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gf128mul.c

/* gf128mul.c - GF(2^128) multiplication functions
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK.
 * Copyright (c) 2006, Rik Snel <rsnel@cube.dyndns.org>
 *
 * Based on Dr Brian Gladman's (GPL'd) work published at
 * http://fp.gladman.plus.com/cryptography_technology/index.htm
 * See the original copyright notice below.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
 * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 */

/*
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK.   All rights reserved.

 LICENSE TERMS

 The free distribution and use of this software in both source and binary
 form is allowed (with or without changes) provided that:

   1. distributions of this source code include the above copyright
      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer;

   2. distributions in binary form include the above copyright
      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
      in the documentation and/or other associated materials;

   3. the copyright holder's name is not used to endorse products
      built using this software without specific written permission.

 ALTERNATIVELY, provided that this notice is retained in full, this product
 may be distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL),
 in which case the provisions of the GPL apply INSTEAD OF those given above.

 DISCLAIMER

 This software is provided 'as is' with no explicit or implied warranties
 in respect of its properties, including, but not limited to, correctness
 and/or fitness for purpose.
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Issue 31/01/2006

 This file provides fast multiplication in GF(128) as required by several
 cryptographic authentication modes
*/

#include <crypto/gf128mul.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#define gf128mul_dat(q) { \
      q(0x00), q(0x01), q(0x02), q(0x03), q(0x04), q(0x05), q(0x06), q(0x07),\
      q(0x08), q(0x09), q(0x0a), q(0x0b), q(0x0c), q(0x0d), q(0x0e), q(0x0f),\
      q(0x10), q(0x11), q(0x12), q(0x13), q(0x14), q(0x15), q(0x16), q(0x17),\
      q(0x18), q(0x19), q(0x1a), q(0x1b), q(0x1c), q(0x1d), q(0x1e), q(0x1f),\
      q(0x20), q(0x21), q(0x22), q(0x23), q(0x24), q(0x25), q(0x26), q(0x27),\
      q(0x28), q(0x29), q(0x2a), q(0x2b), q(0x2c), q(0x2d), q(0x2e), q(0x2f),\
      q(0x30), q(0x31), q(0x32), q(0x33), q(0x34), q(0x35), q(0x36), q(0x37),\
      q(0x38), q(0x39), q(0x3a), q(0x3b), q(0x3c), q(0x3d), q(0x3e), q(0x3f),\
      q(0x40), q(0x41), q(0x42), q(0x43), q(0x44), q(0x45), q(0x46), q(0x47),\
      q(0x48), q(0x49), q(0x4a), q(0x4b), q(0x4c), q(0x4d), q(0x4e), q(0x4f),\
      q(0x50), q(0x51), q(0x52), q(0x53), q(0x54), q(0x55), q(0x56), q(0x57),\
      q(0x58), q(0x59), q(0x5a), q(0x5b), q(0x5c), q(0x5d), q(0x5e), q(0x5f),\
      q(0x60), q(0x61), q(0x62), q(0x63), q(0x64), q(0x65), q(0x66), q(0x67),\
      q(0x68), q(0x69), q(0x6a), q(0x6b), q(0x6c), q(0x6d), q(0x6e), q(0x6f),\
      q(0x70), q(0x71), q(0x72), q(0x73), q(0x74), q(0x75), q(0x76), q(0x77),\
      q(0x78), q(0x79), q(0x7a), q(0x7b), q(0x7c), q(0x7d), q(0x7e), q(0x7f),\
      q(0x80), q(0x81), q(0x82), q(0x83), q(0x84), q(0x85), q(0x86), q(0x87),\
      q(0x88), q(0x89), q(0x8a), q(0x8b), q(0x8c), q(0x8d), q(0x8e), q(0x8f),\
      q(0x90), q(0x91), q(0x92), q(0x93), q(0x94), q(0x95), q(0x96), q(0x97),\
      q(0x98), q(0x99), q(0x9a), q(0x9b), q(0x9c), q(0x9d), q(0x9e), q(0x9f),\
      q(0xa0), q(0xa1), q(0xa2), q(0xa3), q(0xa4), q(0xa5), q(0xa6), q(0xa7),\
      q(0xa8), q(0xa9), q(0xaa), q(0xab), q(0xac), q(0xad), q(0xae), q(0xaf),\
      q(0xb0), q(0xb1), q(0xb2), q(0xb3), q(0xb4), q(0xb5), q(0xb6), q(0xb7),\
      q(0xb8), q(0xb9), q(0xba), q(0xbb), q(0xbc), q(0xbd), q(0xbe), q(0xbf),\
      q(0xc0), q(0xc1), q(0xc2), q(0xc3), q(0xc4), q(0xc5), q(0xc6), q(0xc7),\
      q(0xc8), q(0xc9), q(0xca), q(0xcb), q(0xcc), q(0xcd), q(0xce), q(0xcf),\
      q(0xd0), q(0xd1), q(0xd2), q(0xd3), q(0xd4), q(0xd5), q(0xd6), q(0xd7),\
      q(0xd8), q(0xd9), q(0xda), q(0xdb), q(0xdc), q(0xdd), q(0xde), q(0xdf),\
      q(0xe0), q(0xe1), q(0xe2), q(0xe3), q(0xe4), q(0xe5), q(0xe6), q(0xe7),\
      q(0xe8), q(0xe9), q(0xea), q(0xeb), q(0xec), q(0xed), q(0xee), q(0xef),\
      q(0xf0), q(0xf1), q(0xf2), q(0xf3), q(0xf4), q(0xf5), q(0xf6), q(0xf7),\
      q(0xf8), q(0xf9), q(0xfa), q(0xfb), q(0xfc), q(0xfd), q(0xfe), q(0xff) \
}

/*    Given the value i in 0..255 as the byte overflow when a field element
    in GHASH is multipled by x^8, this function will return the values that
    are generated in the lo 16-bit word of the field value by applying the
    modular polynomial. The values lo_byte and hi_byte are returned via the
    macro xp_fun(lo_byte, hi_byte) so that the values can be assembled into
    memory as required by a suitable definition of this macro operating on
    the table above
*/

#define xx(p, q)  0x##p##q

#define xda_bbe(i) ( \
      (i & 0x80 ? xx(43, 80) : 0) ^ (i & 0x40 ? xx(21, c0) : 0) ^ \
      (i & 0x20 ? xx(10, e0) : 0) ^ (i & 0x10 ? xx(08, 70) : 0) ^ \
      (i & 0x08 ? xx(04, 38) : 0) ^ (i & 0x04 ? xx(02, 1c) : 0) ^ \
      (i & 0x02 ? xx(01, 0e) : 0) ^ (i & 0x01 ? xx(00, 87) : 0) \
)

#define xda_lle(i) ( \
      (i & 0x80 ? xx(e1, 00) : 0) ^ (i & 0x40 ? xx(70, 80) : 0) ^ \
      (i & 0x20 ? xx(38, 40) : 0) ^ (i & 0x10 ? xx(1c, 20) : 0) ^ \
      (i & 0x08 ? xx(0e, 10) : 0) ^ (i & 0x04 ? xx(07, 08) : 0) ^ \
      (i & 0x02 ? xx(03, 84) : 0) ^ (i & 0x01 ? xx(01, c2) : 0) \
)

static const u16 gf128mul_table_lle[256] = gf128mul_dat(xda_lle);
static const u16 gf128mul_table_bbe[256] = gf128mul_dat(xda_bbe);

/* These functions multiply a field element by x, by x^4 and by x^8
 * in the polynomial field representation. It uses 32-bit word operations
 * to gain speed but compensates for machine endianess and hence works
 * correctly on both styles of machine.
 */

static void gf128mul_x_lle(be128 *r, const be128 *x)
{
      u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a);
      u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b);
      u64 _tt = gf128mul_table_lle[(b << 7) & 0xff];

      r->b = cpu_to_be64((b >> 1) | (a << 63));
      r->a = cpu_to_be64((a >> 1) ^ (_tt << 48));
}

static void gf128mul_x_bbe(be128 *r, const be128 *x)
{
      u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a);
      u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b);
      u64 _tt = gf128mul_table_bbe[a >> 63];

      r->a = cpu_to_be64((a << 1) | (b >> 63));
      r->b = cpu_to_be64((b << 1) ^ _tt);
}

void gf128mul_x_ble(be128 *r, const be128 *x)
{
      u64 a = le64_to_cpu(x->a);
      u64 b = le64_to_cpu(x->b);
      u64 _tt = gf128mul_table_bbe[b >> 63];

      r->a = cpu_to_le64((a << 1) ^ _tt);
      r->b = cpu_to_le64((b << 1) | (a >> 63));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_x_ble);

static void gf128mul_x8_lle(be128 *x)
{
      u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a);
      u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b);
      u64 _tt = gf128mul_table_lle[b & 0xff];

      x->b = cpu_to_be64((b >> 8) | (a << 56));
      x->a = cpu_to_be64((a >> 8) ^ (_tt << 48));
}

static void gf128mul_x8_bbe(be128 *x)
{
      u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a);
      u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b);
      u64 _tt = gf128mul_table_bbe[a >> 56];

      x->a = cpu_to_be64((a << 8) | (b >> 56));
      x->b = cpu_to_be64((b << 8) ^ _tt);
}

void gf128mul_lle(be128 *r, const be128 *b)
{
      be128 p[8];
      int i;

      p[0] = *r;
      for (i = 0; i < 7; ++i)
            gf128mul_x_lle(&p[i + 1], &p[i]);

      memset(r, 0, sizeof(r));
      for (i = 0;;) {
            u8 ch = ((u8 *)b)[15 - i];

            if (ch & 0x80)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[0]);
            if (ch & 0x40)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[1]);
            if (ch & 0x20)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[2]);
            if (ch & 0x10)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[3]);
            if (ch & 0x08)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[4]);
            if (ch & 0x04)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[5]);
            if (ch & 0x02)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[6]);
            if (ch & 0x01)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[7]);

            if (++i >= 16)
                  break;

            gf128mul_x8_lle(r);
      }
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_lle);

void gf128mul_bbe(be128 *r, const be128 *b)
{
      be128 p[8];
      int i;

      p[0] = *r;
      for (i = 0; i < 7; ++i)
            gf128mul_x_bbe(&p[i + 1], &p[i]);

      memset(r, 0, sizeof(r));
      for (i = 0;;) {
            u8 ch = ((u8 *)b)[i];

            if (ch & 0x80)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[7]);
            if (ch & 0x40)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[6]);
            if (ch & 0x20)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[5]);
            if (ch & 0x10)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[4]);
            if (ch & 0x08)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[3]);
            if (ch & 0x04)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[2]);
            if (ch & 0x02)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[1]);
            if (ch & 0x01)
                  be128_xor(r, r, &p[0]);

            if (++i >= 16)
                  break;

            gf128mul_x8_bbe(r);
      }
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_bbe);

/*      This version uses 64k bytes of table space.
    A 16 byte buffer has to be multiplied by a 16 byte key
    value in GF(128).  If we consider a GF(128) value in
    the buffer's lowest byte, we can construct a table of
    the 256 16 byte values that result from the 256 values
    of this byte.  This requires 4096 bytes. But we also
    need tables for each of the 16 higher bytes in the
    buffer as well, which makes 64 kbytes in total.
*/
/* additional explanation
 * t[0][BYTE] contains g*BYTE
 * t[1][BYTE] contains g*x^8*BYTE
 *  ..
 * t[15][BYTE] contains g*x^120*BYTE */
struct gf128mul_64k *gf128mul_init_64k_lle(const be128 *g)
{
      struct gf128mul_64k *t;
      int i, j, k;

      t = kzalloc(sizeof(*t), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!t)
            goto out;

      for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
            t->t[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*t->t[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
            if (!t->t[i]) {
                  gf128mul_free_64k(t);
                  t = NULL;
                  goto out;
            }
      }

      t->t[0]->t[128] = *g;
      for (j = 64; j > 0; j >>= 1)
            gf128mul_x_lle(&t->t[0]->t[j], &t->t[0]->t[j + j]);

      for (i = 0;;) {
            for (j = 2; j < 256; j += j)
                  for (k = 1; k < j; ++k)
                        be128_xor(&t->t[i]->t[j + k],
                                &t->t[i]->t[j], &t->t[i]->t[k]);

            if (++i >= 16)
                  break;

            for (j = 128; j > 0; j >>= 1) {
                  t->t[i]->t[j] = t->t[i - 1]->t[j];
                  gf128mul_x8_lle(&t->t[i]->t[j]);
            }
      }

out:
      return t;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_init_64k_lle);

struct gf128mul_64k *gf128mul_init_64k_bbe(const be128 *g)
{
      struct gf128mul_64k *t;
      int i, j, k;

      t = kzalloc(sizeof(*t), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!t)
            goto out;

      for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
            t->t[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(*t->t[i]), GFP_KERNEL);
            if (!t->t[i]) {
                  gf128mul_free_64k(t);
                  t = NULL;
                  goto out;
            }
      }

      t->t[0]->t[1] = *g;
      for (j = 1; j <= 64; j <<= 1)
            gf128mul_x_bbe(&t->t[0]->t[j + j], &t->t[0]->t[j]);

      for (i = 0;;) {
            for (j = 2; j < 256; j += j)
                  for (k = 1; k < j; ++k)
                        be128_xor(&t->t[i]->t[j + k],
                                &t->t[i]->t[j], &t->t[i]->t[k]);

            if (++i >= 16)
                  break;

            for (j = 128; j > 0; j >>= 1) {
                  t->t[i]->t[j] = t->t[i - 1]->t[j];
                  gf128mul_x8_bbe(&t->t[i]->t[j]);
            }
      }

out:
      return t;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_init_64k_bbe);

void gf128mul_free_64k(struct gf128mul_64k *t)
{
      int i;

      for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
            kfree(t->t[i]);
      kfree(t);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_free_64k);

void gf128mul_64k_lle(be128 *a, struct gf128mul_64k *t)
{
      u8 *ap = (u8 *)a;
      be128 r[1];
      int i;

      *r = t->t[0]->t[ap[0]];
      for (i = 1; i < 16; ++i)
            be128_xor(r, r, &t->t[i]->t[ap[i]]);
      *a = *r;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_64k_lle);

void gf128mul_64k_bbe(be128 *a, struct gf128mul_64k *t)
{
      u8 *ap = (u8 *)a;
      be128 r[1];
      int i;

      *r = t->t[0]->t[ap[15]];
      for (i = 1; i < 16; ++i)
            be128_xor(r, r, &t->t[i]->t[ap[15 - i]]);
      *a = *r;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_64k_bbe);

/*      This version uses 4k bytes of table space.
    A 16 byte buffer has to be multiplied by a 16 byte key
    value in GF(128).  If we consider a GF(128) value in a
    single byte, we can construct a table of the 256 16 byte
    values that result from the 256 values of this byte.
    This requires 4096 bytes. If we take the highest byte in
    the buffer and use this table to get the result, we then
    have to multiply by x^120 to get the final value. For the
    next highest byte the result has to be multiplied by x^112
    and so on. But we can do this by accumulating the result
    in an accumulator starting with the result for the top
    byte.  We repeatedly multiply the accumulator value by
    x^8 and then add in (i.e. xor) the 16 bytes of the next
    lower byte in the buffer, stopping when we reach the
    lowest byte. This requires a 4096 byte table.
*/
struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_lle(const be128 *g)
{
      struct gf128mul_4k *t;
      int j, k;

      t = kzalloc(sizeof(*t), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!t)
            goto out;

      t->t[128] = *g;
      for (j = 64; j > 0; j >>= 1)
            gf128mul_x_lle(&t->t[j], &t->t[j+j]);

      for (j = 2; j < 256; j += j)
            for (k = 1; k < j; ++k)
                  be128_xor(&t->t[j + k], &t->t[j], &t->t[k]);

out:
      return t;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_init_4k_lle);

struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_bbe(const be128 *g)
{
      struct gf128mul_4k *t;
      int j, k;

      t = kzalloc(sizeof(*t), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!t)
            goto out;

      t->t[1] = *g;
      for (j = 1; j <= 64; j <<= 1)
            gf128mul_x_bbe(&t->t[j + j], &t->t[j]);

      for (j = 2; j < 256; j += j)
            for (k = 1; k < j; ++k)
                  be128_xor(&t->t[j + k], &t->t[j], &t->t[k]);

out:
      return t;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_init_4k_bbe);

void gf128mul_4k_lle(be128 *a, struct gf128mul_4k *t)
{
      u8 *ap = (u8 *)a;
      be128 r[1];
      int i = 15;

      *r = t->t[ap[15]];
      while (i--) {
            gf128mul_x8_lle(r);
            be128_xor(r, r, &t->t[ap[i]]);
      }
      *a = *r;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_4k_lle);

void gf128mul_4k_bbe(be128 *a, struct gf128mul_4k *t)
{
      u8 *ap = (u8 *)a;
      be128 r[1];
      int i = 0;

      *r = t->t[ap[0]];
      while (++i < 16) {
            gf128mul_x8_bbe(r);
            be128_xor(r, r, &t->t[ap[i]]);
      }
      *a = *r;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gf128mul_4k_bbe);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Functions for multiplying elements of GF(2^128)");

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