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epia.c

/* 
        epia.c    (c) 1997-8  Grant R. Guenther <grant@torque.net>
                              Under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

        epia.c is a low-level protocol driver for Shuttle Technologies 
      EPIA parallel to IDE adapter chip.  This device is now obsolete
      and has been replaced with the EPAT chip, which is supported
      by epat.c, however, some devices based on EPIA are still
      available.

*/

/* Changes:

        1.01    GRG 1998.05.06 init_proto, release_proto
      1.02    GRG 1998.06.17 support older versions of EPIA

*/

#define EPIA_VERSION      "1.02"

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <asm/io.h>

#include "paride.h"

/* mode codes:  0  nybble reads on port 1, 8-bit writes
                1  5/3 reads on ports 1 & 2, 8-bit writes
                2  8-bit reads and writes
                3  8-bit EPP mode
            4  16-bit EPP
            5  32-bit EPP
*/

#define j44(a,b)                (((a>>4)&0x0f)+(b&0xf0))
#define j53(a,b)                (((a>>3)&0x1f)+((b<<4)&0xe0))

/* cont =  0   IDE register file
   cont =  1   IDE control registers
*/

static int cont_map[2] = { 0, 0x80 };

static int epia_read_regr( PIA *pi, int cont, int regr )

{       int     a, b, r;

      regr += cont_map[cont];

        switch (pi->mode)  {

        case 0: r = regr^0x39;
                w0(r); w2(1); w2(3); w0(r);
                a = r1(); w2(1); b = r1(); w2(4);
                return j44(a,b);

        case 1: r = regr^0x31;
                w0(r); w2(1); w0(r&0x37); 
                w2(3); w2(5); w0(r|0xf0);
                a = r1(); b = r2(); w2(4);
                return j53(a,b);

        case 2: r = regr^0x29;
                w0(r); w2(1); w2(0X21); w2(0x23); 
                a = r0(); w2(4);
                return a;

      case 3:
      case 4:
        case 5: w3(regr); w2(0x24); a = r4(); w2(4);
                return a;

        }
        return -1;
}       

static void epia_write_regr( PIA *pi, int cont, int regr, int val)

{       int  r;

      regr += cont_map[cont];

        switch (pi->mode)  {

        case 0:
        case 1:
        case 2: r = regr^0x19;
                w0(r); w2(1); w0(val); w2(3); w2(4);
                break;

      case 3:
      case 4:
        case 5: r = regr^0x40;
                w3(r); w4(val); w2(4);
                break;
        }
}

#define WR(r,v)         epia_write_regr(pi,0,r,v)
#define RR(r)           (epia_read_regr(pi,0,r))

/* The use of register 0x84 is entirely unclear - it seems to control
   some EPP counters ...  currently we know about 3 different block
   sizes:  the standard 512 byte reads and writes, 12 byte writes and 
   2048 byte reads (the last two being used in the CDrom drivers.
*/

static void epia_connect ( PIA *pi  )

{       pi->saved_r0 = r0();
        pi->saved_r2 = r2();

        w2(4); w0(0xa0); w0(0x50); w0(0xc0); w0(0x30); w0(0xa0); w0(0);
        w2(1); w2(4);
        if (pi->mode >= 3) { 
                w0(0xa); w2(1); w2(4); w0(0x82); w2(4); w2(0xc); w2(4);
                w2(0x24); w2(0x26); w2(4);
        }
        WR(0x86,8);  
}

static void epia_disconnect ( PIA *pi )

{       /* WR(0x84,0x10); */
        w0(pi->saved_r0);
        w2(1); w2(4);
        w0(pi->saved_r0);
        w2(pi->saved_r2);
} 

static void epia_read_block( PIA *pi, char * buf, int count )

{       int     k, ph, a, b;

        switch (pi->mode) {

        case 0: w0(0x81); w2(1); w2(3); w0(0xc1);
                ph = 1;
                for (k=0;k<count;k++) {
                        w2(2+ph); a = r1();
                        w2(4+ph); b = r1();
                        buf[k] = j44(a,b);
                        ph = 1 - ph;
                } 
                w0(0); w2(4);
                break;

        case 1: w0(0x91); w2(1); w0(0x10); w2(3); 
                w0(0x51); w2(5); w0(0xd1); 
                ph = 1;
                for (k=0;k<count;k++) {
                        w2(4+ph);
                        a = r1(); b = r2();
                        buf[k] = j53(a,b);
                        ph = 1 - ph;
                }
                w0(0); w2(4);
                break;

        case 2: w0(0x89); w2(1); w2(0x23); w2(0x21); 
                ph = 1;
                for (k=0;k<count;k++) {
                        w2(0x24+ph);
                        buf[k] = r0();
                        ph = 1 - ph;
                }
                w2(6); w2(4);
                break;

        case 3: if (count > 512) WR(0x84,3);
            w3(0); w2(0x24);
                for (k=0;k<count;k++) buf[k] = r4();
                w2(4); WR(0x84,0);
                break;

        case 4: if (count > 512) WR(0x84,3);
            w3(0); w2(0x24);
            for (k=0;k<count/2;k++) ((u16 *)buf)[k] = r4w();
                w2(4); WR(0x84,0);
                break;

        case 5: if (count > 512) WR(0x84,3);
            w3(0); w2(0x24);
                for (k=0;k<count/4;k++) ((u32 *)buf)[k] = r4l();
                w2(4); WR(0x84,0);
                break;

        }
}

static void epia_write_block( PIA *pi, char * buf, int count )

{       int     ph, k, last, d;

        switch (pi->mode) {

        case 0:
        case 1:
        case 2: w0(0xa1); w2(1); w2(3); w2(1); w2(5);
                ph = 0;  last = 0x8000;
                for (k=0;k<count;k++) {
                        d = buf[k];
                        if (d != last) { last = d; w0(d); }
                        w2(4+ph);
                        ph = 1 - ph;
                }
                w2(7); w2(4);
                break;

        case 3: if (count < 512) WR(0x84,1);
            w3(0x40);
                for (k=0;k<count;k++) w4(buf[k]);
            if (count < 512) WR(0x84,0);
                break;

        case 4: if (count < 512) WR(0x84,1);
            w3(0x40);
                for (k=0;k<count/2;k++) w4w(((u16 *)buf)[k]);
            if (count < 512) WR(0x84,0);
                break;

        case 5: if (count < 512) WR(0x84,1);
            w3(0x40);
                for (k=0;k<count/4;k++) w4l(((u32 *)buf)[k]);
            if (count < 512) WR(0x84,0);
                break;

        }

}

static int epia_test_proto( PIA *pi, char * scratch, int verbose )

{       int     j, k, f;
      int   e[2] = {0,0};

        epia_connect(pi);
        for (j=0;j<2;j++) {
            WR(6,0xa0+j*0x10);
            for (k=0;k<256;k++) {
                WR(2,k^0xaa);
                WR(3,k^0x55);
                if (RR(2) != (k^0xaa)) e[j]++;
                }
          WR(2,1); WR(3,1);
            }
        epia_disconnect(pi);

        f = 0;
        epia_connect(pi);
        WR(0x84,8);
        epia_read_block(pi,scratch,512);
        for (k=0;k<256;k++) {
            if ((scratch[2*k] & 0xff) != ((k+1) & 0xff)) f++;
            if ((scratch[2*k+1] & 0xff) != ((-2-k) & 0xff)) f++;
        }
        WR(0x84,0);
        epia_disconnect(pi);

        if (verbose)  {
            printk("%s: epia: port 0x%x, mode %d, test=(%d,%d,%d)\n",
                   pi->device,pi->port,pi->mode,e[0],e[1],f);
        }
        
        return (e[0] && e[1]) || f;

}


static void epia_log_adapter( PIA *pi, char * scratch, int verbose )

{       char    *mode_string[6] = {"4-bit","5/3","8-bit",
                           "EPP-8","EPP-16","EPP-32"};

        printk("%s: epia %s, Shuttle EPIA at 0x%x, ",
                pi->device,EPIA_VERSION,pi->port);
        printk("mode %d (%s), delay %d\n",pi->mode,
            mode_string[pi->mode],pi->delay);

}

static struct pi_protocol epia = {
      .owner            = THIS_MODULE,
      .name       = "epia",
      .max_mode   = 6,
      .epp_first  = 3,
      .default_delay    = 1,
      .max_units  = 1,
      .write_regr = epia_write_regr,
      .read_regr  = epia_read_regr,
      .write_block      = epia_write_block,
      .read_block = epia_read_block,
      .connect    = epia_connect,
      .disconnect = epia_disconnect,
      .test_proto = epia_test_proto,
      .log_adapter      = epia_log_adapter,
};

static int __init epia_init(void)
{
      return paride_register(&epia);
}

static void __exit epia_exit(void)
{
      paride_unregister(&epia);
}

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
module_init(epia_init)
module_exit(epia_exit)

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