = CCW_CMD_WRITE;
            ch->ccw[1].flags = CCW_FLAG_SLI | CCW_FLAG_CC;
            ch->ccw[1].count = 0;
      }
      if (ctc_checkalloc_buffer(ch, 0)) {
            ctc_pr_notice(
                  "%s: Could not allocate %s trans_skb, delaying "
                  "allocation until first transfer\n",
                  dev->name,
                  (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) ? "RX" : "TX");
      }

      ch->ccw[0].cmd_code = CCW_CMD_PREPARE;
      ch->ccw[0].flags = CCW_FLAG_SLI | CCW_FLAG_CC;
      ch->ccw[0].count = 0;
      ch->ccw[0].cda = 0;
      ch->ccw[2].cmd_code = CCW_CMD_NOOP; /* jointed CE + DE */
      ch->ccw[2].flags = CCW_FLAG_SLI;
      ch->ccw[2].count = 0;
      ch->ccw[2].cda = 0;
      memcpy(&ch->ccw[3], &ch->ccw[0], sizeof (struct ccw1) * 3);
      ch->ccw[4].cda = 0;
      ch->ccw[4].flags &= ~CCW_FLAG_IDA;

      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_STARTWAIT);
      fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, 1000, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
      spin_lock_irqsave(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      rc = ccw_device_halt(ch->cdev, (unsigned long) ch);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      if (rc != 0) {
            if (rc != -EBUSY)
                fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
            ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "initial HaltIO");
      }
#ifdef DEBUG
      ctc_pr_debug("ctc: %s(): leaving\n", __func__);
#endif
}

/**
 * Shutdown a channel.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_haltio(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      unsigned long saveflags;
      int rc;
      int oldstate;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
      saveflags = 0;    /* avoids comp warning with
                     spin_unlock_irqrestore */
      if (event == CH_EVENT_STOP)   // only for STOP not yet locked
            spin_lock_irqsave(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      oldstate = fsm_getstate(fi);
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_TERM);
      rc = ccw_device_halt(ch->cdev, (unsigned long) ch);
      if (event == CH_EVENT_STOP)
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      if (rc != 0) {
            if (rc != -EBUSY) {
                fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
                fsm_newstate(fi, oldstate);
            }
            ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "HaltIO in ch_action_haltio");
      }
}

/**
 * A channel has successfully been halted.
 * Cleanup it's queue and notify interface statemachine.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_stopped(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_STOPPED);
      if (ch->trans_skb != NULL) {
            clear_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[1]);
            dev_kfree_skb(ch->trans_skb);
            ch->trans_skb = NULL;
      }
      if (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) {
            skb_queue_purge(&ch->io_queue);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN, dev);
      } else {
            ctc_purge_skb_queue(&ch->io_queue);
            spin_lock(&ch->collect_lock);
            ctc_purge_skb_queue(&ch->collect_queue);
            ch->collect_len = 0;
            spin_unlock(&ch->collect_lock);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);
      }
}

/**
 * A stop command from device statemachine arrived and we are in
 * not operational mode. Set state to stopped.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_stop(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_STOPPED);
}

/**
 * A machine check for no path, not operational status or gone device has
 * happened.
 * Cleanup queue and notify interface statemachine.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_fail(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_NOTOP);
      if (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) {
            skb_queue_purge(&ch->io_queue);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN, dev);
      } else {
            ctc_purge_skb_queue(&ch->io_queue);
            spin_lock(&ch->collect_lock);
            ctc_purge_skb_queue(&ch->collect_queue);
            ch->collect_len = 0;
            spin_unlock(&ch->collect_lock);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);
      }
}

/**
 * Handle error during setup of channel.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_setuperr(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      /**
       * Special case: Got UC_RCRESET on setmode.
       * This means that remote side isn't setup. In this case
       * simply retry after some 10 secs...
       */
      if ((fsm_getstate(fi) == CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT) &&
          ((event == CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET) ||
           (event == CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET))) {
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_STARTRETRY);
            fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
            fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
            if (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) {
                  int rc = ccw_device_halt(ch->cdev, (unsigned long) ch);
                  if (rc != 0)
                        ccw_check_return_code(
                              ch, rc, "HaltIO in ch_action_setuperr");
            }
            return;
      }

      ctc_pr_debug("%s: Error %s during %s channel setup state=%s\n",
                 dev->name, ch_event_names[event],
                 (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) ? "RX" : "TX",
                 fsm_getstate_str(fi));
      if (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) {
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_RXERR);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN, dev);
      } else {
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_TXERR);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);
      }
}

/**
 * Restart a channel after an error.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_restart(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      unsigned long saveflags;
      int oldstate;
      int rc;

      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      ctc_pr_debug("%s: %s channel restart\n", dev->name,
                 (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) ? "RX" : "TX");
      fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
      oldstate = fsm_getstate(fi);
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_STARTWAIT);
      saveflags = 0;    /* avoids compiler warning with
                     spin_unlock_irqrestore */
      if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER)  // only for timer not yet locked
            spin_lock_irqsave(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      rc = ccw_device_halt(ch->cdev, (unsigned long) ch);
      if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER)
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
      if (rc != 0) {
            if (rc != -EBUSY) {
                fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
                fsm_newstate(fi, oldstate);
            }
            ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "HaltIO in ch_action_restart");
      }
}

/**
 * Handle error during RX initial handshake (exchange of
 * 0-length block header)
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_rxiniterr(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER) {
            fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: Timeout during RX init handshake\n", dev->name);
            if (ch->retry++ < 3)
                  ch_action_restart(fi, event, arg);
            else {
                  fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_RXERR);
                  fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                          DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN, dev);
            }
      } else
            ctc_pr_warn("%s: Error during RX init handshake\n", dev->name);
}

/**
 * Notify device statemachine if we gave up initialization
 * of RX channel.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_rxinitfail(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_RXERR);
      ctc_pr_warn("%s: RX initialization failed\n", dev->name);
      ctc_pr_warn("%s: RX <-> RX connection detected\n", dev->name);
      fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm, DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN, dev);
}

/**
 * Handle RX Unit check remote reset (remote disconnected)
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_rxdisc(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct channel *ch2;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      ctc_pr_debug("%s: Got remote disconnect, re-initializing ...\n",
                 dev->name);

      /**
       * Notify device statemachine
       */
      fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm, DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN, dev);
      fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm, DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);

      fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_DTERM);
      ch2 = ((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->channel[WRITE];
      fsm_newstate(ch2->fsm, CH_STATE_DTERM);

      ccw_device_halt(ch->cdev, (unsigned long) ch);
      ccw_device_halt(ch2->cdev, (unsigned long) ch2);
}

/**
 * Handle error during TX channel initialization.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_txiniterr(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(setup, 2, __FUNCTION__);
      if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER) {
            fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: Timeout during TX init handshake\n", dev->name);
            if (ch->retry++ < 3)
                  ch_action_restart(fi, event, arg);
            else {
                  fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_TXERR);
                  fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                          DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);
            }
      } else
            ctc_pr_warn("%s: Error during TX init handshake\n", dev->name);
}

/**
 * Handle TX timeout by retrying operation.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_txretry(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
      unsigned long saveflags;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      if (ch->retry++ > 3) {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: TX retry failed, restarting channel\n",
                       dev->name);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);
            ch_action_restart(fi, event, arg);
      } else {
            struct sk_buff *skb;

            ctc_pr_debug("%s: TX retry %d\n", dev->name, ch->retry);
            if ((skb = skb_peek(&ch->io_queue))) {
                  int rc = 0;

                  clear_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[4]);
                  ch->ccw[4].count = skb->len;
                  if (set_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[4], skb->data)) {
                        ctc_pr_debug(
                              "%s: IDAL alloc failed, chan restart\n",
                              dev->name);
                        fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                                DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);
                        ch_action_restart(fi, event, arg);
                        return;
                  }
                  fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, 1000, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
                  saveflags = 0;    /* avoids compiler warning with
                                 spin_unlock_irqrestore */
                  if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER) // only for TIMER not yet locked
                        spin_lock_irqsave(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev),
                                      saveflags);
                  rc = ccw_device_start(ch->cdev, &ch->ccw[3],
                                    (unsigned long) ch, 0xff, 0);
                  if (event == CH_EVENT_TIMER)
                        spin_unlock_irqrestore(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev),
                                           saveflags);
                  if (rc != 0) {
                        fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
                        ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "TX in ch_action_txretry");
                        ctc_purge_skb_queue(&ch->io_queue);
                  }
            }
      }

}

/**
 * Handle fatal errors during an I/O command.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of a channel statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from channel * upon call.
 */
static void
ch_action_iofatal(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *) arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
      if (CHANNEL_DIRECTION(ch->flags) == READ) {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: RX I/O error\n", dev->name);
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_RXERR);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN, dev);
      } else {
            ctc_pr_debug("%s: TX I/O error\n", dev->name);
            fsm_newstate(fi, CH_STATE_TXERR);
            fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm,
                    DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN, dev);
      }
}

static void
ch_action_reinit(fsm_instance *fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct channel *ch = (struct channel *)arg;
      struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = dev->priv;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      ch_action_iofatal(fi, event, arg);
      fsm_addtimer(&privptr->restart_timer, 1000, DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev);
}

/**
 * The statemachine for a channel.
 */
static const fsm_node ch_fsm[] = {
      {CH_STATE_STOPPED,    CH_EVENT_STOP,       fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_STOPPED,    CH_EVENT_START,      ch_action_start      },
      {CH_STATE_STOPPED,    CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_STOPPED,    CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    fsm_action_nop       },

      {CH_STATE_NOTOP,      CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_stop       },
      {CH_STATE_NOTOP,      CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_NOTOP,      CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_NOTOP,      CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_NOTOP,      CH_EVENT_MC_GOOD,    ch_action_start      },

      {CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,  CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,  CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,  CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_setmode    },
      {CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,  CH_EVENT_TIMER,      ch_action_setuperr   },
      {CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,  CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,  ch_action_iofatal    },
      {CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,  CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,     ch_action_reinit     },
      {CH_STATE_STARTWAIT,  CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_STARTRETRY, CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_STARTRETRY, CH_EVENT_TIMER,      ch_action_setmode    },
      {CH_STATE_STARTRETRY, CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_STARTRETRY, CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_firstio    },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, ch_action_setuperr   },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, ch_action_setuperr   },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_TIMER,      ch_action_setmode    },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,  ch_action_iofatal    },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,     ch_action_reinit     },
      {CH_STATE_SETUPWAIT,  CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_rxidle     },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, ch_action_rxiniterr  },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, ch_action_rxiniterr  },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_TIMER,      ch_action_rxiniterr  },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_ATTNBUSY,   ch_action_rxinitfail },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,  ch_action_iofatal    },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,     ch_action_reinit     },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_UC_ZERO,    ch_action_firstio    },
      {CH_STATE_RXINIT,     CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_rx         },
      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, ch_action_rxdisc     },
//      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, ch_action_rxretry    },
      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,  ch_action_iofatal    },
      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,     ch_action_reinit     },
      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },
      {CH_STATE_RXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_UC_ZERO,    ch_action_rx         },

      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_txidle     },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, ch_action_txiniterr  },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, ch_action_txiniterr  },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_TIMER,      ch_action_txiniterr  },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,  ch_action_iofatal    },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,     ch_action_reinit     },
      {CH_STATE_TXINIT,     CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_firstio    },
      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,  ch_action_iofatal    },
      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,     ch_action_reinit     },
      {CH_STATE_TXIDLE,     CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_TERM,       CH_EVENT_STOP,       fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TERM,       CH_EVENT_START,      ch_action_restart    },
      {CH_STATE_TERM,       CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_stopped    },
      {CH_STATE_TERM,       CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TERM,       CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TERM,       CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_DTERM,      CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_DTERM,      CH_EVENT_START,      ch_action_restart    },
      {CH_STATE_DTERM,      CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_setmode    },
      {CH_STATE_DTERM,      CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_DTERM,      CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_DTERM,      CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_START,      fsm_action_nop       },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_FINSTAT,    ch_action_txdone     },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_UC_RCRESET, ch_action_txretry    },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_UC_RSRESET, ch_action_txretry    },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_TIMER,      ch_action_txretry    },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_IO_ENODEV,  ch_action_iofatal    },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_IO_EIO,     ch_action_reinit     },
      {CH_STATE_TX,         CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },

      {CH_STATE_RXERR,      CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_TXERR,      CH_EVENT_STOP,       ch_action_haltio     },
      {CH_STATE_TXERR,      CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },
      {CH_STATE_RXERR,      CH_EVENT_MC_FAIL,    ch_action_fail       },
};

static const int CH_FSM_LEN = sizeof (ch_fsm) / sizeof (fsm_node);

/**
 * Functions related to setup and device detection.
 *****************************************************************************/

static inline int
less_than(char *id1, char *id2)
{
      int dev1, dev2, i;

      for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
            id1++;
            id2++;
      }
      dev1 = simple_strtoul(id1, &id1, 16);
      dev2 = simple_strtoul(id2, &id2, 16);

      return (dev1 < dev2);
}

/**
 * Add a new channel to the list of channels.
 * Keeps the channel list sorted.
 *
 * @param cdev  The ccw_device to be added.
 * @param type  The type class of the new channel.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, !0 on error.
 */
static int
add_channel(struct ccw_device *cdev, enum channel_types type)
{
      struct channel **c = &channels;
      struct channel *ch;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 2, __FUNCTION__);
      ch = kzalloc(sizeof(struct channel), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!ch) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ctc: Out of memory in add_channel\n");
            return -1;
      }
      /* assure all flags and counters are reset */
      ch->ccw = kzalloc(8 * sizeof(struct ccw1), GFP_KERNEL | GFP_DMA);
      if (!ch->ccw) {
            kfree(ch);
            ctc_pr_warn("ctc: Out of memory in add_channel\n");
            return -1;
      }


      /**
       * "static" ccws are used in the following way:
       *
       * ccw[0..2] (Channel program for generic I/O):
       *           0: prepare
       *           1: read or write (depending on direction) with fixed
       *              buffer (idal allocated once when buffer is allocated)
       *           2: nop
       * ccw[3..5] (Channel program for direct write of packets)
       *           3: prepare
       *           4: write (idal allocated on every write).
       *           5: nop
       * ccw[6..7] (Channel program for initial channel setup):
       *           6: set extended mode
       *           7: nop
       *
       * ch->ccw[0..5] are initialized in ch_action_start because
       * the channel's direction is yet unknown here.
       */
      ch->ccw[6].cmd_code = CCW_CMD_SET_EXTENDED;
      ch->ccw[6].flags = CCW_FLAG_SLI;

      ch->ccw[7].cmd_code = CCW_CMD_NOOP;
      ch->ccw[7].flags = CCW_FLAG_SLI;

      ch->cdev = cdev;
      snprintf(ch->id, CTC_ID_SIZE, "ch-%s", cdev->dev.bus_id);
      ch->type = type;
      ch->fsm = init_fsm(ch->id, ch_state_names,
                     ch_event_names, NR_CH_STATES, NR_CH_EVENTS,
                     ch_fsm, CH_FSM_LEN, GFP_KERNEL);
      if (ch->fsm == NULL) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ctc: Could not create FSM in add_channel\n");
            kfree(ch->ccw);
            kfree(ch);
            return -1;
      }
      fsm_newstate(ch->fsm, CH_STATE_IDLE);
      ch->irb = kzalloc(sizeof(struct irb), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!ch->irb) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ctc: Out of memory in add_channel\n");
            kfree_fsm(ch->fsm);
            kfree(ch->ccw);
            kfree(ch);
            return -1;
      }
      while (*c && less_than((*c)->id, ch->id))
            c = &(*c)->next;
      if (*c && (!strncmp((*c)->id, ch->id, CTC_ID_SIZE))) {
            ctc_pr_debug(
                  "ctc: add_channel: device %s already in list, "
                  "using old entry\n", (*c)->id);
            kfree(ch->irb);
            kfree_fsm(ch->fsm);
            kfree(ch->ccw);
            kfree(ch);
            return 0;
      }

      spin_lock_init(&ch->collect_lock);

      fsm_settimer(ch->fsm, &ch->timer);
      skb_queue_head_init(&ch->io_queue);
      skb_queue_head_init(&ch->collect_queue);
      ch->next = *c;
      *c = ch;
      return 0;
}

/**
 * Release a specific channel in the channel list.
 *
 * @param ch Pointer to channel struct to be released.
 */
static void
channel_free(struct channel *ch)
{
      ch->flags &= ~CHANNEL_FLAGS_INUSE;
      fsm_newstate(ch->fsm, CH_STATE_IDLE);
}

/**
 * Remove a specific channel in the channel list.
 *
 * @param ch Pointer to channel struct to be released.
 */
static void
channel_remove(struct channel *ch)
{
      struct channel **c = &channels;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 2, __FUNCTION__);
      if (ch == NULL)
            return;

      channel_free(ch);
      while (*c) {
            if (*c == ch) {
                  *c = ch->next;
                  fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
                  kfree_fsm(ch->fsm);
                  clear_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[4]);
                  if (ch->trans_skb != NULL) {
                        clear_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[1]);
                        dev_kfree_skb(ch->trans_skb);
                  }
                  kfree(ch->ccw);
                  kfree(ch->irb);
                  kfree(ch);
                  return;
            }
            c = &((*c)->next);
      }
}

/**
 * Get a specific channel from the channel list.
 *
 * @param type Type of channel we are interested in.
 * @param id Id of channel we are interested in.
 * @param direction Direction we want to use this channel for.
 *
 * @return Pointer to a channel or NULL if no matching channel available.
 */
static struct channel
*
channel_get(enum channel_types type, char *id, int direction)
{
      struct channel *ch = channels;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
#ifdef DEBUG
      ctc_pr_debug("ctc: %s(): searching for ch with id %s and type %d\n",
                 __func__, id, type);
#endif

      while (ch && ((strncmp(ch->id, id, CTC_ID_SIZE)) || (ch->type != type))) {
#ifdef DEBUG
            ctc_pr_debug("ctc: %s(): ch=0x%p (id=%s, type=%d\n",
                       __func__, ch, ch->id, ch->type);
#endif
            ch = ch->next;
      }
#ifdef DEBUG
      ctc_pr_debug("ctc: %s(): ch=0x%pq (id=%s, type=%d\n",
                 __func__, ch, ch->id, ch->type);
#endif
      if (!ch) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ctc: %s(): channel with id %s "
                      "and type %d not found in channel list\n",
                      __func__, id, type);
      } else {
            if (ch->flags & CHANNEL_FLAGS_INUSE)
                  ch = NULL;
            else {
                  ch->flags |= CHANNEL_FLAGS_INUSE;
                  ch->flags &= ~CHANNEL_FLAGS_RWMASK;
                  ch->flags |= (direction == WRITE)
                      ? CHANNEL_FLAGS_WRITE : CHANNEL_FLAGS_READ;
                  fsm_newstate(ch->fsm, CH_STATE_STOPPED);
            }
      }
      return ch;
}

/**
 * Return the channel type by name.
 *
 * @param name Name of network interface.
 *
 * @return Type class of channel to be used for that interface.
 */
static enum channel_types inline
extract_channel_media(char *name)
{
      enum channel_types ret = channel_type_unknown;

      if (name != NULL) {
            if (strncmp(name, "ctc", 3) == 0)
                  ret = channel_type_parallel;
            if (strncmp(name, "escon", 5) == 0)
                  ret = channel_type_escon;
      }
      return ret;
}

static long
__ctc_check_irb_error(struct ccw_device *cdev, struct irb *irb)
{
      if (!IS_ERR(irb))
            return 0;

      switch (PTR_ERR(irb)) {
      case -EIO:
            ctc_pr_warn("i/o-error on device %s\n", cdev->dev.bus_id);
//          CTC_DBF_TEXT(trace, 2, "ckirberr");
//          CTC_DBF_TEXT_(trace, 2, "  rc%d", -EIO);
            break;
      case -ETIMEDOUT:
            ctc_pr_warn("timeout on device %s\n", cdev->dev.bus_id);
//          CTC_DBF_TEXT(trace, 2, "ckirberr");
//          CTC_DBF_TEXT_(trace, 2, "  rc%d", -ETIMEDOUT);
            break;
      default:
            ctc_pr_warn("unknown error %ld on device %s\n", PTR_ERR(irb),
                     cdev->dev.bus_id);
//          CTC_DBF_TEXT(trace, 2, "ckirberr");
//          CTC_DBF_TEXT(trace, 2, "  rc???");
      }
      return PTR_ERR(irb);
}

/**
 * Main IRQ handler.
 *
 * @param cdev    The ccw_device the interrupt is for.
 * @param intparm interruption parameter.
 * @param irb     interruption response block.
 */
static void
ctc_irq_handler(struct ccw_device *cdev, unsigned long intparm, struct irb *irb)
{
      struct channel *ch;
      struct net_device *dev;
      struct ctc_priv *priv;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      if (__ctc_check_irb_error(cdev, irb))
            return;

      /* Check for unsolicited interrupts. */
      if (!cdev->dev.driver_data) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ctc: Got unsolicited irq: %s c-%02x d-%02x\n",
                      cdev->dev.bus_id, irb->scsw.cstat,
                      irb->scsw.dstat);
            return;
      }

      priv = ((struct ccwgroup_device *)cdev->dev.driver_data)
            ->dev.driver_data;

      /* Try to extract channel from driver data. */
      if (priv->channel[READ]->cdev == cdev)
            ch = priv->channel[READ];
      else if (priv->channel[WRITE]->cdev == cdev)
            ch = priv->channel[WRITE];
      else {
            ctc_pr_err("ctc: Can't determine channel for interrupt, "
                     "device %s\n", cdev->dev.bus_id);
            return;
      }

      dev = (struct net_device *) (ch->netdev);
      if (dev == NULL) {
            ctc_pr_crit("ctc: ctc_irq_handler dev=NULL bus_id=%s, ch=0x%p\n",
                      cdev->dev.bus_id, ch);
            return;
      }

#ifdef DEBUG
      ctc_pr_debug("%s: interrupt for device: %s received c-%02x d-%02x\n",
                 dev->name, ch->id, irb->scsw.cstat, irb->scsw.dstat);
#endif

      /* Copy interruption response block. */
      memcpy(ch->irb, irb, sizeof(struct irb));

      /* Check for good subchannel return code, otherwise error message */
      if (ch->irb->scsw.cstat) {
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_SC_UNKNOWN, ch);
            ctc_pr_warn("%s: subchannel check for device: %s - %02x %02x\n",
                      dev->name, ch->id, ch->irb->scsw.cstat,
                      ch->irb->scsw.dstat);
            return;
      }

      /* Check the reason-code of a unit check */
      if (ch->irb->scsw.dstat & DEV_STAT_UNIT_CHECK) {
            ccw_unit_check(ch, ch->irb->ecw[0]);
            return;
      }
      if (ch->irb->scsw.dstat & DEV_STAT_BUSY) {
            if (ch->irb->scsw.dstat & DEV_STAT_ATTENTION)
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_ATTNBUSY, ch);
            else
                  fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_BUSY, ch);
            return;
      }
      if (ch->irb->scsw.dstat & DEV_STAT_ATTENTION) {
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_ATTN, ch);
            return;
      }
      if ((ch->irb->scsw.stctl & SCSW_STCTL_SEC_STATUS) ||
          (ch->irb->scsw.stctl == SCSW_STCTL_STATUS_PEND) ||
          (ch->irb->scsw.stctl ==
           (SCSW_STCTL_ALERT_STATUS | SCSW_STCTL_STATUS_PEND)))
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_FINSTAT, ch);
      else
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_IRQ, ch);

}

/**
 * Actions for interface - statemachine.
 *****************************************************************************/

/**
 * Startup channels by sending CH_EVENT_START to each channel.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of an interface statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from struct net_device * upon call.
 */
static void
dev_action_start(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *) arg;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = dev->priv;
      int direction;

      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_deltimer(&privptr->restart_timer);
      fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX);
      for (direction = READ; direction <= WRITE; direction++) {
            struct channel *ch = privptr->channel[direction];
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_START, ch);
      }
}

/**
 * Shutdown channels by sending CH_EVENT_STOP to each channel.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of an interface statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from struct net_device * upon call.
 */
static void
dev_action_stop(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *) arg;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = dev->priv;
      int direction;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX);
      for (direction = READ; direction <= WRITE; direction++) {
            struct channel *ch = privptr->channel[direction];
            fsm_event(ch->fsm, CH_EVENT_STOP, ch);
      }
}
static void
dev_action_restart(fsm_instance *fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *)arg;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = dev->priv;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      ctc_pr_debug("%s: Restarting\n", dev->name);
      dev_action_stop(fi, event, arg);
      fsm_event(privptr->fsm, DEV_EVENT_STOP, dev);
      fsm_addtimer(&privptr->restart_timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC,
                 DEV_EVENT_START, dev);
}

/**
 * Called from channel statemachine
 * when a channel is up and running.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of an interface statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from struct net_device * upon call.
 */
static void
dev_action_chup(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{
      struct net_device *dev = (struct net_device *) arg;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      switch (fsm_getstate(fi)) {
            case DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_RXUP)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX);
                  else
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX);
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_RXUP) {
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_RUNNING);
                        ctc_pr_info("%s: connected with remote side\n",
                                  dev->name);
                        ctc_clear_busy(dev);
                  }
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_TXUP) {
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_RUNNING);
                        ctc_pr_info("%s: connected with remote side\n",
                                  dev->name);
                        ctc_clear_busy(dev);
                  }
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_RXUP)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX);
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_TXUP)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX);
                  break;
      }
}

/**
 * Called from channel statemachine
 * when a channel has been shutdown.
 *
 * @param fi    An instance of an interface statemachine.
 * @param event The event, just happened.
 * @param arg   Generic pointer, casted from struct net_device * upon call.
 */
static void
dev_action_chdown(fsm_instance * fi, int event, void *arg)
{

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      switch (fsm_getstate(fi)) {
            case DEV_STATE_RUNNING:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX);
                  else
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX);
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX);
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX);
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX);
                  else
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX);
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STOPPED);
                  break;
            case DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX:
                  if (event == DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN)
                        fsm_newstate(fi, DEV_STATE_STOPPED);
                  break;
      }
}

static const fsm_node dev_fsm[] = {
      {DEV_STATE_STOPPED, DEV_EVENT_START, dev_action_start},

      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX,  DEV_EVENT_START,   dev_action_start   },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX,  DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX,  DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RXTX,  DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev_action_restart },

      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX,    DEV_EVENT_START,   dev_action_start   },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX,    DEV_EVENT_RXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX,    DEV_EVENT_TXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX,    DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_RX,    DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev_action_restart },

      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX,    DEV_EVENT_START,   dev_action_start   },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX,    DEV_EVENT_RXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX,    DEV_EVENT_TXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX,    DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STOPWAIT_TX,    DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev_action_restart },

      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX, DEV_EVENT_STOP,    dev_action_stop    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX, DEV_EVENT_RXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX, DEV_EVENT_TXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX, DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX, DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RXTX, DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev_action_restart },

      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX,   DEV_EVENT_STOP,    dev_action_stop    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX,   DEV_EVENT_RXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX,   DEV_EVENT_TXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX,   DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_TX,   DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev_action_restart },

      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX,   DEV_EVENT_STOP,    dev_action_stop    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX,   DEV_EVENT_RXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX,   DEV_EVENT_TXUP,    dev_action_chup    },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX,   DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_STARTWAIT_RX,   DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev_action_restart },

      {DEV_STATE_RUNNING,        DEV_EVENT_STOP,    dev_action_stop    },
      {DEV_STATE_RUNNING,        DEV_EVENT_RXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_RUNNING,        DEV_EVENT_TXDOWN,  dev_action_chdown  },
      {DEV_STATE_RUNNING,        DEV_EVENT_TXUP,    fsm_action_nop     },
      {DEV_STATE_RUNNING,        DEV_EVENT_RXUP,    fsm_action_nop     },
      {DEV_STATE_RUNNING,        DEV_EVENT_RESTART, dev_action_restart },
};

static const int DEV_FSM_LEN = sizeof (dev_fsm) / sizeof (fsm_node);

/**
 * Transmit a packet.
 * This is a helper function for ctc_tx().
 *
 * @param ch Channel to be used for sending.
 * @param skb Pointer to struct sk_buff of packet to send.
 *            The linklevel header has already been set up
 *            by ctc_tx().
 *
 * @return 0 on success, -ERRNO on failure. (Never fails.)
 */
static int
transmit_skb(struct channel *ch, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
      unsigned long saveflags;
      struct ll_header header;
      int rc = 0;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      /* we need to acquire the lock for testing the state
       * otherwise we can have an IRQ changing the state to
       * TXIDLE after the test but before acquiring the lock.
       */
      spin_lock_irqsave(&ch->collect_lock, saveflags);
      if (fsm_getstate(ch->fsm) != CH_STATE_TXIDLE) {
            int l = skb->len + LL_HEADER_LENGTH;

            if (ch->collect_len + l > ch->max_bufsize - 2) {
                  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ch->collect_lock, saveflags);
                  return -EBUSY;
            } else {
                  atomic_inc(&skb->users);
                  header.length = l;
                  header.type = skb->protocol;
                  header.unused = 0;
                  memcpy(skb_push(skb, LL_HEADER_LENGTH), &header,
                         LL_HEADER_LENGTH);
                  skb_queue_tail(&ch->collect_queue, skb);
                  ch->collect_len += l;
            }
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ch->collect_lock, saveflags);
      } else {
            __u16 block_len;
            int ccw_idx;
            struct sk_buff *nskb;
            unsigned long hi;
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ch->collect_lock, saveflags);
            /**
             * Protect skb against beeing free'd by upper
             * layers.
             */
            atomic_inc(&skb->users);
            ch->prof.txlen += skb->len;
            header.length = skb->len + LL_HEADER_LENGTH;
            header.type = skb->protocol;
            header.unused = 0;
            memcpy(skb_push(skb, LL_HEADER_LENGTH), &header,
                   LL_HEADER_LENGTH);
            block_len = skb->len + 2;
            *((__u16 *) skb_push(skb, 2)) = block_len;

            /**
             * IDAL support in CTC is broken, so we have to
             * care about skb's above 2G ourselves.
             */
            hi = ((unsigned long)skb_tail_pointer(skb) +
                  LL_HEADER_LENGTH) >> 31;
            if (hi) {
                  nskb = alloc_skb(skb->len, GFP_ATOMIC | GFP_DMA);
                  if (!nskb) {
                        atomic_dec(&skb->users);
                        skb_pull(skb, LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2);
                        ctc_clear_busy(ch->netdev);
                        return -ENOMEM;
                  } else {
                        memcpy(skb_put(nskb, skb->len),
                               skb->data, skb->len);
                        atomic_inc(&nskb->users);
                        atomic_dec(&skb->users);
                        dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
                        skb = nskb;
                  }
            }

            ch->ccw[4].count = block_len;
            if (set_normalized_cda(&ch->ccw[4], skb->data)) {
                  /**
                   * idal allocation failed, try via copying to
                   * trans_skb. trans_skb usually has a pre-allocated
                   * idal.
                   */
                  if (ctc_checkalloc_buffer(ch, 1)) {
                        /**
                         * Remove our header. It gets added
                         * again on retransmit.
                         */
                        atomic_dec(&skb->users);
                        skb_pull(skb, LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2);
                        ctc_clear_busy(ch->netdev);
                        return -EBUSY;
                  }

                  skb_reset_tail_pointer(ch->trans_skb);
                  ch->trans_skb->len = 0;
                  ch->ccw[1].count = skb->len;
                  skb_copy_from_linear_data(skb, skb_put(ch->trans_skb,
                                                 skb->len),
                                      skb->len);
                  atomic_dec(&skb->users);
                  dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
                  ccw_idx = 0;
            } else {
                  skb_queue_tail(&ch->io_queue, skb);
                  ccw_idx = 3;
            }
            ch->retry = 0;
            fsm_newstate(ch->fsm, CH_STATE_TX);
            fsm_addtimer(&ch->timer, CTC_TIMEOUT_5SEC, CH_EVENT_TIMER, ch);
            spin_lock_irqsave(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
            ch->prof.send_stamp = current_kernel_time();
            rc = ccw_device_start(ch->cdev, &ch->ccw[ccw_idx],
                              (unsigned long) ch, 0xff, 0);
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(get_ccwdev_lock(ch->cdev), saveflags);
            if (ccw_idx == 3)
                  ch->prof.doios_single++;
            if (rc != 0) {
                  fsm_deltimer(&ch->timer);
                  ccw_check_return_code(ch, rc, "single skb TX");
                  if (ccw_idx == 3)
                        skb_dequeue_tail(&ch->io_queue);
                  /**
                   * Remove our header. It gets added
                   * again on retransmit.
                   */
                  skb_pull(skb, LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2);
            } else {
                  if (ccw_idx == 0) {
                        struct net_device *dev = ch->netdev;
                        struct ctc_priv *privptr = dev->priv;
                        privptr->stats.tx_packets++;
                        privptr->stats.tx_bytes +=
                            skb->len - LL_HEADER_LENGTH;
                  }
            }
      }

      ctc_clear_busy(ch->netdev);
      return rc;
}

/**
 * Interface API for upper network layers
 *****************************************************************************/

/**
 * Open an interface.
 * Called from generic network layer when ifconfig up is run.
 *
 * @param dev Pointer to interface struct.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, -ERRNO on failure. (Never fails.)
 */
static int
ctc_open(struct net_device * dev)
{
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm, DEV_EVENT_START, dev);
      return 0;
}

/**
 * Close an interface.
 * Called from generic network layer when ifconfig down is run.
 *
 * @param dev Pointer to interface struct.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, -ERRNO on failure. (Never fails.)
 */
static int
ctc_close(struct net_device * dev)
{
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      fsm_event(((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->fsm, DEV_EVENT_STOP, dev);
      return 0;
}

/**
 * Start transmission of a packet.
 * Called from generic network device layer.
 *
 * @param skb Pointer to buffer containing the packet.
 * @param dev Pointer to interface struct.
 *
 * @return 0 if packet consumed, !0 if packet rejected.
 *         Note: If we return !0, then the packet is free'd by
 *               the generic network layer.
 */
static int
ctc_tx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device * dev)
{
      int rc = 0;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = (struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      /**
       * Some sanity checks ...
       */
      if (skb == NULL) {
            ctc_pr_warn("%s: NULL sk_buff passed\n", dev->name);
            privptr->stats.tx_dropped++;
            return 0;
      }
      if (skb_headroom(skb) < (LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2)) {
            ctc_pr_warn("%s: Got sk_buff with head room < %ld bytes\n",
                      dev->name, LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2);
            dev_kfree_skb(skb);
            privptr->stats.tx_dropped++;
            return 0;
      }

      /**
       * If channels are not running, try to restart them
       * and throw away packet.
       */
      if (fsm_getstate(privptr->fsm) != DEV_STATE_RUNNING) {
            fsm_event(privptr->fsm, DEV_EVENT_START, dev);
            dev_kfree_skb(skb);
            privptr->stats.tx_dropped++;
            privptr->stats.tx_errors++;
            privptr->stats.tx_carrier_errors++;
            return 0;
      }

      if (ctc_test_and_set_busy(dev))
            return -EBUSY;

      dev->trans_start = jiffies;
      if (transmit_skb(privptr->channel[WRITE], skb) != 0)
            rc = 1;
      return rc;
}

/**
 * Sets MTU of an interface.
 *
 * @param dev     Pointer to interface struct.
 * @param new_mtu The new MTU to use for this interface.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, -EINVAL if MTU is out of valid range.
 *         (valid range is 576 .. 65527). If VM is on the
 *         remote side, maximum MTU is 32760, however this is
 *         <em>not</em> checked here.
 */
static int
ctc_change_mtu(struct net_device * dev, int new_mtu)
{
      struct ctc_priv *privptr = (struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      if ((new_mtu < 576) || (new_mtu > 65527) ||
          (new_mtu > (privptr->channel[READ]->max_bufsize -
                  LL_HEADER_LENGTH - 2)))
            return -EINVAL;
      dev->mtu = new_mtu;
      dev->hard_header_len = LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2;
      return 0;
}

/**
 * Returns interface statistics of a device.
 *
 * @param dev Pointer to interface struct.
 *
 * @return Pointer to stats struct of this interface.
 */
static struct net_device_stats *
ctc_stats(struct net_device * dev)
{
      return &((struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv)->stats;
}

/*
 * sysfs attributes
 */

static ssize_t
buffer_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv;

      priv = dev->driver_data;
      if (!priv)
            return -ENODEV;
      return sprintf(buf, "%d\n",
                  priv->buffer_size);
}

static ssize_t
buffer_write(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv;
      struct net_device *ndev;
      int bs1;
      char buffer[16];

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, buf);
      priv = dev->driver_data;
      if (!priv) {
            DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, "bfnopriv");
            return -ENODEV;
      }

      sscanf(buf, "%u", &bs1);
      if (bs1 > CTC_BUFSIZE_LIMIT)
            goto einval;
      if (bs1 < (576 + LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2))
            goto einval;
      priv->buffer_size = bs1;      // just to overwrite the default

      ndev = priv->channel[READ]->netdev;
      if (!ndev) {
            DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, "bfnondev");
            return -ENODEV;
      }

      if ((ndev->flags & IFF_RUNNING) &&
          (bs1 < (ndev->mtu + LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2)))
            goto einval;

      priv->channel[READ]->max_bufsize = bs1;
      priv->channel[WRITE]->max_bufsize = bs1;
      if (!(ndev->flags & IFF_RUNNING))
            ndev->mtu = bs1 - LL_HEADER_LENGTH - 2;
      priv->channel[READ]->flags |= CHANNEL_FLAGS_BUFSIZE_CHANGED;
      priv->channel[WRITE]->flags |= CHANNEL_FLAGS_BUFSIZE_CHANGED;

      sprintf(buffer, "%d",priv->buffer_size);
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, buffer);
      return count;

einval:
      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, "buff_err");
      return -EINVAL;
}

static ssize_t
loglevel_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", loglevel);
}

static ssize_t
loglevel_write(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
      int ll1;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 5, __FUNCTION__);
      sscanf(buf, "%i", &ll1);

      if ((ll1 > CTC_LOGLEVEL_MAX) || (ll1 < 0))
            return -EINVAL;
      loglevel = ll1;
      return count;
}

static void
ctc_print_statistics(struct ctc_priv *priv)
{
      char *sbuf;
      char *p;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 4, __FUNCTION__);
      if (!priv)
            return;
      sbuf = kmalloc(2048, GFP_KERNEL);
      if (sbuf == NULL)
            return;
      p = sbuf;

      p += sprintf(p, "  Device FSM state: %s\n",
                 fsm_getstate_str(priv->fsm));
      p += sprintf(p, "  RX channel FSM state: %s\n",
                 fsm_getstate_str(priv->channel[READ]->fsm));
      p += sprintf(p, "  TX channel FSM state: %s\n",
                 fsm_getstate_str(priv->channel[WRITE]->fsm));
      p += sprintf(p, "  Max. TX buffer used: %ld\n",
                 priv->channel[WRITE]->prof.maxmulti);
      p += sprintf(p, "  Max. chained SKBs: %ld\n",
                 priv->channel[WRITE]->prof.maxcqueue);
      p += sprintf(p, "  TX single write ops: %ld\n",
                 priv->channel[WRITE]->prof.doios_single);
      p += sprintf(p, "  TX multi write ops: %ld\n",
                 priv->channel[WRITE]->prof.doios_multi);
      p += sprintf(p, "  Netto bytes written: %ld\n",
                 priv->channel[WRITE]->prof.txlen);
      p += sprintf(p, "  Max. TX IO-time: %ld\n",
                 priv->channel[WRITE]->prof.tx_time);

      ctc_pr_debug("Statistics for %s:\n%s",
                 priv->channel[WRITE]->netdev->name, sbuf);
      kfree(sbuf);
      return;
}

static ssize_t
stats_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv = dev->driver_data;
      if (!priv)
            return -ENODEV;
      ctc_print_statistics(priv);
      return sprintf(buf, "0\n");
}

static ssize_t
stats_write(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv = dev->driver_data;
      if (!priv)
            return -ENODEV;
      /* Reset statistics */
      memset(&priv->channel[WRITE]->prof, 0,
                  sizeof(priv->channel[WRITE]->prof));
      return count;
}

static void
ctc_netdev_unregister(struct net_device * dev)
{
      struct ctc_priv *privptr;

      if (!dev)
            return;
      privptr = (struct ctc_priv *) dev->priv;
      unregister_netdev(dev);
}

static int
ctc_netdev_register(struct net_device * dev)
{
      return register_netdev(dev);
}

static void
ctc_free_netdevice(struct net_device * dev, int free_dev)
{
      struct ctc_priv *privptr;
      if (!dev)
            return;
      privptr = dev->priv;
      if (privptr) {
            if (privptr->fsm)
                  kfree_fsm(privptr->fsm);
            kfree(privptr);
      }
#ifdef MODULE
      if (free_dev)
            free_netdev(dev);
#endif
}

static ssize_t
ctc_proto_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv;

      priv = dev->driver_data;
      if (!priv)
            return -ENODEV;

      return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", priv->protocol);
}

static ssize_t
ctc_proto_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv;
      int value;

      DBF_TEXT(trace, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      pr_debug("%s() called\n", __FUNCTION__);

      priv = dev->driver_data;
      if (!priv)
            return -ENODEV;
      sscanf(buf, "%u", &value);
      if (!((value == CTC_PROTO_S390)  ||
            (value == CTC_PROTO_LINUX) ||
            (value == CTC_PROTO_OS390)))
            return -EINVAL;
      priv->protocol = value;

      return count;
}

static ssize_t
ctc_type_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct ccwgroup_device *cgdev;

      cgdev = to_ccwgroupdev(dev);
      if (!cgdev)
            return -ENODEV;

      return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", cu3088_type[cgdev->cdev[0]->id.driver_info]);
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(buffer, 0644, buffer_show, buffer_write);
static DEVICE_ATTR(protocol, 0644, ctc_proto_show, ctc_proto_store);
static DEVICE_ATTR(type, 0444, ctc_type_show, NULL);

static DEVICE_ATTR(loglevel, 0644, loglevel_show, loglevel_write);
static DEVICE_ATTR(stats, 0644, stats_show, stats_write);

static struct attribute *ctc_attr[] = {
      &dev_attr_protocol.attr,
      &dev_attr_type.attr,
      &dev_attr_buffer.attr,
      NULL,
};

static struct attribute_group ctc_attr_group = {
      .attrs = ctc_attr,
};

static int
ctc_add_attributes(struct device *dev)
{
      int rc;

      rc = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_loglevel);
      if (rc)
            goto out;
      rc = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_stats);
      if (!rc)
            goto out;
      device_remove_file(dev, &dev_attr_loglevel);
out:
      return rc;
}

static void
ctc_remove_attributes(struct device *dev)
{
      device_remove_file(dev, &dev_attr_stats);
      device_remove_file(dev, &dev_attr_loglevel);
}

static int
ctc_add_files(struct device *dev)
{
      pr_debug("%s() called\n", __FUNCTION__);

      return sysfs_create_group(&dev->kobj, &ctc_attr_group);
}

static void
ctc_remove_files(struct device *dev)
{
      pr_debug("%s() called\n", __FUNCTION__);

      sysfs_remove_group(&dev->kobj, &ctc_attr_group);
}

/**
 * Add ctc specific attributes.
 * Add ctc private data.
 *
 * @param cgdev pointer to ccwgroup_device just added
 *
 * @returns 0 on success, !0 on failure.
 */
static int
ctc_probe_device(struct ccwgroup_device *cgdev)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv;
      int rc;
      char buffer[16];

      pr_debug("%s() called\n", __FUNCTION__);
      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);

      if (!get_device(&cgdev->dev))
            return -ENODEV;

      priv = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ctc_priv), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!priv) {
            ctc_pr_err("%s: Out of memory\n", __func__);
            put_device(&cgdev->dev);
            return -ENOMEM;
      }

      rc = ctc_add_files(&cgdev->dev);
      if (rc) {
            kfree(priv);
            put_device(&cgdev->dev);
            return rc;
      }
      priv->buffer_size = CTC_BUFSIZE_DEFAULT;
      cgdev->cdev[0]->handler = ctc_irq_handler;
      cgdev->cdev[1]->handler = ctc_irq_handler;
      cgdev->dev.driver_data = priv;

      sprintf(buffer, "%p", priv);
      DBF_TEXT(data, 3, buffer);

      sprintf(buffer, "%u", (unsigned int)sizeof(struct ctc_priv));
      DBF_TEXT(data, 3, buffer);

      sprintf(buffer, "%p", &channels);
      DBF_TEXT(data, 3, buffer);

      sprintf(buffer, "%u", (unsigned int)sizeof(struct channel));
      DBF_TEXT(data, 3, buffer);

      return 0;
}

/**
 * Device setup function called by alloc_netdev().
 *
 * @param dev  Device to be setup.
 */
void ctc_init_netdevice(struct net_device * dev)
{
      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);

      if (dev->mtu == 0)
            dev->mtu = CTC_BUFSIZE_DEFAULT - LL_HEADER_LENGTH - 2;
      dev->hard_start_xmit = ctc_tx;
      dev->open = ctc_open;
      dev->stop = ctc_close;
      dev->get_stats = ctc_stats;
      dev->change_mtu = ctc_change_mtu;
      dev->hard_header_len = LL_HEADER_LENGTH + 2;
      dev->addr_len = 0;
      dev->type = ARPHRD_SLIP;
      dev->tx_queue_len = 100;
      dev->flags = IFF_POINTOPOINT | IFF_NOARP;
}


/**
 *
 * Setup an interface.
 *
 * @param cgdev  Device to be setup.
 *
 * @returns 0 on success, !0 on failure.
 */
static int
ctc_new_device(struct ccwgroup_device *cgdev)
{
      char read_id[CTC_ID_SIZE];
      char write_id[CTC_ID_SIZE];
      int direction;
      enum channel_types type;
      struct ctc_priv *privptr;
      struct net_device *dev;
      int ret;
      char buffer[16];

      pr_debug("%s() called\n", __FUNCTION__);
      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);

      privptr = cgdev->dev.driver_data;
      if (!privptr)
            return -ENODEV;

      sprintf(buffer, "%d", privptr->buffer_size);
      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, buffer);

      type = get_channel_type(&cgdev->cdev[0]->id);

      snprintf(read_id, CTC_ID_SIZE, "ch-%s", cgdev->cdev[0]->dev.bus_id);
      snprintf(write_id, CTC_ID_SIZE, "ch-%s", cgdev->cdev[1]->dev.bus_id);

      if (add_channel(cgdev->cdev[0], type))
            return -ENOMEM;
      if (add_channel(cgdev->cdev[1], type))
            return -ENOMEM;

      ret = ccw_device_set_online(cgdev->cdev[0]);
      if (ret != 0) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING
                  "ccw_device_set_online (cdev[0]) failed with ret = %d\n", ret);
      }

      ret = ccw_device_set_online(cgdev->cdev[1]);
      if (ret != 0) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING
                  "ccw_device_set_online (cdev[1]) failed with ret = %d\n", ret);
      }

      dev = alloc_netdev(0, "ctc%d", ctc_init_netdevice);
      if (!dev) {
            ctc_pr_warn("ctc_init_netdevice failed\n");
            goto out;
      }
      dev->priv = privptr;

      privptr->fsm = init_fsm("ctcdev", dev_state_names,
                  dev_event_names, CTC_NR_DEV_STATES, CTC_NR_DEV_EVENTS,
                  dev_fsm, DEV_FSM_LEN, GFP_KERNEL);
      if (privptr->fsm == NULL) {
            free_netdev(dev);
            goto out;
      }
      fsm_newstate(privptr->fsm, DEV_STATE_STOPPED);
      fsm_settimer(privptr->fsm, &privptr->restart_timer);

      for (direction = READ; direction <= WRITE; direction++) {
            privptr->channel[direction] =
                channel_get(type, direction == READ ? read_id : write_id,
                        direction);
            if (privptr->channel[direction] == NULL) {
                  if (direction == WRITE)
                        channel_free(privptr->channel[READ]);

                  ctc_free_netdevice(dev, 1);
                  goto out;
            }
            privptr->channel[direction]->netdev = dev;
            privptr->channel[direction]->protocol = privptr->protocol;
            privptr->channel[direction]->max_bufsize = privptr->buffer_size;
      }
      /* sysfs magic */
      SET_NETDEV_DEV(dev, &cgdev->dev);

      if (ctc_netdev_register(dev) != 0) {
            ctc_free_netdevice(dev, 1);
            goto out;
      }

      if (ctc_add_attributes(&cgdev->dev)) {
            ctc_netdev_unregister(dev);
            dev->priv = NULL;
            ctc_free_netdevice(dev, 1);
            goto out;
      }

      strlcpy(privptr->fsm->name, dev->name, sizeof (privptr->fsm->name));

      print_banner();

      ctc_pr_info("%s: read: %s, write: %s, proto: %d\n",
                dev->name, privptr->channel[READ]->id,
                privptr->channel[WRITE]->id, privptr->protocol);

      return 0;
out:
      ccw_device_set_offline(cgdev->cdev[1]);
      ccw_device_set_offline(cgdev->cdev[0]);

      return -ENODEV;
}

/**
 * Shutdown an interface.
 *
 * @param cgdev  Device to be shut down.
 *
 * @returns 0 on success, !0 on failure.
 */
static int
ctc_shutdown_device(struct ccwgroup_device *cgdev)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv;
      struct net_device *ndev;

      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      pr_debug("%s() called\n", __FUNCTION__);


      priv = cgdev->dev.driver_data;
      ndev = NULL;
      if (!priv)
            return -ENODEV;

      if (priv->channel[READ]) {
            ndev = priv->channel[READ]->netdev;

            /* Close the device */
            ctc_close(ndev);
            ndev->flags &=~IFF_RUNNING;

            ctc_remove_attributes(&cgdev->dev);

            channel_free(priv->channel[READ]);
      }
      if (priv->channel[WRITE])
            channel_free(priv->channel[WRITE]);

      if (ndev) {
            ctc_netdev_unregister(ndev);
            ndev->priv = NULL;
            ctc_free_netdevice(ndev, 1);
      }

      if (priv->fsm)
            kfree_fsm(priv->fsm);

      ccw_device_set_offline(cgdev->cdev[1]);
      ccw_device_set_offline(cgdev->cdev[0]);

      if (priv->channel[READ])
            channel_remove(priv->channel[READ]);
      if (priv->channel[WRITE])
            channel_remove(priv->channel[WRITE]);
      priv->channel[READ] = priv->channel[WRITE] = NULL;

      return 0;

}

static void
ctc_remove_device(struct ccwgroup_device *cgdev)
{
      struct ctc_priv *priv;

      pr_debug("%s() called\n", __FUNCTION__);
      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);

      priv = cgdev->dev.driver_data;
      if (!priv)
            return;
      if (cgdev->state == CCWGROUP_ONLINE)
            ctc_shutdown_device(cgdev);
      ctc_remove_files(&cgdev->dev);
      cgdev->dev.driver_data = NULL;
      kfree(priv);
      put_device(&cgdev->dev);
}

static struct ccwgroup_driver ctc_group_driver = {
      .owner       = THIS_MODULE,
      .name        = "ctc",
      .max_slaves  = 2,
      .driver_id   = 0xC3E3C3,
      .probe       = ctc_probe_device,
      .remove      = ctc_remove_device,
      .set_online  = ctc_new_device,
      .set_offline = ctc_shutdown_device,
};

/**
 * Module related routines
 *****************************************************************************/

/**
 * Prepare to be unloaded. Free IRQ's and release all resources.
 * This is called just before this module is unloaded. It is
 * <em>not</em> called, if the usage count is !0, so we don't need to check
 * for that.
 */
static void __exit
ctc_exit(void)
{
      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);
      unregister_cu3088_discipline(&ctc_group_driver);
      ctc_unregister_dbf_views();
      ctc_pr_info("CTC driver unloaded\n");
}

/**
 * Initialize module.
 * This is called just after the module is loaded.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, !0 on error.
 */
static int __init
ctc_init(void)
{
      int ret = 0;

      loglevel = CTC_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT;

      DBF_TEXT(setup, 3, __FUNCTION__);

      print_banner();

      ret = ctc_register_dbf_views();
      if (ret){
            ctc_pr_crit("ctc_init failed with ctc_register_dbf_views rc = %d\n", ret);
            return ret;
      }
      ret = register_cu3088_discipline(&ctc_group_driver);
      if (ret) {
            ctc_unregister_dbf_views();
      }
      return ret;
}

module_init(ctc_init);
module_exit(ctc_exit);

/* --- This is the END my friend --- */

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