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hvcs.c

/*
 * IBM eServer Hypervisor Virtual Console Server Device Driver
 * Copyright (C) 2003, 2004 IBM Corp.
 *  Ryan S. Arnold (rsa@us.ibm.com)
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 * Author(s) :  Ryan S. Arnold <rsa@us.ibm.com>
 *
 * This is the device driver for the IBM Hypervisor Virtual Console Server,
 * "hvcs".  The IBM hvcs provides a tty driver interface to allow Linux
 * user space applications access to the system consoles of logically
 * partitioned operating systems, e.g. Linux, running on the same partitioned
 * Power5 ppc64 system.  Physical hardware consoles per partition are not
 * practical on this hardware so system consoles are accessed by this driver
 * using inter-partition firmware interfaces to virtual terminal devices.
 *
 * A vty is known to the HMC as a "virtual serial server adapter".  It is a
 * virtual terminal device that is created by firmware upon partition creation
 * to act as a partitioned OS's console device.
 *
 * Firmware dynamically (via hotplug) exposes vty-servers to a running ppc64
 * Linux system upon their creation by the HMC or their exposure during boot.
 * The non-user interactive backend of this driver is implemented as a vio
 * device driver so that it can receive notification of vty-server lifetimes
 * after it registers with the vio bus to handle vty-server probe and remove
 * callbacks.
 *
 * Many vty-servers can be configured to connect to one vty, but a vty can
 * only be actively connected to by a single vty-server, in any manner, at one
 * time.  If the HMC is currently hosting the console for a target Linux
 * partition; attempts to open the tty device to the partition's console using
 * the hvcs on any partition will return -EBUSY with every open attempt until
 * the HMC frees the connection between its vty-server and the desired
 * partition's vty device.  Conversely, a vty-server may only be connected to
 * a single vty at one time even though it may have several configured vty
 * partner possibilities.
 *
 * Firmware does not provide notification of vty partner changes to this
 * driver.  This means that an HMC Super Admin may add or remove partner vtys
 * from a vty-server's partner list but the changes will not be signaled to
 * the vty-server.  Firmware only notifies the driver when a vty-server is
 * added or removed from the system.  To compensate for this deficiency, this
 * driver implements a sysfs update attribute which provides a method for
 * rescanning partner information upon a user's request.
 *
 * Each vty-server, prior to being exposed to this driver is reference counted
 * using the 2.6 Linux kernel kobject construct.  This kobject is also used by
 * the vio bus to provide a vio device sysfs entry that this driver attaches
 * device specific attributes to, including partner information.  The vio bus
 * framework also provides a sysfs entry for each vio driver.  The hvcs driver
 * provides driver attributes in this entry.
 *
 * For direction on installation and usage of this driver please reference
 * Documentation/powerpc/hvcs.txt.
 */

#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
#include <asm/hvconsole.h>
#include <asm/hvcserver.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/vio.h>

/*
 * 1.3.0 -> 1.3.1 In hvcs_open memset(..,0x00,..) instead of memset(..,0x3F,00).
 * Removed braces around single statements following conditionals.  Removed '=
 * 0' after static int declarations since these default to zero.  Removed
 * list_for_each_safe() and replaced with list_for_each_entry() in
 * hvcs_get_by_index().  The 'safe' version is un-needed now that the driver is
 * using spinlocks.  Changed spin_lock_irqsave() to spin_lock() when locking
 * hvcs_structs_lock and hvcs_pi_lock since these are not touched in an int
 * handler.  Initialized hvcs_structs_lock and hvcs_pi_lock to
 * SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED at declaration time rather than in hvcs_module_init().
 * Added spin_lock around list_del() in destroy_hvcs_struct() to protect the
 * list traversals from a deletion.  Removed '= NULL' from pointer declaration
 * statements since they are initialized NULL by default.  Removed wmb()
 * instances from hvcs_try_write().  They probably aren't needed with locking in
 * place.  Added check and cleanup for hvcs_pi_buff = kmalloc() in
 * hvcs_module_init().  Exposed hvcs_struct.index via a sysfs attribute so that
 * the coupling between /dev/hvcs* and a vty-server can be automatically
 * determined.  Moved kobject_put() in hvcs_open outside of the
 * spin_unlock_irqrestore().
 *
 * 1.3.1 -> 1.3.2 Changed method for determining hvcs_struct->index and had it
 * align with how the tty layer always assigns the lowest index available.  This
 * change resulted in a list of ints that denotes which indexes are available.
 * Device additions and removals use the new hvcs_get_index() and
 * hvcs_return_index() helper functions.  The list is created with
 * hvsc_alloc_index_list() and it is destroyed with hvcs_free_index_list().
 * Without these fixes hotplug vty-server adapter support goes crazy with this
 * driver if the user removes a vty-server adapter.  Moved free_irq() outside of
 * the hvcs_final_close() function in order to get it out of the spinlock.
 * Rearranged hvcs_close().  Cleaned up some printks and did some housekeeping
 * on the changelog.  Removed local CLC_LENGTH and used HVCS_CLC_LENGTH from
 * include/asm-powerpc/hvcserver.h 
 *
 * 1.3.2 -> 1.3.3 Replaced yield() in hvcs_close() with tty_wait_until_sent() to
 * prevent possible lockup with realtime scheduling as similarily pointed out by
 * akpm in hvc_console.  Changed resulted in the removal of hvcs_final_close()
 * to reorder cleanup operations and prevent discarding of pending data during
 * an hvcs_close().  Removed spinlock protection of hvcs_struct data members in
 * hvcs_write_room() and hvcs_chars_in_buffer() because they aren't needed.
 */

#define HVCS_DRIVER_VERSION "1.3.3"

MODULE_AUTHOR("Ryan S. Arnold <rsa@us.ibm.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("IBM hvcs (Hypervisor Virtual Console Server) Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_VERSION(HVCS_DRIVER_VERSION);

/*
 * Wait this long per iteration while trying to push buffered data to the
 * hypervisor before allowing the tty to complete a close operation.
 */
#define HVCS_CLOSE_WAIT (HZ/100) /* 1/10 of a second */

/*
 * Since the Linux TTY code does not currently (2-04-2004) support dynamic
 * addition of tty derived devices and we shouldn't allocate thousands of
 * tty_device pointers when the number of vty-server & vty partner connections
 * will most often be much lower than this, we'll arbitrarily allocate
 * HVCS_DEFAULT_SERVER_ADAPTERS tty_structs and cdev's by default when we
 * register the tty_driver. This can be overridden using an insmod parameter.
 */
#define HVCS_DEFAULT_SERVER_ADAPTERS      64

/*
 * The user can't insmod with more than HVCS_MAX_SERVER_ADAPTERS hvcs device
 * nodes as a sanity check.  Theoretically there can be over 1 Billion
 * vty-server & vty partner connections.
 */
#define HVCS_MAX_SERVER_ADAPTERS    1024

/*
 * We let Linux assign us a major number and we start the minors at zero.  There
 * is no intuitive mapping between minor number and the target vty-server
 * adapter except that each new vty-server adapter is always assigned to the
 * smallest minor number available.
 */
#define HVCS_MINOR_START      0

/*
 * The hcall interface involves putting 8 chars into each of two registers.
 * We load up those 2 registers (in arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hvconsole.c)
 * by casting char[16] to long[2].  It would work without __ALIGNED__, but a 
 * little (tiny) bit slower because an unaligned load is slower than aligned 
 * load.
 */
#define __ALIGNED__     __attribute__((__aligned__(8)))

/*
 * How much data can firmware send with each hvc_put_chars()?  Maybe this
 * should be moved into an architecture specific area.
 */
#define HVCS_BUFF_LEN   16

/*
 * This is the maximum amount of data we'll let the user send us (hvcs_write) at
 * once in a chunk as a sanity check.
 */
#define HVCS_MAX_FROM_USER    4096

/*
 * Be careful when adding flags to this line discipline.  Don't add anything
 * that will cause echoing or we'll go into recursive loop echoing chars back
 * and forth with the console drivers.
 */
static struct ktermios hvcs_tty_termios = {
      .c_iflag = IGNBRK | IGNPAR,
      .c_oflag = OPOST,
      .c_cflag = B38400 | CS8 | CREAD | HUPCL,
      .c_cc = INIT_C_CC,
      .c_ispeed = 38400,
      .c_ospeed = 38400
};

/*
 * This value is used to take the place of a command line parameter when the
 * module is inserted.  It starts as -1 and stays as such if the user doesn't
 * specify a module insmod parameter.  If they DO specify one then it is set to
 * the value of the integer passed in.
 */
static int hvcs_parm_num_devs = -1;
module_param(hvcs_parm_num_devs, int, 0);

static const char hvcs_driver_name[] = "hvcs";
static const char hvcs_device_node[] = "hvcs";
static const char hvcs_driver_string[]
      = "IBM hvcs (Hypervisor Virtual Console Server) Driver";

/* Status of partner info rescan triggered via sysfs. */
static int hvcs_rescan_status;

static struct tty_driver *hvcs_tty_driver;

/*
 * In order to be somewhat sane this driver always associates the hvcs_struct
 * index element with the numerically equal tty->index.  This means that a
 * hotplugged vty-server adapter will always map to the lowest index valued
 * device node.  If vty-servers were hotplug removed from the system and then
 * new ones added the new vty-server may have the largest slot number of all
 * the vty-server adapters in the partition but it may have the lowest dev node
 * index of all the adapters due to the hole left by the hotplug removed
 * adapter.  There are a set of functions provided to get the lowest index for
 * a new device as well as return the index to the list.  This list is allocated
 * with a number of elements equal to the number of device nodes requested when
 * the module was inserted.
 */
static int *hvcs_index_list;

/*
 * How large is the list?  This is kept for traversal since the list is
 * dynamically created.
 */
static int hvcs_index_count;

/*
 * Used by the khvcsd to pick up I/O operations when the kernel_thread is
 * already awake but potentially shifted to TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE state.
 */
static int hvcs_kicked;

/*
 * Use by the kthread construct for task operations like waking the sleeping
 * thread and stopping the kthread.
 */
static struct task_struct *hvcs_task;

/*
 * We allocate this for the use of all of the hvcs_structs when they fetch
 * partner info.
 */
static unsigned long *hvcs_pi_buff;

/* Only allow one hvcs_struct to use the hvcs_pi_buff at a time. */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(hvcs_pi_lock);

/* One vty-server per hvcs_struct */
struct hvcs_struct {
      spinlock_t lock;

      /*
       * This index identifies this hvcs device as the complement to a
       * specific tty index.
       */
      unsigned int index;

      struct tty_struct *tty;
      unsigned int open_count;

      /*
       * Used to tell the driver kernel_thread what operations need to take
       * place upon this hvcs_struct instance.
       */
      int todo_mask;

      /*
       * This buffer is required so that when hvcs_write_room() reports that
       * it can send HVCS_BUFF_LEN characters that it will buffer the full
       * HVCS_BUFF_LEN characters if need be.  This is essential for opost
       * writes since they do not do high level buffering and expect to be
       * able to send what the driver commits to sending buffering
       * [e.g. tab to space conversions in n_tty.c opost()].
       */
      char buffer[HVCS_BUFF_LEN];
      int chars_in_buffer;

      /*
       * Any variable below the kobject is valid before a tty is connected and
       * stays valid after the tty is disconnected.  These shouldn't be
       * whacked until the koject refcount reaches zero though some entries
       * may be changed via sysfs initiatives.
       */
      struct kobject kobj; /* ref count & hvcs_struct lifetime */
      int connected; /* is the vty-server currently connected to a vty? */
      uint32_t p_unit_address; /* partner unit address */
      uint32_t p_partition_ID; /* partner partition ID */
      char p_location_code[HVCS_CLC_LENGTH + 1]; /* CLC + Null Term */
      struct list_head next; /* list management */
      struct vio_dev *vdev;
};

/* Required to back map a kobject to its containing object */
#define from_kobj(kobj) container_of(kobj, struct hvcs_struct, kobj)

static struct list_head hvcs_structs = LIST_HEAD_INIT(hvcs_structs);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(hvcs_structs_lock);

static void hvcs_unthrottle(struct tty_struct *tty);
static void hvcs_throttle(struct tty_struct *tty);
static irqreturn_t hvcs_handle_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance);

static int hvcs_write(struct tty_struct *tty,
            const unsigned char *buf, int count);
static int hvcs_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty);
static int hvcs_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty);

static int hvcs_has_pi(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd);
static void hvcs_set_pi(struct hvcs_partner_info *pi,
            struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd);
static int hvcs_get_pi(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd);
static int hvcs_rescan_devices_list(void);

static int hvcs_partner_connect(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd);
static void hvcs_partner_free(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd);

static int hvcs_enable_device(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd,
            uint32_t unit_address, unsigned int irq, struct vio_dev *dev);

static void destroy_hvcs_struct(struct kobject *kobj);
static int hvcs_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp);
static void hvcs_close(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp);
static void hvcs_hangup(struct tty_struct * tty);

static int __devinit hvcs_probe(struct vio_dev *dev,
            const struct vio_device_id *id);
static int __devexit hvcs_remove(struct vio_dev *dev);
static int __init hvcs_module_init(void);
static void __exit hvcs_module_exit(void);

#define HVCS_SCHED_READ 0x00000001
#define HVCS_QUICK_READ 0x00000002
#define HVCS_TRY_WRITE  0x00000004
#define HVCS_READ_MASK  (HVCS_SCHED_READ | HVCS_QUICK_READ)

static inline struct hvcs_struct *from_vio_dev(struct vio_dev *viod)
{
      return viod->dev.driver_data;
}
/* The sysfs interface for the driver and devices */

static ssize_t hvcs_partner_vtys_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct vio_dev *viod = to_vio_dev(dev);
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = from_vio_dev(viod);
      unsigned long flags;
      int retval;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      retval = sprintf(buf, "%X\n", hvcsd->p_unit_address);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      return retval;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(partner_vtys, S_IRUGO, hvcs_partner_vtys_show, NULL);

static ssize_t hvcs_partner_clcs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct vio_dev *viod = to_vio_dev(dev);
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = from_vio_dev(viod);
      unsigned long flags;
      int retval;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      retval = sprintf(buf, "%s\n", &hvcsd->p_location_code[0]);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      return retval;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(partner_clcs, S_IRUGO, hvcs_partner_clcs_show, NULL);

static ssize_t hvcs_current_vty_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char * buf,
            size_t count)
{
      /*
       * Don't need this feature at the present time because firmware doesn't
       * yet support multiple partners.
       */
      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: Denied current_vty change: -EPERM.\n");
      return -EPERM;
}

static ssize_t hvcs_current_vty_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct vio_dev *viod = to_vio_dev(dev);
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = from_vio_dev(viod);
      unsigned long flags;
      int retval;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      retval = sprintf(buf, "%s\n", &hvcsd->p_location_code[0]);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      return retval;
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(current_vty,
      S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, hvcs_current_vty_show, hvcs_current_vty_store);

static ssize_t hvcs_vterm_state_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf,
            size_t count)
{
      struct vio_dev *viod = to_vio_dev(dev);
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = from_vio_dev(viod);
      unsigned long flags;

      /* writing a '0' to this sysfs entry will result in the disconnect. */
      if (simple_strtol(buf, NULL, 0) != 0)
            return -EINVAL;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      if (hvcsd->open_count > 0) {
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
            printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: vterm state unchanged.  "
                        "The hvcs device node is still in use.\n");
            return -EPERM;
      }

      if (hvcsd->connected == 0) {
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
            printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: vterm state unchanged. The"
                        " vty-server is not connected to a vty.\n");
            return -EPERM;
      }

      hvcs_partner_free(hvcsd);
      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: Closed vty-server@%X and"
                  " partner vty@%X:%d connection.\n",
                  hvcsd->vdev->unit_address,
                  hvcsd->p_unit_address,
                  (uint32_t)hvcsd->p_partition_ID);

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      return count;
}

static ssize_t hvcs_vterm_state_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct vio_dev *viod = to_vio_dev(dev);
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = from_vio_dev(viod);
      unsigned long flags;
      int retval;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      retval = sprintf(buf, "%d\n", hvcsd->connected);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      return retval;
}
static DEVICE_ATTR(vterm_state, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
            hvcs_vterm_state_show, hvcs_vterm_state_store);

static ssize_t hvcs_index_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
      struct vio_dev *viod = to_vio_dev(dev);
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = from_vio_dev(viod);
      unsigned long flags;
      int retval;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      retval = sprintf(buf, "%d\n", hvcsd->index);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      return retval;
}

static DEVICE_ATTR(index, S_IRUGO, hvcs_index_show, NULL);

static struct attribute *hvcs_attrs[] = {
      &dev_attr_partner_vtys.attr,
      &dev_attr_partner_clcs.attr,
      &dev_attr_current_vty.attr,
      &dev_attr_vterm_state.attr,
      &dev_attr_index.attr,
      NULL,
};

static struct attribute_group hvcs_attr_group = {
      .attrs = hvcs_attrs,
};

static ssize_t hvcs_rescan_show(struct device_driver *ddp, char *buf)
{
      /* A 1 means it is updating, a 0 means it is done updating */
      return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", hvcs_rescan_status);
}

static ssize_t hvcs_rescan_store(struct device_driver *ddp, const char * buf,
            size_t count)
{
      if ((simple_strtol(buf, NULL, 0) != 1)
            && (hvcs_rescan_status != 0))
            return -EINVAL;

      hvcs_rescan_status = 1;
      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: rescanning partner info for all"
            " vty-servers.\n");
      hvcs_rescan_devices_list();
      hvcs_rescan_status = 0;
      return count;
}

static DRIVER_ATTR(rescan,
      S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, hvcs_rescan_show, hvcs_rescan_store);

static void hvcs_kick(void)
{
      hvcs_kicked = 1;
      wmb();
      wake_up_process(hvcs_task);
}

static void hvcs_unthrottle(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = tty->driver_data;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      hvcsd->todo_mask |= HVCS_SCHED_READ;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      hvcs_kick();
}

static void hvcs_throttle(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = tty->driver_data;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      vio_disable_interrupts(hvcsd->vdev);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
}

/*
 * If the device is being removed we don't have to worry about this interrupt
 * handler taking any further interrupts because they are disabled which means
 * the hvcs_struct will always be valid in this handler.
 */
static irqreturn_t hvcs_handle_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = dev_instance;

      spin_lock(&hvcsd->lock);
      vio_disable_interrupts(hvcsd->vdev);
      hvcsd->todo_mask |= HVCS_SCHED_READ;
      spin_unlock(&hvcsd->lock);
      hvcs_kick();

      return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

/* This function must be called with the hvcsd->lock held */
static void hvcs_try_write(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd)
{
      uint32_t unit_address = hvcsd->vdev->unit_address;
      struct tty_struct *tty = hvcsd->tty;
      int sent;

      if (hvcsd->todo_mask & HVCS_TRY_WRITE) {
            /* won't send partial writes */
            sent = hvc_put_chars(unit_address,
                        &hvcsd->buffer[0],
                        hvcsd->chars_in_buffer );
            if (sent > 0) {
                  hvcsd->chars_in_buffer = 0;
                  /* wmb(); */
                  hvcsd->todo_mask &= ~(HVCS_TRY_WRITE);
                  /* wmb(); */

                  /*
                   * We are still obligated to deliver the data to the
                   * hypervisor even if the tty has been closed because
                   * we commited to delivering it.  But don't try to wake
                   * a non-existent tty.
                   */
                  if (tty) {
                        tty_wakeup(tty);
                  }
            }
      }
}

static int hvcs_io(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd)
{
      uint32_t unit_address;
      struct tty_struct *tty;
      char buf[HVCS_BUFF_LEN] __ALIGNED__;
      unsigned long flags;
      int got = 0;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      unit_address = hvcsd->vdev->unit_address;
      tty = hvcsd->tty;

      hvcs_try_write(hvcsd);

      if (!tty || test_bit(TTY_THROTTLED, &tty->flags)) {
            hvcsd->todo_mask &= ~(HVCS_READ_MASK);
            goto bail;
      } else if (!(hvcsd->todo_mask & (HVCS_READ_MASK)))
            goto bail;

      /* remove the read masks */
      hvcsd->todo_mask &= ~(HVCS_READ_MASK);

      if (tty_buffer_request_room(tty, HVCS_BUFF_LEN) >= HVCS_BUFF_LEN) {
            got = hvc_get_chars(unit_address,
                        &buf[0],
                        HVCS_BUFF_LEN);
            tty_insert_flip_string(tty, buf, got);
      }

      /* Give the TTY time to process the data we just sent. */
      if (got)
            hvcsd->todo_mask |= HVCS_QUICK_READ;

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      /* This is synch because tty->low_latency == 1 */
      if(got)
            tty_flip_buffer_push(tty);

      if (!got) {
            /* Do this _after_ the flip_buffer_push */
            spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
            vio_enable_interrupts(hvcsd->vdev);
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      }

      return hvcsd->todo_mask;

 bail:
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      return hvcsd->todo_mask;
}

static int khvcsd(void *unused)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd;
      int hvcs_todo_mask;

      __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);

      do {
            hvcs_todo_mask = 0;
            hvcs_kicked = 0;
            wmb();

            spin_lock(&hvcs_structs_lock);
            list_for_each_entry(hvcsd, &hvcs_structs, next) {
                  hvcs_todo_mask |= hvcs_io(hvcsd);
            }
            spin_unlock(&hvcs_structs_lock);

            /*
             * If any of the hvcs adapters want to try a write or quick read
             * don't schedule(), yield a smidgen then execute the hvcs_io
             * thread again for those that want the write.
             */
             if (hvcs_todo_mask & (HVCS_TRY_WRITE | HVCS_QUICK_READ)) {
                  yield();
                  continue;
            }

            set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
            if (!hvcs_kicked)
                  schedule();
            __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
      } while (!kthread_should_stop());

      return 0;
}

static struct vio_device_id hvcs_driver_table[] __devinitdata= {
      {"serial-server", "hvterm2"},
      { "", "" }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(vio, hvcs_driver_table);

static void hvcs_return_index(int index)
{
      /* Paranoia check */
      if (!hvcs_index_list)
            return;
      if (index < 0 || index >= hvcs_index_count)
            return;
      if (hvcs_index_list[index] == -1)
            return;
      else
            hvcs_index_list[index] = -1;
}

/* callback when the kboject ref count reaches zero */
static void destroy_hvcs_struct(struct kobject *kobj)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = from_kobj(kobj);
      struct vio_dev *vdev;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock(&hvcs_structs_lock);
      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      /* the list_del poisons the pointers */
      list_del(&(hvcsd->next));

      if (hvcsd->connected == 1) {
            hvcs_partner_free(hvcsd);
            printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: Closed vty-server@%X and"
                        " partner vty@%X:%d connection.\n",
                        hvcsd->vdev->unit_address,
                        hvcsd->p_unit_address,
                        (uint32_t)hvcsd->p_partition_ID);
      }
      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: Destroyed hvcs_struct for vty-server@%X.\n",
                  hvcsd->vdev->unit_address);

      vdev = hvcsd->vdev;
      hvcsd->vdev = NULL;

      hvcsd->p_unit_address = 0;
      hvcsd->p_partition_ID = 0;
      hvcs_return_index(hvcsd->index);
      memset(&hvcsd->p_location_code[0], 0x00, HVCS_CLC_LENGTH + 1);

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      spin_unlock(&hvcs_structs_lock);

      sysfs_remove_group(&vdev->dev.kobj, &hvcs_attr_group);

      kfree(hvcsd);
}

static struct kobj_type hvcs_kobj_type = {
      .release = destroy_hvcs_struct,
};

static int hvcs_get_index(void)
{
      int i;
      /* Paranoia check */
      if (!hvcs_index_list) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: hvcs_index_list NOT valid!.\n");
            return -EFAULT;
      }
      /* Find the numerically lowest first free index. */
      for(i = 0; i < hvcs_index_count; i++) {
            if (hvcs_index_list[i] == -1) {
                  hvcs_index_list[i] = 0;
                  return i;
            }
      }
      return -1;
}

static int __devinit hvcs_probe(
      struct vio_dev *dev,
      const struct vio_device_id *id)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd;
      int index;
      int retval;

      if (!dev || !id) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: probed with invalid parameter.\n");
            return -EPERM;
      }

      /* early to avoid cleanup on failure */
      index = hvcs_get_index();
      if (index < 0) {
            return -EFAULT;
      }

      hvcsd = kzalloc(sizeof(*hvcsd), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!hvcsd)
            return -ENODEV;


      spin_lock_init(&hvcsd->lock);
      /* Automatically incs the refcount the first time */
      kobject_init(&hvcsd->kobj);
      /* Set up the callback for terminating the hvcs_struct's life */
      hvcsd->kobj.ktype = &hvcs_kobj_type;

      hvcsd->vdev = dev;
      dev->dev.driver_data = hvcsd;

      hvcsd->index = index;

      /* hvcsd->index = ++hvcs_struct_count; */
      hvcsd->chars_in_buffer = 0;
      hvcsd->todo_mask = 0;
      hvcsd->connected = 0;

      /*
       * This will populate the hvcs_struct's partner info fields for the
       * first time.
       */
      if (hvcs_get_pi(hvcsd)) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: Failed to fetch partner"
                  " info for vty-server@%X on device probe.\n",
                  hvcsd->vdev->unit_address);
      }

      /*
       * If a user app opens a tty that corresponds to this vty-server before
       * the hvcs_struct has been added to the devices list then the user app
       * will get -ENODEV.
       */
      spin_lock(&hvcs_structs_lock);
      list_add_tail(&(hvcsd->next), &hvcs_structs);
      spin_unlock(&hvcs_structs_lock);

      retval = sysfs_create_group(&dev->dev.kobj, &hvcs_attr_group);
      if (retval) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: Can't create sysfs attrs for vty-server@%X\n",
                   hvcsd->vdev->unit_address);
            return retval;
      }

      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: vty-server@%X added to the vio bus.\n", dev->unit_address);

      /*
       * DON'T enable interrupts here because there is no user to receive the
       * data.
       */
      return 0;
}

static int __devexit hvcs_remove(struct vio_dev *dev)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = dev->dev.driver_data;
      unsigned long flags;
      struct kobject *kobjp;
      struct tty_struct *tty;

      if (!hvcsd)
            return -ENODEV;

      /* By this time the vty-server won't be getting any more interrups */

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      tty = hvcsd->tty;

      kobjp = &hvcsd->kobj;

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      /*
       * Let the last holder of this object cause it to be removed, which
       * would probably be tty_hangup below.
       */
      kobject_put (kobjp);

      /*
       * The hangup is a scheduled function which will auto chain call
       * hvcs_hangup.  The tty should always be valid at this time unless a
       * simultaneous tty close already cleaned up the hvcs_struct.
       */
      if (tty)
            tty_hangup(tty);

      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: vty-server@%X removed from the"
                  " vio bus.\n", dev->unit_address);
      return 0;
};

static struct vio_driver hvcs_vio_driver = {
      .id_table   = hvcs_driver_table,
      .probe            = hvcs_probe,
      .remove           = hvcs_remove,
      .driver           = {
            .name = hvcs_driver_name,
            .owner      = THIS_MODULE,
      }
};

/* Only called from hvcs_get_pi please */
static void hvcs_set_pi(struct hvcs_partner_info *pi, struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd)
{
      int clclength;

      hvcsd->p_unit_address = pi->unit_address;
      hvcsd->p_partition_ID  = pi->partition_ID;
      clclength = strlen(&pi->location_code[0]);
      if (clclength > HVCS_CLC_LENGTH)
            clclength = HVCS_CLC_LENGTH;

      /* copy the null-term char too */
      strncpy(&hvcsd->p_location_code[0],
                  &pi->location_code[0], clclength + 1);
}

/*
 * Traverse the list and add the partner info that is found to the hvcs_struct
 * struct entry. NOTE: At this time I know that partner info will return a
 * single entry but in the future there may be multiple partner info entries per
 * vty-server and you'll want to zero out that list and reset it.  If for some
 * reason you have an old version of this driver but there IS more than one
 * partner info then hvcsd->p_* will hold the last partner info data from the
 * firmware query.  A good way to update this code would be to replace the three
 * partner info fields in hvcs_struct with a list of hvcs_partner_info
 * instances.
 *
 * This function must be called with the hvcsd->lock held.
 */
static int hvcs_get_pi(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd)
{
      struct hvcs_partner_info *pi;
      uint32_t unit_address = hvcsd->vdev->unit_address;
      struct list_head head;
      int retval;

      spin_lock(&hvcs_pi_lock);
      if (!hvcs_pi_buff) {
            spin_unlock(&hvcs_pi_lock);
            return -EFAULT;
      }
      retval = hvcs_get_partner_info(unit_address, &head, hvcs_pi_buff);
      spin_unlock(&hvcs_pi_lock);
      if (retval) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: Failed to fetch partner"
                  " info for vty-server@%x.\n", unit_address);
            return retval;
      }

      /* nixes the values if the partner vty went away */
      hvcsd->p_unit_address = 0;
      hvcsd->p_partition_ID = 0;

      list_for_each_entry(pi, &head, node)
            hvcs_set_pi(pi, hvcsd);

      hvcs_free_partner_info(&head);
      return 0;
}

/*
 * This function is executed by the driver "rescan" sysfs entry.  It shouldn't
 * be executed elsewhere, in order to prevent deadlock issues.
 */
static int hvcs_rescan_devices_list(void)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock(&hvcs_structs_lock);

      list_for_each_entry(hvcsd, &hvcs_structs, next) {
            spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
            hvcs_get_pi(hvcsd);
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      }

      spin_unlock(&hvcs_structs_lock);

      return 0;
}

/*
 * Farm this off into its own function because it could be more complex once
 * multiple partners support is added. This function should be called with
 * the hvcsd->lock held.
 */
static int hvcs_has_pi(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd)
{
      if ((!hvcsd->p_unit_address) || (!hvcsd->p_partition_ID))
            return 0;
      return 1;
}

/*
 * NOTE: It is possible that the super admin removed a partner vty and then
 * added a different vty as the new partner.
 *
 * This function must be called with the hvcsd->lock held.
 */
static int hvcs_partner_connect(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd)
{
      int retval;
      unsigned int unit_address = hvcsd->vdev->unit_address;

      /*
       * If there wasn't any pi when the device was added it doesn't meant
       * there isn't any now.  This driver isn't notified when a new partner
       * vty is added to a vty-server so we discover changes on our own.
       * Please see comments in hvcs_register_connection() for justification
       * of this bizarre code.
       */
      retval = hvcs_register_connection(unit_address,
                  hvcsd->p_partition_ID,
                  hvcsd->p_unit_address);
      if (!retval) {
            hvcsd->connected = 1;
            return 0;
      } else if (retval != -EINVAL)
            return retval;

      /*
       * As per the spec re-get the pi and try again if -EINVAL after the
       * first connection attempt.
       */
      if (hvcs_get_pi(hvcsd))
            return -ENOMEM;

      if (!hvcs_has_pi(hvcsd))
            return -ENODEV;

      retval = hvcs_register_connection(unit_address,
                  hvcsd->p_partition_ID,
                  hvcsd->p_unit_address);
      if (retval != -EINVAL) {
            hvcsd->connected = 1;
            return retval;
      }

      /*
       * EBUSY is the most likely scenario though the vty could have been
       * removed or there really could be an hcall error due to the parameter
       * data but thanks to ambiguous firmware return codes we can't really
       * tell.
       */
      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: vty-server or partner"
                  " vty is busy.  Try again later.\n");
      return -EBUSY;
}

/* This function must be called with the hvcsd->lock held */
static void hvcs_partner_free(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd)
{
      int retval;
      do {
            retval = hvcs_free_connection(hvcsd->vdev->unit_address);
      } while (retval == -EBUSY);
      hvcsd->connected = 0;
}

/* This helper function must be called WITHOUT the hvcsd->lock held */
static int hvcs_enable_device(struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd, uint32_t unit_address,
            unsigned int irq, struct vio_dev *vdev)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      int rc;

      /*
       * It is possible that the vty-server was removed between the time that
       * the conn was registered and now.
       */
      if (!(rc = request_irq(irq, &hvcs_handle_interrupt,
                        IRQF_DISABLED, "ibmhvcs", hvcsd))) {
            /*
             * It is possible the vty-server was removed after the irq was
             * requested but before we have time to enable interrupts.
             */
            if (vio_enable_interrupts(vdev) == H_SUCCESS)
                  return 0;
            else {
                  printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: int enable failed for"
                              " vty-server@%X.\n", unit_address);
                  free_irq(irq, hvcsd);
            }
      } else
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: irq req failed for"
                        " vty-server@%X.\n", unit_address);

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      hvcs_partner_free(hvcsd);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      return rc;

}

/*
 * This always increments the kobject ref count if the call is successful.
 * Please remember to dec when you are done with the instance.
 *
 * NOTICE: Do NOT hold either the hvcs_struct.lock or hvcs_structs_lock when
 * calling this function or you will get deadlock.
 */
static struct hvcs_struct *hvcs_get_by_index(int index)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = NULL;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock(&hvcs_structs_lock);
      /* We can immediately discard OOB requests */
      if (index >= 0 && index < HVCS_MAX_SERVER_ADAPTERS) {
            list_for_each_entry(hvcsd, &hvcs_structs, next) {
                  spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
                  if (hvcsd->index == index) {
                        kobject_get(&hvcsd->kobj);
                        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
                        spin_unlock(&hvcs_structs_lock);
                        return hvcsd;
                  }
                  spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
            }
            hvcsd = NULL;
      }

      spin_unlock(&hvcs_structs_lock);
      return hvcsd;
}

/*
 * This is invoked via the tty_open interface when a user app connects to the
 * /dev node.
 */
static int hvcs_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd;
      int rc, retval = 0;
      unsigned long flags;
      unsigned int irq;
      struct vio_dev *vdev;
      unsigned long unit_address;
      struct kobject *kobjp;

      if (tty->driver_data)
            goto fast_open;

      /*
       * Is there a vty-server that shares the same index?
       * This function increments the kobject index.
       */
      if (!(hvcsd = hvcs_get_by_index(tty->index))) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "HVCS: open failed, no device associated"
                        " with tty->index %d.\n", tty->index);
            return -ENODEV;
      }

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      if (hvcsd->connected == 0)
            if ((retval = hvcs_partner_connect(hvcsd)))
                  goto error_release;

      hvcsd->open_count = 1;
      hvcsd->tty = tty;
      tty->driver_data = hvcsd;

      /*
       * Set this driver to low latency so that we actually have a chance at
       * catching a throttled TTY after we flip_buffer_push.  Otherwise the
       * flush_to_async may not execute until after the kernel_thread has
       * yielded and resumed the next flip_buffer_push resulting in data
       * loss.
       */
      tty->low_latency = 1;

      memset(&hvcsd->buffer[0], 0x00, HVCS_BUFF_LEN);

      /*
       * Save these in the spinlock for the enable operations that need them
       * outside of the spinlock.
       */
      irq = hvcsd->vdev->irq;
      vdev = hvcsd->vdev;
      unit_address = hvcsd->vdev->unit_address;

      hvcsd->todo_mask |= HVCS_SCHED_READ;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      /*
       * This must be done outside of the spinlock because it requests irqs
       * and will grab the spinlock and free the connection if it fails.
       */
      if (((rc = hvcs_enable_device(hvcsd, unit_address, irq, vdev)))) {
            kobject_put(&hvcsd->kobj);
            printk(KERN_WARNING "HVCS: enable device failed.\n");
            return rc;
      }

      goto open_success;

fast_open:
      hvcsd = tty->driver_data;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      if (!kobject_get(&hvcsd->kobj)) {
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: Kobject of open"
                  " hvcs doesn't exist.\n");
            return -EFAULT; /* Is this the right return value? */
      }

      hvcsd->open_count++;

      hvcsd->todo_mask |= HVCS_SCHED_READ;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
open_success:
      hvcs_kick();

      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: vty-server@%X connection opened.\n",
            hvcsd->vdev->unit_address );

      return 0;

error_release:
      kobjp = &hvcsd->kobj;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      kobject_put(&hvcsd->kobj);

      printk(KERN_WARNING "HVCS: partner connect failed.\n");
      return retval;
}

static void hvcs_close(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd;
      unsigned long flags;
      struct kobject *kobjp;
      int irq = NO_IRQ;

      /*
       * Is someone trying to close the file associated with this device after
       * we have hung up?  If so tty->driver_data wouldn't be valid.
       */
      if (tty_hung_up_p(filp))
            return;

      /*
       * No driver_data means that this close was probably issued after a
       * failed hvcs_open by the tty layer's release_dev() api and we can just
       * exit cleanly.
       */
      if (!tty->driver_data)
            return;

      hvcsd = tty->driver_data;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      kobjp = &hvcsd->kobj;
      if (--hvcsd->open_count == 0) {

            vio_disable_interrupts(hvcsd->vdev);

            /*
             * NULL this early so that the kernel_thread doesn't try to
             * execute any operations on the TTY even though it is obligated
             * to deliver any pending I/O to the hypervisor.
             */
            hvcsd->tty = NULL;

            irq = hvcsd->vdev->irq;
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

            tty_wait_until_sent(tty, HVCS_CLOSE_WAIT);

            /*
             * This line is important because it tells hvcs_open that this
             * device needs to be re-configured the next time hvcs_open is
             * called.
             */
            tty->driver_data = NULL;

            free_irq(irq, hvcsd);
            kobject_put(kobjp);
            return;
      } else if (hvcsd->open_count < 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: vty-server@%X open_count: %d"
                        " is missmanaged.\n",
            hvcsd->vdev->unit_address, hvcsd->open_count);
      }

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      kobject_put(kobjp);
}

static void hvcs_hangup(struct tty_struct * tty)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = tty->driver_data;
      unsigned long flags;
      int temp_open_count;
      struct kobject *kobjp;
      int irq = NO_IRQ;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
      /* Preserve this so that we know how many kobject refs to put */
      temp_open_count = hvcsd->open_count;

      /*
       * Don't kobject put inside the spinlock because the destruction
       * callback may use the spinlock and it may get called before the
       * spinlock has been released.  Get a pointer to the kobject and
       * kobject_put on that after releasing the spinlock.
       */
      kobjp = &hvcsd->kobj;

      vio_disable_interrupts(hvcsd->vdev);

      hvcsd->todo_mask = 0;

      /* I don't think the tty needs the hvcs_struct pointer after a hangup */
      hvcsd->tty->driver_data = NULL;
      hvcsd->tty = NULL;

      hvcsd->open_count = 0;

      /* This will drop any buffered data on the floor which is OK in a hangup
       * scenario. */
      memset(&hvcsd->buffer[0], 0x00, HVCS_BUFF_LEN);
      hvcsd->chars_in_buffer = 0;

      irq = hvcsd->vdev->irq;

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      free_irq(irq, hvcsd);

      /*
       * We need to kobject_put() for every open_count we have since the
       * tty_hangup() function doesn't invoke a close per open connection on a
       * non-console device.
       */
      while(temp_open_count) {
            --temp_open_count;
            /*
             * The final put will trigger destruction of the hvcs_struct.
             * NOTE:  If this hangup was signaled from user space then the
             * final put will never happen.
             */
            kobject_put(kobjp);
      }
}

/*
 * NOTE: This is almost always from_user since user level apps interact with the
 * /dev nodes. I'm trusting that if hvcs_write gets called and interrupted by
 * hvcs_remove (which removes the target device and executes tty_hangup()) that
 * tty_hangup will allow hvcs_write time to complete execution before it
 * terminates our device.
 */
static int hvcs_write(struct tty_struct *tty,
            const unsigned char *buf, int count)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = tty->driver_data;
      unsigned int unit_address;
      const unsigned char *charbuf;
      unsigned long flags;
      int total_sent = 0;
      int tosend = 0;
      int result = 0;

      /*
       * If they don't check the return code off of their open they may
       * attempt this even if there is no connected device.
       */
      if (!hvcsd)
            return -ENODEV;

      /* Reasonable size to prevent user level flooding */
      if (count > HVCS_MAX_FROM_USER) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "HVCS write: count being truncated to"
                        " HVCS_MAX_FROM_USER.\n");
            count = HVCS_MAX_FROM_USER;
      }

      charbuf = buf;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      /*
       * Somehow an open succedded but the device was removed or the
       * connection terminated between the vty-server and partner vty during
       * the middle of a write operation?  This is a crummy place to do this
       * but we want to keep it all in the spinlock.
       */
      if (hvcsd->open_count <= 0) {
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);
            return -ENODEV;
      }

      unit_address = hvcsd->vdev->unit_address;

      while (count > 0) {
            tosend = min(count, (HVCS_BUFF_LEN - hvcsd->chars_in_buffer));
            /*
             * No more space, this probably means that the last call to
             * hvcs_write() didn't succeed and the buffer was filled up.
             */
            if (!tosend)
                  break;

            memcpy(&hvcsd->buffer[hvcsd->chars_in_buffer],
                        &charbuf[total_sent],
                        tosend);

            hvcsd->chars_in_buffer += tosend;

            result = 0;

            /*
             * If this is true then we don't want to try writing to the
             * hypervisor because that is the kernel_threads job now.  We'll
             * just add to the buffer.
             */
            if (!(hvcsd->todo_mask & HVCS_TRY_WRITE))
                  /* won't send partial writes */
                  result = hvc_put_chars(unit_address,
                              &hvcsd->buffer[0],
                              hvcsd->chars_in_buffer);

            /*
             * Since we know we have enough room in hvcsd->buffer for
             * tosend we record that it was sent regardless of whether the
             * hypervisor actually took it because we have it buffered.
             */
            total_sent+=tosend;
            count-=tosend;
            if (result == 0) {
                  hvcsd->todo_mask |= HVCS_TRY_WRITE;
                  hvcs_kick();
                  break;
            }

            hvcsd->chars_in_buffer = 0;
            /*
             * Test after the chars_in_buffer reset otherwise this could
             * deadlock our writes if hvc_put_chars fails.
             */
            if (result < 0)
                  break;
      }

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hvcsd->lock, flags);

      if (result == -1)
            return -EIO;
      else
            return total_sent;
}

/*
 * This is really asking how much can we guarentee that we can send or that we
 * absolutely WILL BUFFER if we can't send it.  This driver MUST honor the
 * return value, hence the reason for hvcs_struct buffering.
 */
static int hvcs_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = tty->driver_data;

      if (!hvcsd || hvcsd->open_count <= 0)
            return 0;

      return HVCS_BUFF_LEN - hvcsd->chars_in_buffer;
}

static int hvcs_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
      struct hvcs_struct *hvcsd = tty->driver_data;

      return hvcsd->chars_in_buffer;
}

static const struct tty_operations hvcs_ops = {
      .open = hvcs_open,
      .close = hvcs_close,
      .hangup = hvcs_hangup,
      .write = hvcs_write,
      .write_room = hvcs_write_room,
      .chars_in_buffer = hvcs_chars_in_buffer,
      .unthrottle = hvcs_unthrottle,
      .throttle = hvcs_throttle,
};

static int hvcs_alloc_index_list(int n)
{
      int i;

      hvcs_index_list = kmalloc(n * sizeof(hvcs_index_count),GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!hvcs_index_list)
            return -ENOMEM;
      hvcs_index_count = n;
      for (i = 0; i < hvcs_index_count; i++)
            hvcs_index_list[i] = -1;
      return 0;
}

static void hvcs_free_index_list(void)
{
      /* Paranoia check to be thorough. */
      kfree(hvcs_index_list);
      hvcs_index_list = NULL;
      hvcs_index_count = 0;
}

static int __init hvcs_module_init(void)
{
      int rc;
      int num_ttys_to_alloc;

      printk(KERN_INFO "Initializing %s\n", hvcs_driver_string);

      /* Has the user specified an overload with an insmod param? */
      if (hvcs_parm_num_devs <= 0 ||
            (hvcs_parm_num_devs > HVCS_MAX_SERVER_ADAPTERS)) {
            num_ttys_to_alloc = HVCS_DEFAULT_SERVER_ADAPTERS;
      } else
            num_ttys_to_alloc = hvcs_parm_num_devs;

      hvcs_tty_driver = alloc_tty_driver(num_ttys_to_alloc);
      if (!hvcs_tty_driver)
            return -ENOMEM;

      if (hvcs_alloc_index_list(num_ttys_to_alloc)) {
            rc = -ENOMEM;
            goto index_fail;
      }

      hvcs_tty_driver->owner = THIS_MODULE;

      hvcs_tty_driver->driver_name = hvcs_driver_name;
      hvcs_tty_driver->name = hvcs_device_node;

      /*
       * We'll let the system assign us a major number, indicated by leaving
       * it blank.
       */

      hvcs_tty_driver->minor_start = HVCS_MINOR_START;
      hvcs_tty_driver->type = TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_SYSTEM;

      /*
       * We role our own so that we DONT ECHO.  We can't echo because the
       * device we are connecting to already echoes by default and this would
       * throw us into a horrible recursive echo-echo-echo loop.
       */
      hvcs_tty_driver->init_termios = hvcs_tty_termios;
      hvcs_tty_driver->flags = TTY_DRIVER_REAL_RAW;

      tty_set_operations(hvcs_tty_driver, &hvcs_ops);

      /*
       * The following call will result in sysfs entries that denote the
       * dynamically assigned major and minor numbers for our devices.
       */
      if (tty_register_driver(hvcs_tty_driver)) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: registration as a tty driver failed.\n");
            rc = -EIO;
            goto register_fail;
      }

      hvcs_pi_buff = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!hvcs_pi_buff) {
            rc = -ENOMEM;
            goto buff_alloc_fail;
      }

      hvcs_task = kthread_run(khvcsd, NULL, "khvcsd");
      if (IS_ERR(hvcs_task)) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: khvcsd creation failed.  Driver not loaded.\n");
            rc = -EIO;
            goto kthread_fail;
      }

      rc = vio_register_driver(&hvcs_vio_driver);
      if (rc) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: can't register vio driver\n");
            goto vio_fail;
      }

      /*
       * This needs to be done AFTER the vio_register_driver() call or else
       * the kobjects won't be initialized properly.
       */
      rc = driver_create_file(&(hvcs_vio_driver.driver), &driver_attr_rescan);
      if (rc) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "HVCS: sysfs attr create failed\n");
            goto attr_fail;
      }

      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: driver module inserted.\n");

      return 0;

attr_fail:
      vio_unregister_driver(&hvcs_vio_driver);
vio_fail:
      kthread_stop(hvcs_task);
kthread_fail:
      kfree(hvcs_pi_buff);
buff_alloc_fail:
      tty_unregister_driver(hvcs_tty_driver);
register_fail:
      hvcs_free_index_list();
index_fail:
      put_tty_driver(hvcs_tty_driver);
      hvcs_tty_driver = NULL;
      return rc;
}

static void __exit hvcs_module_exit(void)
{
      /*
       * This driver receives hvcs_remove callbacks for each device upon
       * module removal.
       */

      /*
       * This synchronous operation  will wake the khvcsd kthread if it is
       * asleep and will return when khvcsd has terminated.
       */
      kthread_stop(hvcs_task);

      spin_lock(&hvcs_pi_lock);
      kfree(hvcs_pi_buff);
      hvcs_pi_buff = NULL;
      spin_unlock(&hvcs_pi_lock);

      driver_remove_file(&hvcs_vio_driver.driver, &driver_attr_rescan);

      vio_unregister_driver(&hvcs_vio_driver);

      tty_unregister_driver(hvcs_tty_driver);

      hvcs_free_index_list();

      put_tty_driver(hvcs_tty_driver);

      printk(KERN_INFO "HVCS: driver module removed.\n");
}

module_init(hvcs_module_init);
module_exit(hvcs_module_exit);

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