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hda_intel.c

/*
 *
 *  hda_intel.c - Implementation of primary alsa driver code base
 *                for Intel HD Audio.
 *
 *  Copyright(c) 2004 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 2004 Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
 *                     PeiSen Hou <pshou@realtek.com.tw>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 *  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
 *  Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
 *  any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 *  ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 *  FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 *  more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
 *  this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59
 *  Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
 *
 *  CONTACTS:
 *
 *  Matt Jared          matt.jared@intel.com
 *  Andy Kopp           andy.kopp@intel.com
 *  Dan Kogan           dan.d.kogan@intel.com
 *
 *  CHANGES:
 *
 *  2004.12.01    Major rewrite by tiwai, merged the work of pshou
 * 
 */

#include <sound/driver.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/initval.h>
#include "hda_codec.h"


static int index = SNDRV_DEFAULT_IDX1;
static char *id = SNDRV_DEFAULT_STR1;
static char *model;
static int position_fix;
static int probe_mask = -1;
static int single_cmd;
static int enable_msi;

module_param(index, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(index, "Index value for Intel HD audio interface.");
module_param(id, charp, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(id, "ID string for Intel HD audio interface.");
module_param(model, charp, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(model, "Use the given board model.");
module_param(position_fix, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(position_fix, "Fix DMA pointer "
             "(0 = auto, 1 = none, 2 = POSBUF, 3 = FIFO size).");
module_param(probe_mask, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(probe_mask, "Bitmask to probe codecs (default = -1).");
module_param(single_cmd, bool, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(single_cmd, "Use single command to communicate with codecs "
             "(for debugging only).");
module_param(enable_msi, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(enable_msi, "Enable Message Signaled Interrupt (MSI)");

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE
/* power_save option is defined in hda_codec.c */

/* reset the HD-audio controller in power save mode.
 * this may give more power-saving, but will take longer time to
 * wake up.
 */
static int power_save_controller = 1;
module_param(power_save_controller, bool, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(power_save_controller, "Reset controller in power save mode.");
#endif

/* just for backward compatibility */
static int enable;
module_param(enable, bool, 0444);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE("{{Intel, ICH6},"
                   "{Intel, ICH6M},"
                   "{Intel, ICH7},"
                   "{Intel, ESB2},"
                   "{Intel, ICH8},"
                   "{Intel, ICH9},"
                   "{ATI, SB450},"
                   "{ATI, SB600},"
                   "{ATI, RS600},"
                   "{ATI, RS690},"
                   "{ATI, RS780},"
                   "{ATI, R600},"
                   "{VIA, VT8251},"
                   "{VIA, VT8237A},"
                   "{SiS, SIS966},"
                   "{ULI, M5461}}");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel HDA driver");

#define SFX "hda-intel: "


/*
 * registers
 */
#define ICH6_REG_GCAP               0x00
#define ICH6_REG_VMIN               0x02
#define ICH6_REG_VMAJ               0x03
#define ICH6_REG_OUTPAY             0x04
#define ICH6_REG_INPAY              0x06
#define ICH6_REG_GCTL               0x08
#define ICH6_REG_WAKEEN             0x0c
#define ICH6_REG_STATESTS           0x0e
#define ICH6_REG_GSTS               0x10
#define ICH6_REG_INTCTL             0x20
#define ICH6_REG_INTSTS             0x24
#define ICH6_REG_WALCLK             0x30
#define ICH6_REG_SYNC               0x34  
#define ICH6_REG_CORBLBASE          0x40
#define ICH6_REG_CORBUBASE          0x44
#define ICH6_REG_CORBWP             0x48
#define ICH6_REG_CORBRP             0x4A
#define ICH6_REG_CORBCTL            0x4c
#define ICH6_REG_CORBSTS            0x4d
#define ICH6_REG_CORBSIZE           0x4e

#define ICH6_REG_RIRBLBASE          0x50
#define ICH6_REG_RIRBUBASE          0x54
#define ICH6_REG_RIRBWP             0x58
#define ICH6_REG_RINTCNT            0x5a
#define ICH6_REG_RIRBCTL            0x5c
#define ICH6_REG_RIRBSTS            0x5d
#define ICH6_REG_RIRBSIZE           0x5e

#define ICH6_REG_IC                 0x60
#define ICH6_REG_IR                 0x64
#define ICH6_REG_IRS                0x68
#define   ICH6_IRS_VALID      (1<<1)
#define   ICH6_IRS_BUSY       (1<<0)

#define ICH6_REG_DPLBASE            0x70
#define ICH6_REG_DPUBASE            0x74
#define   ICH6_DPLBASE_ENABLE 0x1   /* Enable position buffer */

/* SD offset: SDI0=0x80, SDI1=0xa0, ... SDO3=0x160 */
enum { SDI0, SDI1, SDI2, SDI3, SDO0, SDO1, SDO2, SDO3 };

/* stream register offsets from stream base */
#define ICH6_REG_SD_CTL             0x00
#define ICH6_REG_SD_STS             0x03
#define ICH6_REG_SD_LPIB            0x04
#define ICH6_REG_SD_CBL             0x08
#define ICH6_REG_SD_LVI             0x0c
#define ICH6_REG_SD_FIFOW           0x0e
#define ICH6_REG_SD_FIFOSIZE        0x10
#define ICH6_REG_SD_FORMAT          0x12
#define ICH6_REG_SD_BDLPL           0x18
#define ICH6_REG_SD_BDLPU           0x1c

/* PCI space */
#define ICH6_PCIREG_TCSEL     0x44

/*
 * other constants
 */

/* max number of SDs */
/* ICH, ATI and VIA have 4 playback and 4 capture */
#define ICH6_CAPTURE_INDEX    0
#define ICH6_NUM_CAPTURE      4
#define ICH6_PLAYBACK_INDEX   4
#define ICH6_NUM_PLAYBACK     4

/* ULI has 6 playback and 5 capture */
#define ULI_CAPTURE_INDEX     0
#define ULI_NUM_CAPTURE       5
#define ULI_PLAYBACK_INDEX    5
#define ULI_NUM_PLAYBACK      6

/* ATI HDMI has 1 playback and 0 capture */
#define ATIHDMI_CAPTURE_INDEX 0
#define ATIHDMI_NUM_CAPTURE   0
#define ATIHDMI_PLAYBACK_INDEX      0
#define ATIHDMI_NUM_PLAYBACK  1

/* this number is statically defined for simplicity */
#define MAX_AZX_DEV           16

/* max number of fragments - we may use more if allocating more pages for BDL */
#define BDL_SIZE        PAGE_ALIGN(8192)
#define AZX_MAX_FRAG          (BDL_SIZE / (MAX_AZX_DEV * 16))
/* max buffer size - no h/w limit, you can increase as you like */
#define AZX_MAX_BUF_SIZE      (1024*1024*1024)
/* max number of PCM devics per card */
#define AZX_MAX_AUDIO_PCMS    6
#define AZX_MAX_MODEM_PCMS    2
#define AZX_MAX_PCMS          (AZX_MAX_AUDIO_PCMS + AZX_MAX_MODEM_PCMS)

/* RIRB int mask: overrun[2], response[0] */
#define RIRB_INT_RESPONSE     0x01
#define RIRB_INT_OVERRUN      0x04
#define RIRB_INT_MASK         0x05

/* STATESTS int mask: SD2,SD1,SD0 */
#define AZX_MAX_CODECS        3
#define STATESTS_INT_MASK     0x07

/* SD_CTL bits */
#define SD_CTL_STREAM_RESET   0x01  /* stream reset bit */
#define SD_CTL_DMA_START      0x02  /* stream DMA start bit */
#define SD_CTL_STREAM_TAG_MASK      (0xf << 20)
#define SD_CTL_STREAM_TAG_SHIFT     20

/* SD_CTL and SD_STS */
#define SD_INT_DESC_ERR       0x10  /* descriptor error interrupt */
#define SD_INT_FIFO_ERR       0x08  /* FIFO error interrupt */
#define SD_INT_COMPLETE       0x04  /* completion interrupt */
#define SD_INT_MASK           (SD_INT_DESC_ERR|SD_INT_FIFO_ERR|\
                         SD_INT_COMPLETE)

/* SD_STS */
#define SD_STS_FIFO_READY     0x20  /* FIFO ready */

/* INTCTL and INTSTS */
#define ICH6_INT_ALL_STREAM   0xff     /* all stream interrupts */
#define ICH6_INT_CTRL_EN      0x40000000 /* controller interrupt enable bit */
#define ICH6_INT_GLOBAL_EN    0x80000000 /* global interrupt enable bit */

/* GCTL unsolicited response enable bit */
#define ICH6_GCTL_UREN        (1<<8)

/* GCTL reset bit */
#define ICH6_GCTL_RESET       (1<<0)

/* CORB/RIRB control, read/write pointer */
#define ICH6_RBCTL_DMA_EN     0x02  /* enable DMA */
#define ICH6_RBCTL_IRQ_EN     0x01  /* enable IRQ */
#define ICH6_RBRWP_CLR        0x8000      /* read/write pointer clear */
/* below are so far hardcoded - should read registers in future */
#define ICH6_MAX_CORB_ENTRIES 256
#define ICH6_MAX_RIRB_ENTRIES 256

/* position fix mode */
enum {
      POS_FIX_AUTO,
      POS_FIX_NONE,
      POS_FIX_POSBUF,
      POS_FIX_FIFO,
};

/* Defines for ATI HD Audio support in SB450 south bridge */
#define ATI_SB450_HDAUDIO_MISC_CNTR2_ADDR   0x42
#define ATI_SB450_HDAUDIO_ENABLE_SNOOP      0x02

/* Defines for Nvidia HDA support */
#define NVIDIA_HDA_TRANSREG_ADDR      0x4e
#define NVIDIA_HDA_ENABLE_COHBITS     0x0f

/*
 */

struct azx_dev {
      u32 *bdl;         /* virtual address of the BDL */
      dma_addr_t bdl_addr;    /* physical address of the BDL */
      u32 *posbuf;            /* position buffer pointer */

      unsigned int bufsize;   /* size of the play buffer in bytes */
      unsigned int fragsize;  /* size of each period in bytes */
      unsigned int frags;     /* number for period in the play buffer */
      unsigned int fifo_size; /* FIFO size */

      void __iomem *sd_addr;  /* stream descriptor pointer */

      u32 sd_int_sta_mask;    /* stream int status mask */

      /* pcm support */
      struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;      /* assigned substream,
                                     * set in PCM open
                                     */
      unsigned int format_val;      /* format value to be set in the
                               * controller and the codec
                               */
      unsigned char stream_tag;     /* assigned stream */
      unsigned char index;          /* stream index */
      /* for sanity check of position buffer */
      unsigned int period_intr;

      unsigned int opened :1;
      unsigned int running :1;
};

/* CORB/RIRB */
struct azx_rb {
      u32 *buf;         /* CORB/RIRB buffer
                         * Each CORB entry is 4byte, RIRB is 8byte
                         */
      dma_addr_t addr;  /* physical address of CORB/RIRB buffer */
      /* for RIRB */
      unsigned short rp, wp;  /* read/write pointers */
      int cmds;         /* number of pending requests */
      u32 res;          /* last read value */
};

struct azx {
      struct snd_card *card;
      struct pci_dev *pci;

      /* chip type specific */
      int driver_type;
      int playback_streams;
      int playback_index_offset;
      int capture_streams;
      int capture_index_offset;
      int num_streams;

      /* pci resources */
      unsigned long addr;
      void __iomem *remap_addr;
      int irq;

      /* locks */
      spinlock_t reg_lock;
      struct mutex open_mutex;

      /* streams (x num_streams) */
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev;

      /* PCM */
      unsigned int pcm_devs;
      struct snd_pcm *pcm[AZX_MAX_PCMS];

      /* HD codec */
      unsigned short codec_mask;
      struct hda_bus *bus;

      /* CORB/RIRB */
      struct azx_rb corb;
      struct azx_rb rirb;

      /* BDL, CORB/RIRB and position buffers */
      struct snd_dma_buffer bdl;
      struct snd_dma_buffer rb;
      struct snd_dma_buffer posbuf;

      /* flags */
      int position_fix;
      unsigned int running :1;
      unsigned int initialized :1;
      unsigned int single_cmd :1;
      unsigned int polling_mode :1;
      unsigned int msi :1;

      /* for debugging */
      unsigned int last_cmd;  /* last issued command (to sync) */
};

/* driver types */
enum {
      AZX_DRIVER_ICH,
      AZX_DRIVER_ATI,
      AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI,
      AZX_DRIVER_VIA,
      AZX_DRIVER_SIS,
      AZX_DRIVER_ULI,
      AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA,
};

static char *driver_short_names[] __devinitdata = {
      [AZX_DRIVER_ICH] = "HDA Intel",
      [AZX_DRIVER_ATI] = "HDA ATI SB",
      [AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI] = "HDA ATI HDMI",
      [AZX_DRIVER_VIA] = "HDA VIA VT82xx",
      [AZX_DRIVER_SIS] = "HDA SIS966",
      [AZX_DRIVER_ULI] = "HDA ULI M5461",
      [AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA] = "HDA NVidia",
};

/*
 * macros for easy use
 */
#define azx_writel(chip,reg,value) \
      writel(value, (chip)->remap_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_readl(chip,reg) \
      readl((chip)->remap_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_writew(chip,reg,value) \
      writew(value, (chip)->remap_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_readw(chip,reg) \
      readw((chip)->remap_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_writeb(chip,reg,value) \
      writeb(value, (chip)->remap_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_readb(chip,reg) \
      readb((chip)->remap_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)

#define azx_sd_writel(dev,reg,value) \
      writel(value, (dev)->sd_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_sd_readl(dev,reg) \
      readl((dev)->sd_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_sd_writew(dev,reg,value) \
      writew(value, (dev)->sd_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_sd_readw(dev,reg) \
      readw((dev)->sd_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_sd_writeb(dev,reg,value) \
      writeb(value, (dev)->sd_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)
#define azx_sd_readb(dev,reg) \
      readb((dev)->sd_addr + ICH6_REG_##reg)

/* for pcm support */
#define get_azx_dev(substream) (substream->runtime->private_data)

/* Get the upper 32bit of the given dma_addr_t
 * Compiler should optimize and eliminate the code if dma_addr_t is 32bit
 */
#define upper_32bit(addr) (sizeof(addr) > 4 ? (u32)((addr) >> 32) : (u32)0)

static int azx_acquire_irq(struct azx *chip, int do_disconnect);

/*
 * Interface for HD codec
 */

/*
 * CORB / RIRB interface
 */
static int azx_alloc_cmd_io(struct azx *chip)
{
      int err;

      /* single page (at least 4096 bytes) must suffice for both ringbuffes */
      err = snd_dma_alloc_pages(SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_DEV,
                          snd_dma_pci_data(chip->pci),
                          PAGE_SIZE, &chip->rb);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "cannot allocate CORB/RIRB\n");
            return err;
      }
      return 0;
}

static void azx_init_cmd_io(struct azx *chip)
{
      /* CORB set up */
      chip->corb.addr = chip->rb.addr;
      chip->corb.buf = (u32 *)chip->rb.area;
      azx_writel(chip, CORBLBASE, (u32)chip->corb.addr);
      azx_writel(chip, CORBUBASE, upper_32bit(chip->corb.addr));

      /* set the corb size to 256 entries (ULI requires explicitly) */
      azx_writeb(chip, CORBSIZE, 0x02);
      /* set the corb write pointer to 0 */
      azx_writew(chip, CORBWP, 0);
      /* reset the corb hw read pointer */
      azx_writew(chip, CORBRP, ICH6_RBRWP_CLR);
      /* enable corb dma */
      azx_writeb(chip, CORBCTL, ICH6_RBCTL_DMA_EN);

      /* RIRB set up */
      chip->rirb.addr = chip->rb.addr + 2048;
      chip->rirb.buf = (u32 *)(chip->rb.area + 2048);
      azx_writel(chip, RIRBLBASE, (u32)chip->rirb.addr);
      azx_writel(chip, RIRBUBASE, upper_32bit(chip->rirb.addr));

      /* set the rirb size to 256 entries (ULI requires explicitly) */
      azx_writeb(chip, RIRBSIZE, 0x02);
      /* reset the rirb hw write pointer */
      azx_writew(chip, RIRBWP, ICH6_RBRWP_CLR);
      /* set N=1, get RIRB response interrupt for new entry */
      azx_writew(chip, RINTCNT, 1);
      /* enable rirb dma and response irq */
      azx_writeb(chip, RIRBCTL, ICH6_RBCTL_DMA_EN | ICH6_RBCTL_IRQ_EN);
      chip->rirb.rp = chip->rirb.cmds = 0;
}

static void azx_free_cmd_io(struct azx *chip)
{
      /* disable ringbuffer DMAs */
      azx_writeb(chip, RIRBCTL, 0);
      azx_writeb(chip, CORBCTL, 0);
}

/* send a command */
static int azx_corb_send_cmd(struct hda_codec *codec, u32 val)
{
      struct azx *chip = codec->bus->private_data;
      unsigned int wp;

      /* add command to corb */
      wp = azx_readb(chip, CORBWP);
      wp++;
      wp %= ICH6_MAX_CORB_ENTRIES;

      spin_lock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);
      chip->rirb.cmds++;
      chip->corb.buf[wp] = cpu_to_le32(val);
      azx_writel(chip, CORBWP, wp);
      spin_unlock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);

      return 0;
}

#define ICH6_RIRB_EX_UNSOL_EV (1<<4)

/* retrieve RIRB entry - called from interrupt handler */
static void azx_update_rirb(struct azx *chip)
{
      unsigned int rp, wp;
      u32 res, res_ex;

      wp = azx_readb(chip, RIRBWP);
      if (wp == chip->rirb.wp)
            return;
      chip->rirb.wp = wp;
            
      while (chip->rirb.rp != wp) {
            chip->rirb.rp++;
            chip->rirb.rp %= ICH6_MAX_RIRB_ENTRIES;

            rp = chip->rirb.rp << 1; /* an RIRB entry is 8-bytes */
            res_ex = le32_to_cpu(chip->rirb.buf[rp + 1]);
            res = le32_to_cpu(chip->rirb.buf[rp]);
            if (res_ex & ICH6_RIRB_EX_UNSOL_EV)
                  snd_hda_queue_unsol_event(chip->bus, res, res_ex);
            else if (chip->rirb.cmds) {
                  chip->rirb.cmds--;
                  chip->rirb.res = res;
            }
      }
}

/* receive a response */
static unsigned int azx_rirb_get_response(struct hda_codec *codec)
{
      struct azx *chip = codec->bus->private_data;
      unsigned long timeout;

 again:
      timeout = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(1000);
      do {
            if (chip->polling_mode) {
                  spin_lock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);
                  azx_update_rirb(chip);
                  spin_unlock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);
            }
            if (!chip->rirb.cmds)
                  return chip->rirb.res; /* the last value */
            schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
      } while (time_after_eq(timeout, jiffies));

      if (chip->msi) {
            snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "hda_intel: No response from codec, "
                     "disabling MSI: last cmd=0x%08x\n", chip->last_cmd);
            free_irq(chip->irq, chip);
            chip->irq = -1;
            pci_disable_msi(chip->pci);
            chip->msi = 0;
            if (azx_acquire_irq(chip, 1) < 0)
                  return -1;
            goto again;
      }

      if (!chip->polling_mode) {
            snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "hda_intel: azx_get_response timeout, "
                     "switching to polling mode: last cmd=0x%08x\n",
                     chip->last_cmd);
            chip->polling_mode = 1;
            goto again;
      }

      snd_printk(KERN_ERR "hda_intel: azx_get_response timeout, "
               "switching to single_cmd mode: last cmd=0x%08x\n",
               chip->last_cmd);
      chip->rirb.rp = azx_readb(chip, RIRBWP);
      chip->rirb.cmds = 0;
      /* switch to single_cmd mode */
      chip->single_cmd = 1;
      azx_free_cmd_io(chip);
      return -1;
}

/*
 * Use the single immediate command instead of CORB/RIRB for simplicity
 *
 * Note: according to Intel, this is not preferred use.  The command was
 *       intended for the BIOS only, and may get confused with unsolicited
 *       responses.  So, we shouldn't use it for normal operation from the
 *       driver.
 *       I left the codes, however, for debugging/testing purposes.
 */

/* send a command */
static int azx_single_send_cmd(struct hda_codec *codec, u32 val)
{
      struct azx *chip = codec->bus->private_data;
      int timeout = 50;

      while (timeout--) {
            /* check ICB busy bit */
            if (!((azx_readw(chip, IRS) & ICH6_IRS_BUSY))) {
                  /* Clear IRV valid bit */
                  azx_writew(chip, IRS, azx_readw(chip, IRS) |
                           ICH6_IRS_VALID);
                  azx_writel(chip, IC, val);
                  azx_writew(chip, IRS, azx_readw(chip, IRS) |
                           ICH6_IRS_BUSY);
                  return 0;
            }
            udelay(1);
      }
      snd_printd(SFX "send_cmd timeout: IRS=0x%x, val=0x%x\n",
               azx_readw(chip, IRS), val);
      return -EIO;
}

/* receive a response */
static unsigned int azx_single_get_response(struct hda_codec *codec)
{
      struct azx *chip = codec->bus->private_data;
      int timeout = 50;

      while (timeout--) {
            /* check IRV busy bit */
            if (azx_readw(chip, IRS) & ICH6_IRS_VALID)
                  return azx_readl(chip, IR);
            udelay(1);
      }
      snd_printd(SFX "get_response timeout: IRS=0x%x\n",
               azx_readw(chip, IRS));
      return (unsigned int)-1;
}

/*
 * The below are the main callbacks from hda_codec.
 *
 * They are just the skeleton to call sub-callbacks according to the
 * current setting of chip->single_cmd.
 */

/* send a command */
static int azx_send_cmd(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid,
                  int direct, unsigned int verb,
                  unsigned int para)
{
      struct azx *chip = codec->bus->private_data;
      u32 val;

      val = (u32)(codec->addr & 0x0f) << 28;
      val |= (u32)direct << 27;
      val |= (u32)nid << 20;
      val |= verb << 8;
      val |= para;
      chip->last_cmd = val;

      if (chip->single_cmd)
            return azx_single_send_cmd(codec, val);
      else
            return azx_corb_send_cmd(codec, val);
}

/* get a response */
static unsigned int azx_get_response(struct hda_codec *codec)
{
      struct azx *chip = codec->bus->private_data;
      if (chip->single_cmd)
            return azx_single_get_response(codec);
      else
            return azx_rirb_get_response(codec);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE
static void azx_power_notify(struct hda_codec *codec);
#endif

/* reset codec link */
static int azx_reset(struct azx *chip)
{
      int count;

      /* clear STATESTS */
      azx_writeb(chip, STATESTS, STATESTS_INT_MASK);

      /* reset controller */
      azx_writel(chip, GCTL, azx_readl(chip, GCTL) & ~ICH6_GCTL_RESET);

      count = 50;
      while (azx_readb(chip, GCTL) && --count)
            msleep(1);

      /* delay for >= 100us for codec PLL to settle per spec
       * Rev 0.9 section 5.5.1
       */
      msleep(1);

      /* Bring controller out of reset */
      azx_writeb(chip, GCTL, azx_readb(chip, GCTL) | ICH6_GCTL_RESET);

      count = 50;
      while (!azx_readb(chip, GCTL) && --count)
            msleep(1);

      /* Brent Chartrand said to wait >= 540us for codecs to initialize */
      msleep(1);

      /* check to see if controller is ready */
      if (!azx_readb(chip, GCTL)) {
            snd_printd("azx_reset: controller not ready!\n");
            return -EBUSY;
      }

      /* Accept unsolicited responses */
      azx_writel(chip, GCTL, azx_readl(chip, GCTL) | ICH6_GCTL_UREN);

      /* detect codecs */
      if (!chip->codec_mask) {
            chip->codec_mask = azx_readw(chip, STATESTS);
            snd_printdd("codec_mask = 0x%x\n", chip->codec_mask);
      }

      return 0;
}


/*
 * Lowlevel interface
 */  

/* enable interrupts */
static void azx_int_enable(struct azx *chip)
{
      /* enable controller CIE and GIE */
      azx_writel(chip, INTCTL, azx_readl(chip, INTCTL) |
               ICH6_INT_CTRL_EN | ICH6_INT_GLOBAL_EN);
}

/* disable interrupts */
static void azx_int_disable(struct azx *chip)
{
      int i;

      /* disable interrupts in stream descriptor */
      for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++) {
            struct azx_dev *azx_dev = &chip->azx_dev[i];
            azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_CTL,
                        azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL) & ~SD_INT_MASK);
      }

      /* disable SIE for all streams */
      azx_writeb(chip, INTCTL, 0);

      /* disable controller CIE and GIE */
      azx_writel(chip, INTCTL, azx_readl(chip, INTCTL) &
               ~(ICH6_INT_CTRL_EN | ICH6_INT_GLOBAL_EN));
}

/* clear interrupts */
static void azx_int_clear(struct azx *chip)
{
      int i;

      /* clear stream status */
      for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++) {
            struct azx_dev *azx_dev = &chip->azx_dev[i];
            azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_STS, SD_INT_MASK);
      }

      /* clear STATESTS */
      azx_writeb(chip, STATESTS, STATESTS_INT_MASK);

      /* clear rirb status */
      azx_writeb(chip, RIRBSTS, RIRB_INT_MASK);

      /* clear int status */
      azx_writel(chip, INTSTS, ICH6_INT_CTRL_EN | ICH6_INT_ALL_STREAM);
}

/* start a stream */
static void azx_stream_start(struct azx *chip, struct azx_dev *azx_dev)
{
      /* enable SIE */
      azx_writeb(chip, INTCTL,
               azx_readb(chip, INTCTL) | (1 << azx_dev->index));
      /* set DMA start and interrupt mask */
      azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_CTL, azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL) |
                  SD_CTL_DMA_START | SD_INT_MASK);
}

/* stop a stream */
static void azx_stream_stop(struct azx *chip, struct azx_dev *azx_dev)
{
      /* stop DMA */
      azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_CTL, azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL) &
                  ~(SD_CTL_DMA_START | SD_INT_MASK));
      azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_STS, SD_INT_MASK); /* to be sure */
      /* disable SIE */
      azx_writeb(chip, INTCTL,
               azx_readb(chip, INTCTL) & ~(1 << azx_dev->index));
}


/*
 * reset and start the controller registers
 */
static void azx_init_chip(struct azx *chip)
{
      if (chip->initialized)
            return;

      /* reset controller */
      azx_reset(chip);

      /* initialize interrupts */
      azx_int_clear(chip);
      azx_int_enable(chip);

      /* initialize the codec command I/O */
      if (!chip->single_cmd)
            azx_init_cmd_io(chip);

      /* program the position buffer */
      azx_writel(chip, DPLBASE, (u32)chip->posbuf.addr);
      azx_writel(chip, DPUBASE, upper_32bit(chip->posbuf.addr));

      chip->initialized = 1;
}

/*
 * initialize the PCI registers
 */
/* update bits in a PCI register byte */
static void update_pci_byte(struct pci_dev *pci, unsigned int reg,
                      unsigned char mask, unsigned char val)
{
      unsigned char data;

      pci_read_config_byte(pci, reg, &data);
      data &= ~mask;
      data |= (val & mask);
      pci_write_config_byte(pci, reg, data);
}

static void azx_init_pci(struct azx *chip)
{
      /* Clear bits 0-2 of PCI register TCSEL (at offset 0x44)
       * TCSEL == Traffic Class Select Register, which sets PCI express QOS
       * Ensuring these bits are 0 clears playback static on some HD Audio
       * codecs
       */
      update_pci_byte(chip->pci, ICH6_PCIREG_TCSEL, 0x07, 0);

      switch (chip->driver_type) {
      case AZX_DRIVER_ATI:
            /* For ATI SB450 azalia HD audio, we need to enable snoop */
            update_pci_byte(chip->pci,
                        ATI_SB450_HDAUDIO_MISC_CNTR2_ADDR, 
                        0x07, ATI_SB450_HDAUDIO_ENABLE_SNOOP);
            break;
      case AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA:
            /* For NVIDIA HDA, enable snoop */
            update_pci_byte(chip->pci,
                        NVIDIA_HDA_TRANSREG_ADDR,
                        0x0f, NVIDIA_HDA_ENABLE_COHBITS);
            break;
        }
}


/*
 * interrupt handler
 */
static irqreturn_t azx_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
      struct azx *chip = dev_id;
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev;
      u32 status;
      int i;

      spin_lock(&chip->reg_lock);

      status = azx_readl(chip, INTSTS);
      if (status == 0) {
            spin_unlock(&chip->reg_lock);
            return IRQ_NONE;
      }
      
      for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++) {
            azx_dev = &chip->azx_dev[i];
            if (status & azx_dev->sd_int_sta_mask) {
                  azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_STS, SD_INT_MASK);
                  if (azx_dev->substream && azx_dev->running) {
                        azx_dev->period_intr++;
                        spin_unlock(&chip->reg_lock);
                        snd_pcm_period_elapsed(azx_dev->substream);
                        spin_lock(&chip->reg_lock);
                  }
            }
      }

      /* clear rirb int */
      status = azx_readb(chip, RIRBSTS);
      if (status & RIRB_INT_MASK) {
            if (!chip->single_cmd && (status & RIRB_INT_RESPONSE))
                  azx_update_rirb(chip);
            azx_writeb(chip, RIRBSTS, RIRB_INT_MASK);
      }

#if 0
      /* clear state status int */
      if (azx_readb(chip, STATESTS) & 0x04)
            azx_writeb(chip, STATESTS, 0x04);
#endif
      spin_unlock(&chip->reg_lock);
      
      return IRQ_HANDLED;
}


/*
 * set up BDL entries
 */
static void azx_setup_periods(struct azx_dev *azx_dev)
{
      u32 *bdl = azx_dev->bdl;
      dma_addr_t dma_addr = azx_dev->substream->runtime->dma_addr;
      int idx;

      /* reset BDL address */
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_BDLPL, 0);
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_BDLPU, 0);

      /* program the initial BDL entries */
      for (idx = 0; idx < azx_dev->frags; idx++) {
            unsigned int off = idx << 2; /* 4 dword step */
            dma_addr_t addr = dma_addr + idx * azx_dev->fragsize;
            /* program the address field of the BDL entry */
            bdl[off] = cpu_to_le32((u32)addr);
            bdl[off+1] = cpu_to_le32(upper_32bit(addr));

            /* program the size field of the BDL entry */
            bdl[off+2] = cpu_to_le32(azx_dev->fragsize);

            /* program the IOC to enable interrupt when buffer completes */
            bdl[off+3] = cpu_to_le32(0x01);
      }
}

/*
 * set up the SD for streaming
 */
static int azx_setup_controller(struct azx *chip, struct azx_dev *azx_dev)
{
      unsigned char val;
      int timeout;

      /* make sure the run bit is zero for SD */
      azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_CTL, azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL) &
                  ~SD_CTL_DMA_START);
      /* reset stream */
      azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_CTL, azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL) |
                  SD_CTL_STREAM_RESET);
      udelay(3);
      timeout = 300;
      while (!((val = azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL)) & SD_CTL_STREAM_RESET) &&
             --timeout)
            ;
      val &= ~SD_CTL_STREAM_RESET;
      azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_CTL, val);
      udelay(3);

      timeout = 300;
      /* waiting for hardware to report that the stream is out of reset */
      while (((val = azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL)) & SD_CTL_STREAM_RESET) &&
             --timeout)
            ;

      /* program the stream_tag */
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_CTL,
                  (azx_sd_readl(azx_dev, SD_CTL) & ~SD_CTL_STREAM_TAG_MASK)|
                  (azx_dev->stream_tag << SD_CTL_STREAM_TAG_SHIFT));

      /* program the length of samples in cyclic buffer */
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_CBL, azx_dev->bufsize);

      /* program the stream format */
      /* this value needs to be the same as the one programmed */
      azx_sd_writew(azx_dev, SD_FORMAT, azx_dev->format_val);

      /* program the stream LVI (last valid index) of the BDL */
      azx_sd_writew(azx_dev, SD_LVI, azx_dev->frags - 1);

      /* program the BDL address */
      /* lower BDL address */
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_BDLPL, (u32)azx_dev->bdl_addr);
      /* upper BDL address */
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_BDLPU, upper_32bit(azx_dev->bdl_addr));

      /* enable the position buffer */
      if (!(azx_readl(chip, DPLBASE) & ICH6_DPLBASE_ENABLE))
            azx_writel(chip, DPLBASE,
                     (u32)chip->posbuf.addr |ICH6_DPLBASE_ENABLE);

      /* set the interrupt enable bits in the descriptor control register */
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_CTL,
                  azx_sd_readl(azx_dev, SD_CTL) | SD_INT_MASK);

      return 0;
}


/*
 * Codec initialization
 */

static unsigned int azx_max_codecs[] __devinitdata = {
      [AZX_DRIVER_ICH] = 3,
      [AZX_DRIVER_ATI] = 4,
      [AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI] = 4,
      [AZX_DRIVER_VIA] = 3,         /* FIXME: correct? */
      [AZX_DRIVER_SIS] = 3,         /* FIXME: correct? */
      [AZX_DRIVER_ULI] = 3,         /* FIXME: correct? */
      [AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA] = 3,      /* FIXME: correct? */
};

static int __devinit azx_codec_create(struct azx *chip, const char *model)
{
      struct hda_bus_template bus_temp;
      int c, codecs, audio_codecs, err;

      memset(&bus_temp, 0, sizeof(bus_temp));
      bus_temp.private_data = chip;
      bus_temp.modelname = model;
      bus_temp.pci = chip->pci;
      bus_temp.ops.command = azx_send_cmd;
      bus_temp.ops.get_response = azx_get_response;
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE
      bus_temp.ops.pm_notify = azx_power_notify;
#endif

      err = snd_hda_bus_new(chip->card, &bus_temp, &chip->bus);
      if (err < 0)
            return err;

      codecs = audio_codecs = 0;
      for (c = 0; c < AZX_MAX_CODECS; c++) {
            if ((chip->codec_mask & (1 << c)) & probe_mask) {
                  struct hda_codec *codec;
                  err = snd_hda_codec_new(chip->bus, c, &codec);
                  if (err < 0)
                        continue;
                  codecs++;
                  if (codec->afg)
                        audio_codecs++;
            }
      }
      if (!audio_codecs) {
            /* probe additional slots if no codec is found */
            for (; c < azx_max_codecs[chip->driver_type]; c++) {
                  if ((chip->codec_mask & (1 << c)) & probe_mask) {
                        err = snd_hda_codec_new(chip->bus, c, NULL);
                        if (err < 0)
                              continue;
                        codecs++;
                  }
            }
      }
      if (!codecs) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "no codecs initialized\n");
            return -ENXIO;
      }

      return 0;
}


/*
 * PCM support
 */

/* assign a stream for the PCM */
static inline struct azx_dev *azx_assign_device(struct azx *chip, int stream)
{
      int dev, i, nums;
      if (stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
            dev = chip->playback_index_offset;
            nums = chip->playback_streams;
      } else {
            dev = chip->capture_index_offset;
            nums = chip->capture_streams;
      }
      for (i = 0; i < nums; i++, dev++)
            if (!chip->azx_dev[dev].opened) {
                  chip->azx_dev[dev].opened = 1;
                  return &chip->azx_dev[dev];
            }
      return NULL;
}

/* release the assigned stream */
static inline void azx_release_device(struct azx_dev *azx_dev)
{
      azx_dev->opened = 0;
}

static struct snd_pcm_hardware azx_pcm_hw = {
      .info =                 (SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
                         SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
                         SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER |
                         SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID |
                         /* No full-resume yet implemented */
                         /* SNDRV_PCM_INFO_RESUME |*/
                         SNDRV_PCM_INFO_PAUSE),
      .formats =        SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_LE,
      .rates =          SNDRV_PCM_RATE_48000,
      .rate_min =       48000,
      .rate_max =       48000,
      .channels_min =         2,
      .channels_max =         2,
      .buffer_bytes_max =     AZX_MAX_BUF_SIZE,
      .period_bytes_min =     128,
      .period_bytes_max =     AZX_MAX_BUF_SIZE / 2,
      .periods_min =          2,
      .periods_max =          AZX_MAX_FRAG,
      .fifo_size =            0,
};

struct azx_pcm {
      struct azx *chip;
      struct hda_codec *codec;
      struct hda_pcm_stream *hinfo[2];
};

static int azx_pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
      struct hda_pcm_stream *hinfo = apcm->hinfo[substream->stream];
      struct azx *chip = apcm->chip;
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev;
      struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
      unsigned long flags;
      int err;

      mutex_lock(&chip->open_mutex);
      azx_dev = azx_assign_device(chip, substream->stream);
      if (azx_dev == NULL) {
            mutex_unlock(&chip->open_mutex);
            return -EBUSY;
      }
      runtime->hw = azx_pcm_hw;
      runtime->hw.channels_min = hinfo->channels_min;
      runtime->hw.channels_max = hinfo->channels_max;
      runtime->hw.formats = hinfo->formats;
      runtime->hw.rates = hinfo->rates;
      snd_pcm_limit_hw_rates(runtime);
      snd_pcm_hw_constraint_integer(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS);
      snd_pcm_hw_constraint_step(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES,
                           128);
      snd_pcm_hw_constraint_step(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
                           128);
      snd_hda_power_up(apcm->codec);
      err = hinfo->ops.open(hinfo, apcm->codec, substream);
      if (err < 0) {
            azx_release_device(azx_dev);
            snd_hda_power_down(apcm->codec);
            mutex_unlock(&chip->open_mutex);
            return err;
      }
      spin_lock_irqsave(&chip->reg_lock, flags);
      azx_dev->substream = substream;
      azx_dev->running = 0;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&chip->reg_lock, flags);

      runtime->private_data = azx_dev;
      mutex_unlock(&chip->open_mutex);
      return 0;
}

static int azx_pcm_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
      struct hda_pcm_stream *hinfo = apcm->hinfo[substream->stream];
      struct azx *chip = apcm->chip;
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev = get_azx_dev(substream);
      unsigned long flags;

      mutex_lock(&chip->open_mutex);
      spin_lock_irqsave(&chip->reg_lock, flags);
      azx_dev->substream = NULL;
      azx_dev->running = 0;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&chip->reg_lock, flags);
      azx_release_device(azx_dev);
      hinfo->ops.close(hinfo, apcm->codec, substream);
      snd_hda_power_down(apcm->codec);
      mutex_unlock(&chip->open_mutex);
      return 0;
}

static int azx_pcm_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params *hw_params)
{
      return snd_pcm_lib_malloc_pages(substream,
                              params_buffer_bytes(hw_params));
}

static int azx_pcm_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev = get_azx_dev(substream);
      struct hda_pcm_stream *hinfo = apcm->hinfo[substream->stream];

      /* reset BDL address */
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_BDLPL, 0);
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_BDLPU, 0);
      azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_CTL, 0);

      hinfo->ops.cleanup(hinfo, apcm->codec, substream);

      return snd_pcm_lib_free_pages(substream);
}

static int azx_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
      struct azx *chip = apcm->chip;
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev = get_azx_dev(substream);
      struct hda_pcm_stream *hinfo = apcm->hinfo[substream->stream];
      struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;

      azx_dev->bufsize = snd_pcm_lib_buffer_bytes(substream);
      azx_dev->fragsize = snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream);
      azx_dev->frags = azx_dev->bufsize / azx_dev->fragsize;
      azx_dev->format_val = snd_hda_calc_stream_format(runtime->rate,
                                           runtime->channels,
                                           runtime->format,
                                           hinfo->maxbps);
      if (!azx_dev->format_val) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX
                     "invalid format_val, rate=%d, ch=%d, format=%d\n",
                     runtime->rate, runtime->channels, runtime->format);
            return -EINVAL;
      }

      snd_printdd("azx_pcm_prepare: bufsize=0x%x, fragsize=0x%x, "
                "format=0x%x\n",
                azx_dev->bufsize, azx_dev->fragsize, azx_dev->format_val);
      azx_setup_periods(azx_dev);
      azx_setup_controller(chip, azx_dev);
      if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
            azx_dev->fifo_size = azx_sd_readw(azx_dev, SD_FIFOSIZE) + 1;
      else
            azx_dev->fifo_size = 0;

      return hinfo->ops.prepare(hinfo, apcm->codec, azx_dev->stream_tag,
                          azx_dev->format_val, substream);
}

static int azx_pcm_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
{
      struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev = get_azx_dev(substream);
      struct azx *chip = apcm->chip;
      int err = 0;

      spin_lock(&chip->reg_lock);
      switch (cmd) {
      case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE:
      case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_RESUME:
      case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
            azx_stream_start(chip, azx_dev);
            azx_dev->running = 1;
            break;
      case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH:
      case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND:
      case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
            azx_stream_stop(chip, azx_dev);
            azx_dev->running = 0;
            break;
      default:
            err = -EINVAL;
      }
      spin_unlock(&chip->reg_lock);
      if (cmd == SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH ||
          cmd == SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND ||
          cmd == SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP) {
            int timeout = 5000;
            while ((azx_sd_readb(azx_dev, SD_CTL) & SD_CTL_DMA_START) &&
                   --timeout)
                  ;
      }
      return err;
}

static snd_pcm_uframes_t azx_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
      struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
      struct azx *chip = apcm->chip;
      struct azx_dev *azx_dev = get_azx_dev(substream);
      unsigned int pos;

      if (chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_POSBUF ||
          chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_AUTO) {
            /* use the position buffer */
            pos = le32_to_cpu(*azx_dev->posbuf);
            if (chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_AUTO &&
                azx_dev->period_intr == 1 && !pos) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING
                         "hda-intel: Invalid position buffer, "
                         "using LPIB read method instead.\n");
                  chip->position_fix = POS_FIX_NONE;
                  goto read_lpib;
            }
      } else {
      read_lpib:
            /* read LPIB */
            pos = azx_sd_readl(azx_dev, SD_LPIB);
            if (chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_FIFO)
                  pos += azx_dev->fifo_size;
      }
      if (pos >= azx_dev->bufsize)
            pos = 0;
      return bytes_to_frames(substream->runtime, pos);
}

static struct snd_pcm_ops azx_pcm_ops = {
      .open = azx_pcm_open,
      .close = azx_pcm_close,
      .ioctl = snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
      .hw_params = azx_pcm_hw_params,
      .hw_free = azx_pcm_hw_free,
      .prepare = azx_pcm_prepare,
      .trigger = azx_pcm_trigger,
      .pointer = azx_pcm_pointer,
};

static void azx_pcm_free(struct snd_pcm *pcm)
{
      kfree(pcm->private_data);
}

static int __devinit create_codec_pcm(struct azx *chip, struct hda_codec *codec,
                              struct hda_pcm *cpcm, int pcm_dev)
{
      int err;
      struct snd_pcm *pcm;
      struct azx_pcm *apcm;

      /* if no substreams are defined for both playback and capture,
       * it's just a placeholder.  ignore it.
       */
      if (!cpcm->stream[0].substreams && !cpcm->stream[1].substreams)
            return 0;

      snd_assert(cpcm->name, return -EINVAL);

      err = snd_pcm_new(chip->card, cpcm->name, pcm_dev,
                    cpcm->stream[0].substreams,
                    cpcm->stream[1].substreams,
                    &pcm);
      if (err < 0)
            return err;
      strcpy(pcm->name, cpcm->name);
      apcm = kmalloc(sizeof(*apcm), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (apcm == NULL)
            return -ENOMEM;
      apcm->chip = chip;
      apcm->codec = codec;
      apcm->hinfo[0] = &cpcm->stream[0];
      apcm->hinfo[1] = &cpcm->stream[1];
      pcm->private_data = apcm;
      pcm->private_free = azx_pcm_free;
      if (cpcm->stream[0].substreams)
            snd_pcm_set_ops(pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK, &azx_pcm_ops);
      if (cpcm->stream[1].substreams)
            snd_pcm_set_ops(pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE, &azx_pcm_ops);
      snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_pages_for_all(pcm, SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_DEV,
                                    snd_dma_pci_data(chip->pci),
                                    1024 * 64, 1024 * 1024);
      chip->pcm[pcm_dev] = pcm;
      if (chip->pcm_devs < pcm_dev + 1)
            chip->pcm_devs = pcm_dev + 1;

      return 0;
}

static int __devinit azx_pcm_create(struct azx *chip)
{
      struct hda_codec *codec;
      int c, err;
      int pcm_dev;

      err = snd_hda_build_pcms(chip->bus);
      if (err < 0)
            return err;

      /* create audio PCMs */
      pcm_dev = 0;
      list_for_each_entry(codec, &chip->bus->codec_list, list) {
            for (c = 0; c < codec->num_pcms; c++) {
                  if (codec->pcm_info[c].is_modem)
                        continue; /* create later */
                  if (pcm_dev >= AZX_MAX_AUDIO_PCMS) {
                        snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX
                                 "Too many audio PCMs\n");
                        return -EINVAL;
                  }
                  err = create_codec_pcm(chip, codec,
                                     &codec->pcm_info[c], pcm_dev);
                  if (err < 0)
                        return err;
                  pcm_dev++;
            }
      }

      /* create modem PCMs */
      pcm_dev = AZX_MAX_AUDIO_PCMS;
      list_for_each_entry(codec, &chip->bus->codec_list, list) {
            for (c = 0; c < codec->num_pcms; c++) {
                  if (!codec->pcm_info[c].is_modem)
                        continue; /* already created */
                  if (pcm_dev >= AZX_MAX_PCMS) {
                        snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX
                                 "Too many modem PCMs\n");
                        return -EINVAL;
                  }
                  err = create_codec_pcm(chip, codec,
                                     &codec->pcm_info[c], pcm_dev);
                  if (err < 0)
                        return err;
                  chip->pcm[pcm_dev]->dev_class = SNDRV_PCM_CLASS_MODEM;
                  pcm_dev++;
            }
      }
      return 0;
}

/*
 * mixer creation - all stuff is implemented in hda module
 */
static int __devinit azx_mixer_create(struct azx *chip)
{
      return snd_hda_build_controls(chip->bus);
}


/*
 * initialize SD streams
 */
static int __devinit azx_init_stream(struct azx *chip)
{
      int i;

      /* initialize each stream (aka device)
       * assign the starting bdl address to each stream (device)
       * and initialize
       */
      for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++) {
            unsigned int off = sizeof(u32) * (i * AZX_MAX_FRAG * 4);
            struct azx_dev *azx_dev = &chip->azx_dev[i];
            azx_dev->bdl = (u32 *)(chip->bdl.area + off);
            azx_dev->bdl_addr = chip->bdl.addr + off;
            azx_dev->posbuf = (u32 __iomem *)(chip->posbuf.area + i * 8);
            /* offset: SDI0=0x80, SDI1=0xa0, ... SDO3=0x160 */
            azx_dev->sd_addr = chip->remap_addr + (0x20 * i + 0x80);
            /* int mask: SDI0=0x01, SDI1=0x02, ... SDO3=0x80 */
            azx_dev->sd_int_sta_mask = 1 << i;
            /* stream tag: must be non-zero and unique */
            azx_dev->index = i;
            azx_dev->stream_tag = i + 1;
      }

      return 0;
}

static int azx_acquire_irq(struct azx *chip, int do_disconnect)
{
      if (request_irq(chip->pci->irq, azx_interrupt,
                  chip->msi ? 0 : IRQF_SHARED,
                  "HDA Intel", chip)) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "hda-intel: unable to grab IRQ %d, "
                   "disabling device\n", chip->pci->irq);
            if (do_disconnect)
                  snd_card_disconnect(chip->card);
            return -1;
      }
      chip->irq = chip->pci->irq;
      pci_intx(chip->pci, !chip->msi);
      return 0;
}


static void azx_stop_chip(struct azx *chip)
{
      if (!chip->initialized)
            return;

      /* disable interrupts */
      azx_int_disable(chip);
      azx_int_clear(chip);

      /* disable CORB/RIRB */
      azx_free_cmd_io(chip);

      /* disable position buffer */
      azx_writel(chip, DPLBASE, 0);
      azx_writel(chip, DPUBASE, 0);

      chip->initialized = 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE
/* power-up/down the controller */
static void azx_power_notify(struct hda_codec *codec)
{
      struct azx *chip = codec->bus->private_data;
      struct hda_codec *c;
      int power_on = 0;

      list_for_each_entry(c, &codec->bus->codec_list, list) {
            if (c->power_on) {
                  power_on = 1;
                  break;
            }
      }
      if (power_on)
            azx_init_chip(chip);
      else if (chip->running && power_save_controller)
            azx_stop_chip(chip);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE */

#ifdef CONFIG_PM
/*
 * power management
 */
static int azx_suspend(struct pci_dev *pci, pm_message_t state)
{
      struct snd_card *card = pci_get_drvdata(pci);
      struct azx *chip = card->private_data;
      int i;

      snd_power_change_state(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D3hot);
      for (i = 0; i < chip->pcm_devs; i++)
            snd_pcm_suspend_all(chip->pcm[i]);
      if (chip->initialized)
            snd_hda_suspend(chip->bus, state);
      azx_stop_chip(chip);
      if (chip->irq >= 0) {
            synchronize_irq(chip->irq);
            free_irq(chip->irq, chip);
            chip->irq = -1;
      }
      if (chip->msi)
            pci_disable_msi(chip->pci);
      pci_disable_device(pci);
      pci_save_state(pci);
      pci_set_power_state(pci, pci_choose_state(pci, state));
      return 0;
}

static int azx_resume(struct pci_dev *pci)
{
      struct snd_card *card = pci_get_drvdata(pci);
      struct azx *chip = card->private_data;

      pci_set_power_state(pci, PCI_D0);
      pci_restore_state(pci);
      if (pci_enable_device(pci) < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "hda-intel: pci_enable_device failed, "
                   "disabling device\n");
            snd_card_disconnect(card);
            return -EIO;
      }
      pci_set_master(pci);
      if (chip->msi)
            if (pci_enable_msi(pci) < 0)
                  chip->msi = 0;
      if (azx_acquire_irq(chip, 1) < 0)
            return -EIO;
      azx_init_pci(chip);

      if (snd_hda_codecs_inuse(chip->bus))
            azx_init_chip(chip);

      snd_hda_resume(chip->bus);
      snd_power_change_state(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
      return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PM */


/*
 * destructor
 */
static int azx_free(struct azx *chip)
{
      if (chip->initialized) {
            int i;
            for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++)
                  azx_stream_stop(chip, &chip->azx_dev[i]);
            azx_stop_chip(chip);
      }

      if (chip->irq >= 0) {
            synchronize_irq(chip->irq);
            free_irq(chip->irq, (void*)chip);
      }
      if (chip->msi)
            pci_disable_msi(chip->pci);
      if (chip->remap_addr)
            iounmap(chip->remap_addr);

      if (chip->bdl.area)
            snd_dma_free_pages(&chip->bdl);
      if (chip->rb.area)
            snd_dma_free_pages(&chip->rb);
      if (chip->posbuf.area)
            snd_dma_free_pages(&chip->posbuf);
      pci_release_regions(chip->pci);
      pci_disable_device(chip->pci);
      kfree(chip->azx_dev);
      kfree(chip);

      return 0;
}

static int azx_dev_free(struct snd_device *device)
{
      return azx_free(device->device_data);
}

/*
 * white/black-listing for position_fix
 */
static struct snd_pci_quirk position_fix_list[] __devinitdata = {
      SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x1028, 0x01cc, "Dell D820", POS_FIX_NONE),
      SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x1028, 0x01de, "Dell Precision 390", POS_FIX_NONE),
      {}
};

static int __devinit check_position_fix(struct azx *chip, int fix)
{
      const struct snd_pci_quirk *q;

      if (fix == POS_FIX_AUTO) {
            q = snd_pci_quirk_lookup(chip->pci, position_fix_list);
            if (q) {
                  printk(KERN_INFO
                            "hda_intel: position_fix set to %d "
                            "for device %04x:%04x\n",
                            q->value, q->subvendor, q->subdevice);
                  return q->value;
            }
      }
      return fix;
}

/*
 * black-lists for probe_mask
 */
static struct snd_pci_quirk probe_mask_list[] __devinitdata = {
      /* Thinkpad often breaks the controller communication when accessing
       * to the non-working (or non-existing) modem codec slot.
       */
      SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x1014, 0x05b7, "Thinkpad Z60", 0x01),
      SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x17aa, 0x2010, "Thinkpad X/T/R60", 0x01),
      SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x17aa, 0x20ac, "Thinkpad X/T/R61", 0x01),
      {}
};

static void __devinit check_probe_mask(struct azx *chip)
{
      const struct snd_pci_quirk *q;

      if (probe_mask == -1) {
            q = snd_pci_quirk_lookup(chip->pci, probe_mask_list);
            if (q) {
                  printk(KERN_INFO
                         "hda_intel: probe_mask set to 0x%x "
                         "for device %04x:%04x\n",
                         q->value, q->subvendor, q->subdevice);
                  probe_mask = q->value;
            }
      }
}


/*
 * constructor
 */
static int __devinit azx_create(struct snd_card *card, struct pci_dev *pci,
                        int driver_type,
                        struct azx **rchip)
{
      struct azx *chip;
      int err;
      static struct snd_device_ops ops = {
            .dev_free = azx_dev_free,
      };

      *rchip = NULL;
      
      err = pci_enable_device(pci);
      if (err < 0)
            return err;

      chip = kzalloc(sizeof(*chip), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!chip) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "cannot allocate chip\n");
            pci_disable_device(pci);
            return -ENOMEM;
      }

      spin_lock_init(&chip->reg_lock);
      mutex_init(&chip->open_mutex);
      chip->card = card;
      chip->pci = pci;
      chip->irq = -1;
      chip->driver_type = driver_type;
      chip->msi = enable_msi;

      chip->position_fix = check_position_fix(chip, position_fix);
      check_probe_mask(chip);

      chip->single_cmd = single_cmd;

#if BITS_PER_LONG != 64
      /* Fix up base address on ULI M5461 */
      if (chip->driver_type == AZX_DRIVER_ULI) {
            u16 tmp3;
            pci_read_config_word(pci, 0x40, &tmp3);
            pci_write_config_word(pci, 0x40, tmp3 | 0x10);
            pci_write_config_dword(pci, PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1, 0);
      }
#endif

      err = pci_request_regions(pci, "ICH HD audio");
      if (err < 0) {
            kfree(chip);
            pci_disable_device(pci);
            return err;
      }

      chip->addr = pci_resource_start(pci, 0);
      chip->remap_addr = ioremap_nocache(chip->addr, pci_resource_len(pci,0));
      if (chip->remap_addr == NULL) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "ioremap error\n");
            err = -ENXIO;
            goto errout;
      }

      if (chip->msi)
            if (pci_enable_msi(pci) < 0)
                  chip->msi = 0;

      if (azx_acquire_irq(chip, 0) < 0) {
            err = -EBUSY;
            goto errout;
      }

      pci_set_master(pci);
      synchronize_irq(chip->irq);

      switch (chip->driver_type) {
      case AZX_DRIVER_ULI:
            chip->playback_streams = ULI_NUM_PLAYBACK;
            chip->capture_streams = ULI_NUM_CAPTURE;
            chip->playback_index_offset = ULI_PLAYBACK_INDEX;
            chip->capture_index_offset = ULI_CAPTURE_INDEX;
            break;
      case AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI:
            chip->playback_streams = ATIHDMI_NUM_PLAYBACK;
            chip->capture_streams = ATIHDMI_NUM_CAPTURE;
            chip->playback_index_offset = ATIHDMI_PLAYBACK_INDEX;
            chip->capture_index_offset = ATIHDMI_CAPTURE_INDEX;
            break;
      default:
            chip->playback_streams = ICH6_NUM_PLAYBACK;
            chip->capture_streams = ICH6_NUM_CAPTURE;
            chip->playback_index_offset = ICH6_PLAYBACK_INDEX;
            chip->capture_index_offset = ICH6_CAPTURE_INDEX;
            break;
      }
      chip->num_streams = chip->playback_streams + chip->capture_streams;
      chip->azx_dev = kcalloc(chip->num_streams, sizeof(*chip->azx_dev),
                        GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!chip->azx_dev) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc azx_dev\n");
            goto errout;
      }

      /* allocate memory for the BDL for each stream */
      err = snd_dma_alloc_pages(SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_DEV,
                          snd_dma_pci_data(chip->pci),
                          BDL_SIZE, &chip->bdl);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "cannot allocate BDL\n");
            goto errout;
      }
      /* allocate memory for the position buffer */
      err = snd_dma_alloc_pages(SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_DEV,
                          snd_dma_pci_data(chip->pci),
                          chip->num_streams * 8, &chip->posbuf);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "cannot allocate posbuf\n");
            goto errout;
      }
      /* allocate CORB/RIRB */
      if (!chip->single_cmd) {
            err = azx_alloc_cmd_io(chip);
            if (err < 0)
                  goto errout;
      }

      /* initialize streams */
      azx_init_stream(chip);

      /* initialize chip */
      azx_init_pci(chip);
      azx_init_chip(chip);

      /* codec detection */
      if (!chip->codec_mask) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "no codecs found!\n");
            err = -ENODEV;
            goto errout;
      }

      err = snd_device_new(card, SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, chip, &ops);
      if (err <0) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "Error creating device [card]!\n");
            goto errout;
      }

      strcpy(card->driver, "HDA-Intel");
      strcpy(card->shortname, driver_short_names[chip->driver_type]);
      sprintf(card->longname, "%s at 0x%lx irq %i",
            card->shortname, chip->addr, chip->irq);

      *rchip = chip;
      return 0;

 errout:
      azx_free(chip);
      return err;
}

static void power_down_all_codecs(struct azx *chip)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_HDA_POWER_SAVE
      /* The codecs were powered up in snd_hda_codec_new().
       * Now all initialization done, so turn them down if possible
       */
      struct hda_codec *codec;
      list_for_each_entry(codec, &chip->bus->codec_list, list) {
            snd_hda_power_down(codec);
      }
#endif
}

static int __devinit azx_probe(struct pci_dev *pci,
                         const struct pci_device_id *pci_id)
{
      struct snd_card *card;
      struct azx *chip;
      int err;

      card = snd_card_new(index, id, THIS_MODULE, 0);
      if (!card) {
            snd_printk(KERN_ERR SFX "Error creating card!\n");
            return -ENOMEM;
      }

      err = azx_create(card, pci, pci_id->driver_data, &chip);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_card_free(card);
            return err;
      }
      card->private_data = chip;

      /* create codec instances */
      err = azx_codec_create(chip, model);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_card_free(card);
            return err;
      }

      /* create PCM streams */
      err = azx_pcm_create(chip);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_card_free(card);
            return err;
      }

      /* create mixer controls */
      err = azx_mixer_create(chip);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_card_free(card);
            return err;
      }

      snd_card_set_dev(card, &pci->dev);

      err = snd_card_register(card);
      if (err < 0) {
            snd_card_free(card);
            return err;
      }

      pci_set_drvdata(pci, card);
      chip->running = 1;
      power_down_all_codecs(chip);

      return err;
}

static void __devexit azx_remove(struct pci_dev *pci)
{
      snd_card_free(pci_get_drvdata(pci));
      pci_set_drvdata(pci, NULL);
}

/* PCI IDs */
static struct pci_device_id azx_ids[] = {
      { 0x8086, 0x2668, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ICH }, /* ICH6 */
      { 0x8086, 0x27d8, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ICH }, /* ICH7 */
      { 0x8086, 0x269a, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ICH }, /* ESB2 */
      { 0x8086, 0x284b, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ICH }, /* ICH8 */
      { 0x8086, 0x293e, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ICH }, /* ICH9 */
      { 0x8086, 0x293f, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ICH }, /* ICH9 */
      { 0x1002, 0x437b, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ATI }, /* ATI SB450 */
      { 0x1002, 0x4383, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ATI }, /* ATI SB600 */
      { 0x1002, 0x793b, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI }, /* ATI RS600 HDMI */
      { 0x1002, 0x7919, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI }, /* ATI RS690 HDMI */
      { 0x1002, 0x960c, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI }, /* ATI RS780 HDMI */
      { 0x1002, 0xaa00, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ATIHDMI }, /* ATI R600 HDMI */
      { 0x1106, 0x3288, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_VIA }, /* VIA VT8251/VT8237A */
      { 0x1039, 0x7502, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_SIS }, /* SIS966 */
      { 0x10b9, 0x5461, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_ULI }, /* ULI M5461 */
      { 0x10de, 0x026c, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP51 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0371, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP55 */
      { 0x10de, 0x03e4, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP61 */
      { 0x10de, 0x03f0, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP61 */
      { 0x10de, 0x044a, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP65 */
      { 0x10de, 0x044b, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP65 */
      { 0x10de, 0x055c, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP67 */
      { 0x10de, 0x055d, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP67 */
      { 0x10de, 0x07fc, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP73 */
      { 0x10de, 0x07fd, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP73 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0774, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP77 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0775, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP77 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0776, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP77 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0777, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP77 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0ac0, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP79 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0ac1, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP79 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0ac2, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP79 */
      { 0x10de, 0x0ac3, PCI_ANY_ID, PCI_ANY_ID, 0, 0, AZX_DRIVER_NVIDIA }, /* NVIDIA MCP79 */
      { 0, }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, azx_ids);

/* pci_driver definition */
static struct pci_driver driver = {
      .name = "HDA Intel",
      .id_table = azx_ids,
      .probe = azx_probe,
      .remove = __devexit_p(azx_remove),
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
      .suspend = azx_suspend,
      .resume = azx_resume,
#endif
};

static int __init alsa_card_azx_init(void)
{
      return pci_register_driver(&driver);
}

static void __exit alsa_card_azx_exit(void)
{
      pci_unregister_driver(&driver);
}

module_init(alsa_card_azx_init)
module_exit(alsa_card_azx_exit)

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