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i2c-ixp4xx.c

/*
 * drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-ixp4xx.c
 *
 * Intel's IXP4xx XScale NPU chipsets (IXP420, 421, 422, 425) do not have
 * an on board I2C controller but provide 16 GPIO pins that are often
 * used to create an I2C bus. This driver provides an i2c_adapter 
 * interface that plugs in under algo_bit and drives the GPIO pins
 * as instructed by the alogorithm driver.
 *
 * Author: Deepak Saxena <dsaxena@plexity.net>
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2003-2004 MontaVista Software Inc.
 *
 * This file is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public 
 * License version 2. This program is licensed "as is" without any 
 * warranty of any kind, whether express or implied.
 *
 * NOTE: Since different platforms will use different GPIO pins for
 *       I2C, this driver uses an IXP4xx-specific platform_data
 *       pointer to pass the GPIO numbers to the driver. This 
 *       allows us to support all the different IXP4xx platforms
 *       w/o having to put #ifdefs in this driver.
 *
 *       See arch/arm/mach-ixp4xx/ixdp425.c for an example of building a 
 *       device list and filling in the ixp4xx_i2c_pins data structure 
 *       that is passed as the platform_data to this driver.
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/i2c-algo-bit.h>

#include <asm/hardware.h>     /* Pick up IXP4xx-specific bits */

static inline int ixp4xx_scl_pin(void *data)
{
      return ((struct ixp4xx_i2c_pins*)data)->scl_pin;
}

static inline int ixp4xx_sda_pin(void *data)
{
      return ((struct ixp4xx_i2c_pins*)data)->sda_pin;
}

static void ixp4xx_bit_setscl(void *data, int val)
{
      gpio_line_set(ixp4xx_scl_pin(data), 0);
      gpio_line_config(ixp4xx_scl_pin(data),
            val ? IXP4XX_GPIO_IN : IXP4XX_GPIO_OUT );
}

static void ixp4xx_bit_setsda(void *data, int val)
{
      gpio_line_set(ixp4xx_sda_pin(data), 0);
      gpio_line_config(ixp4xx_sda_pin(data),
            val ? IXP4XX_GPIO_IN : IXP4XX_GPIO_OUT );
}

static int ixp4xx_bit_getscl(void *data)
{
      int scl;

      gpio_line_config(ixp4xx_scl_pin(data), IXP4XX_GPIO_IN );
      gpio_line_get(ixp4xx_scl_pin(data), &scl);

      return scl;
}     

static int ixp4xx_bit_getsda(void *data)
{
      int sda;

      gpio_line_config(ixp4xx_sda_pin(data), IXP4XX_GPIO_IN );
      gpio_line_get(ixp4xx_sda_pin(data), &sda);

      return sda;
}     

struct ixp4xx_i2c_data {
      struct ixp4xx_i2c_pins *gpio_pins;
      struct i2c_adapter adapter;
      struct i2c_algo_bit_data algo_data;
};

static int ixp4xx_i2c_remove(struct platform_device *plat_dev)
{
      struct ixp4xx_i2c_data *drv_data = platform_get_drvdata(plat_dev);

      platform_set_drvdata(plat_dev, NULL);

      i2c_del_adapter(&drv_data->adapter);

      kfree(drv_data);

      return 0;
}

static int ixp4xx_i2c_probe(struct platform_device *plat_dev)
{
      int err;
      struct ixp4xx_i2c_pins *gpio = plat_dev->dev.platform_data;
      struct ixp4xx_i2c_data *drv_data = 
            kzalloc(sizeof(struct ixp4xx_i2c_data), GFP_KERNEL);

      if(!drv_data)
            return -ENOMEM;

      drv_data->gpio_pins = gpio;

      /*
       * We could make a lot of these structures static, but
       * certain platforms may have multiple GPIO-based I2C
       * buses for various device domains, so we need per-device
       * algo_data->data. 
       */
      drv_data->algo_data.data = gpio;
      drv_data->algo_data.setsda = ixp4xx_bit_setsda;
      drv_data->algo_data.setscl = ixp4xx_bit_setscl;
      drv_data->algo_data.getsda = ixp4xx_bit_getsda;
      drv_data->algo_data.getscl = ixp4xx_bit_getscl;
      drv_data->algo_data.udelay = 10;
      drv_data->algo_data.timeout = 100;

      drv_data->adapter.id = I2C_HW_B_IXP4XX;
      drv_data->adapter.class = I2C_CLASS_HWMON;
      strlcpy(drv_data->adapter.name, plat_dev->dev.driver->name,
            sizeof(drv_data->adapter.name));
      drv_data->adapter.algo_data = &drv_data->algo_data;

      drv_data->adapter.dev.parent = &plat_dev->dev;

      gpio_line_config(gpio->scl_pin, IXP4XX_GPIO_IN);
      gpio_line_config(gpio->sda_pin, IXP4XX_GPIO_IN);
      gpio_line_set(gpio->scl_pin, 0);
      gpio_line_set(gpio->sda_pin, 0);

      err = i2c_bit_add_bus(&drv_data->adapter);
      if (err) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "ERROR: Could not install %s\n", plat_dev->dev.bus_id);

            kfree(drv_data);
            return err;
      }

      platform_set_drvdata(plat_dev, drv_data);

      return 0;
}

static struct platform_driver ixp4xx_i2c_driver = {
      .probe            = ixp4xx_i2c_probe,
      .remove           = ixp4xx_i2c_remove,
      .driver           = {
            .name = "IXP4XX-I2C",
            .owner      = THIS_MODULE,
      },
};

static int __init ixp4xx_i2c_init(void)
{
      return platform_driver_register(&ixp4xx_i2c_driver);
}

static void __exit ixp4xx_i2c_exit(void)
{
      platform_driver_unregister(&ixp4xx_i2c_driver);
}

module_init(ixp4xx_i2c_init);
module_exit(ixp4xx_i2c_exit);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GPIO-based I2C adapter for IXP4xx systems");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Deepak Saxena <dsaxena@plexity.net>");


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