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ide-disk.c

/*
 *  linux/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c    Version 1.18      Mar 05, 2003
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1994-1998  Linus Torvalds & authors (see below)
 *  Copyright (C) 1998-2002  Linux ATA Development
 *                      Andre Hedrick <andre@linux-ide.org>
 *  Copyright (C) 2003       Red Hat <alan@redhat.com>
 */

/*
 *  Mostly written by Mark Lord <mlord@pobox.com>
 *                and Gadi Oxman <gadio@netvision.net.il>
 *                and Andre Hedrick <andre@linux-ide.org>
 *
 * This is the IDE/ATA disk driver, as evolved from hd.c and ide.c.
 */

#define IDEDISK_VERSION "1.18"

//#define DEBUG

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/leds.h>

#define _IDE_DISK

#include <linux/ide.h>

#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/div64.h>

struct ide_disk_obj {
      ide_drive_t *drive;
      ide_driver_t      *driver;
      struct gendisk    *disk;
      struct kref kref;
      unsigned int      openers;    /* protected by BKL for now */
};

static DEFINE_MUTEX(idedisk_ref_mutex);

#define to_ide_disk(obj) container_of(obj, struct ide_disk_obj, kref)

#define ide_disk_g(disk) \
      container_of((disk)->private_data, struct ide_disk_obj, driver)

static struct ide_disk_obj *ide_disk_get(struct gendisk *disk)
{
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = NULL;

      mutex_lock(&idedisk_ref_mutex);
      idkp = ide_disk_g(disk);
      if (idkp)
            kref_get(&idkp->kref);
      mutex_unlock(&idedisk_ref_mutex);
      return idkp;
}

static void ide_disk_release(struct kref *);

static void ide_disk_put(struct ide_disk_obj *idkp)
{
      mutex_lock(&idedisk_ref_mutex);
      kref_put(&idkp->kref, ide_disk_release);
      mutex_unlock(&idedisk_ref_mutex);
}

/*
 * lba_capacity_is_ok() performs a sanity check on the claimed "lba_capacity"
 * value for this drive (from its reported identification information).
 *
 * Returns: 1 if lba_capacity looks sensible
 *          0 otherwise
 *
 * It is called only once for each drive.
 */
static int lba_capacity_is_ok (struct hd_driveid *id)
{
      unsigned long lba_sects, chs_sects, head, tail;

      /* No non-LBA info .. so valid! */
      if (id->cyls == 0)
            return 1;

      /*
       * The ATA spec tells large drives to return
       * C/H/S = 16383/16/63 independent of their size.
       * Some drives can be jumpered to use 15 heads instead of 16.
       * Some drives can be jumpered to use 4092 cyls instead of 16383.
       */
      if ((id->cyls == 16383
           || (id->cyls == 4092 && id->cur_cyls == 16383)) &&
          id->sectors == 63 &&
          (id->heads == 15 || id->heads == 16) &&
          (id->lba_capacity >= 16383*63*id->heads))
            return 1;

      lba_sects   = id->lba_capacity;
      chs_sects   = id->cyls * id->heads * id->sectors;

      /* perform a rough sanity check on lba_sects:  within 10% is OK */
      if ((lba_sects - chs_sects) < chs_sects/10)
            return 1;

      /* some drives have the word order reversed */
      head = ((lba_sects >> 16) & 0xffff);
      tail = (lba_sects & 0xffff);
      lba_sects = (head | (tail << 16));
      if ((lba_sects - chs_sects) < chs_sects/10) {
            id->lba_capacity = lba_sects;
            return 1;   /* lba_capacity is (now) good */
      }

      return 0;   /* lba_capacity value may be bad */
}

/*
 * __ide_do_rw_disk() issues READ and WRITE commands to a disk,
 * using LBA if supported, or CHS otherwise, to address sectors.
 */
static ide_startstop_t __ide_do_rw_disk(ide_drive_t *drive, struct request *rq, sector_t block)
{
      ide_hwif_t *hwif  = HWIF(drive);
      unsigned int dma  = drive->using_dma;
      u8 lba48          = (drive->addressing == 1) ? 1 : 0;
      task_ioreg_t command    = WIN_NOP;
      ata_nsector_t           nsectors;

      nsectors.all            = (u16) rq->nr_sectors;

      if ((hwif->host_flags & IDE_HFLAG_NO_LBA48_DMA) && lba48 && dma) {
            if (block + rq->nr_sectors > 1ULL << 28)
                  dma = 0;
            else
                  lba48 = 0;
      }

      if (!dma) {
            ide_init_sg_cmd(drive, rq);
            ide_map_sg(drive, rq);
      }

      if (IDE_CONTROL_REG)
            hwif->OUTB(drive->ctl, IDE_CONTROL_REG);

      /* FIXME: SELECT_MASK(drive, 0) ? */

      if (drive->select.b.lba) {
            if (lba48) {
                  task_ioreg_t tasklets[10];

                  pr_debug("%s: LBA=0x%012llx\n", drive->name,
                              (unsigned long long)block);

                  tasklets[0] = 0;
                  tasklets[1] = 0;
                  tasklets[2] = nsectors.b.low;
                  tasklets[3] = nsectors.b.high;
                  tasklets[4] = (task_ioreg_t) block;
                  tasklets[5] = (task_ioreg_t) (block>>8);
                  tasklets[6] = (task_ioreg_t) (block>>16);
                  tasklets[7] = (task_ioreg_t) (block>>24);
                  if (sizeof(block) == 4) {
                        tasklets[8] = (task_ioreg_t) 0;
                        tasklets[9] = (task_ioreg_t) 0;
                  } else {
                        tasklets[8] = (task_ioreg_t)((u64)block >> 32);
                        tasklets[9] = (task_ioreg_t)((u64)block >> 40);
                  }
#ifdef DEBUG
                  printk("%s: 0x%02x%02x 0x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
                        drive->name, tasklets[3], tasklets[2],
                        tasklets[9], tasklets[8], tasklets[7],
                        tasklets[6], tasklets[5], tasklets[4]);
#endif
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[1], IDE_FEATURE_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[3], IDE_NSECTOR_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[7], IDE_SECTOR_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[8], IDE_LCYL_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[9], IDE_HCYL_REG);

                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[0], IDE_FEATURE_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[2], IDE_NSECTOR_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[4], IDE_SECTOR_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[5], IDE_LCYL_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(tasklets[6], IDE_HCYL_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(0x00|drive->select.all,IDE_SELECT_REG);
            } else {
                  hwif->OUTB(0x00, IDE_FEATURE_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(nsectors.b.low, IDE_NSECTOR_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(block, IDE_SECTOR_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(block>>=8, IDE_LCYL_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(block>>=8, IDE_HCYL_REG);
                  hwif->OUTB(((block>>8)&0x0f)|drive->select.all,IDE_SELECT_REG);
            }
      } else {
            unsigned int sect,head,cyl,track;
            track = (int)block / drive->sect;
            sect  = (int)block % drive->sect + 1;
            hwif->OUTB(sect, IDE_SECTOR_REG);
            head  = track % drive->head;
            cyl   = track / drive->head;

            pr_debug("%s: CHS=%u/%u/%u\n", drive->name, cyl, head, sect);

            hwif->OUTB(0x00, IDE_FEATURE_REG);
            hwif->OUTB(nsectors.b.low, IDE_NSECTOR_REG);
            hwif->OUTB(cyl, IDE_LCYL_REG);
            hwif->OUTB(cyl>>8, IDE_HCYL_REG);
            hwif->OUTB(head|drive->select.all,IDE_SELECT_REG);
      }

      if (dma) {
            if (!hwif->dma_setup(drive)) {
                  if (rq_data_dir(rq)) {
                        command = lba48 ? WIN_WRITEDMA_EXT : WIN_WRITEDMA;
                        if (drive->vdma)
                              command = lba48 ? WIN_WRITE_EXT: WIN_WRITE;
                  } else {
                        command = lba48 ? WIN_READDMA_EXT : WIN_READDMA;
                        if (drive->vdma)
                              command = lba48 ? WIN_READ_EXT: WIN_READ;
                  }
                  hwif->dma_exec_cmd(drive, command);
                  hwif->dma_start(drive);
                  return ide_started;
            }
            /* fallback to PIO */
            ide_init_sg_cmd(drive, rq);
      }

      if (rq_data_dir(rq) == READ) {

            if (drive->mult_count) {
                  hwif->data_phase = TASKFILE_MULTI_IN;
                  command = lba48 ? WIN_MULTREAD_EXT : WIN_MULTREAD;
            } else {
                  hwif->data_phase = TASKFILE_IN;
                  command = lba48 ? WIN_READ_EXT : WIN_READ;
            }

            ide_execute_command(drive, command, &task_in_intr, WAIT_CMD, NULL);
            return ide_started;
      } else {
            if (drive->mult_count) {
                  hwif->data_phase = TASKFILE_MULTI_OUT;
                  command = lba48 ? WIN_MULTWRITE_EXT : WIN_MULTWRITE;
            } else {
                  hwif->data_phase = TASKFILE_OUT;
                  command = lba48 ? WIN_WRITE_EXT : WIN_WRITE;
            }

            /* FIXME: ->OUTBSYNC ? */
            hwif->OUTB(command, IDE_COMMAND_REG);

            return pre_task_out_intr(drive, rq);
      }
}

/*
 * 268435455  == 137439 MB or 28bit limit
 * 320173056  == 163929 MB or 48bit addressing
 * 1073741822 == 549756 MB or 48bit addressing fake drive
 */

static ide_startstop_t ide_do_rw_disk (ide_drive_t *drive, struct request *rq, sector_t block)
{
      ide_hwif_t *hwif = HWIF(drive);

      BUG_ON(drive->blocked);

      if (!blk_fs_request(rq)) {
            blk_dump_rq_flags(rq, "ide_do_rw_disk - bad command");
            ide_end_request(drive, 0, 0);
            return ide_stopped;
      }

      ledtrig_ide_activity();

      pr_debug("%s: %sing: block=%llu, sectors=%lu, buffer=0x%08lx\n",
             drive->name, rq_data_dir(rq) == READ ? "read" : "writ",
             (unsigned long long)block, rq->nr_sectors,
             (unsigned long)rq->buffer);

      if (hwif->rw_disk)
            hwif->rw_disk(drive, rq);

      return __ide_do_rw_disk(drive, rq, block);
}

/*
 * Queries for true maximum capacity of the drive.
 * Returns maximum LBA address (> 0) of the drive, 0 if failed.
 */
static unsigned long idedisk_read_native_max_address(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      ide_task_t args;
      unsigned long addr = 0;

      /* Create IDE/ATA command request structure */
      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
      args.tfRegister[IDE_SELECT_OFFSET]  = 0x40;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_READ_NATIVE_MAX;
      args.command_type             = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
      args.handler                        = &task_no_data_intr;
      /* submit command request */
      ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);

      /* if OK, compute maximum address value */
      if ((args.tfRegister[IDE_STATUS_OFFSET] & 0x01) == 0) {
            addr = ((args.tfRegister[IDE_SELECT_OFFSET] & 0x0f) << 24)
                 | ((args.tfRegister[  IDE_HCYL_OFFSET]       ) << 16)
                 | ((args.tfRegister[  IDE_LCYL_OFFSET]       ) <<  8)
                 | ((args.tfRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET]       ));
            addr++;     /* since the return value is (maxlba - 1), we add 1 */
      }
      return addr;
}

static unsigned long long idedisk_read_native_max_address_ext(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      ide_task_t args;
      unsigned long long addr = 0;

      /* Create IDE/ATA command request structure */
      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));

      args.tfRegister[IDE_SELECT_OFFSET]  = 0x40;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_READ_NATIVE_MAX_EXT;
      args.command_type             = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
      args.handler                        = &task_no_data_intr;
        /* submit command request */
        ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);

      /* if OK, compute maximum address value */
      if ((args.tfRegister[IDE_STATUS_OFFSET] & 0x01) == 0) {
            u32 high = (args.hobRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET] << 16) |
                     (args.hobRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET] <<  8) |
                      args.hobRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET];
            u32 low  = ((args.tfRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET])<<16) |
                     ((args.tfRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET])<<8) |
                      (args.tfRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET]);
            addr = ((__u64)high << 24) | low;
            addr++;     /* since the return value is (maxlba - 1), we add 1 */
      }
      return addr;
}

/*
 * Sets maximum virtual LBA address of the drive.
 * Returns new maximum virtual LBA address (> 0) or 0 on failure.
 */
static unsigned long idedisk_set_max_address(ide_drive_t *drive, unsigned long addr_req)
{
      ide_task_t args;
      unsigned long addr_set = 0;
      
      addr_req--;
      /* Create IDE/ATA command request structure */
      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
      args.tfRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET]  = ((addr_req >>  0) & 0xff);
      args.tfRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET]    = ((addr_req >>  8) & 0xff);
      args.tfRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET]    = ((addr_req >> 16) & 0xff);
      args.tfRegister[IDE_SELECT_OFFSET]  = ((addr_req >> 24) & 0x0f) | 0x40;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_SET_MAX;
      args.command_type             = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
      args.handler                        = &task_no_data_intr;
      /* submit command request */
      ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);
      /* if OK, read new maximum address value */
      if ((args.tfRegister[IDE_STATUS_OFFSET] & 0x01) == 0) {
            addr_set = ((args.tfRegister[IDE_SELECT_OFFSET] & 0x0f) << 24)
                   | ((args.tfRegister[  IDE_HCYL_OFFSET]       ) << 16)
                   | ((args.tfRegister[  IDE_LCYL_OFFSET]       ) <<  8)
                   | ((args.tfRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET]       ));
            addr_set++;
      }
      return addr_set;
}

static unsigned long long idedisk_set_max_address_ext(ide_drive_t *drive, unsigned long long addr_req)
{
      ide_task_t args;
      unsigned long long addr_set = 0;

      addr_req--;
      /* Create IDE/ATA command request structure */
      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
      args.tfRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET]  = ((addr_req >>  0) & 0xff);
      args.tfRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET]    = ((addr_req >>= 8) & 0xff);
      args.tfRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET]    = ((addr_req >>= 8) & 0xff);
      args.tfRegister[IDE_SELECT_OFFSET]      = 0x40;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_SET_MAX_EXT;
      args.hobRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET] = (addr_req >>= 8) & 0xff;
      args.hobRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET]   = (addr_req >>= 8) & 0xff;
      args.hobRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET]   = (addr_req >>= 8) & 0xff;
      args.hobRegister[IDE_SELECT_OFFSET] = 0x40;
      args.hobRegister[IDE_CONTROL_OFFSET_HOB]= (drive->ctl|0x80);
      args.command_type             = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
      args.handler                        = &task_no_data_intr;
      /* submit command request */
      ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);
      /* if OK, compute maximum address value */
      if ((args.tfRegister[IDE_STATUS_OFFSET] & 0x01) == 0) {
            u32 high = (args.hobRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET] << 16) |
                     (args.hobRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET] <<  8) |
                      args.hobRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET];
            u32 low  = ((args.tfRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET])<<16) |
                     ((args.tfRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET])<<8) |
                      (args.tfRegister[IDE_SECTOR_OFFSET]);
            addr_set = ((__u64)high << 24) | low;
            addr_set++;
      }
      return addr_set;
}

static unsigned long long sectors_to_MB(unsigned long long n)
{
      n <<= 9;          /* make it bytes */
      do_div(n, 1000000);     /* make it MB */
      return n;
}

/*
 * Bits 10 of command_set_1 and cfs_enable_1 must be equal,
 * so on non-buggy drives we need test only one.
 * However, we should also check whether these fields are valid.
 */
static inline int idedisk_supports_hpa(const struct hd_driveid *id)
{
      return (id->command_set_1 & 0x0400) && (id->cfs_enable_1 & 0x0400);
}

/*
 * The same here.
 */
static inline int idedisk_supports_lba48(const struct hd_driveid *id)
{
      return (id->command_set_2 & 0x0400) && (id->cfs_enable_2 & 0x0400)
             && id->lba_capacity_2;
}

/*
 * Some disks report total number of sectors instead of
 * maximum sector address.  We list them here.
 */
static const struct drive_list_entry hpa_list[] = {
      { "ST340823A",    NULL },
      { "ST320413A",    NULL },
      { NULL,           NULL }
};

static void idedisk_check_hpa(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      unsigned long long capacity, set_max;
      int lba48 = idedisk_supports_lba48(drive->id);

      capacity = drive->capacity64;
      if (lba48)
            set_max = idedisk_read_native_max_address_ext(drive);
      else
            set_max = idedisk_read_native_max_address(drive);

      if (ide_in_drive_list(drive->id, hpa_list)) {
            /*
             * Since we are inclusive wrt to firmware revisions do this
             * extra check and apply the workaround only when needed.
             */
            if (set_max == capacity + 1)
                  set_max--;
      }

      if (set_max <= capacity)
            return;

      printk(KERN_INFO "%s: Host Protected Area detected.\n"
                   "\tcurrent capacity is %llu sectors (%llu MB)\n"
                   "\tnative  capacity is %llu sectors (%llu MB)\n",
                   drive->name,
                   capacity, sectors_to_MB(capacity),
                   set_max, sectors_to_MB(set_max));

      if (lba48)
            set_max = idedisk_set_max_address_ext(drive, set_max);
      else
            set_max = idedisk_set_max_address(drive, set_max);
      if (set_max) {
            drive->capacity64 = set_max;
            printk(KERN_INFO "%s: Host Protected Area disabled.\n",
                         drive->name);
      }
}

/*
 * Compute drive->capacity, the full capacity of the drive
 * Called with drive->id != NULL.
 *
 * To compute capacity, this uses either of
 *
 *    1. CHS value set by user       (whatever user sets will be trusted)
 *    2. LBA value from target drive (require new ATA feature)
 *    3. LBA value from system BIOS  (new one is OK, old one may break)
 *    4. CHS value from system BIOS  (traditional style)
 *
 * in above order (i.e., if value of higher priority is available,
 * reset will be ignored).
 */
static void init_idedisk_capacity (ide_drive_t  *drive)
{
      struct hd_driveid *id = drive->id;
      /*
       * If this drive supports the Host Protected Area feature set,
       * then we may need to change our opinion about the drive's capacity.
       */
      int hpa = idedisk_supports_hpa(id);

      if (idedisk_supports_lba48(id)) {
            /* drive speaks 48-bit LBA */
            drive->select.b.lba = 1;
            drive->capacity64 = id->lba_capacity_2;
            if (hpa)
                  idedisk_check_hpa(drive);
      } else if ((id->capability & 2) && lba_capacity_is_ok(id)) {
            /* drive speaks 28-bit LBA */
            drive->select.b.lba = 1;
            drive->capacity64 = id->lba_capacity;
            if (hpa)
                  idedisk_check_hpa(drive);
      } else {
            /* drive speaks boring old 28-bit CHS */
            drive->capacity64 = drive->cyl * drive->head * drive->sect;
      }
}

static sector_t idedisk_capacity (ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      return drive->capacity64 - drive->sect0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_IDE_PROC_FS
static int smart_enable(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      ide_task_t args;

      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
      args.tfRegister[IDE_FEATURE_OFFSET] = SMART_ENABLE;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET]    = SMART_LCYL_PASS;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET]    = SMART_HCYL_PASS;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_SMART;
      args.command_type             = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
      args.handler                        = &task_no_data_intr;
      return ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);
}

static int get_smart_data(ide_drive_t *drive, u8 *buf, u8 sub_cmd)
{
      ide_task_t args;

      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
      args.tfRegister[IDE_FEATURE_OFFSET] = sub_cmd;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_NSECTOR_OFFSET] = 0x01;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_LCYL_OFFSET]    = SMART_LCYL_PASS;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_HCYL_OFFSET]    = SMART_HCYL_PASS;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_SMART;
      args.command_type             = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_IN;
      args.data_phase                     = TASKFILE_IN;
      args.handler                        = &task_in_intr;
      (void) smart_enable(drive);
      return ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, buf);
}

static int proc_idedisk_read_cache
      (char *page, char **start, off_t off, int count, int *eof, void *data)
{
      ide_drive_t *drive = (ide_drive_t *) data;
      char        *out = page;
      int         len;

      if (drive->id_read)
            len = sprintf(out,"%i\n", drive->id->buf_size / 2);
      else
            len = sprintf(out,"(none)\n");
      PROC_IDE_READ_RETURN(page,start,off,count,eof,len);
}

static int proc_idedisk_read_capacity
      (char *page, char **start, off_t off, int count, int *eof, void *data)
{
      ide_drive_t*drive = (ide_drive_t *)data;
      int len;

      len = sprintf(page,"%llu\n", (long long)idedisk_capacity(drive));
      PROC_IDE_READ_RETURN(page,start,off,count,eof,len);
}

static int proc_idedisk_read_smart_thresholds
      (char *page, char **start, off_t off, int count, int *eof, void *data)
{
      ide_drive_t *drive = (ide_drive_t *)data;
      int         len = 0, i = 0;

      if (get_smart_data(drive, page, SMART_READ_THRESHOLDS) == 0) {
            unsigned short *val = (unsigned short *) page;
            char *out = ((char *)val) + (SECTOR_WORDS * 4);
            page = out;
            do {
                  out += sprintf(out, "%04x%c", le16_to_cpu(*val), (++i & 7) ? ' ' : '\n');
                  val += 1;
            } while (i < (SECTOR_WORDS * 2));
            len = out - page;
      }
      PROC_IDE_READ_RETURN(page,start,off,count,eof,len);
}

static int proc_idedisk_read_smart_values
      (char *page, char **start, off_t off, int count, int *eof, void *data)
{
      ide_drive_t *drive = (ide_drive_t *)data;
      int         len = 0, i = 0;

      if (get_smart_data(drive, page, SMART_READ_VALUES) == 0) {
            unsigned short *val = (unsigned short *) page;
            char *out = ((char *)val) + (SECTOR_WORDS * 4);
            page = out;
            do {
                  out += sprintf(out, "%04x%c", le16_to_cpu(*val), (++i & 7) ? ' ' : '\n');
                  val += 1;
            } while (i < (SECTOR_WORDS * 2));
            len = out - page;
      }
      PROC_IDE_READ_RETURN(page,start,off,count,eof,len);
}

static ide_proc_entry_t idedisk_proc[] = {
      { "cache",        S_IFREG|S_IRUGO,  proc_idedisk_read_cache,            NULL },
      { "capacity",           S_IFREG|S_IRUGO,  proc_idedisk_read_capacity,         NULL },
      { "geometry",           S_IFREG|S_IRUGO,  proc_ide_read_geometry,             NULL },
      { "smart_values", S_IFREG|S_IRUSR,  proc_idedisk_read_smart_values,           NULL },
      { "smart_thresholds",   S_IFREG|S_IRUSR,  proc_idedisk_read_smart_thresholds, NULL },
      { NULL, 0, NULL, NULL }
};
#endif      /* CONFIG_IDE_PROC_FS */

static void idedisk_prepare_flush(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
{
      ide_drive_t *drive = q->queuedata;

      memset(rq->cmd, 0, sizeof(rq->cmd));

      if (ide_id_has_flush_cache_ext(drive->id) &&
          (drive->capacity64 >= (1UL << 28)))
            rq->cmd[0] = WIN_FLUSH_CACHE_EXT;
      else
            rq->cmd[0] = WIN_FLUSH_CACHE;


      rq->cmd_type = REQ_TYPE_ATA_TASK;
      rq->cmd_flags |= REQ_SOFTBARRIER;
      rq->buffer = rq->cmd;
}

/*
 * This is tightly woven into the driver->do_special can not touch.
 * DON'T do it again until a total personality rewrite is committed.
 */
static int set_multcount(ide_drive_t *drive, int arg)
{
      struct request rq;

      if (arg < 0 || arg > drive->id->max_multsect)
            return -EINVAL;

      if (drive->special.b.set_multmode)
            return -EBUSY;
      ide_init_drive_cmd (&rq);
      rq.cmd_type = REQ_TYPE_ATA_CMD;
      drive->mult_req = arg;
      drive->special.b.set_multmode = 1;
      (void) ide_do_drive_cmd (drive, &rq, ide_wait);
      return (drive->mult_count == arg) ? 0 : -EIO;
}

static int set_nowerr(ide_drive_t *drive, int arg)
{
      if (arg < 0 || arg > 1)
            return -EINVAL;

      if (ide_spin_wait_hwgroup(drive))
            return -EBUSY;
      drive->nowerr = arg;
      drive->bad_wstat = arg ? BAD_R_STAT : BAD_W_STAT;
      spin_unlock_irq(&ide_lock);
      return 0;
}

static void update_ordered(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      struct hd_driveid *id = drive->id;
      unsigned ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE;
      prepare_flush_fn *prep_fn = NULL;

      if (drive->wcache) {
            unsigned long long capacity;
            int barrier;
            /*
             * We must avoid issuing commands a drive does not
             * understand or we may crash it. We check flush cache
             * is supported. We also check we have the LBA48 flush
             * cache if the drive capacity is too large. By this
             * time we have trimmed the drive capacity if LBA48 is
             * not available so we don't need to recheck that.
             */
            capacity = idedisk_capacity(drive);
            barrier = ide_id_has_flush_cache(id) && !drive->noflush &&
                  (drive->addressing == 0 || capacity <= (1ULL << 28) ||
                   ide_id_has_flush_cache_ext(id));

            printk(KERN_INFO "%s: cache flushes %ssupported\n",
                   drive->name, barrier ? "" : "not ");

            if (barrier) {
                  ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH;
                  prep_fn = idedisk_prepare_flush;
            }
      } else
            ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN;

      blk_queue_ordered(drive->queue, ordered, prep_fn);
}

static int write_cache(ide_drive_t *drive, int arg)
{
      ide_task_t args;
      int err = 1;

      if (arg < 0 || arg > 1)
            return -EINVAL;

      if (ide_id_has_flush_cache(drive->id)) {
            memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
            args.tfRegister[IDE_FEATURE_OFFSET] = (arg) ?
                  SETFEATURES_EN_WCACHE : SETFEATURES_DIS_WCACHE;
            args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_SETFEATURES;
            args.command_type       = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
            args.handler                  = &task_no_data_intr;
            err = ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);
            if (err == 0)
                  drive->wcache = arg;
      }

      update_ordered(drive);

      return err;
}

static int do_idedisk_flushcache (ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      ide_task_t args;

      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
      if (ide_id_has_flush_cache_ext(drive->id))
            args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_FLUSH_CACHE_EXT;
      else
            args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_FLUSH_CACHE;
      args.command_type             = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
      args.handler                        = &task_no_data_intr;
      return ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);
}

static int set_acoustic (ide_drive_t *drive, int arg)
{
      ide_task_t args;

      if (arg < 0 || arg > 254)
            return -EINVAL;

      memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
      args.tfRegister[IDE_FEATURE_OFFSET] = (arg) ? SETFEATURES_EN_AAM :
                                            SETFEATURES_DIS_AAM;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_NSECTOR_OFFSET] = arg;
      args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_SETFEATURES;
      args.command_type = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
      args.handler        = &task_no_data_intr;
      ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL);
      drive->acoustic = arg;
      return 0;
}

/*
 * drive->addressing:
 *    0: 28-bit
 *    1: 48-bit
 *    2: 48-bit capable doing 28-bit
 */
static int set_lba_addressing(ide_drive_t *drive, int arg)
{
      if (arg < 0 || arg > 2)
            return -EINVAL;

      drive->addressing =  0;

      if (drive->hwif->host_flags & IDE_HFLAG_NO_LBA48)
            return 0;

      if (!idedisk_supports_lba48(drive->id))
                return -EIO;
      drive->addressing = arg;
      return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_IDE_PROC_FS
static void idedisk_add_settings(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      struct hd_driveid *id = drive->id;

      ide_add_setting(drive,  "bios_cyl", SETTING_RW, TYPE_INT,   0,    65535,                  1,    1,    &drive->bios_cyl, NULL);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "bios_head",      SETTING_RW, TYPE_BYTE,  0,    255,              1,    1,    &drive->bios_head,      NULL);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "bios_sect",      SETTING_RW, TYPE_BYTE,  0,    63,               1,    1,    &drive->bios_sect,      NULL);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "address",  SETTING_RW, TYPE_BYTE,  0,    2,                1,    1,    &drive->addressing,     set_lba_addressing);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "bswap",    SETTING_READ,     TYPE_BYTE,  0,    1,                1,    1,    &drive->bswap,          NULL);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "multcount",      SETTING_RW, TYPE_BYTE,  0,    id->max_multsect, 1,    1,    &drive->mult_count,     set_multcount);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "nowerr",   SETTING_RW, TYPE_BYTE,  0,    1,                1,    1,    &drive->nowerr,         set_nowerr);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "lun",            SETTING_RW, TYPE_INT,   0,    7,                1,    1,    &drive->lun,            NULL);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "wcache",   SETTING_RW, TYPE_BYTE,  0,    1,                1,    1,    &drive->wcache,         write_cache);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "acoustic", SETTING_RW, TYPE_BYTE,  0,    254,              1,    1,    &drive->acoustic, set_acoustic);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "failures", SETTING_RW, TYPE_INT,   0,    65535,                  1,    1,    &drive->failures, NULL);
      ide_add_setting(drive,  "max_failures",   SETTING_RW, TYPE_INT,   0,    65535,                  1,    1,    &drive->max_failures,   NULL);
}
#else
static inline void idedisk_add_settings(ide_drive_t *drive) { ; }
#endif

static void idedisk_setup (ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      ide_hwif_t *hwif = drive->hwif;
      struct hd_driveid *id = drive->id;
      unsigned long long capacity;

      idedisk_add_settings(drive);

      if (drive->id_read == 0)
            return;

      if (drive->removable) {
            /*
             * Removable disks (eg. SYQUEST); ignore 'WD' drives 
             */
            if (id->model[0] != 'W' || id->model[1] != 'D') {
                  drive->doorlocking = 1;
            }
      }

      (void)set_lba_addressing(drive, 1);

      if (drive->addressing == 1) {
            int max_s = 2048;

            if (max_s > hwif->rqsize)
                  max_s = hwif->rqsize;

            blk_queue_max_sectors(drive->queue, max_s);
      }

      printk(KERN_INFO "%s: max request size: %dKiB\n", drive->name, drive->queue->max_sectors / 2);

      /* calculate drive capacity, and select LBA if possible */
      init_idedisk_capacity (drive);

      /* limit drive capacity to 137GB if LBA48 cannot be used */
      if (drive->addressing == 0 && drive->capacity64 > 1ULL << 28) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: cannot use LBA48 - full capacity "
                   "%llu sectors (%llu MB)\n",
                   drive->name, (unsigned long long)drive->capacity64,
                   sectors_to_MB(drive->capacity64));
            drive->capacity64 = 1ULL << 28;
      }

      if ((hwif->host_flags & IDE_HFLAG_NO_LBA48_DMA) && drive->addressing) {
            if (drive->capacity64 > 1ULL << 28) {
                  printk(KERN_INFO "%s: cannot use LBA48 DMA - PIO mode will"
                               " be used for accessing sectors > %u\n",
                               drive->name, 1 << 28);
            } else
                  drive->addressing = 0;
      }

      /*
       * if possible, give fdisk access to more of the drive,
       * by correcting bios_cyls:
       */
      capacity = idedisk_capacity (drive);
      if (!drive->forced_geom) {

            if (idedisk_supports_lba48(drive->id)) {
                  /* compatibility */
                  drive->bios_sect = 63;
                  drive->bios_head = 255;
            }

            if (drive->bios_sect && drive->bios_head) {
                  unsigned int cap0 = capacity; /* truncate to 32 bits */
                  unsigned int cylsz, cyl;

                  if (cap0 != capacity)
                        drive->bios_cyl = 65535;
                  else {
                        cylsz = drive->bios_sect * drive->bios_head;
                        cyl = cap0 / cylsz;
                        if (cyl > 65535)
                              cyl = 65535;
                        if (cyl > drive->bios_cyl)
                              drive->bios_cyl = cyl;
                  }
            }
      }
      printk(KERN_INFO "%s: %llu sectors (%llu MB)",
                   drive->name, capacity, sectors_to_MB(capacity));

      /* Only print cache size when it was specified */
      if (id->buf_size)
            printk (" w/%dKiB Cache", id->buf_size/2);

      printk(KERN_CONT ", CHS=%d/%d/%d\n",
                   drive->bios_cyl, drive->bios_head, drive->bios_sect);

      /* write cache enabled? */
      if ((id->csfo & 1) || (id->cfs_enable_1 & (1 << 5)))
            drive->wcache = 1;

      write_cache(drive, 1);
}

static void ide_cacheflush_p(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      if (!drive->wcache || !ide_id_has_flush_cache(drive->id))
            return;

      if (do_idedisk_flushcache(drive))
            printk(KERN_INFO "%s: wcache flush failed!\n", drive->name);
}

static void ide_disk_remove(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = drive->driver_data;
      struct gendisk *g = idkp->disk;

      ide_proc_unregister_driver(drive, idkp->driver);

      del_gendisk(g);

      ide_cacheflush_p(drive);

      ide_disk_put(idkp);
}

static void ide_disk_release(struct kref *kref)
{
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = to_ide_disk(kref);
      ide_drive_t *drive = idkp->drive;
      struct gendisk *g = idkp->disk;

      drive->driver_data = NULL;
      g->private_data = NULL;
      put_disk(g);
      kfree(idkp);
}

static int ide_disk_probe(ide_drive_t *drive);

/*
 * On HPA drives the capacity needs to be
 * reinitilized on resume otherwise the disk
 * can not be used and a hard reset is required
 */
static void ide_disk_resume(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      if (idedisk_supports_hpa(drive->id))
            init_idedisk_capacity(drive);
}

static void ide_device_shutdown(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
#ifdef      CONFIG_ALPHA
      /* On Alpha, halt(8) doesn't actually turn the machine off,
         it puts you into the sort of firmware monitor. Typically,
         it's used to boot another kernel image, so it's not much
         different from reboot(8). Therefore, we don't need to
         spin down the disk in this case, especially since Alpha
         firmware doesn't handle disks in standby mode properly.
         On the other hand, it's reasonably safe to turn the power
         off when the shutdown process reaches the firmware prompt,
         as the firmware initialization takes rather long time -
         at least 10 seconds, which should be sufficient for
         the disk to expire its write cache. */
      if (system_state != SYSTEM_POWER_OFF) {
#else
      if (system_state == SYSTEM_RESTART) {
#endif
            ide_cacheflush_p(drive);
            return;
      }

      printk("Shutdown: %s\n", drive->name);
      drive->gendev.bus->suspend(&drive->gendev, PMSG_SUSPEND);
}

static ide_driver_t idedisk_driver = {
      .gen_driver = {
            .owner            = THIS_MODULE,
            .name       = "ide-disk",
            .bus        = &ide_bus_type,
      },
      .probe                  = ide_disk_probe,
      .remove                 = ide_disk_remove,
      .resume                 = ide_disk_resume,
      .shutdown         = ide_device_shutdown,
      .version          = IDEDISK_VERSION,
      .media                  = ide_disk,
      .supports_dsc_overlap   = 0,
      .do_request       = ide_do_rw_disk,
      .end_request            = ide_end_request,
      .error                  = __ide_error,
      .abort                  = __ide_abort,
#ifdef CONFIG_IDE_PROC_FS
      .proc             = idedisk_proc,
#endif
};

static int idedisk_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
      struct gendisk *disk = inode->i_bdev->bd_disk;
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp;
      ide_drive_t *drive;

      if (!(idkp = ide_disk_get(disk)))
            return -ENXIO;

      drive = idkp->drive;

      idkp->openers++;

      if (drive->removable && idkp->openers == 1) {
            ide_task_t args;
            memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
            args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_DOORLOCK;
            args.command_type = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
            args.handler        = &task_no_data_intr;
            check_disk_change(inode->i_bdev);
            /*
             * Ignore the return code from door_lock,
             * since the open() has already succeeded,
             * and the door_lock is irrelevant at this point.
             */
            if (drive->doorlocking && ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL))
                  drive->doorlocking = 0;
      }
      return 0;
}

static int idedisk_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
      struct gendisk *disk = inode->i_bdev->bd_disk;
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = ide_disk_g(disk);
      ide_drive_t *drive = idkp->drive;

      if (idkp->openers == 1)
            ide_cacheflush_p(drive);

      if (drive->removable && idkp->openers == 1) {
            ide_task_t args;
            memset(&args, 0, sizeof(ide_task_t));
            args.tfRegister[IDE_COMMAND_OFFSET] = WIN_DOORUNLOCK;
            args.command_type = IDE_DRIVE_TASK_NO_DATA;
            args.handler        = &task_no_data_intr;
            if (drive->doorlocking && ide_raw_taskfile(drive, &args, NULL))
                  drive->doorlocking = 0;
      }

      idkp->openers--;

      ide_disk_put(idkp);

      return 0;
}

static int idedisk_getgeo(struct block_device *bdev, struct hd_geometry *geo)
{
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = ide_disk_g(bdev->bd_disk);
      ide_drive_t *drive = idkp->drive;

      geo->heads = drive->bios_head;
      geo->sectors = drive->bios_sect;
      geo->cylinders = (u16)drive->bios_cyl; /* truncate */
      return 0;
}

static int idedisk_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
                  unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      struct block_device *bdev = inode->i_bdev;
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = ide_disk_g(bdev->bd_disk);
      ide_drive_t *drive = idkp->drive;
      int err, (*setfunc)(ide_drive_t *, int);
      u8 *val;

      switch (cmd) {
      case HDIO_GET_ADDRESS:   val = &drive->addressing;    goto read_val;
      case HDIO_GET_MULTCOUNT: val = &drive->mult_count;    goto read_val;
      case HDIO_GET_NOWERR:    val = &drive->nowerr;        goto read_val;
      case HDIO_GET_WCACHE:    val = &drive->wcache;        goto read_val;
      case HDIO_GET_ACOUSTIC:  val = &drive->acoustic;      goto read_val;
      case HDIO_SET_ADDRESS:   setfunc = set_lba_addressing;      goto set_val;
      case HDIO_SET_MULTCOUNT: setfunc = set_multcount;     goto set_val;
      case HDIO_SET_NOWERR:    setfunc = set_nowerr;        goto set_val;
      case HDIO_SET_WCACHE:    setfunc = write_cache;       goto set_val;
      case HDIO_SET_ACOUSTIC:  setfunc = set_acoustic;      goto set_val;
      }

      return generic_ide_ioctl(drive, file, bdev, cmd, arg);

read_val:
      mutex_lock(&ide_setting_mtx);
      spin_lock_irqsave(&ide_lock, flags);
      err = *val;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ide_lock, flags);
      mutex_unlock(&ide_setting_mtx);
      return err >= 0 ? put_user(err, (long __user *)arg) : err;

set_val:
      if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
            err = -EINVAL;
      else {
            if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
                  err = -EACCES;
            else {
                  mutex_lock(&ide_setting_mtx);
                  err = setfunc(drive, arg);
                  mutex_unlock(&ide_setting_mtx);
            }
      }
      return err;
}

static int idedisk_media_changed(struct gendisk *disk)
{
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = ide_disk_g(disk);
      ide_drive_t *drive = idkp->drive;

      /* do not scan partitions twice if this is a removable device */
      if (drive->attach) {
            drive->attach = 0;
            return 0;
      }
      /* if removable, always assume it was changed */
      return drive->removable;
}

static int idedisk_revalidate_disk(struct gendisk *disk)
{
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp = ide_disk_g(disk);
      set_capacity(disk, idedisk_capacity(idkp->drive));
      return 0;
}

static struct block_device_operations idedisk_ops = {
      .owner            = THIS_MODULE,
      .open       = idedisk_open,
      .release    = idedisk_release,
      .ioctl            = idedisk_ioctl,
      .getgeo           = idedisk_getgeo,
      .media_changed    = idedisk_media_changed,
      .revalidate_disk= idedisk_revalidate_disk
};

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ATA DISK Driver");

static int ide_disk_probe(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
      struct ide_disk_obj *idkp;
      struct gendisk *g;

      /* strstr("foo", "") is non-NULL */
      if (!strstr("ide-disk", drive->driver_req))
            goto failed;
      if (!drive->present)
            goto failed;
      if (drive->media != ide_disk)
            goto failed;

      idkp = kzalloc(sizeof(*idkp), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!idkp)
            goto failed;

      g = alloc_disk_node(1 << PARTN_BITS,
                  hwif_to_node(drive->hwif));
      if (!g)
            goto out_free_idkp;

      ide_init_disk(g, drive);

      ide_proc_register_driver(drive, &idedisk_driver);

      kref_init(&idkp->kref);

      idkp->drive = drive;
      idkp->driver = &idedisk_driver;
      idkp->disk = g;

      g->private_data = &idkp->driver;

      drive->driver_data = idkp;

      idedisk_setup(drive);
      if ((!drive->head || drive->head > 16) && !drive->select.b.lba) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "%s: INVALID GEOMETRY: %d PHYSICAL HEADS?\n",
                  drive->name, drive->head);
            drive->attach = 0;
      } else
            drive->attach = 1;

      g->minors = 1 << PARTN_BITS;
      g->driverfs_dev = &drive->gendev;
      g->flags = drive->removable ? GENHD_FL_REMOVABLE : 0;
      set_capacity(g, idedisk_capacity(drive));
      g->fops = &idedisk_ops;
      add_disk(g);
      return 0;

out_free_idkp:
      kfree(idkp);
failed:
      return -ENODEV;
}

static void __exit idedisk_exit (void)
{
      driver_unregister(&idedisk_driver.gen_driver);
}

static int __init idedisk_init(void)
{
      return driver_register(&idedisk_driver.gen_driver);
}

MODULE_ALIAS("ide:*m-disk*");
module_init(idedisk_init);
module_exit(idedisk_exit);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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