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usb.h

#ifndef __LINUX_USB_H
#define __LINUX_USB_H

#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
#include <linux/usb/ch9.h>

#define USB_MAJOR             180
#define USB_DEVICE_MAJOR            189


#ifdef __KERNEL__

#include <linux/errno.h>        /* for -ENODEV */
#include <linux/delay.h>      /* for mdelay() */
#include <linux/interrupt.h>  /* for in_interrupt() */
#include <linux/list.h>       /* for struct list_head */
#include <linux/kref.h>       /* for struct kref */
#include <linux/device.h>     /* for struct device */
#include <linux/fs.h>         /* for struct file_operations */
#include <linux/completion.h> /* for struct completion */
#include <linux/sched.h>      /* for current && schedule_timeout */
#include <linux/mutex.h>      /* for struct mutex */

struct usb_device;
struct usb_driver;

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * Host-side wrappers for standard USB descriptors ... these are parsed
 * from the data provided by devices.  Parsing turns them from a flat
 * sequence of descriptors into a hierarchy:
 *
 *  - devices have one (usually) or more configs;
 *  - configs have one (often) or more interfaces;
 *  - interfaces have one (usually) or more settings;
 *  - each interface setting has zero or (usually) more endpoints.
 *
 * And there might be other descriptors mixed in with those.
 *
 * Devices may also have class-specific or vendor-specific descriptors.
 */

struct ep_device;

/**
 * struct usb_host_endpoint - host-side endpoint descriptor and queue
 * @desc: descriptor for this endpoint, wMaxPacketSize in native byteorder
 * @urb_list: urbs queued to this endpoint; maintained by usbcore
 * @hcpriv: for use by HCD; typically holds hardware dma queue head (QH)
 *    with one or more transfer descriptors (TDs) per urb
 * @ep_dev: ep_device for sysfs info
 * @extra: descriptors following this endpoint in the configuration
 * @extralen: how many bytes of "extra" are valid
 * @enabled: URBs may be submitted to this endpoint
 *
 * USB requests are always queued to a given endpoint, identified by a
 * descriptor within an active interface in a given USB configuration.
 */
struct usb_host_endpoint {
      struct usb_endpoint_descriptor      desc;
      struct list_head        urb_list;
      void                    *hcpriv;
      struct ep_device        *ep_dev;    /* For sysfs info */

      unsigned char *extra;   /* Extra descriptors */
      int extralen;
      int enabled;
};

/* host-side wrapper for one interface setting's parsed descriptors */
struct usb_host_interface {
      struct usb_interface_descriptor     desc;

      /* array of desc.bNumEndpoint endpoints associated with this
       * interface setting.  these will be in no particular order.
       */
      struct usb_host_endpoint *endpoint;

      char *string;           /* iInterface string, if present */
      unsigned char *extra;   /* Extra descriptors */
      int extralen;
};

enum usb_interface_condition {
      USB_INTERFACE_UNBOUND = 0,
      USB_INTERFACE_BINDING,
      USB_INTERFACE_BOUND,
      USB_INTERFACE_UNBINDING,
};

/**
 * struct usb_interface - what usb device drivers talk to
 * @altsetting: array of interface structures, one for each alternate
 *    setting that may be selected.  Each one includes a set of
 *    endpoint configurations.  They will be in no particular order.
 * @num_altsetting: number of altsettings defined.
 * @cur_altsetting: the current altsetting.
 * @intf_assoc: interface association descriptor
 * @driver: the USB driver that is bound to this interface.
 * @minor: the minor number assigned to this interface, if this
 *    interface is bound to a driver that uses the USB major number.
 *    If this interface does not use the USB major, this field should
 *    be unused.  The driver should set this value in the probe()
 *    function of the driver, after it has been assigned a minor
 *    number from the USB core by calling usb_register_dev().
 * @condition: binding state of the interface: not bound, binding
 *    (in probe()), bound to a driver, or unbinding (in disconnect())
 * @is_active: flag set when the interface is bound and not suspended.
 * @sysfs_files_created: sysfs attributes exist
 * @needs_remote_wakeup: flag set when the driver requires remote-wakeup
 *    capability during autosuspend.
 * @dev: driver model's view of this device
 * @usb_dev: if an interface is bound to the USB major, this will point
 *    to the sysfs representation for that device.
 * @pm_usage_cnt: PM usage counter for this interface; autosuspend is not
 *    allowed unless the counter is 0.
 *
 * USB device drivers attach to interfaces on a physical device.  Each
 * interface encapsulates a single high level function, such as feeding
 * an audio stream to a speaker or reporting a change in a volume control.
 * Many USB devices only have one interface.  The protocol used to talk to
 * an interface's endpoints can be defined in a usb "class" specification,
 * or by a product's vendor.  The (default) control endpoint is part of
 * every interface, but is never listed among the interface's descriptors.
 *
 * The driver that is bound to the interface can use standard driver model
 * calls such as dev_get_drvdata() on the dev member of this structure.
 *
 * Each interface may have alternate settings.  The initial configuration
 * of a device sets altsetting 0, but the device driver can change
 * that setting using usb_set_interface().  Alternate settings are often
 * used to control the use of periodic endpoints, such as by having
 * different endpoints use different amounts of reserved USB bandwidth.
 * All standards-conformant USB devices that use isochronous endpoints
 * will use them in non-default settings.
 *
 * The USB specification says that alternate setting numbers must run from
 * 0 to one less than the total number of alternate settings.  But some
 * devices manage to mess this up, and the structures aren't necessarily
 * stored in numerical order anyhow.  Use usb_altnum_to_altsetting() to
 * look up an alternate setting in the altsetting array based on its number.
 */
struct usb_interface {
      /* array of alternate settings for this interface,
       * stored in no particular order */
      struct usb_host_interface *altsetting;

      struct usb_host_interface *cur_altsetting;      /* the currently
                               * active alternate setting */
      unsigned num_altsetting;      /* number of alternate settings */

      /* If there is an interface association descriptor then it will list
       * the associated interfaces */
      struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor *intf_assoc;

      int minor;              /* minor number this interface is
                               * bound to */
      enum usb_interface_condition condition;         /* state of binding */
      unsigned is_active:1;         /* the interface is not suspended */
      unsigned sysfs_files_created:1;     /* the sysfs attributes exist */
      unsigned needs_remote_wakeup:1;     /* driver requires remote wakeup */

      struct device dev;            /* interface specific device info */
      struct device *usb_dev;       /* pointer to the usb class's device, if any */
      int pm_usage_cnt;       /* usage counter for autosuspend */
};
#define     to_usb_interface(d) container_of(d, struct usb_interface, dev)
#define     interface_to_usbdev(intf) \
      container_of(intf->dev.parent, struct usb_device, dev)

static inline void *usb_get_intfdata (struct usb_interface *intf)
{
      return dev_get_drvdata (&intf->dev);
}

static inline void usb_set_intfdata (struct usb_interface *intf, void *data)
{
      dev_set_drvdata(&intf->dev, data);
}

struct usb_interface *usb_get_intf(struct usb_interface *intf);
void usb_put_intf(struct usb_interface *intf);

/* this maximum is arbitrary */
#define USB_MAXINTERFACES     32
#define USB_MAXIADS           USB_MAXINTERFACES/2

/**
 * struct usb_interface_cache - long-term representation of a device interface
 * @num_altsetting: number of altsettings defined.
 * @ref: reference counter.
 * @altsetting: variable-length array of interface structures, one for
 *    each alternate setting that may be selected.  Each one includes a
 *    set of endpoint configurations.  They will be in no particular order.
 *
 * These structures persist for the lifetime of a usb_device, unlike
 * struct usb_interface (which persists only as long as its configuration
 * is installed).  The altsetting arrays can be accessed through these
 * structures at any time, permitting comparison of configurations and
 * providing support for the /proc/bus/usb/devices pseudo-file.
 */
struct usb_interface_cache {
      unsigned num_altsetting;      /* number of alternate settings */
      struct kref ref;        /* reference counter */

      /* variable-length array of alternate settings for this interface,
       * stored in no particular order */
      struct usb_host_interface altsetting[0];
};
#define     ref_to_usb_interface_cache(r) \
            container_of(r, struct usb_interface_cache, ref)
#define     altsetting_to_usb_interface_cache(a) \
            container_of(a, struct usb_interface_cache, altsetting[0])

/**
 * struct usb_host_config - representation of a device's configuration
 * @desc: the device's configuration descriptor.
 * @string: pointer to the cached version of the iConfiguration string, if
 *    present for this configuration.
 * @intf_assoc: list of any interface association descriptors in this config
 * @interface: array of pointers to usb_interface structures, one for each
 *    interface in the configuration.  The number of interfaces is stored
 *    in desc.bNumInterfaces.  These pointers are valid only while the
 *    the configuration is active.
 * @intf_cache: array of pointers to usb_interface_cache structures, one
 *    for each interface in the configuration.  These structures exist
 *    for the entire life of the device.
 * @extra: pointer to buffer containing all extra descriptors associated
 *    with this configuration (those preceding the first interface
 *    descriptor).
 * @extralen: length of the extra descriptors buffer.
 *
 * USB devices may have multiple configurations, but only one can be active
 * at any time.  Each encapsulates a different operational environment;
 * for example, a dual-speed device would have separate configurations for
 * full-speed and high-speed operation.  The number of configurations
 * available is stored in the device descriptor as bNumConfigurations.
 *
 * A configuration can contain multiple interfaces.  Each corresponds to
 * a different function of the USB device, and all are available whenever
 * the configuration is active.  The USB standard says that interfaces
 * are supposed to be numbered from 0 to desc.bNumInterfaces-1, but a lot
 * of devices get this wrong.  In addition, the interface array is not
 * guaranteed to be sorted in numerical order.  Use usb_ifnum_to_if() to
 * look up an interface entry based on its number.
 *
 * Device drivers should not attempt to activate configurations.  The choice
 * of which configuration to install is a policy decision based on such
 * considerations as available power, functionality provided, and the user's
 * desires (expressed through userspace tools).  However, drivers can call
 * usb_reset_configuration() to reinitialize the current configuration and
 * all its interfaces.
 */
struct usb_host_config {
      struct usb_config_descriptor  desc;

      char *string;           /* iConfiguration string, if present */

      /* List of any Interface Association Descriptors in this
       * configuration. */
      struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor *intf_assoc[USB_MAXIADS];

      /* the interfaces associated with this configuration,
       * stored in no particular order */
      struct usb_interface *interface[USB_MAXINTERFACES];

      /* Interface information available even when this is not the
       * active configuration */
      struct usb_interface_cache *intf_cache[USB_MAXINTERFACES];

      unsigned char *extra;   /* Extra descriptors */
      int extralen;
};

int __usb_get_extra_descriptor(char *buffer, unsigned size,
      unsigned char type, void **ptr);
#define usb_get_extra_descriptor(ifpoint,type,ptr)\
      __usb_get_extra_descriptor((ifpoint)->extra,(ifpoint)->extralen,\
            type,(void**)ptr)

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* USB device number allocation bitmap */
struct usb_devmap {
      unsigned long devicemap[128 / (8*sizeof(unsigned long))];
};

/*
 * Allocated per bus (tree of devices) we have:
 */
struct usb_bus {
      struct device *controller;    /* host/master side hardware */
      int busnum;             /* Bus number (in order of reg) */
      char *bus_name;               /* stable id (PCI slot_name etc) */
      u8 uses_dma;                  /* Does the host controller use DMA? */
      u8 otg_port;                  /* 0, or number of OTG/HNP port */
      unsigned is_b_host:1;         /* true during some HNP roleswitches */
      unsigned b_hnp_enable:1;      /* OTG: did A-Host enable HNP? */

      int devnum_next;        /* Next open device number in
                               * round-robin allocation */

      struct usb_devmap devmap;     /* device address allocation map */
      struct usb_device *root_hub;  /* Root hub */
      struct list_head bus_list;    /* list of busses */

      int bandwidth_allocated;      /* on this bus: how much of the time
                               * reserved for periodic (intr/iso)
                               * requests is used, on average?
                               * Units: microseconds/frame.
                               * Limits: Full/low speed reserve 90%,
                               * while high speed reserves 80%.
                               */
      int bandwidth_int_reqs;       /* number of Interrupt requests */
      int bandwidth_isoc_reqs;      /* number of Isoc. requests */

#ifdef CONFIG_USB_DEVICEFS
      struct dentry *usbfs_dentry;  /* usbfs dentry entry for the bus */
#endif
      struct class_device *class_dev;     /* class device for this bus */

#if defined(CONFIG_USB_MON)
      struct mon_bus *mon_bus;      /* non-null when associated */
      int monitored;                /* non-zero when monitored */
#endif
};

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* This is arbitrary.
 * From USB 2.0 spec Table 11-13, offset 7, a hub can
 * have up to 255 ports. The most yet reported is 10.
 *
 * Current Wireless USB host hardware (Intel i1480 for example) allows
 * up to 22 devices to connect. Upcoming hardware might raise that
 * limit. Because the arrays need to add a bit for hub status data, we
 * do 31, so plus one evens out to four bytes.
 */
#define USB_MAXCHILDREN       (31)

struct usb_tt;

/*
 * struct usb_device - kernel's representation of a USB device
 *
 * FIXME: Write the kerneldoc!
 *
 * Usbcore drivers should not set usbdev->state directly.  Instead use
 * usb_set_device_state().
 *
 * @authorized: (user space) policy determines if we authorize this
 *              device to be used or not. By default, wired USB
 *              devices are authorized. WUSB devices are not, until we
 *              authorize them from user space. FIXME -- complete doc
 */
struct usb_device {
      int         devnum;           /* Address on USB bus */
      char        devpath [16];     /* Use in messages: /port/port/... */
      enum usb_device_state   state;      /* configured, not attached, etc */
      enum usb_device_speed   speed;      /* high/full/low (or error) */

      struct usb_tt     *tt;        /* low/full speed dev, highspeed hub */
      int         ttport;           /* device port on that tt hub */

      unsigned int toggle[2];       /* one bit for each endpoint
                               * ([0] = IN, [1] = OUT) */

      struct usb_device *parent;    /* our hub, unless we're the root */
      struct usb_bus *bus;          /* Bus we're part of */
      struct usb_host_endpoint ep0;

      struct device dev;            /* Generic device interface */

      struct usb_device_descriptor descriptor;/* Descriptor */
      struct usb_host_config *config;     /* All of the configs */

      struct usb_host_config *actconfig;/* the active configuration */
      struct usb_host_endpoint *ep_in[16];
      struct usb_host_endpoint *ep_out[16];

      char **rawdescriptors;        /* Raw descriptors for each config */

      unsigned short bus_mA;        /* Current available from the bus */
      u8 portnum;             /* Parent port number (origin 1) */
      u8 level;               /* Number of USB hub ancestors */

      unsigned can_submit:1;        /* URBs may be submitted */
      unsigned discon_suspended:1;  /* Disconnected while suspended */
      unsigned have_langid:1;       /* whether string_langid is valid */
      unsigned authorized:1;        /* Policy has determined we can use it */
      unsigned wusb:1;        /* Device is Wireless USB */
      int string_langid;            /* language ID for strings */

      /* static strings from the device */
      char *product;                /* iProduct string, if present */
      char *manufacturer;           /* iManufacturer string, if present */
      char *serial;                 /* iSerialNumber string, if present */

      struct list_head filelist;
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_DEVICE_CLASS
      struct device *usb_classdev;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_DEVICEFS
      struct dentry *usbfs_dentry;  /* usbfs dentry entry for the device */
#endif
      /*
       * Child devices - these can be either new devices
       * (if this is a hub device), or different instances
       * of this same device.
       *
       * Each instance needs its own set of data structures.
       */

      int maxchild;                 /* Number of ports if hub */
      struct usb_device *children[USB_MAXCHILDREN];

      int pm_usage_cnt;       /* usage counter for autosuspend */
      u32 quirks;             /* quirks of the whole device */
      atomic_t urbnum;        /* number of URBs submitted for the whole device */

#ifdef CONFIG_PM
      struct delayed_work autosuspend; /* for delayed autosuspends */
      struct mutex pm_mutex;        /* protects PM operations */

      unsigned long last_busy;      /* time of last use */
      int autosuspend_delay;        /* in jiffies */

      unsigned auto_pm:1;           /* autosuspend/resume in progress */
      unsigned do_remote_wakeup:1;  /* remote wakeup should be enabled */
      unsigned reset_resume:1;      /* needs reset instead of resume */
      unsigned persist_enabled:1;   /* USB_PERSIST enabled for this dev */
      unsigned autosuspend_disabled:1; /* autosuspend and autoresume */
      unsigned autoresume_disabled:1;  /*  disabled by the user */
      unsigned skip_sys_resume:1;   /* skip the next system resume */
#endif
};
#define     to_usb_device(d) container_of(d, struct usb_device, dev)

extern struct usb_device *usb_get_dev(struct usb_device *dev);
extern void usb_put_dev(struct usb_device *dev);

/* USB device locking */
#define usb_lock_device(udev)       down(&(udev)->dev.sem)
#define usb_unlock_device(udev)           up(&(udev)->dev.sem)
#define usb_trylock_device(udev)    down_trylock(&(udev)->dev.sem)
extern int usb_lock_device_for_reset(struct usb_device *udev,
                             const struct usb_interface *iface);

/* USB port reset for device reinitialization */
extern int usb_reset_device(struct usb_device *dev);
extern int usb_reset_composite_device(struct usb_device *dev,
            struct usb_interface *iface);

extern struct usb_device *usb_find_device(u16 vendor_id, u16 product_id);

/* USB autosuspend and autoresume */
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_SUSPEND
extern int usb_autopm_set_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
extern int usb_autopm_get_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
extern void usb_autopm_put_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);

static inline void usb_autopm_enable(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
      intf->pm_usage_cnt = 0;
      usb_autopm_set_interface(intf);
}

static inline void usb_autopm_disable(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
      intf->pm_usage_cnt = 1;
      usb_autopm_set_interface(intf);
}

static inline void usb_mark_last_busy(struct usb_device *udev)
{
      udev->last_busy = jiffies;
}

#else

static inline int usb_autopm_set_interface(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ return 0; }

static inline int usb_autopm_get_interface(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ return 0; }

static inline void usb_autopm_put_interface(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ }
static inline void usb_autopm_enable(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ }
static inline void usb_autopm_disable(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ }
static inline void usb_mark_last_busy(struct usb_device *udev)
{ }
#endif

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* for drivers using iso endpoints */
extern int usb_get_current_frame_number (struct usb_device *usb_dev);

/* used these for multi-interface device registration */
extern int usb_driver_claim_interface(struct usb_driver *driver,
                  struct usb_interface *iface, void* priv);

/**
 * usb_interface_claimed - returns true iff an interface is claimed
 * @iface: the interface being checked
 *
 * Returns true (nonzero) iff the interface is claimed, else false (zero).
 * Callers must own the driver model's usb bus readlock.  So driver
 * probe() entries don't need extra locking, but other call contexts
 * may need to explicitly claim that lock.
 *
 */
static inline int usb_interface_claimed(struct usb_interface *iface) {
      return (iface->dev.driver != NULL);
}

extern void usb_driver_release_interface(struct usb_driver *driver,
                  struct usb_interface *iface);
const struct usb_device_id *usb_match_id(struct usb_interface *interface,
                               const struct usb_device_id *id);
extern int usb_match_one_id(struct usb_interface *interface,
                      const struct usb_device_id *id);

extern struct usb_interface *usb_find_interface(struct usb_driver *drv,
            int minor);
extern struct usb_interface *usb_ifnum_to_if(const struct usb_device *dev,
            unsigned ifnum);
extern struct usb_host_interface *usb_altnum_to_altsetting(
            const struct usb_interface *intf, unsigned int altnum);


/**
 * usb_make_path - returns stable device path in the usb tree
 * @dev: the device whose path is being constructed
 * @buf: where to put the string
 * @size: how big is "buf"?
 *
 * Returns length of the string (> 0) or negative if size was too small.
 *
 * This identifier is intended to be "stable", reflecting physical paths in
 * hardware such as physical bus addresses for host controllers or ports on
 * USB hubs.  That makes it stay the same until systems are physically
 * reconfigured, by re-cabling a tree of USB devices or by moving USB host
 * controllers.  Adding and removing devices, including virtual root hubs
 * in host controller driver modules, does not change these path identifers;
 * neither does rebooting or re-enumerating.  These are more useful identifiers
 * than changeable ("unstable") ones like bus numbers or device addresses.
 *
 * With a partial exception for devices connected to USB 2.0 root hubs, these
 * identifiers are also predictable.  So long as the device tree isn't changed,
 * plugging any USB device into a given hub port always gives it the same path.
 * Because of the use of "companion" controllers, devices connected to ports on
 * USB 2.0 root hubs (EHCI host controllers) will get one path ID if they are
 * high speed, and a different one if they are full or low speed.
 */
static inline int usb_make_path (struct usb_device *dev, char *buf,
            size_t size)
{
      int actual;
      actual = snprintf (buf, size, "usb-%s-%s", dev->bus->bus_name,
                  dev->devpath);
      return (actual >= (int)size) ? -1 : actual;
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/**
 * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according
 * to @epd's transfer type.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK;
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN);
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT);
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) ==
            USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK);
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) ==
            USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL);
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns
 * false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) ==
            USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT);
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint is of type isochronous, otherwise it returns
 * false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) ==
            USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC);
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in - check if the endpoint is bulk IN
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and IN direction,
 * otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return (usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd));
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out - check if the endpoint is bulk OUT
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and OUT direction,
 * otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return (usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd));
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_is_int_in - check if the endpoint is interrupt IN
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and IN direction,
 * otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd));
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_is_int_out - check if the endpoint is interrupt OUT
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and OUT direction,
 * otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_out(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd));
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in - check if the endpoint is isochronous IN
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and IN direction,
 * otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return (usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd));
}

/**
 * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out - check if the endpoint is isochronous OUT
 * @epd: endpoint to be checked
 *
 * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and OUT direction,
 * otherwise it returns false.
 */
static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd)
{
      return (usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd));
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE \
            (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_VENDOR | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_PRODUCT)
#define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_RANGE \
            (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_LO | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_HI)
#define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE_AND_VERSION \
            (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_RANGE)
#define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_INFO \
            (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_CLASS | \
            USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_SUBCLASS | \
            USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_PROTOCOL)
#define USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO \
            (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_CLASS | \
            USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_SUBCLASS | \
            USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_PROTOCOL)

/**
 * USB_DEVICE - macro used to describe a specific usb device
 * @vend: the 16 bit USB Vendor ID
 * @prod: the 16 bit USB Product ID
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a
 * specific device.
 */
#define USB_DEVICE(vend,prod) \
      .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE, .idVendor = (vend), \
                  .idProduct = (prod)
/**
 * USB_DEVICE_VER - macro used to describe a specific usb device with a
 *          version range
 * @vend: the 16 bit USB Vendor ID
 * @prod: the 16 bit USB Product ID
 * @lo: the bcdDevice_lo value
 * @hi: the bcdDevice_hi value
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a
 * specific device, with a version range.
 */
#define USB_DEVICE_VER(vend,prod,lo,hi) \
      .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE_AND_VERSION, \
      .idVendor = (vend), .idProduct = (prod), \
      .bcdDevice_lo = (lo), .bcdDevice_hi = (hi)

/**
 * USB_DEVICE_INTERFACE_PROTOCOL - macro used to describe a usb
 *          device with a specific interface protocol
 * @vend: the 16 bit USB Vendor ID
 * @prod: the 16 bit USB Product ID
 * @pr: bInterfaceProtocol value
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a
 * specific interface protocol of devices.
 */
#define USB_DEVICE_INTERFACE_PROTOCOL(vend,prod,pr) \
      .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_PROTOCOL, \
      .idVendor = (vend), \
      .idProduct = (prod), \
      .bInterfaceProtocol = (pr)

/**
 * USB_DEVICE_INFO - macro used to describe a class of usb devices
 * @cl: bDeviceClass value
 * @sc: bDeviceSubClass value
 * @pr: bDeviceProtocol value
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a
 * specific class of devices.
 */
#define USB_DEVICE_INFO(cl,sc,pr) \
      .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEV_INFO, .bDeviceClass = (cl), \
      .bDeviceSubClass = (sc), .bDeviceProtocol = (pr)

/**
 * USB_INTERFACE_INFO - macro used to describe a class of usb interfaces 
 * @cl: bInterfaceClass value
 * @sc: bInterfaceSubClass value
 * @pr: bInterfaceProtocol value
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a
 * specific class of interfaces.
 */
#define USB_INTERFACE_INFO(cl,sc,pr) \
      .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO, .bInterfaceClass = (cl), \
      .bInterfaceSubClass = (sc), .bInterfaceProtocol = (pr)

/**
 * USB_DEVICE_AND_INTERFACE_INFO - macro used to describe a specific usb device
 *          with a class of usb interfaces
 * @vend: the 16 bit USB Vendor ID
 * @prod: the 16 bit USB Product ID
 * @cl: bInterfaceClass value
 * @sc: bInterfaceSubClass value
 * @pr: bInterfaceProtocol value
 *
 * This macro is used to create a struct usb_device_id that matches a
 * specific device with a specific class of interfaces.
 *
 * This is especially useful when explicitly matching devices that have
 * vendor specific bDeviceClass values, but standards-compliant interfaces.
 */
#define USB_DEVICE_AND_INTERFACE_INFO(vend,prod,cl,sc,pr) \
      .match_flags = USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_INFO \
            | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_DEVICE, \
      .idVendor = (vend), .idProduct = (prod), \
      .bInterfaceClass = (cl), \
      .bInterfaceSubClass = (sc), .bInterfaceProtocol = (pr)

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* Stuff for dynamic usb ids */
struct usb_dynids {
      spinlock_t lock;
      struct list_head list;
};

struct usb_dynid {
      struct list_head node;
      struct usb_device_id id;
};

extern ssize_t usb_store_new_id(struct usb_dynids *dynids,
                        struct device_driver *driver,
                        const char *buf, size_t count);

/**
 * struct usbdrv_wrap - wrapper for driver-model structure
 * @driver: The driver-model core driver structure.
 * @for_devices: Non-zero for device drivers, 0 for interface drivers.
 */
struct usbdrv_wrap {
      struct device_driver driver;
      int for_devices;
};

/**
 * struct usb_driver - identifies USB interface driver to usbcore
 * @name: The driver name should be unique among USB drivers,
 *    and should normally be the same as the module name.
 * @probe: Called to see if the driver is willing to manage a particular
 *    interface on a device.  If it is, probe returns zero and uses
 *    dev_set_drvdata() to associate driver-specific data with the
 *    interface.  It may also use usb_set_interface() to specify the
 *    appropriate altsetting.  If unwilling to manage the interface,
 *    return a negative errno value.
 * @disconnect: Called when the interface is no longer accessible, usually
 *    because its device has been (or is being) disconnected or the
 *    driver module is being unloaded.
 * @ioctl: Used for drivers that want to talk to userspace through
 *    the "usbfs" filesystem.  This lets devices provide ways to
 *    expose information to user space regardless of where they
 *    do (or don't) show up otherwise in the filesystem.
 * @suspend: Called when the device is going to be suspended by the system.
 * @resume: Called when the device is being resumed by the system.
 * @reset_resume: Called when the suspended device has been reset instead
 *    of being resumed.
 * @pre_reset: Called by usb_reset_composite_device() when the device
 *    is about to be reset.
 * @post_reset: Called by usb_reset_composite_device() after the device
 *    has been reset, or in lieu of @resume following a reset-resume
 *    (i.e., the device is reset instead of being resumed, as might
 *    happen if power was lost).  The second argument tells which is
 *    the reason.
 * @id_table: USB drivers use ID table to support hotplugging.
 *    Export this with MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb,...).  This must be set
 *    or your driver's probe function will never get called.
 * @dynids: used internally to hold the list of dynamically added device
 *    ids for this driver.
 * @drvwrap: Driver-model core structure wrapper.
 * @no_dynamic_id: if set to 1, the USB core will not allow dynamic ids to be
 *    added to this driver by preventing the sysfs file from being created.
 * @supports_autosuspend: if set to 0, the USB core will not allow autosuspend
 *    for interfaces bound to this driver.
 *
 * USB interface drivers must provide a name, probe() and disconnect()
 * methods, and an id_table.  Other driver fields are optional.
 *
 * The id_table is used in hotplugging.  It holds a set of descriptors,
 * and specialized data may be associated with each entry.  That table
 * is used by both user and kernel mode hotplugging support.
 *
 * The probe() and disconnect() methods are called in a context where
 * they can sleep, but they should avoid abusing the privilege.  Most
 * work to connect to a device should be done when the device is opened,
 * and undone at the last close.  The disconnect code needs to address
 * concurrency issues with respect to open() and close() methods, as
 * well as forcing all pending I/O requests to complete (by unlinking
 * them as necessary, and blocking until the unlinks complete).
 */
struct usb_driver {
      const char *name;

      int (*probe) (struct usb_interface *intf,
                  const struct usb_device_id *id);

      void (*disconnect) (struct usb_interface *intf);

      int (*ioctl) (struct usb_interface *intf, unsigned int code,
                  void *buf);

      int (*suspend) (struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message);
      int (*resume) (struct usb_interface *intf);
      int (*reset_resume)(struct usb_interface *intf);

      int (*pre_reset)(struct usb_interface *intf);
      int (*post_reset)(struct usb_interface *intf);

      const struct usb_device_id *id_table;

      struct usb_dynids dynids;
      struct usbdrv_wrap drvwrap;
      unsigned int no_dynamic_id:1;
      unsigned int supports_autosuspend:1;
};
#define     to_usb_driver(d) container_of(d, struct usb_driver, drvwrap.driver)

/**
 * struct usb_device_driver - identifies USB device driver to usbcore
 * @name: The driver name should be unique among USB drivers,
 *    and should normally be the same as the module name.
 * @probe: Called to see if the driver is willing to manage a particular
 *    device.  If it is, probe returns zero and uses dev_set_drvdata()
 *    to associate driver-specific data with the device.  If unwilling
 *    to manage the device, return a negative errno value.
 * @disconnect: Called when the device is no longer accessible, usually
 *    because it has been (or is being) disconnected or the driver's
 *    module is being unloaded.
 * @suspend: Called when the device is going to be suspended by the system.
 * @resume: Called when the device is being resumed by the system.
 * @drvwrap: Driver-model core structure wrapper.
 * @supports_autosuspend: if set to 0, the USB core will not allow autosuspend
 *    for devices bound to this driver.
 *
 * USB drivers must provide all the fields listed above except drvwrap.
 */
struct usb_device_driver {
      const char *name;

      int (*probe) (struct usb_device *udev);
      void (*disconnect) (struct usb_device *udev);

      int (*suspend) (struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t message);
      int (*resume) (struct usb_device *udev);
      struct usbdrv_wrap drvwrap;
      unsigned int supports_autosuspend:1;
};
#define     to_usb_device_driver(d) container_of(d, struct usb_device_driver, \
            drvwrap.driver)

extern struct bus_type usb_bus_type;

/**
 * struct usb_class_driver - identifies a USB driver that wants to use the USB major number
 * @name: the usb class device name for this driver.  Will show up in sysfs.
 * @fops: pointer to the struct file_operations of this driver.
 * @minor_base: the start of the minor range for this driver.
 *
 * This structure is used for the usb_register_dev() and
 * usb_unregister_dev() functions, to consolidate a number of the
 * parameters used for them.
 */
struct usb_class_driver {
      char *name;
      const struct file_operations *fops;
      int minor_base;
};

/*
 * use these in module_init()/module_exit()
 * and don't forget MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, ...)
 */
extern int usb_register_driver(struct usb_driver *, struct module *,
                         const char *);
static inline int usb_register(struct usb_driver *driver)
{
      return usb_register_driver(driver, THIS_MODULE, KBUILD_MODNAME);
}
extern void usb_deregister(struct usb_driver *);

extern int usb_register_device_driver(struct usb_device_driver *,
                  struct module *);
extern void usb_deregister_device_driver(struct usb_device_driver *);

extern int usb_register_dev(struct usb_interface *intf,
                      struct usb_class_driver *class_driver);
extern void usb_deregister_dev(struct usb_interface *intf,
                         struct usb_class_driver *class_driver);

extern int usb_disabled(void);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * URB support, for asynchronous request completions
 */

/*
 * urb->transfer_flags:
 *
 * Note: URB_DIR_IN/OUT is automatically set in usb_submit_urb().
 */
#define URB_SHORT_NOT_OK      0x0001      /* report short reads as errors */
#define URB_ISO_ASAP          0x0002      /* iso-only, urb->start_frame
                               * ignored */
#define URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP     0x0004      /* urb->transfer_dma valid on submit */
#define URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP  0x0008      /* urb->setup_dma valid on submit */
#define URB_NO_FSBR           0x0020      /* UHCI-specific */
#define URB_ZERO_PACKET       0x0040      /* Finish bulk OUT with short packet */
#define URB_NO_INTERRUPT      0x0080      /* HINT: no non-error interrupt
                               * needed */
#define URB_FREE_BUFFER       0x0100      /* Free transfer buffer with the URB */

#define URB_DIR_IN            0x0200      /* Transfer from device to host */
#define URB_DIR_OUT           0
#define URB_DIR_MASK          URB_DIR_IN

struct usb_iso_packet_descriptor {
      unsigned int offset;
      unsigned int length;          /* expected length */
      unsigned int actual_length;
      int status;
};

struct urb;

struct usb_anchor {
      struct list_head urb_list;
      wait_queue_head_t wait;
      spinlock_t lock;
};

static inline void init_usb_anchor(struct usb_anchor *anchor)
{
      INIT_LIST_HEAD(&anchor->urb_list);
      init_waitqueue_head(&anchor->wait);
      spin_lock_init(&anchor->lock);
}

typedef void (*usb_complete_t)(struct urb *);

/**
 * struct urb - USB Request Block
 * @urb_list: For use by current owner of the URB.
 * @anchor_list: membership in the list of an anchor
 * @anchor: to anchor URBs to a common mooring
 * @ep: Points to the endpoint's data structure.  Will eventually
 *    replace @pipe.
 * @pipe: Holds endpoint number, direction, type, and more.
 *    Create these values with the eight macros available;
 *    usb_{snd,rcv}TYPEpipe(dev,endpoint), where the TYPE is "ctrl"
 *    (control), "bulk", "int" (interrupt), or "iso" (isochronous).
 *    For example usb_sndbulkpipe() or usb_rcvintpipe().  Endpoint
 *    numbers range from zero to fifteen.  Note that "in" endpoint two
 *    is a different endpoint (and pipe) from "out" endpoint two.
 *    The current configuration controls the existence, type, and
 *    maximum packet size of any given endpoint.
 * @dev: Identifies the USB device to perform the request.
 * @status: This is read in non-iso completion functions to get the
 *    status of the particular request.  ISO requests only use it
 *    to tell whether the URB was unlinked; detailed status for
 *    each frame is in the fields of the iso_frame-desc.
 * @transfer_flags: A variety of flags may be used to affect how URB
 *    submission, unlinking, or operation are handled.  Different
 *    kinds of URB can use different flags.
 * @transfer_buffer:  This identifies the buffer to (or from) which
 *    the I/O request will be performed (unless URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP
 *    is set).  This buffer must be suitable for DMA; allocate it with
 *    kmalloc() or equivalent.  For transfers to "in" endpoints, contents
 *    of this buffer will be modified.  This buffer is used for the data
 *    stage of control transfers.
 * @transfer_dma: When transfer_flags includes URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP,
 *    the device driver is saying that it provided this DMA address,
 *    which the host controller driver should use in preference to the
 *    transfer_buffer.
 * @transfer_buffer_length: How big is transfer_buffer.  The transfer may
 *    be broken up into chunks according to the current maximum packet
 *    size for the endpoint, which is a function of the configuration
 *    and is encoded in the pipe.  When the length is zero, neither
 *    transfer_buffer nor transfer_dma is used.
 * @actual_length: This is read in non-iso completion functions, and
 *    it tells how many bytes (out of transfer_buffer_length) were
 *    transferred.  It will normally be the same as requested, unless
 *    either an error was reported or a short read was performed.
 *    The URB_SHORT_NOT_OK transfer flag may be used to make such
 *    short reads be reported as errors. 
 * @setup_packet: Only used for control transfers, this points to eight bytes
 *    of setup data.  Control transfers always start by sending this data
 *    to the device.  Then transfer_buffer is read or written, if needed.
 * @setup_dma: For control transfers with URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP set, the
 *    device driver has provided this DMA address for the setup packet.
 *    The host controller driver should use this in preference to
 *    setup_packet.
 * @start_frame: Returns the initial frame for isochronous transfers.
 * @number_of_packets: Lists the number of ISO transfer buffers.
 * @interval: Specifies the polling interval for interrupt or isochronous
 *    transfers.  The units are frames (milliseconds) for for full and low
 *    speed devices, and microframes (1/8 millisecond) for highspeed ones.
 * @error_count: Returns the number of ISO transfers that reported errors.
 * @context: For use in completion functions.  This normally points to
 *    request-specific driver context.
 * @complete: Completion handler. This URB is passed as the parameter to the
 *    completion function.  The completion function may then do what
 *    it likes with the URB, including resubmitting or freeing it.
 * @iso_frame_desc: Used to provide arrays of ISO transfer buffers and to 
 *    collect the transfer status for each buffer.
 *
 * This structure identifies USB transfer requests.  URBs must be allocated by
 * calling usb_alloc_urb() and freed with a call to usb_free_urb().
 * Initialization may be done using various usb_fill_*_urb() functions.  URBs
 * are submitted using usb_submit_urb(), and pending requests may be canceled
 * using usb_unlink_urb() or usb_kill_urb().
 *
 * Data Transfer Buffers:
 *
 * Normally drivers provide I/O buffers allocated with kmalloc() or otherwise
 * taken from the general page pool.  That is provided by transfer_buffer
 * (control requests also use setup_packet), and host controller drivers
 * perform a dma mapping (and unmapping) for each buffer transferred.  Those
 * mapping operations can be expensive on some platforms (perhaps using a dma
 * bounce buffer or talking to an IOMMU),
 * although they're cheap on commodity x86 and ppc hardware.
 *
 * Alternatively, drivers may pass the URB_NO_xxx_DMA_MAP transfer flags,
 * which tell the host controller driver that no such mapping is needed since
 * the device driver is DMA-aware.  For example, a device driver might
 * allocate a DMA buffer with usb_buffer_alloc() or call usb_buffer_map().
 * When these transfer flags are provided, host controller drivers will
 * attempt to use the dma addresses found in the transfer_dma and/or
 * setup_dma fields rather than determining a dma address themselves.  (Note
 * that transfer_buffer and setup_packet must still be set because not all
 * host controllers use DMA, nor do virtual root hubs).
 *
 * Initialization:
 *
 * All URBs submitted must initialize the dev, pipe, transfer_flags (may be
 * zero), and complete fields.  All URBs must also initialize
 * transfer_buffer and transfer_buffer_length.  They may provide the
 * URB_SHORT_NOT_OK transfer flag, indicating that short reads are
 * to be treated as errors; that flag is invalid for write requests.
 *
 * Bulk URBs may
 * use the URB_ZERO_PACKET transfer flag, indicating that bulk OUT transfers
 * should always terminate with a short packet, even if it means adding an
 * extra zero length packet.
 *
 * Control URBs must provide a setup_packet.  The setup_packet and
 * transfer_buffer may each be mapped for DMA or not, independently of
 * the other.  The transfer_flags bits URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP and
 * URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP indicate which buffers have already been mapped.
 * URB_NO_SETUP_DMA_MAP is ignored for non-control URBs.
 *
 * Interrupt URBs must provide an interval, saying how often (in milliseconds
 * or, for highspeed devices, 125 microsecond units)
 * to poll for transfers.  After the URB has been submitted, the interval
 * field reflects how the transfer was actually scheduled.
 * The polling interval may be more frequent than requested.
 * For example, some controllers have a maximum interval of 32 milliseconds,
 * while others support intervals of up to 1024 milliseconds.
 * Isochronous URBs also have transfer intervals.  (Note that for isochronous
 * endpoints, as well as high speed interrupt endpoints, the encoding of
 * the transfer interval in the endpoint descriptor is logarithmic.
 * Device drivers must convert that value to linear units themselves.)
 *
 * Isochronous URBs normally use the URB_ISO_ASAP transfer flag, telling
 * the host controller to schedule the transfer as soon as bandwidth
 * utilization allows, and then set start_frame to reflect the actual frame
 * selected during submission.  Otherwise drivers must specify the start_frame
 * and handle the case where the transfer can't begin then.  However, drivers
 * won't know how bandwidth is currently allocated, and while they can
 * find the current frame using usb_get_current_frame_number () they can't
 * know the range for that frame number.  (Ranges for frame counter values
 * are HC-specific, and can go from 256 to 65536 frames from "now".)
 *
 * Isochronous URBs have a different data transfer model, in part because
 * the quality of service is only "best effort".  Callers provide specially
 * allocated URBs, with number_of_packets worth of iso_frame_desc structures
 * at the end.  Each such packet is an individual ISO transfer.  Isochronous
 * URBs are normally queued, submitted by drivers to arrange that
 * transfers are at least double buffered, and then explicitly resubmitted
 * in completion handlers, so
 * that data (such as audio or video) streams at as constant a rate as the
 * host controller scheduler can support.
 *
 * Completion Callbacks:
 *
 * The completion callback is made in_interrupt(), and one of the first
 * things that a completion handler should do is check the status field.
 * The status field is provided for all URBs.  It is used to report
 * unlinked URBs, and status for all non-ISO transfers.  It should not
 * be examined before the URB is returned to the completion handler.
 *
 * The context field is normally used to link URBs back to the relevant
 * driver or request state.
 *
 * When the completion callback is invoked for non-isochronous URBs, the
 * actual_length field tells how many bytes were transferred.  This field
 * is updated even when the URB terminated with an error or was unlinked.
 *
 * ISO transfer status is reported in the status and actual_length fields
 * of the iso_frame_desc array, and the number of errors is reported in
 * error_count.  Completion callbacks for ISO transfers will normally
 * (re)submit URBs to ensure a constant transfer rate.
 *
 * Note that even fields marked "public" should not be touched by the driver
 * when the urb is owned by the hcd, that is, since the call to
 * usb_submit_urb() till the entry into the completion routine.
 */
struct urb
{
      /* private: usb core and host controller only fields in the urb */
      struct kref kref;       /* reference count of the URB */
      void *hcpriv;                 /* private data for host controller */
      atomic_t use_count;           /* concurrent submissions counter */
      u8 reject;              /* submissions will fail */
      int unlinked;                 /* unlink error code */

      /* public: documented fields in the urb that can be used by drivers */
      struct list_head urb_list;    /* list head for use by the urb's
                               * current owner */
      struct list_head anchor_list; /* the URB may be anchored by the driver */
      struct usb_anchor *anchor;
      struct usb_device *dev;       /* (in) pointer to associated device */
      struct usb_host_endpoint *ep; /* (internal) pointer to endpoint struct */
      unsigned int pipe;            /* (in) pipe information */
      int status;             /* (return) non-ISO status */
      unsigned int transfer_flags;  /* (in) URB_SHORT_NOT_OK | ...*/
      void *transfer_buffer;        /* (in) associated data buffer */
      dma_addr_t transfer_dma;      /* (in) dma addr for transfer_buffer */
      int transfer_buffer_length;   /* (in) data buffer length */
      int actual_length;            /* (return) actual transfer length */
      unsigned char *setup_packet;  /* (in) setup packet (control only) */
      dma_addr_t setup_dma;         /* (in) dma addr for setup_packet */
      int start_frame;        /* (modify) start frame (ISO) */
      int number_of_packets;        /* (in) number of ISO packets */
      int interval;                 /* (modify) transfer interval
                               * (INT/ISO) */
      int error_count;        /* (return) number of ISO errors */
      void *context;                /* (in) context for completion */
      usb_complete_t complete;      /* (in) completion routine */
      struct usb_iso_packet_descriptor iso_frame_desc[0];
                              /* (in) ISO ONLY */
};

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * usb_fill_control_urb - initializes a control urb
 * @urb: pointer to the urb to initialize.
 * @dev: pointer to the struct usb_device for this urb.
 * @pipe: the endpoint pipe
 * @setup_packet: pointer to the setup_packet buffer
 * @transfer_buffer: pointer to the transfer buffer
 * @buffer_length: length of the transfer buffer
 * @complete_fn: pointer to the usb_complete_t function
 * @context: what to set the urb context to.
 *
 * Initializes a control urb with the proper information needed to submit
 * it to a device.
 */
static inline void usb_fill_control_urb (struct urb *urb,
                               struct usb_device *dev,
                               unsigned int pipe,
                               unsigned char *setup_packet,
                               void *transfer_buffer,
                               int buffer_length,
                               usb_complete_t complete_fn,
                               void *context)
{
      urb->dev = dev;
      urb->pipe = pipe;
      urb->setup_packet = setup_packet;
      urb->transfer_buffer = transfer_buffer;
      urb->transfer_buffer_length = buffer_length;
      urb->complete = complete_fn;
      urb->context = context;
}

/**
 * usb_fill_bulk_urb - macro to help initialize a bulk urb
 * @urb: pointer to the urb to initialize.
 * @dev: pointer to the struct usb_device for this urb.
 * @pipe: the endpoint pipe
 * @transfer_buffer: pointer to the transfer buffer
 * @buffer_length: length of the transfer buffer
 * @complete_fn: pointer to the usb_complete_t function
 * @context: what to set the urb context to.
 *
 * Initializes a bulk urb with the proper information needed to submit it
 * to a device.
 */
static inline void usb_fill_bulk_urb (struct urb *urb,
                              struct usb_device *dev,
                              unsigned int pipe,
                              void *transfer_buffer,
                              int buffer_length,
                              usb_complete_t complete_fn,
                              void *context)
{
      urb->dev = dev;
      urb->pipe = pipe;
      urb->transfer_buffer = transfer_buffer;
      urb->transfer_buffer_length = buffer_length;
      urb->complete = complete_fn;
      urb->context = context;
}

/**
 * usb_fill_int_urb - macro to help initialize a interrupt urb
 * @urb: pointer to the urb to initialize.
 * @dev: pointer to the struct usb_device for this urb.
 * @pipe: the endpoint pipe
 * @transfer_buffer: pointer to the transfer buffer
 * @buffer_length: length of the transfer buffer
 * @complete_fn: pointer to the usb_complete_t function
 * @context: what to set the urb context to.
 * @interval: what to set the urb interval to, encoded like
 *    the endpoint descriptor's bInterval value.
 *
 * Initializes a interrupt urb with the proper information needed to submit
 * it to a device.
 * Note that high speed interrupt endpoints use a logarithmic encoding of
 * the endpoint interval, and express polling intervals in microframes
 * (eight per millisecond) rather than in frames (one per millisecond).
 */
static inline void usb_fill_int_urb (struct urb *urb,
                             struct usb_device *dev,
                             unsigned int pipe,
                             void *transfer_buffer,
                             int buffer_length,
                             usb_complete_t complete_fn,
                             void *context,
                             int interval)
{
      urb->dev = dev;
      urb->pipe = pipe;
      urb->transfer_buffer = transfer_buffer;
      urb->transfer_buffer_length = buffer_length;
      urb->complete = complete_fn;
      urb->context = context;
      if (dev->speed == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
            urb->interval = 1 << (interval - 1);
      else
            urb->interval = interval;
      urb->start_frame = -1;
}

extern void usb_init_urb(struct urb *urb);
extern struct urb *usb_alloc_urb(int iso_packets, gfp_t mem_flags);
extern void usb_free_urb(struct urb *urb);
#define usb_put_urb usb_free_urb
extern struct urb *usb_get_urb(struct urb *urb);
extern int usb_submit_urb(struct urb *urb, gfp_t mem_flags);
extern int usb_unlink_urb(struct urb *urb);
extern void usb_kill_urb(struct urb *urb);
extern void usb_kill_anchored_urbs(struct usb_anchor *anchor);
extern void usb_anchor_urb(struct urb *urb, struct usb_anchor *anchor);
extern void usb_unanchor_urb(struct urb *urb);
extern int usb_wait_anchor_empty_timeout(struct usb_anchor *anchor,
                               unsigned int timeout);

/**
 * usb_urb_dir_in - check if an URB describes an IN transfer
 * @urb: URB to be checked
 *
 * Returns 1 if @urb describes an IN transfer (device-to-host),
 * otherwise 0.
 */
static inline int usb_urb_dir_in(struct urb *urb)
{
      return (urb->transfer_flags & URB_DIR_MASK) == URB_DIR_IN;
}

/**
 * usb_urb_dir_out - check if an URB describes an OUT transfer
 * @urb: URB to be checked
 *
 * Returns 1 if @urb describes an OUT transfer (host-to-device),
 * otherwise 0.
 */
static inline int usb_urb_dir_out(struct urb *urb)
{
      return (urb->transfer_flags & URB_DIR_MASK) == URB_DIR_OUT;
}

void *usb_buffer_alloc (struct usb_device *dev, size_t size,
      gfp_t mem_flags, dma_addr_t *dma);
void usb_buffer_free (struct usb_device *dev, size_t size,
      void *addr, dma_addr_t dma);

#if 0
struct urb *usb_buffer_map (struct urb *urb);
void usb_buffer_dmasync (struct urb *urb);
void usb_buffer_unmap (struct urb *urb);
#endif

struct scatterlist;
int usb_buffer_map_sg(const struct usb_device *dev, int is_in,
                  struct scatterlist *sg, int nents);
#if 0
void usb_buffer_dmasync_sg(const struct usb_device *dev, int is_in,
                     struct scatterlist *sg, int n_hw_ents);
#endif
void usb_buffer_unmap_sg(const struct usb_device *dev, int is_in,
                   struct scatterlist *sg, int n_hw_ents);

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *                         SYNCHRONOUS CALL SUPPORT                  *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/

extern int usb_control_msg(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe,
      __u8 request, __u8 requesttype, __u16 value, __u16 index,
      void *data, __u16 size, int timeout);
extern int usb_interrupt_msg(struct usb_device *usb_dev, unsigned int pipe,
      void *data, int len, int *actual_length, int timeout);
extern int usb_bulk_msg(struct usb_device *usb_dev, unsigned int pipe,
      void *data, int len, int *actual_length,
      int timeout);

/* wrappers around usb_control_msg() for the most common standard requests */
extern int usb_get_descriptor(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned char desctype,
      unsigned char descindex, void *buf, int size);
extern int usb_get_status(struct usb_device *dev,
      int type, int target, void *data);
extern int usb_string(struct usb_device *dev, int index,
      char *buf, size_t size);

/* wrappers that also update important state inside usbcore */
extern int usb_clear_halt(struct usb_device *dev, int pipe);
extern int usb_reset_configuration(struct usb_device *dev);
extern int usb_set_interface(struct usb_device *dev, int ifnum, int alternate);

/* this request isn't really synchronous, but it belongs with the others */
extern int usb_driver_set_configuration(struct usb_device *udev, int config);

/*
 * timeouts, in milliseconds, used for sending/receiving control messages
 * they typically complete within a few frames (msec) after they're issued
 * USB identifies 5 second timeouts, maybe more in a few cases, and a few
 * slow devices (like some MGE Ellipse UPSes) actually push that limit.
 */
#define USB_CTRL_GET_TIMEOUT  5000
#define USB_CTRL_SET_TIMEOUT  5000


/**
 * struct usb_sg_request - support for scatter/gather I/O
 * @status: zero indicates success, else negative errno
 * @bytes: counts bytes transferred.
 *
 * These requests are initialized using usb_sg_init(), and then are used
 * as request handles passed to usb_sg_wait() or usb_sg_cancel().  Most
 * members of the request object aren't for driver access.
 *
 * The status and bytecount values are valid only after usb_sg_wait()
 * returns.  If the status is zero, then the bytecount matches the total
 * from the request.
 *
 * After an error completion, drivers may need to clear a halt condition
 * on the endpoint.
 */
struct usb_sg_request {
      int               status;
      size_t                  bytes;

      /* 
       * members below are private: to usbcore,
       * and are not provided for driver access!
       */
      spinlock_t        lock;

      struct usb_device *dev;
      int               pipe;
      struct scatterlist      *sg;
      int               nents;

      int               entries;
      struct urb        **urbs;

      int               count;
      struct completion complete;
};

int usb_sg_init (
      struct usb_sg_request   *io,
      struct usb_device *dev,
      unsigned          pipe, 
      unsigned          period,
      struct scatterlist      *sg,
      int               nents,
      size_t                  length,
      gfp_t             mem_flags
);
void usb_sg_cancel (struct usb_sg_request *io);
void usb_sg_wait (struct usb_sg_request *io);


/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * For various legacy reasons, Linux has a small cookie that's paired with
 * a struct usb_device to identify an endpoint queue.  Queue characteristics
 * are defined by the endpoint's descriptor.  This cookie is called a "pipe",
 * an unsigned int encoded as:
 *
 *  - direction:  bit 7       (0 = Host-to-Device [Out],
 *                             1 = Device-to-Host [In] ...
 *                            like endpoint bEndpointAddress)
 *  - device address:   bits 8-14       ... bit positions known to uhci-hcd
 *  - endpoint:         bits 15-18      ... bit positions known to uhci-hcd
 *  - pipe type:  bits 30-31  (00 = isochronous, 01 = interrupt,
 *                             10 = control, 11 = bulk)
 *
 * Given the device address and endpoint descriptor, pipes are redundant.
 */

/* NOTE:  these are not the standard USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_* values!! */
/* (yet ... they're the values used by usbfs) */
#define PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS            0
#define PIPE_INTERRUPT              1
#define PIPE_CONTROL                2
#define PIPE_BULK             3

#define usb_pipein(pipe)      ((pipe) & USB_DIR_IN)
#define usb_pipeout(pipe)     (!usb_pipein(pipe))

#define usb_pipedevice(pipe)  (((pipe) >> 8) & 0x7f)
#define usb_pipeendpoint(pipe)      (((pipe) >> 15) & 0xf)

#define usb_pipetype(pipe)    (((pipe) >> 30) & 3)
#define usb_pipeisoc(pipe)    (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS)
#define usb_pipeint(pipe)     (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_INTERRUPT)
#define usb_pipecontrol(pipe) (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_CONTROL)
#define usb_pipebulk(pipe)    (usb_pipetype((pipe)) == PIPE_BULK)

/* The D0/D1 toggle bits ... USE WITH CAUTION (they're almost hcd-internal) */
#define usb_gettoggle(dev, ep, out) (((dev)->toggle[out] >> (ep)) & 1)
#define     usb_dotoggle(dev, ep, out)  ((dev)->toggle[out] ^= (1 << (ep)))
#define usb_settoggle(dev, ep, out, bit) \
            ((dev)->toggle[out] = ((dev)->toggle[out] & ~(1 << (ep))) | \
             ((bit) << (ep)))


static inline unsigned int __create_pipe(struct usb_device *dev,
            unsigned int endpoint)
{
      return (dev->devnum << 8) | (endpoint << 15);
}

/* Create various pipes... */
#define usb_sndctrlpipe(dev,endpoint)     \
      ((PIPE_CONTROL << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint))
#define usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev,endpoint)     \
      ((PIPE_CONTROL << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN)
#define usb_sndisocpipe(dev,endpoint)     \
      ((PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint))
#define usb_rcvisocpipe(dev,endpoint)     \
      ((PIPE_ISOCHRONOUS << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN)
#define usb_sndbulkpipe(dev,endpoint)     \
      ((PIPE_BULK << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint))
#define usb_rcvbulkpipe(dev,endpoint)     \
      ((PIPE_BULK << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN)
#define usb_sndintpipe(dev,endpoint)      \
      ((PIPE_INTERRUPT << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint))
#define usb_rcvintpipe(dev,endpoint)      \
      ((PIPE_INTERRUPT << 30) | __create_pipe(dev,endpoint) | USB_DIR_IN)

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

static inline __u16
usb_maxpacket(struct usb_device *udev, int pipe, int is_out)
{
      struct usb_host_endpoint      *ep;
      unsigned                epnum = usb_pipeendpoint(pipe);

      if (is_out) {
            WARN_ON(usb_pipein(pipe));
            ep = udev->ep_out[epnum];
      } else {
            WARN_ON(usb_pipeout(pipe));
            ep = udev->ep_in[epnum];
      }
      if (!ep)
            return 0;

      /* NOTE:  only 0x07ff bits are for packet size... */
      return le16_to_cpu(ep->desc.wMaxPacketSize);
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* Events from the usb core */
#define USB_DEVICE_ADD        0x0001
#define USB_DEVICE_REMOVE     0x0002
#define USB_BUS_ADD           0x0003
#define USB_BUS_REMOVE        0x0004
extern void usb_register_notify(struct notifier_block *nb);
extern void usb_unregister_notify(struct notifier_block *nb);

#ifdef DEBUG
#define dbg(format, arg...) printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: " format "\n" , \
      __FILE__ , ## arg)
#else
#define dbg(format, arg...) do {} while (0)
#endif

#define err(format, arg...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " format "\n" , \
      __FILE__ , ## arg)
#define info(format, arg...) printk(KERN_INFO "%s: " format "\n" , \
      __FILE__ , ## arg)
#define warn(format, arg...) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: " format "\n" , \
      __FILE__ , ## arg)


#endif  /* __KERNEL__ */

#endif

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