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misc_32.c

/*
 * misc.c
 * 
 * This is a collection of several routines from gzip-1.0.3 
 * adapted for Linux.
 *
 * malloc by Hannu Savolainen 1993 and Matthias Urlichs 1994
 * puts by Nick Holloway 1993, better puts by Martin Mares 1995
 * High loaded stuff by Hans Lermen & Werner Almesberger, Feb. 1996
 */

#undef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/screen_info.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/boot.h>

/* WARNING!!
 * This code is compiled with -fPIC and it is relocated dynamically
 * at run time, but no relocation processing is performed.
 * This means that it is not safe to place pointers in static structures.
 */

/*
 * Getting to provable safe in place decompression is hard.
 * Worst case behaviours need to be analyzed.
 * Background information:
 *
 * The file layout is:
 *    magic[2]
 *    method[1]
 *    flags[1]
 *    timestamp[4]
 *    extraflags[1]
 *    os[1]
 *    compressed data blocks[N]
 *    crc[4] orig_len[4]
 *
 * resulting in 18 bytes of non compressed data overhead.
 *
 * Files divided into blocks
 * 1 bit (last block flag)
 * 2 bits (block type)
 *
 * 1 block occurs every 32K -1 bytes or when there 50% compression has been achieved.
 * The smallest block type encoding is always used.
 *
 * stored:
 *    32 bits length in bytes.
 *
 * fixed:
 *    magic fixed tree.
 *    symbols.
 *
 * dynamic:
 *    dynamic tree encoding.
 *    symbols.
 *
 *
 * The buffer for decompression in place is the length of the
 * uncompressed data, plus a small amount extra to keep the algorithm safe.
 * The compressed data is placed at the end of the buffer.  The output
 * pointer is placed at the start of the buffer and the input pointer
 * is placed where the compressed data starts.  Problems will occur
 * when the output pointer overruns the input pointer.
 *
 * The output pointer can only overrun the input pointer if the input
 * pointer is moving faster than the output pointer.  A condition only
 * triggered by data whose compressed form is larger than the uncompressed
 * form.
 *
 * The worst case at the block level is a growth of the compressed data
 * of 5 bytes per 32767 bytes.
 *
 * The worst case internal to a compressed block is very hard to figure.
 * The worst case can at least be boundined by having one bit that represents
 * 32764 bytes and then all of the rest of the bytes representing the very
 * very last byte.
 *
 * All of which is enough to compute an amount of extra data that is required
 * to be safe.  To avoid problems at the block level allocating 5 extra bytes
 * per 32767 bytes of data is sufficient.  To avoind problems internal to a block
 * adding an extra 32767 bytes (the worst case uncompressed block size) is
 * sufficient, to ensure that in the worst case the decompressed data for
 * block will stop the byte before the compressed data for a block begins.
 * To avoid problems with the compressed data's meta information an extra 18
 * bytes are needed.  Leading to the formula:
 *
 * extra_bytes = (uncompressed_size >> 12) + 32768 + 18 + decompressor_size.
 *
 * Adding 8 bytes per 32K is a bit excessive but much easier to calculate.
 * Adding 32768 instead of 32767 just makes for round numbers.
 * Adding the decompressor_size is necessary as it musht live after all
 * of the data as well.  Last I measured the decompressor is about 14K.
 * 10K of actual data and 4K of bss.
 *
 */

/*
 * gzip declarations
 */

#define OF(args)  args
#define STATIC static

#undef memset
#undef memcpy
#define memzero(s, n)     memset ((s), 0, (n))

typedef unsigned char  uch;
typedef unsigned short ush;
typedef unsigned long  ulg;

#define WSIZE 0x80000000      /* Window size must be at least 32k,
                         * and a power of two
                         * We don't actually have a window just
                         * a huge output buffer so I report
                         * a 2G windows size, as that should
                         * always be larger than our output buffer.
                         */

static uch *inbuf;      /* input buffer */
static uch *window;     /* Sliding window buffer, (and final output buffer) */

static unsigned insize;  /* valid bytes in inbuf */
static unsigned inptr;   /* index of next byte to be processed in inbuf */
static unsigned outcnt;  /* bytes in output buffer */

/* gzip flag byte */
#define ASCII_FLAG   0x01 /* bit 0 set: file probably ASCII text */
#define CONTINUATION 0x02 /* bit 1 set: continuation of multi-part gzip file */
#define EXTRA_FIELD  0x04 /* bit 2 set: extra field present */
#define ORIG_NAME    0x08 /* bit 3 set: original file name present */
#define COMMENT      0x10 /* bit 4 set: file comment present */
#define ENCRYPTED    0x20 /* bit 5 set: file is encrypted */
#define RESERVED     0xC0 /* bit 6,7:   reserved */

#define get_byte()  (inptr < insize ? inbuf[inptr++] : fill_inbuf())
            
/* Diagnostic functions */
#ifdef DEBUG
#  define Assert(cond,msg) {if(!(cond)) error(msg);}
#  define Trace(x) fprintf x
#  define Tracev(x) {if (verbose) fprintf x ;}
#  define Tracevv(x) {if (verbose>1) fprintf x ;}
#  define Tracec(c,x) {if (verbose && (c)) fprintf x ;}
#  define Tracecv(c,x) {if (verbose>1 && (c)) fprintf x ;}
#else
#  define Assert(cond,msg)
#  define Trace(x)
#  define Tracev(x)
#  define Tracevv(x)
#  define Tracec(c,x)
#  define Tracecv(c,x)
#endif

static int  fill_inbuf(void);
static void flush_window(void);
static void error(char *m);
static void gzip_mark(void **);
static void gzip_release(void **);
  
/*
 * This is set up by the setup-routine at boot-time
 */
static unsigned char *real_mode; /* Pointer to real-mode data */

#define RM_EXT_MEM_K   (*(unsigned short *)(real_mode + 0x2))
#ifndef STANDARD_MEMORY_BIOS_CALL
#define RM_ALT_MEM_K   (*(unsigned long *)(real_mode + 0x1e0))
#endif
#define RM_SCREEN_INFO (*(struct screen_info *)(real_mode+0))

extern unsigned char input_data[];
extern int input_len;

static long bytes_out = 0;

static void *malloc(int size);
static void free(void *where);

static void *memset(void *s, int c, unsigned n);
static void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, unsigned n);

static void putstr(const char *);

static unsigned long free_mem_ptr;
static unsigned long free_mem_end_ptr;

#define HEAP_SIZE             0x4000

static char *vidmem = (char *)0xb8000;
static int vidport;
static int lines, cols;

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_NUMAQ
void *xquad_portio;
#endif

#include "../../../../lib/inflate.c"

static void *malloc(int size)
{
      void *p;

      if (size <0) error("Malloc error");
      if (free_mem_ptr <= 0) error("Memory error");

      free_mem_ptr = (free_mem_ptr + 3) & ~3;   /* Align */

      p = (void *)free_mem_ptr;
      free_mem_ptr += size;

      if (free_mem_ptr >= free_mem_end_ptr)
            error("Out of memory");

      return p;
}

static void free(void *where)
{     /* Don't care */
}

static void gzip_mark(void **ptr)
{
      *ptr = (void *) free_mem_ptr;
}

static void gzip_release(void **ptr)
{
      free_mem_ptr = (unsigned long) *ptr;
}
 
static void scroll(void)
{
      int i;

      memcpy ( vidmem, vidmem + cols * 2, ( lines - 1 ) * cols * 2 );
      for ( i = ( lines - 1 ) * cols * 2; i < lines * cols * 2; i += 2 )
            vidmem[i] = ' ';
}

static void putstr(const char *s)
{
      int x,y,pos;
      char c;

      if (RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_video_mode == 0 && lines == 0 && cols == 0)
            return;

      x = RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_x;
      y = RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y;

      while ( ( c = *s++ ) != '\0' ) {
            if ( c == '\n' ) {
                  x = 0;
                  if ( ++y >= lines ) {
                        scroll();
                        y--;
                  }
            } else {
                  vidmem [ ( x + cols * y ) * 2 ] = c;
                  if ( ++x >= cols ) {
                        x = 0;
                        if ( ++y >= lines ) {
                              scroll();
                              y--;
                        }
                  }
            }
      }

      RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_x = x;
      RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_y = y;

      pos = (x + cols * y) * 2;     /* Update cursor position */
      outb_p(14, vidport);
      outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 9), vidport+1);
      outb_p(15, vidport);
      outb_p(0xff & (pos >> 1), vidport+1);
}

static void* memset(void* s, int c, unsigned n)
{
      int i;
      char *ss = (char*)s;

      for (i=0;i<n;i++) ss[i] = c;
      return s;
}

static void* memcpy(void* dest, const void* src, unsigned n)
{
      int i;
      char *d = (char *)dest, *s = (char *)src;

      for (i=0;i<n;i++) d[i] = s[i];
      return dest;
}

/* ===========================================================================
 * Fill the input buffer. This is called only when the buffer is empty
 * and at least one byte is really needed.
 */
static int fill_inbuf(void)
{
      error("ran out of input data");
      return 0;
}

/* ===========================================================================
 * Write the output window window[0..outcnt-1] and update crc and bytes_out.
 * (Used for the decompressed data only.)
 */
static void flush_window(void)
{
      /* With my window equal to my output buffer
       * I only need to compute the crc here.
       */
      ulg c = crc;         /* temporary variable */
      unsigned n;
      uch *in, ch;

      in = window;
      for (n = 0; n < outcnt; n++) {
            ch = *in++;
            c = crc_32_tab[((int)c ^ ch) & 0xff] ^ (c >> 8);
      }
      crc = c;
      bytes_out += (ulg)outcnt;
      outcnt = 0;
}

static void error(char *x)
{
      putstr("\n\n");
      putstr(x);
      putstr("\n\n -- System halted");

      while(1);   /* Halt */
}

asmlinkage void decompress_kernel(void *rmode, unsigned long end,
                  uch *input_data, unsigned long input_len, uch *output)
{
      real_mode = rmode;

      if (RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_video_mode == 7) {
            vidmem = (char *) 0xb0000;
            vidport = 0x3b4;
      } else {
            vidmem = (char *) 0xb8000;
            vidport = 0x3d4;
      }

      lines = RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_video_lines;
      cols = RM_SCREEN_INFO.orig_video_cols;

      window = output;        /* Output buffer (Normally at 1M) */
      free_mem_ptr     = end; /* Heap  */
      free_mem_end_ptr = end + HEAP_SIZE;
      inbuf  = input_data;    /* Input buffer */
      insize = input_len;
      inptr  = 0;

      if ((u32)output & (CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN -1))
            error("Destination address not CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN aligned");
      if (end > ((-__PAGE_OFFSET-(512 <<20)-1) & 0x7fffffff))
            error("Destination address too large");
#ifndef CONFIG_RELOCATABLE
      if ((u32)output != LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR)
            error("Wrong destination address");
#endif

      makecrc();
      putstr("Uncompressing Linux... ");
      gunzip();
      putstr("Ok, booting the kernel.\n");
      return;
}

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