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#ifndef _LGUEST_H
#define _LGUEST_H

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/stringify.h>
#include <linux/lguest.h>
#include <linux/lguest_launcher.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <asm/semaphore.h>

#include <asm/lguest.h>

void free_pagetables(void);
int init_pagetables(struct page **switcher_page, unsigned int pages);

struct pgdir
      unsigned long gpgdir;
      pgd_t *pgdir;

/* We have two pages shared with guests, per cpu.  */
struct lguest_pages
      /* This is the stack page mapped rw in guest */
      char spare[PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct lguest_regs)];
      struct lguest_regs regs;

      /* This is the host state & guest descriptor page, ro in guest */
      struct lguest_ro_state state;
} __attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE)));

#define CHANGED_IDT           1
#define CHANGED_GDT           2
#define CHANGED_GDT_TLS       4 /* Actually a subset of CHANGED_GDT */
#define CHANGED_ALL             3

/* The private info the thread maintains about the guest. */
struct lguest
      /* At end of a page shared mapped over lguest_pages in guest.  */
      unsigned long regs_page;
      struct lguest_regs *regs;
      struct lguest_data __user *lguest_data;
      struct task_struct *tsk;
      struct mm_struct *mm;   /* == tsk->mm, but that becomes NULL on exit */
      u32 pfn_limit;
      /* This provides the offset to the base of guest-physical
       * memory in the Launcher. */
      void __user *mem_base;
      unsigned long kernel_address;
      u32 cr2;
      int halted;
      int ts;
      u32 next_hcall;
      u32 esp1;
      u8 ss1;

      /* If a hypercall was asked for, this points to the arguments. */
      struct hcall_args *hcall;

      /* Do we need to stop what we're doing and return to userspace? */
      int break_out;
      wait_queue_head_t break_wq;

      /* Bitmap of what has changed: see CHANGED_* above. */
      int changed;
      struct lguest_pages *last_pages;

      /* We keep a small number of these. */
      u32 pgdidx;
      struct pgdir pgdirs[4];

      unsigned long noirq_start, noirq_end;
      unsigned long pending_notify; /* pfn from LHCALL_NOTIFY */

      unsigned int stack_pages;
      u32 tsc_khz;

      /* Dead? */
      const char *dead;

      struct lguest_arch arch;

      /* Virtual clock device */
      struct hrtimer hrt;

      /* Pending virtual interrupts */
      DECLARE_BITMAP(irqs_pending, LGUEST_IRQS);

extern struct mutex lguest_lock;

/* core.c: */
int lguest_address_ok(const struct lguest *lg,
                  unsigned long addr, unsigned long len);
void __lgread(struct lguest *, void *, unsigned long, unsigned);
void __lgwrite(struct lguest *, unsigned long, const void *, unsigned);

/*H:035 Using memory-copy operations like that is usually inconvient, so we
 * have the following helper macros which read and write a specific type (often
 * an unsigned long).
 * This reads into a variable of the given type then returns that. */
#define lgread(lg, addr, type)                                    \
      ({ type _v; __lgread((lg), &_v, (addr), sizeof(_v)); _v; })

/* This checks that the variable is of the given type, then writes it out. */
#define lgwrite(lg, addr, type, val)                        \
      do {                                      \
            typecheck(type, val);                     \
            __lgwrite((lg), (addr), &(val), sizeof(val));   \
      } while(0)
/* (end of memory access helper routines) :*/

int run_guest(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long __user *user);

/* Helper macros to obtain the first 12 or the last 20 bits, this is only the
 * first step in the migration to the kernel types.  pte_pfn is already defined
 * in the kernel. */
#define pgd_flags(x)    (pgd_val(x) & ~PAGE_MASK)
#define pte_flags(x)    (pte_val(x) & ~PAGE_MASK)
#define pgd_pfn(x)      (pgd_val(x) >> PAGE_SHIFT)

/* interrupts_and_traps.c: */
void maybe_do_interrupt(struct lguest *lg);
int deliver_trap(struct lguest *lg, unsigned int num);
void load_guest_idt_entry(struct lguest *lg, unsigned int i, u32 low, u32 hi);
void guest_set_stack(struct lguest *lg, u32 seg, u32 esp, unsigned int pages);
void pin_stack_pages(struct lguest *lg);
void setup_default_idt_entries(struct lguest_ro_state *state,
                         const unsigned long *def);
void copy_traps(const struct lguest *lg, struct desc_struct *idt,
            const unsigned long *def);
void guest_set_clockevent(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long delta);
void init_clockdev(struct lguest *lg);
bool check_syscall_vector(struct lguest *lg);
int init_interrupts(void);
void free_interrupts(void);

/* segments.c: */
void setup_default_gdt_entries(struct lguest_ro_state *state);
void setup_guest_gdt(struct lguest *lg);
void load_guest_gdt(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long table, u32 num);
void guest_load_tls(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long tls_array);
void copy_gdt(const struct lguest *lg, struct desc_struct *gdt);
void copy_gdt_tls(const struct lguest *lg, struct desc_struct *gdt);

/* page_tables.c: */
int init_guest_pagetable(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long pgtable);
void free_guest_pagetable(struct lguest *lg);
void guest_new_pagetable(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long pgtable);
void guest_set_pmd(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long gpgdir, u32 i);
void guest_pagetable_clear_all(struct lguest *lg);
void guest_pagetable_flush_user(struct lguest *lg);
void guest_set_pte(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long gpgdir,
               unsigned long vaddr, pte_t val);
void map_switcher_in_guest(struct lguest *lg, struct lguest_pages *pages);
int demand_page(struct lguest *info, unsigned long cr2, int errcode);
void pin_page(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long vaddr);
unsigned long guest_pa(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long vaddr);
void page_table_guest_data_init(struct lguest *lg);

/* <arch>/core.c: */
void lguest_arch_host_init(void);
void lguest_arch_host_fini(void);
void lguest_arch_run_guest(struct lguest *lg);
void lguest_arch_handle_trap(struct lguest *lg);
int lguest_arch_init_hypercalls(struct lguest *lg);
int lguest_arch_do_hcall(struct lguest *lg, struct hcall_args *args);
void lguest_arch_setup_regs(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long start);

/* <arch>/switcher.S: */
extern char start_switcher_text[], end_switcher_text[], switch_to_guest[];

/* lguest_user.c: */
int lguest_device_init(void);
void lguest_device_remove(void);

/* hypercalls.c: */
void do_hypercalls(struct lguest *lg);
void write_timestamp(struct lguest *lg);

 * Let's step aside for the moment, to study one important routine that's used
 * widely in the Host code.
 * There are many cases where the Guest can do something invalid, like pass crap
 * to a hypercall.  Since only the Guest kernel can make hypercalls, it's quite
 * acceptable to simply terminate the Guest and give the Launcher a nicely
 * formatted reason.  It's also simpler for the Guest itself, which doesn't
 * need to check most hypercalls for "success"; if you're still running, it
 * succeeded.
 * Once this is called, the Guest will never run again, so most Host code can
 * call this then continue as if nothing had happened.  This means many
 * functions don't have to explicitly return an error code, which keeps the
 * code simple.
 * It also means that this can be called more than once: only the first one is
 * remembered.  The only trick is that we still need to kill the Guest even if
 * we can't allocate memory to store the reason.  Linux has a neat way of
 * packing error codes into invalid pointers, so we use that here.
 * Like any macro which uses an "if", it is safely wrapped in a run-once "do {
 * } while(0)".
#define kill_guest(lg, fmt...)                              \
do {                                            \
      if (!(lg)->dead) {                              \
            (lg)->dead = kasprintf(GFP_ATOMIC, fmt);  \
            if (!(lg)->dead)                    \
                  (lg)->dead = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);            \
      }                                         \
} while(0)
/* (End of aside) :*/

#endif      /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif      /* _LGUEST_H */

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