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sb_ess.c

#undef FKS_LOGGING
#undef FKS_TEST

/*
 * tabs should be 4 spaces, in vi(m): set tabstop=4
 *
 * TODO:    consistency speed calculations!!
 *                cleanup!
 * ????:    Did I break MIDI support?
 *
 * History:
 *
 * Rolf Fokkens    (Dec 20 1998):   ES188x recording level support on a per
 * fokkensr@vertis.nl               input basis.
 *                       (Dec 24 1998):   Recognition of ES1788, ES1887, ES1888,
 *                                              ES1868, ES1869 and ES1878. Could be used for
 *                                              specific handling in the future. All except
 *                                              ES1887 and ES1888 and ES688 are handled like
 *                                              ES1688.
 *                       (Dec 27 1998):   RECLEV for all (?) ES1688+ chips. ES188x now
 *                                              have the "Dec 20" support + RECLEV
 *                       (Jan  2 1999):   Preparation for Full Duplex. This means
 *                                              Audio 2 is now used for playback when dma16
 *                                              is specified. The next step would be to use
 *                                              Audio 1 and Audio 2 at the same time.
 *                       (Jan  9 1999):   Put all ESS stuff into sb_ess.[ch], this
 *                                              includes both the ESS stuff that has been in
 *                                              sb_*[ch] before I touched it and the ESS support
 *                                              I added later
 *                       (Jan 23 1999):   Full Duplex seems to work. I wrote a small
 *                                              test proggy which works OK. Haven't found
 *                                              any applications to test it though. So why did
 *                                              I bother to create it anyway?? :) Just for
 *                                              fun.
 *                       (May  2 1999):   I tried to be too smart by "introducing"
 *                                              ess_calc_best_speed (). The idea was that two
 *                                              dividers could be used to setup a samplerate,
 *                                              ess_calc_best_speed () would choose the best.
 *                                              This works for playback, but results in
 *                                              recording problems for high samplerates. I
 *                                              fixed this by removing ess_calc_best_speed ()
 *                                              and just doing what the documentation says. 
 * Andy Sloane   (Jun  4 1999): Stole some code from ALSA to fix the playback
 * andy@guildsoftware.com           speed on ES1869, ES1879, ES1887, and ES1888.
 *                                              1879's were previously ignored by this driver;
 *                                              added (untested) support for those.
 * Cvetan Ivanov (Oct 27 1999): Fixed ess_dsp_init to call ess_set_dma_hw for
 * zezo@inet.bg                           _ALL_ ESS models, not only ES1887
 *
 * This files contains ESS chip specifics. It's based on the existing ESS
 * handling as it resided in sb_common.c, sb_mixer.c and sb_audio.c. This
 * file adds features like:
 * - Chip Identification (as shown in /proc/sound)
 * - RECLEV support for ES1688 and later
 * - 6 bits playback level support chips later than ES1688
 * - Recording level support on a per-device basis for ES1887
 * - Full-Duplex for ES1887
 *
 * Full duplex is enabled by specifying dma16. While the normal dma must
 * be one of 0, 1 or 3, dma16 can be one of 0, 1, 3 or 5. DMA 5 is a 16 bit
 * DMA channel, while the others are 8 bit..
 *
 * ESS detection isn't full proof (yet). If it fails an additional module
 * parameter esstype can be specified to be one of the following:
 * -1, 0, 688, 1688, 1868, 1869, 1788, 1887, 1888
 * -1 means: mimic 2.0 behaviour, 
 *  0 means: auto detect.
 *   others: explicitly specify chip
 * -1 is default, cause auto detect still doesn't work.
 */

/*
 * About the documentation
 *
 * I don't know if the chips all are OK, but the documentation is buggy. 'cause
 * I don't have all the cips myself, there's a lot I cannot verify. I'll try to
 * keep track of my latest insights about his here. If you have additional info,
 * please enlighten me (fokkensr@vertis.nl)!
 *
 * I had the impression that ES1688 also has 6 bit master volume control. The
 * documentation about ES1888 (rev C, october '95) claims that ES1888 has
 * the following features ES1688 doesn't have:
 * - 6 bit master volume
 * - Full Duplex
 * So ES1688 apparently doesn't have 6 bit master volume control, but the
 * ES1688 does have RECLEV control. Makes me wonder: does ES688 have it too?
 * Without RECLEV ES688 won't be much fun I guess.
 *
 * From the ES1888 (rev C, october '95) documentation I got the impression
 * that registers 0x68 to 0x6e don't exist which means: no recording volume
 * controls. To my surprise the ES888 documentation (1/14/96) claims that
 * ES888 does have these record mixer registers, but that ES1888 doesn't have
 * 0x69 and 0x6b. So the rest should be there.
 *
 * I'm trying to get ES1887 Full Duplex. Audio 2 is playback only, while Audio 2
 * is both record and playback. I think I should use Audio 2 for all playback.
 *
 * The documentation is an adventure: it's close but not fully accurate. I
 * found out that after a reset some registers are *NOT* reset, though the
 * docs say the would be. Interesting ones are 0x7f, 0x7d and 0x7a. They are
 * related to the Audio 2 channel. I also was surprised about the consequences
 * of writing 0x00 to 0x7f (which should be done by reset): The ES1887 moves
 * into ES1888 mode. This means that it claims IRQ 11, which happens to be my
 * ISDN adapter. Needless to say it no longer worked. I now understand why
 * after rebooting 0x7f already was 0x05, the value of my choice: the BIOS
 * did it.
 *
 * Oh, and this is another trap: in ES1887 docs mixer register 0x70 is
 * described as if it's exactly the same as register 0xa1. This is *NOT* true.
 * The description of 0x70 in ES1869 docs is accurate however.
 * Well, the assumption about ES1869 was wrong: register 0x70 is very much
 * like register 0xa1, except that bit 7 is always 1, whatever you want
 * it to be.
 *
 * When using audio 2 mixer register 0x72 seems te be meaningless. Only 0xa2
 * has effect.
 *
 * Software reset not being able to reset all registers is great! Especially
 * the fact that register 0x78 isn't reset is great when you wanna change back
 * to single dma operation (simplex): audio 2 is still operational, and uses
 * the same dma as audio 1: your ess changes into a funny echo machine.
 *
 * Received the news that ES1688 is detected as a ES1788. Did some thinking:
 * the ES1887 detection scheme suggests in step 2 to try if bit 3 of register
 * 0x64 can be changed. This is inaccurate, first I inverted the * check: "If
 * can be modified, it's a 1688", which lead to a correct detection
 * of my ES1887. It resulted however in bad detection of 1688 (reported by mail)
 * and 1868 (if no PnP detection first): they result in a 1788 being detected.
 * I don't have docs on 1688, but I do have docs on 1868: The documentation is
 * probably inaccurate in the fact that I should check bit 2, not bit 3. This
 * is what I do now.
 */

/*
 * About recognition of ESS chips
 *
 * The distinction of ES688, ES1688, ES1788, ES1887 and ES1888 is described in
 * a (preliminary ??) datasheet on ES1887. Its aim is to identify ES1887, but
 * during detection the text claims that "this chip may be ..." when a step
 * fails. This scheme is used to distinct between the above chips.
 * It appears however that some PnP chips like ES1868 are recognized as ES1788
 * by the ES1887 detection scheme. These PnP chips can be detected in another
 * way however: ES1868, ES1869 and ES1878 can be recognized (full proof I think)
 * by repeatedly reading mixer register 0x40. This is done by ess_identify in
 * sb_common.c.
 * This results in the following detection steps:
 * - distinct between ES688 and ES1688+ (as always done in this driver)
 *   if ES688 we're ready
 * - try to detect ES1868, ES1869 or ES1878
 *   if successful we're ready
 * - try to detect ES1888, ES1887 or ES1788
 *   if successful we're ready
 * - Dunno. Must be 1688. Will do in general
 *
 * About RECLEV support:
 *
 * The existing ES1688 support didn't take care of the ES1688+ recording
 * levels very well. Whenever a device was selected (recmask) for recording
 * its recording level was loud, and it couldn't be changed. The fact that
 * internal register 0xb4 could take care of RECLEV, didn't work meaning until
 * its value was restored every time the chip was reset; this reset the
 * value of 0xb4 too. I guess that's what 4front also had (have?) trouble with.
 *
 * About ES1887 support:
 *
 * The ES1887 has separate registers to control the recording levels, for all
 * inputs. The ES1887 specific software makes these levels the same as their
 * corresponding playback levels, unless recmask says they aren't recorded. In
 * the latter case the recording volumes are 0.
 * Now recording levels of inputs can be controlled, by changing the playback
 * levels. Futhermore several devices can be recorded together (which is not
 * possible with the ES1688).
 * Besides the separate recording level control for each input, the common
 * recording level can also be controlled by RECLEV as described above.
 *
 * Not only ES1887 have this recording mixer. I know the following from the
 * documentation:
 * ES688    no
 * ES1688   no
 * ES1868   no
 * ES1869   yes
 * ES1878   no
 * ES1879   yes
 * ES1888   no/yes      Contradicting documentation; most recent: yes
 * ES1946   yes         This is a PCI chip; not handled by this driver
 */

#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>

#include "sound_config.h"
#include "sb_mixer.h"
#include "sb.h"

#include "sb_ess.h"

#define ESSTYPE_LIKE20  -1          /* Mimic 2.0 behaviour                          */
#define ESSTYPE_DETECT  0           /* Mimic 2.0 behaviour                          */

#define SUBMDL_ES1788   0x10  /* Subtype ES1788 for specific handling */
#define SUBMDL_ES1868   0x11  /* Subtype ES1868 for specific handling */
#define SUBMDL_ES1869   0x12  /* Subtype ES1869 for specific handling */
#define SUBMDL_ES1878   0x13  /* Subtype ES1878 for specific handling */
#define SUBMDL_ES1879   0x16    /* ES1879 was initially forgotten */
#define SUBMDL_ES1887   0x14  /* Subtype ES1887 for specific handling */
#define SUBMDL_ES1888   0x15  /* Subtype ES1888 for specific handling */

#define SB_CAP_ES18XX_RATE 0x100

#define ES1688_CLOCK1 795444 /* 128 - div */
#define ES1688_CLOCK2 397722 /* 256 - div */
#define ES18XX_CLOCK1 793800 /* 128 - div */
#define ES18XX_CLOCK2 768000 /* 256 - div */

#ifdef FKS_LOGGING
static void ess_show_mixerregs (sb_devc *devc);
#endif
static int ess_read (sb_devc * devc, unsigned char reg);
static int ess_write (sb_devc * devc, unsigned char reg, unsigned char data);
static void ess_chgmixer
      (sb_devc * devc, unsigned int reg, unsigned int mask, unsigned int val);

/****************************************************************************
 *                                                                                                                *
 *                                                    ESS audio                                             *
 *                                                                                                                *
 ****************************************************************************/

struct ess_command {short cmd; short data;};

/*
 * Commands for initializing Audio 1 for input (record)
 */
static struct ess_command ess_i08m[] =          /* input 8 bit mono */
      { {0xb7, 0x51}, {0xb7, 0xd0}, {-1, 0} };
static struct ess_command ess_i16m[] =          /* input 16 bit mono */
      { {0xb7, 0x71}, {0xb7, 0xf4}, {-1, 0} };
static struct ess_command ess_i08s[] =          /* input 8 bit stereo */
      { {0xb7, 0x51}, {0xb7, 0x98}, {-1, 0} };
static struct ess_command ess_i16s[] =          /* input 16 bit stereo */
      { {0xb7, 0x71}, {0xb7, 0xbc}, {-1, 0} };

static struct ess_command *ess_inp_cmds[] =
      { ess_i08m, ess_i16m, ess_i08s, ess_i16s };


/*
 * Commands for initializing Audio 1 for output (playback)
 */
static struct ess_command ess_o08m[] =          /* output 8 bit mono */
      { {0xb6, 0x80}, {0xb7, 0x51}, {0xb7, 0xd0}, {-1, 0} };
static struct ess_command ess_o16m[] =          /* output 16 bit mono */
      { {0xb6, 0x00}, {0xb7, 0x71}, {0xb7, 0xf4}, {-1, 0} };
static struct ess_command ess_o08s[] =          /* output 8 bit stereo */
      { {0xb6, 0x80}, {0xb7, 0x51}, {0xb7, 0x98}, {-1, 0} };
static struct ess_command ess_o16s[] =          /* output 16 bit stereo */
      { {0xb6, 0x00}, {0xb7, 0x71}, {0xb7, 0xbc}, {-1, 0} };

static struct ess_command *ess_out_cmds[] =
      { ess_o08m, ess_o16m, ess_o08s, ess_o16s };

static void ess_exec_commands
      (sb_devc *devc, struct ess_command *cmdtab[])
{
      struct ess_command *cmd;

      cmd = cmdtab [ ((devc->channels != 1) << 1) + (devc->bits != AFMT_U8) ];

      while (cmd->cmd != -1) {
            ess_write (devc, cmd->cmd, cmd->data);
            cmd++;
      }
}

static void ess_change
      (sb_devc *devc, unsigned int reg, unsigned int mask, unsigned int val)
{
      int value;

      value = ess_read (devc, reg);
      value = (value & ~mask) | (val & mask);
      ess_write (devc, reg, value);
}

static void ess_set_output_parms
      (int dev, unsigned long buf, int nr_bytes, int intrflag)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      if (devc->duplex) {
            devc->trg_buf_16 = buf;
            devc->trg_bytes_16 = nr_bytes;
            devc->trg_intrflag_16 = intrflag;
            devc->irq_mode_16 = IMODE_OUTPUT;
      } else {
            devc->trg_buf = buf;
            devc->trg_bytes = nr_bytes;
            devc->trg_intrflag = intrflag;
            devc->irq_mode = IMODE_OUTPUT;
      }
}

static void ess_set_input_parms
      (int dev, unsigned long buf, int count, int intrflag)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      devc->trg_buf = buf;
      devc->trg_bytes = count;
      devc->trg_intrflag = intrflag;
      devc->irq_mode = IMODE_INPUT;
}

static int ess_calc_div (int clock, int revert, int *speedp, int *diffp)
{
      int divider;
      int speed, diff;
      int retval;

      speed   = *speedp;
      divider = (clock + speed / 2) / speed;
      retval  = revert - divider;
      if (retval > revert - 1) {
            retval  = revert - 1;
            divider = revert - retval;
      }
      /* This line is suggested. Must be wrong I think
      *speedp = (clock + divider / 2) / divider;
      So I chose the next one */

      *speedp     = clock / divider;
      diff  = speed - *speedp;
      if (diff < 0) diff =-diff;
      *diffp  = diff;

      return retval;
}

static int ess_calc_best_speed
      (int clock1, int rev1, int clock2, int rev2, int *divp, int *speedp)
{
      int speed1 = *speedp, speed2 = *speedp;
      int div1, div2;
      int diff1, diff2;
      int retval;

      div1 = ess_calc_div (clock1, rev1, &speed1, &diff1);
      div2 = ess_calc_div (clock2, rev2, &speed2, &diff2);

      if (diff1 < diff2) {
            *divp   = div1;
            *speedp = speed1;
            retval  = 1;
      } else {
      /*    *divp   = div2; */
            *divp   = 0x80 | div2;
            *speedp = speed2;
            retval  = 2;
      }

      return retval;
}

/*
 * Depending on the audiochannel ESS devices can
 * have different clock settings. These are made consistent for duplex
 * however.
 * callers of ess_speed only do an audionum suggestion, which means
 * input suggests 1, output suggests 2. This suggestion is only true
 * however when doing duplex.
 */
static void ess_common_speed (sb_devc *devc, int *speedp, int *divp)
{
      int diff = 0, div;

      if (devc->duplex) {
            /*
             * The 0x80 is important for the first audio channel
             */
            if (devc->submodel == SUBMDL_ES1888) {
                  div = 0x80 | ess_calc_div (795500, 256, speedp, &diff);
            } else {
                  div = 0x80 | ess_calc_div (795500, 128, speedp, &diff);
            }
      } else if(devc->caps & SB_CAP_ES18XX_RATE) {
            if (devc->submodel == SUBMDL_ES1888) {
                  ess_calc_best_speed(397700, 128, 795500, 256, 
                                    &div, speedp);
            } else {
                  ess_calc_best_speed(ES18XX_CLOCK1, 128, ES18XX_CLOCK2, 256, 
                                    &div, speedp);
            }
      } else {
            if (*speedp > 22000) {
                  div = 0x80 | ess_calc_div (ES1688_CLOCK1, 256, speedp, &diff);
            } else {
                  div = 0x00 | ess_calc_div (ES1688_CLOCK2, 128, speedp, &diff);
            }
      }
      *divp = div;
}

static void ess_speed (sb_devc *devc, int audionum)
{
      int speed;
      int div, div2;

      ess_common_speed (devc, &(devc->speed), &div);

#ifdef FKS_REG_LOGGING
printk (KERN_INFO "FKS: ess_speed (%d) b speed = %d, div=%x\n", audionum, devc->speed, div);
#endif

      /* Set filter roll-off to 90% of speed/2 */
      speed = (devc->speed * 9) / 20;

      div2 = 256 - 7160000 / (speed * 82);

      if (!devc->duplex) audionum = 1;

      if (audionum == 1) {
            /* Change behaviour of register A1 *
            sb_chg_mixer(devc, 0x71, 0x20, 0x20)
            * For ES1869 only??? */
            ess_write (devc, 0xa1, div);
            ess_write (devc, 0xa2, div2);
      } else {
            ess_setmixer (devc, 0x70, div);
            /*
             * FKS: fascinating: 0x72 doesn't seem to work.
             */
            ess_write (devc, 0xa2, div2);
            ess_setmixer (devc, 0x72, div2);
      }
}

static int ess_audio_prepare_for_input(int dev, int bsize, int bcount)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      ess_speed(devc, 1);

      sb_dsp_command(devc, DSP_CMD_SPKOFF);

      ess_write (devc, 0xb8, 0x0e); /* Auto init DMA mode */
      ess_change (devc, 0xa8, 0x03, 3 - devc->channels);    /* Mono/stereo */
      ess_write (devc, 0xb9, 2);    /* Demand mode (4 bytes/DMA request) */

      ess_exec_commands (devc, ess_inp_cmds);

      ess_change (devc, 0xb1, 0xf0, 0x50);
      ess_change (devc, 0xb2, 0xf0, 0x50);

      devc->trigger_bits = 0;
      return 0;
}

static int ess_audio_prepare_for_output_audio1 (int dev, int bsize, int bcount)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      sb_dsp_reset(devc);
      ess_speed(devc, 1);
      ess_write (devc, 0xb8, 4);    /* Auto init DMA mode */
      ess_change (devc, 0xa8, 0x03, 3 - devc->channels);    /* Mono/stereo */
      ess_write (devc, 0xb9, 2);    /* Demand mode (4 bytes/request) */

      ess_exec_commands (devc, ess_out_cmds);

      ess_change (devc, 0xb1, 0xf0, 0x50);      /* Enable DMA */
      ess_change (devc, 0xb2, 0xf0, 0x50);      /* Enable IRQ */

      sb_dsp_command(devc, DSP_CMD_SPKON);      /* There be sound! */

      devc->trigger_bits = 0;
      return 0;
}

static int ess_audio_prepare_for_output_audio2 (int dev, int bsize, int bcount)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;
      unsigned char bits;

/* FKS: qqq
      sb_dsp_reset(devc);
*/

      /*
       * Auto-Initialize:
       * DMA mode + demand mode (8 bytes/request, yes I want it all!)
       * But leave 16-bit DMA bit untouched!
       */
      ess_chgmixer (devc, 0x78, 0xd0, 0xd0);

      ess_speed(devc, 2);

      /* bits 4:3 on ES1887 represent recording source. Keep them! */
      bits = ess_getmixer (devc, 0x7a) & 0x18;

      /* Set stereo/mono */
      if (devc->channels != 1) bits |= 0x02;

      /* Init DACs; UNSIGNED mode for 8 bit; SIGNED mode for 16 bit */
      if (devc->bits != AFMT_U8) bits |= 0x05;  /* 16 bit */

      /* Enable DMA, IRQ will be shared (hopefully)*/
      bits |= 0x60;

      ess_setmixer (devc, 0x7a, bits);

      ess_mixer_reload (devc, SOUND_MIXER_PCM); /* There be sound! */

      devc->trigger_bits = 0;
      return 0;
}

static int ess_audio_prepare_for_output(int dev, int bsize, int bcount)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

#ifdef FKS_REG_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "ess_audio_prepare_for_output: dma_out=%d,dma_in=%d\n"
, audio_devs[dev]->dmap_out->dma, audio_devs[dev]->dmap_in->dma);
#endif

      if (devc->duplex) {
            return ess_audio_prepare_for_output_audio2 (dev, bsize, bcount);
      } else {
            return ess_audio_prepare_for_output_audio1 (dev, bsize, bcount);
      }
}

static void ess_audio_halt_xfer(int dev)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&devc->lock, flags);
      sb_dsp_reset(devc);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&devc->lock, flags);

      /*
       * Audio 2 may still be operational! Creates awful sounds!
       */
      if (devc->duplex) ess_chgmixer(devc, 0x78, 0x03, 0x00);
}

static void ess_audio_start_input
      (int dev, unsigned long buf, int nr_bytes, int intrflag)
{
      int count = nr_bytes;
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;
      short c = -nr_bytes;

      /*
       * Start a DMA input to the buffer pointed by dmaqtail
       */

      if (audio_devs[dev]->dmap_in->dma > 3) count >>= 1;
      count--;

      devc->irq_mode = IMODE_INPUT;

      ess_write (devc, 0xa4, (unsigned char) ((unsigned short) c & 0xff));
      ess_write (devc, 0xa5, (unsigned char) (((unsigned short) c >> 8) & 0xff));

      ess_change (devc, 0xb8, 0x0f, 0x0f);      /* Go */
      devc->intr_active = 1;
}

static void ess_audio_output_block_audio1
      (int dev, unsigned long buf, int nr_bytes, int intrflag)
{
      int count = nr_bytes;
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;
      short c = -nr_bytes;

      if (audio_devs[dev]->dmap_out->dma > 3)
            count >>= 1;
      count--;

      devc->irq_mode = IMODE_OUTPUT;

      ess_write (devc, 0xa4, (unsigned char) ((unsigned short) c & 0xff));
      ess_write (devc, 0xa5, (unsigned char) (((unsigned short) c >> 8) & 0xff));

      ess_change (devc, 0xb8, 0x05, 0x05);      /* Go */
      devc->intr_active = 1;
}

static void ess_audio_output_block_audio2
      (int dev, unsigned long buf, int nr_bytes, int intrflag)
{
      int count = nr_bytes;
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;
      short c = -nr_bytes;

      if (audio_devs[dev]->dmap_out->dma > 3) count >>= 1;
      count--;

      ess_setmixer (devc, 0x74, (unsigned char) ((unsigned short) c & 0xff));
      ess_setmixer (devc, 0x76, (unsigned char) (((unsigned short) c >> 8) & 0xff));
      ess_chgmixer (devc, 0x78, 0x03, 0x03);   /* Go */

      devc->irq_mode_16 = IMODE_OUTPUT;
            devc->intr_active_16 = 1;
}

static void ess_audio_output_block
      (int dev, unsigned long buf, int nr_bytes, int intrflag)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      if (devc->duplex) {
            ess_audio_output_block_audio2 (dev, buf, nr_bytes, intrflag);
      } else {
            ess_audio_output_block_audio1 (dev, buf, nr_bytes, intrflag);
      }
}

/*
 * FKS: the if-statements for both bits and bits_16 are quite alike.
 * Combine this...
 */
static void ess_audio_trigger(int dev, int bits)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      int bits_16 = bits & devc->irq_mode_16;
      bits &= devc->irq_mode;

      if (!bits && !bits_16) {
            /* FKS oh oh.... wrong?? for dma 16? */
            sb_dsp_command(devc, 0xd0);   /* Halt DMA */
      }

      if (bits) {
            switch (devc->irq_mode)
            {
                  case IMODE_INPUT:
                        ess_audio_start_input(dev, devc->trg_buf, devc->trg_bytes,
                              devc->trg_intrflag);
                        break;

                  case IMODE_OUTPUT:
                        ess_audio_output_block(dev, devc->trg_buf, devc->trg_bytes,
                              devc->trg_intrflag);
                        break;
            }
      }

      if (bits_16) {
            switch (devc->irq_mode_16) {
            case IMODE_INPUT:
                  ess_audio_start_input(dev, devc->trg_buf_16, devc->trg_bytes_16,
                              devc->trg_intrflag_16);
                  break;

            case IMODE_OUTPUT:
                  ess_audio_output_block(dev, devc->trg_buf_16, devc->trg_bytes_16,
                              devc->trg_intrflag_16);
                  break;
            }
      }

      devc->trigger_bits = bits | bits_16;
}

static int ess_audio_set_speed(int dev, int speed)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;
      int minspeed, maxspeed, dummydiv;

      if (speed > 0) {
            minspeed = (devc->duplex ? 6215  : 5000 );
            maxspeed = (devc->duplex ? 44100 : 48000);
            if (speed < minspeed) speed = minspeed;
            if (speed > maxspeed) speed = maxspeed;

            ess_common_speed (devc, &speed, &dummydiv);

            devc->speed = speed;
      }
      return devc->speed;
}

/*
 * FKS: This is a one-on-one copy of sb1_audio_set_bits
 */
static unsigned int ess_audio_set_bits(int dev, unsigned int bits)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      if (bits != 0) {
            if (bits == AFMT_U8 || bits == AFMT_S16_LE) {
                  devc->bits = bits;
            } else {
                  devc->bits = AFMT_U8;
            }
      }

      return devc->bits;
}

/*
 * FKS: This is a one-on-one copy of sbpro_audio_set_channels
 * (*) Modified it!!
 */
static short ess_audio_set_channels(int dev, short channels)
{
      sb_devc *devc = audio_devs[dev]->devc;

      if (channels == 1 || channels == 2) devc->channels = channels;

      return devc->channels;
}

static struct audio_driver ess_audio_driver =   /* ESS ES688/1688 */
{
      .owner                  = THIS_MODULE,
      .open             = sb_audio_open,
      .close                  = sb_audio_close,
      .output_block           = ess_set_output_parms,
      .start_input            = ess_set_input_parms,
      .prepare_for_input      = ess_audio_prepare_for_input,
      .prepare_for_output     = ess_audio_prepare_for_output,
      .halt_io          = ess_audio_halt_xfer,
      .trigger          = ess_audio_trigger,
      .set_speed        = ess_audio_set_speed,
      .set_bits         = ess_audio_set_bits,
      .set_channels           = ess_audio_set_channels
};

/*
 * ess_audio_init must be called from sb_audio_init
 */
struct audio_driver *ess_audio_init
            (sb_devc *devc, int *audio_flags, int *format_mask)
{
      *audio_flags = DMA_AUTOMODE;
      *format_mask |= AFMT_S16_LE;

      if (devc->duplex) {
            int tmp_dma;
            /*
             * sb_audio_init thinks dma8 is for playback and
             * dma16 is for record. Not now! So swap them.
             */
            tmp_dma           = devc->dma16;
            devc->dma16 = devc->dma8;
            devc->dma8  = tmp_dma;

            *audio_flags |= DMA_DUPLEX;
      }

      return &ess_audio_driver;
}

/****************************************************************************
 *                                                                                                                *
 *                                              ESS common                                                  *
 *                                                                                                                *
 ****************************************************************************/
static void ess_handle_channel
      (char *channel, int dev, int intr_active, unsigned char flag, int irq_mode)
{
      if (!intr_active || !flag) return;
#ifdef FKS_REG_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "FKS: ess_handle_channel %s irq_mode=%d\n", channel, irq_mode);
#endif
      switch (irq_mode) {
            case IMODE_OUTPUT:
                  DMAbuf_outputintr (dev, 1);
                  break;

            case IMODE_INPUT:
                  DMAbuf_inputintr (dev);
                  break;

            case IMODE_INIT:
                  break;

            default:;
                  /* printk(KERN_WARN "ESS: Unexpected interrupt\n"); */
      }
}

/*
 * FKS: TODO!!! Finish this!
 *
 * I think midi stuff uses uart401, without interrupts.
 * So IMODE_MIDI isn't a value for devc->irq_mode.
 */
void ess_intr (sb_devc *devc)
{
      int                     status;
      unsigned char     src;

      if (devc->submodel == SUBMDL_ES1887) {
            src = ess_getmixer (devc, 0x7f) >> 4;
      } else {
            src = 0xff;
      }

#ifdef FKS_REG_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "FKS: sbintr src=%x\n",(int)src);
#endif
      ess_handle_channel
            ( "Audio 1"
            , devc->dev, devc->intr_active   , src & 0x01, devc->irq_mode   );
      ess_handle_channel
            ( "Audio 2"
            , devc->dev, devc->intr_active_16, src & 0x02, devc->irq_mode_16);
      /*
       * Acknowledge interrupts
       */
      if (devc->submodel == SUBMDL_ES1887 && (src & 0x02)) {
            ess_chgmixer (devc, 0x7a, 0x80, 0x00);
      }

      if (src & 0x01) {
            status = inb(DSP_DATA_AVAIL);
      }
}

static void ess_extended (sb_devc * devc)
{
      /* Enable extended mode */

      sb_dsp_command(devc, 0xc6);
}

static int ess_write (sb_devc * devc, unsigned char reg, unsigned char data)
{
#ifdef FKS_REG_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "FKS: write reg %x: %x\n", reg, data);
#endif
      /* Write a byte to an extended mode register of ES1688 */

      if (!sb_dsp_command(devc, reg))
            return 0;

      return sb_dsp_command(devc, data);
}

static int ess_read (sb_devc * devc, unsigned char reg)
{
      /* Read a byte from an extended mode register of ES1688 */

      /* Read register command */
      if (!sb_dsp_command(devc, 0xc0)) return -1;

      if (!sb_dsp_command(devc, reg )) return -1;

      return sb_dsp_get_byte(devc);
}

int ess_dsp_reset(sb_devc * devc)
{
      int loopc;

#ifdef FKS_REG_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "FKS: ess_dsp_reset 1\n");
ess_show_mixerregs (devc);
#endif

      DEB(printk("Entered ess_dsp_reset()\n"));

      outb(3, DSP_RESET); /* Reset FIFO too */

      udelay(10);
      outb(0, DSP_RESET);
      udelay(30);

      for (loopc = 0; loopc < 1000 && !(inb(DSP_DATA_AVAIL) & 0x80); loopc++);

      if (inb(DSP_READ) != 0xAA) {
            DDB(printk("sb: No response to RESET\n"));
            return 0;   /* Sorry */
      }
      ess_extended (devc);

      DEB(printk("sb_dsp_reset() OK\n"));

#ifdef FKS_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "FKS: dsp_reset 2\n");
ess_show_mixerregs (devc);
#endif

      return 1;
}

static int ess_irq_bits (int irq)
{
      switch (irq) {
      case 2:
      case 9:
            return 0;

      case 5:
            return 1;

      case 7:
            return 2;

      case 10:
            return 3;

      default:
            printk(KERN_ERR "ESS1688: Invalid IRQ %d\n", irq);
            return -1;
      }
}

/*
 *    Set IRQ configuration register for all ESS models
 */
static int ess_common_set_irq_hw (sb_devc * devc)
{
      int irq_bits;

      if ((irq_bits = ess_irq_bits (devc->irq)) == -1) return 0;

      if (!ess_write (devc, 0xb1, 0x50 | (irq_bits << 2))) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "ES1688: Failed to write to IRQ config register\n");
            return 0;
      }
      return 1;
}

/*
 * I wanna use modern ES1887 mixer irq handling. Funny is the
 * fact that my BIOS wants the same. But suppose someone's BIOS
 * doesn't do this!
 * This is independent of duplex. If there's a 1887 this will
 * prevent it from going into 1888 mode.
 */
static void ess_es1887_set_irq_hw (sb_devc * devc)
{
      int irq_bits;

      if ((irq_bits = ess_irq_bits (devc->irq)) == -1) return;

      ess_chgmixer (devc, 0x7f, 0x0f, 0x01 | ((irq_bits + 1) << 1));
}

static int ess_set_irq_hw (sb_devc * devc)
{
      if (devc->submodel == SUBMDL_ES1887) ess_es1887_set_irq_hw (devc);

      return ess_common_set_irq_hw (devc);
}

#ifdef FKS_TEST

/*
 * FKS_test:
 *    for ES1887: 00, 18, non wr bits: 0001 1000
 *    for ES1868: 00, b8, non wr bits: 1011 1000
 *    for ES1888: 00, f8, non wr bits: 1111 1000
 *    for ES1688: 00, f8, non wr bits: 1111 1000
 *    +   ES968
 */

static void FKS_test (sb_devc * devc)
{
      int val1, val2;
      val1 = ess_getmixer (devc, 0x64);
      ess_setmixer (devc, 0x64, ~val1);
      val2 = ess_getmixer (devc, 0x64) ^ ~val1;
      ess_setmixer (devc, 0x64, val1);
      val1 ^= ess_getmixer (devc, 0x64);
printk (KERN_INFO "FKS: FKS_test %02x, %02x\n", (val1 & 0x0ff), (val2 & 0x0ff));
};
#endif

static unsigned int ess_identify (sb_devc * devc)
{
      unsigned int val;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&devc->lock, flags);
      outb(((unsigned char) (0x40 & 0xff)), MIXER_ADDR);

      udelay(20);
      val  = inb(MIXER_DATA) << 8;
      udelay(20);
      val |= inb(MIXER_DATA);
      udelay(20);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&devc->lock, flags);

      return val;
}

/*
 * ESS technology describes a detection scheme in their docs. It involves
 * fiddling with the bits in certain mixer registers. ess_probe is supposed
 * to help.
 *
 * FKS: tracing shows ess_probe writes wrong value to 0x64. Bit 3 reads 1, but
 * should be written 0 only. Check this.
 */
static int ess_probe (sb_devc * devc, int reg, int xorval)
{
      int  val1, val2, val3;

      val1 = ess_getmixer (devc, reg);
      val2 = val1 ^ xorval;
      ess_setmixer (devc, reg, val2);
      val3 = ess_getmixer (devc, reg);
      ess_setmixer (devc, reg, val1);

      return (val2 == val3);
}

int ess_init(sb_devc * devc, struct address_info *hw_config)
{
      unsigned char cfg;
      int ess_major = 0, ess_minor = 0;
      int i;
      static char name[100], modelname[10];

      /*
       * Try to detect ESS chips.
       */

      sb_dsp_command(devc, 0xe7); /* Return identification */

      for (i = 1000; i; i--) {
            if (inb(DSP_DATA_AVAIL) & 0x80) {
                  if (ess_major == 0) {
                        ess_major = inb(DSP_READ);
                  } else {
                        ess_minor = inb(DSP_READ);
                        break;
                  }
            }
      }

      if (ess_major == 0) return 0;

      if (ess_major == 0x48 && (ess_minor & 0xf0) == 0x80) {
            sprintf(name, "ESS ES488 AudioDrive (rev %d)",
                  ess_minor & 0x0f);
            hw_config->name = name;
            devc->model = MDL_SBPRO;
            return 1;
      }

      /*
       * This the detection heuristic of ESS technology, though somewhat
       * changed to actually make it work.
       * This results in the following detection steps:
       * - distinct between ES688 and ES1688+ (as always done in this driver)
       *   if ES688 we're ready
       * - try to detect ES1868, ES1869 or ES1878 (ess_identify)
       *   if successful we're ready
       * - try to detect ES1888, ES1887 or ES1788 (aim: detect ES1887)
       *   if successful we're ready
       * - Dunno. Must be 1688. Will do in general
       *
       * This is the most BETA part of the software: Will the detection
       * always work?
       */
      devc->model = MDL_ESS;
      devc->submodel = ess_minor & 0x0f;

      if (ess_major == 0x68 && (ess_minor & 0xf0) == 0x80) {
            char *chip = NULL;
            int submodel = -1;

            switch (devc->sbmo.esstype) {
            case ESSTYPE_DETECT:
            case ESSTYPE_LIKE20:
                  break;
            case 688:
                  submodel = 0x00;
                  break;
            case 1688:
                  submodel = 0x08;
                  break;
            case 1868:
                  submodel = SUBMDL_ES1868;
                  break;
            case 1869:
                  submodel = SUBMDL_ES1869;
                  break;
            case 1788:
                  submodel = SUBMDL_ES1788;
                  break;
            case 1878:
                  submodel = SUBMDL_ES1878;
                  break;
            case 1879:
                  submodel = SUBMDL_ES1879;
                  break;
            case 1887:
                  submodel = SUBMDL_ES1887;
                  break;
            case 1888:
                  submodel = SUBMDL_ES1888;
                  break;
            default:
                  printk (KERN_ERR "Invalid esstype=%d specified\n", devc->sbmo.esstype);
                  return 0;
            };
            if (submodel != -1) {
                  devc->submodel = submodel;
                  sprintf (modelname, "ES%d", devc->sbmo.esstype);
                  chip = modelname;
            };
            if (chip == NULL && (ess_minor & 0x0f) < 8) {
                  chip = "ES688";
            };
#ifdef FKS_TEST
FKS_test (devc);
#endif
            /*
             * If Nothing detected yet, and we want 2.0 behaviour...
             * Then let's assume it's ES1688.
             */
            if (chip == NULL && devc->sbmo.esstype == ESSTYPE_LIKE20) {
                  chip = "ES1688";
            };

            if (chip == NULL) {
                  int type;

                  type = ess_identify (devc);

                  switch (type) {
                  case 0x1868:
                        chip = "ES1868";
                        devc->submodel = SUBMDL_ES1868;
                        break;
                  case 0x1869:
                        chip = "ES1869";
                        devc->submodel = SUBMDL_ES1869;
                        break;
                  case 0x1878:
                        chip = "ES1878";
                        devc->submodel = SUBMDL_ES1878;
                        break;
                  case 0x1879:
                        chip = "ES1879";
                        devc->submodel = SUBMDL_ES1879;
                        break;
                  default:
                        if ((type & 0x00ff) != ((type >> 8) & 0x00ff)) {
                              printk ("ess_init: Unrecognized %04x\n", type);
                        }
                  };
            };
#if 0
            /*
             * this one failed:
             * the probing of bit 4 is another thought: from ES1788 and up, all
             * chips seem to have hardware volume control. Bit 4 is readonly to
             * check if a hardware volume interrupt has fired.
             * Cause ES688/ES1688 don't have this feature, bit 4 might be writeable
             * for these chips.
             */
            if (chip == NULL && !ess_probe(devc, 0x64, (1 << 4))) {
#endif
            /*
             * the probing of bit 2 is my idea. The ES1887 docs want me to probe
             * bit 3. This results in ES1688 being detected as ES1788.
             * Bit 2 is for "Enable HWV IRQE", but as ES(1)688 chips don't have
             * HardWare Volume, I think they don't have this IRQE.
             */
            if (chip == NULL && ess_probe(devc, 0x64, (1 << 2))) {
                  if (ess_probe (devc, 0x70, 0x7f)) {
                        if (ess_probe (devc, 0x64, (1 << 5))) {
                              chip = "ES1887";
                              devc->submodel = SUBMDL_ES1887;
                        } else {
                              chip = "ES1888";
                              devc->submodel = SUBMDL_ES1888;
                        }
                  } else {
                        chip = "ES1788";
                        devc->submodel = SUBMDL_ES1788;
                  }
            };
            if (chip == NULL) {
                  chip = "ES1688";
            };

          printk ( KERN_INFO "ESS chip %s %s%s\n"
               , chip
               , ( devc->sbmo.esstype == ESSTYPE_DETECT || devc->sbmo.esstype == ESSTYPE_LIKE20
                 ? "detected"
                 : "specified"
                 )
               , ( devc->sbmo.esstype == ESSTYPE_LIKE20
                 ? " (kernel 2.0 compatible)"
                 : ""
                 )
               );

            sprintf(name,"ESS %s AudioDrive (rev %d)", chip, ess_minor & 0x0f);
      } else {
            strcpy(name, "Jazz16");
      }

      /* AAS: info stolen from ALSA: these boards have different clocks */
      switch(devc->submodel) {
/* APPARENTLY NOT 1869 AND 1887
            case SUBMDL_ES1869:
            case SUBMDL_ES1887:
*/          
            case SUBMDL_ES1888:
                  devc->caps |= SB_CAP_ES18XX_RATE;
                  break;
      }

      hw_config->name = name;
      /* FKS: sb_dsp_reset to enable extended mode???? */
      sb_dsp_reset(devc); /* Turn on extended mode */

      /*
       *  Enable joystick and OPL3
       */
      cfg = ess_getmixer (devc, 0x40);
      ess_setmixer (devc, 0x40, cfg | 0x03);
      if (devc->submodel >= 8) {          /* ES1688 */
            devc->caps |= SB_NO_MIDI;   /* ES1688 uses MPU401 MIDI mode */
      }
      sb_dsp_reset (devc);

      /*
       * This is important! If it's not done, the IRQ probe in sb_dsp_init
       * may fail.
       */
      return ess_set_irq_hw (devc);
}

static int ess_set_dma_hw(sb_devc * devc)
{
      unsigned char cfg, dma_bits = 0, dma16_bits;
      int dma;

#ifdef FKS_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "ess_set_dma_hw: dma8=%d,dma16=%d,dup=%d\n"
, devc->dma8, devc->dma16, devc->duplex);
#endif

      /*
       * FKS: It seems as if this duplex flag isn't set yet. Check it.
       */
      dma = devc->dma8;

      if (dma > 3 || dma < 0 || dma == 2) {
            dma_bits = 0;
            printk(KERN_ERR "ESS1688: Invalid DMA8 %d\n", dma);
            return 0;
      } else {
            /* Extended mode DMA enable */
            cfg = 0x50;

            if (dma == 3) {
                  dma_bits = 3;
            } else {
                  dma_bits = dma + 1;
            }
      }

      if (!ess_write (devc, 0xb2, cfg | (dma_bits << 2))) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "ESS1688: Failed to write to DMA config register\n");
            return 0;
      }

      if (devc->duplex) {
            dma = devc->dma16;
            dma16_bits = 0;

            if (dma >= 0) {
                  switch (dma) {
                  case 0:
                        dma_bits = 0x04;
                        break;
                  case 1:
                        dma_bits = 0x05;
                        break;
                  case 3:
                        dma_bits = 0x06;
                        break;
                  case 5:
                        dma_bits   = 0x07;
                        dma16_bits = 0x20;
                        break;
                  default:
                        printk(KERN_ERR "ESS1887: Invalid DMA16 %d\n", dma);
                        return 0;
                  };
                  ess_chgmixer (devc, 0x78, 0x20, dma16_bits);
                  ess_chgmixer (devc, 0x7d, 0x07, dma_bits);
            }
      }
      return 1;
}

/*
 * This one is called from sb_dsp_init.
 *
 * Return values:
 *  0: Failed
 *  1: Succeeded or doesn't apply (not SUBMDL_ES1887)
 */
int ess_dsp_init (sb_devc *devc, struct address_info *hw_config)
{
      /*
       * Caller also checks this, but anyway
       */
      if (devc->model != MDL_ESS) {
            printk (KERN_INFO "ess_dsp_init for non ESS chip\n");
            return 1;
      }
      /*
       * This for ES1887 to run Full Duplex. Actually ES1888
       * is allowed to do so too. I have no idea yet if this
       * will work for ES1888 however.
       *
       * For SB16 having both dma8 and dma16 means enable
       * Full Duplex. Let's try this for ES1887 too
       *
       */
      if (devc->submodel == SUBMDL_ES1887) {
            if (hw_config->dma2 != -1) {
                  devc->dma16 = hw_config->dma2;
            }
            /*
             * devc->duplex initialization is put here, cause
             * ess_set_dma_hw needs it.
             */
            if (devc->dma8 != devc->dma16 && devc->dma16 != -1) {
                  devc->duplex = 1;
            }
      }
      if (!ess_set_dma_hw (devc)) {
            free_irq(devc->irq, devc);
            return 0;
      }
      return 1;
}

/****************************************************************************
 *                                                                                                                *
 *                                                    ESS mixer                                             *
 *                                                                                                                *
 ****************************************************************************/

#define ES688_RECORDING_DEVICES     \
                  ( SOUND_MASK_LINE | SOUND_MASK_MIC  | SOUND_MASK_CD         )
#define ES688_MIXER_DEVICES         \
                  ( SOUND_MASK_SYNTH      | SOUND_MASK_PCM  | SOUND_MASK_LINE \
                  | SOUND_MASK_MIC  | SOUND_MASK_CD         | SOUND_MASK_VOLUME     \
                  | SOUND_MASK_LINE2      | SOUND_MASK_SPEAKER                            )

#define ES1688_RECORDING_DEVICES    \
                  ( ES688_RECORDING_DEVICES                             )
#define ES1688_MIXER_DEVICES        \
                  ( ES688_MIXER_DEVICES | SOUND_MASK_RECLEV )

#define ES1887_RECORDING_DEVICES    \
                  ( ES1688_RECORDING_DEVICES | SOUND_MASK_LINE2 | SOUND_MASK_SYNTH)
#define ES1887_MIXER_DEVICES        \
                  ( ES1688_MIXER_DEVICES                                                              )

/*
 * Mixer registers of ES1887
 *
 * These registers specifically take care of recording levels. To make the
 * mapping from playback devices to recording devices every recording
 * devices = playback device + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF
 */
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECBASE  (SOUND_MIXER_LINE3 + 1)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF  (ES_REC_MIXER_RECBASE - SOUND_MIXER_SYNTH)

#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECSYNTH (SOUND_MIXER_SYNTH       + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECPCM         (SOUND_MIXER_PCM   + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECSPEAKER     (SOUND_MIXER_SPEAKER + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE  (SOUND_MIXER_LINE  + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECMIC         (SOUND_MIXER_MIC   + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECCD          (SOUND_MIXER_CD          + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECIMIX  (SOUND_MIXER_IMIX  + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECALTPCM      (SOUND_MIXER_ALTPCM      + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECRECLEV      (SOUND_MIXER_RECLEV      + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECIGAIN (SOUND_MIXER_IGAIN       + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECOGAIN (SOUND_MIXER_OGAIN       + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE1 (SOUND_MIXER_LINE1       + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE2 (SOUND_MIXER_LINE2       + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)
#define ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE3 (SOUND_MIXER_LINE3       + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF)

static mixer_tab es688_mix = {
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_VOLUME,               0x32, 7, 4, 0x32, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_BASS,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_TREBLE,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SYNTH,                0x36, 7, 4, 0x36, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_PCM,                  0x14, 7, 4, 0x14, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SPEAKER,        0x3c, 2, 3, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE,                 0x3e, 7, 4, 0x3e, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_MIC,                  0x1a, 7, 4, 0x1a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_CD,                   0x38, 7, 4, 0x38, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IMIX,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_ALTPCM,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_RECLEV,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_OGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE1,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE2,                0x3a, 7, 4, 0x3a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE3,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0)
};

/*
 * The ES1688 specifics... hopefully correct...
 * - 6 bit master volume
 *   I was wrong, ES1888 docs say ES1688 didn't have it.
 * - RECLEV control
 * These may apply to ES688 too. I have no idea.
 */
static mixer_tab es1688_mix = {
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_VOLUME,               0x32, 7, 4, 0x32, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_BASS,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_TREBLE,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SYNTH,                0x36, 7, 4, 0x36, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_PCM,                  0x14, 7, 4, 0x14, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SPEAKER,        0x3c, 2, 3, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE,                 0x3e, 7, 4, 0x3e, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_MIC,                  0x1a, 7, 4, 0x1a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_CD,                   0x38, 7, 4, 0x38, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IMIX,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_ALTPCM,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_RECLEV,               0xb4, 7, 4, 0xb4, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_OGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE1,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE2,                0x3a, 7, 4, 0x3a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE3,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0)
};

static mixer_tab es1688later_mix = {
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_VOLUME,               0x60, 5, 6, 0x62, 5, 6),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_BASS,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_TREBLE,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SYNTH,                0x36, 7, 4, 0x36, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_PCM,                  0x14, 7, 4, 0x14, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SPEAKER,        0x3c, 2, 3, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE,                 0x3e, 7, 4, 0x3e, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_MIC,                  0x1a, 7, 4, 0x1a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_CD,                   0x38, 7, 4, 0x38, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IMIX,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_ALTPCM,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_RECLEV,               0xb4, 7, 4, 0xb4, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_OGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE1,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE2,                0x3a, 7, 4, 0x3a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE3,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0)
};

/*
 * This one is for all ESS chips with a record mixer.
 * It's not used (yet) however
 */
static mixer_tab es_rec_mix = {
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_VOLUME,               0x60, 5, 6, 0x62, 5, 6),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_BASS,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_TREBLE,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SYNTH,                0x36, 7, 4, 0x36, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_PCM,                  0x14, 7, 4, 0x14, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SPEAKER,        0x3c, 2, 3, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE,                 0x3e, 7, 4, 0x3e, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_MIC,                  0x1a, 7, 4, 0x1a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_CD,                   0x38, 7, 4, 0x38, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IMIX,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_ALTPCM,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_RECLEV,               0xb4, 7, 4, 0xb4, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_OGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE1,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE2,                0x3a, 7, 4, 0x3a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE3,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECSYNTH,            0x6b, 7, 4, 0x6b, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECPCM,        0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECSPEAKER,    0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE,       0x6e, 7, 4, 0x6e, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECMIC,        0x68, 7, 4, 0x68, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECCD,               0x6a, 7, 4, 0x6a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECIMIX,       0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECALTPCM,           0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECRECLEV,           0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECIGAIN,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECOGAIN,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE1,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE2,            0x6c, 7, 4, 0x6c, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE3,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0)
};

/*
 * This one is for ES1887. It's little different from es_rec_mix: it
 * has 0x7c for PCM playback level. This is because ES1887 uses
 * Audio 2 for playback.
 */
static mixer_tab es1887_mix = {
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_VOLUME,               0x60, 5, 6, 0x62, 5, 6),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_BASS,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_TREBLE,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SYNTH,                0x36, 7, 4, 0x36, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_PCM,                  0x7c, 7, 4, 0x7c, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_SPEAKER,        0x3c, 2, 3, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE,                 0x3e, 7, 4, 0x3e, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_MIC,                  0x1a, 7, 4, 0x1a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_CD,                   0x38, 7, 4, 0x38, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IMIX,                 0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_ALTPCM,               0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_RECLEV,               0xb4, 7, 4, 0xb4, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_IGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_OGAIN,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE1,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE2,                0x3a, 7, 4, 0x3a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(SOUND_MIXER_LINE3,                0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECSYNTH,            0x6b, 7, 4, 0x6b, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECPCM,        0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECSPEAKER,    0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE,       0x6e, 7, 4, 0x6e, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECMIC,        0x68, 7, 4, 0x68, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECCD,               0x6a, 7, 4, 0x6a, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECIMIX,       0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECALTPCM,           0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECRECLEV,           0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECIGAIN,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECOGAIN,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE1,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE2,            0x6c, 7, 4, 0x6c, 3, 4),
MIX_ENT(ES_REC_MIXER_RECLINE3,            0x00, 0, 0, 0x00, 0, 0)
};

static int ess_has_rec_mixer (int submodel)
{
      switch (submodel) {
      case SUBMDL_ES1887:
            return 1;
      default:
            return 0;
      };
};

#ifdef FKS_LOGGING
static int ess_mixer_mon_regs[]
      = { 0x70, 0x71, 0x72, 0x74, 0x76, 0x78, 0x7a, 0x7c, 0x7d, 0x7f
        , 0xa1, 0xa2, 0xa4, 0xa5, 0xa8, 0xa9
        , 0xb1, 0xb2, 0xb4, 0xb5, 0xb6, 0xb7, 0xb9
        , 0x00};

static void ess_show_mixerregs (sb_devc *devc)
{
      int *mp = ess_mixer_mon_regs;

return;

      while (*mp != 0) {
            printk (KERN_INFO "res (%x)=%x\n", *mp, (int)(ess_getmixer (devc, *mp)));
            mp++;
      }
}
#endif

void ess_setmixer (sb_devc * devc, unsigned int port, unsigned int value)
{
      unsigned long flags;

#ifdef FKS_LOGGING
printk(KERN_INFO "FKS: write mixer %x: %x\n", port, value);
#endif

      spin_lock_irqsave(&devc->lock, flags);
      if (port >= 0xa0) {
            ess_write (devc, port, value);
      } else {
            outb(((unsigned char) (port & 0xff)), MIXER_ADDR);

            udelay(20);
            outb(((unsigned char) (value & 0xff)), MIXER_DATA);
            udelay(20);
      };
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&devc->lock, flags);
}

unsigned int ess_getmixer (sb_devc * devc, unsigned int port)
{
      unsigned int val;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&devc->lock, flags);

      if (port >= 0xa0) {
            val = ess_read (devc, port);
      } else {
            outb(((unsigned char) (port & 0xff)), MIXER_ADDR);

            udelay(20);
            val = inb(MIXER_DATA);
            udelay(20);
      }
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&devc->lock, flags);

      return val;
}

static void ess_chgmixer
      (sb_devc * devc, unsigned int reg, unsigned int mask, unsigned int val)
{
      int value;

      value = ess_getmixer (devc, reg);
      value = (value & ~mask) | (val & mask);
      ess_setmixer (devc, reg, value);
}

/*
 * ess_mixer_init must be called from sb_mixer_init
 */
void ess_mixer_init (sb_devc * devc)
{
      devc->mixer_caps = SOUND_CAP_EXCL_INPUT;

      /*
      * Take care of ES1887 specifics...
      */
      switch (devc->submodel) {
      case SUBMDL_ES1887:
            devc->supported_devices       = ES1887_MIXER_DEVICES;
            devc->supported_rec_devices   = ES1887_RECORDING_DEVICES;
#ifdef FKS_LOGGING
printk (KERN_INFO "FKS: ess_mixer_init dup = %d\n", devc->duplex);
#endif
            if (devc->duplex) {
                  devc->iomap                   = &es1887_mix;
                  devc->iomap_sz                          = ARRAY_SIZE(es1887_mix);
            } else {
                  devc->iomap                   = &es_rec_mix;
                  devc->iomap_sz                          = ARRAY_SIZE(es_rec_mix);
            }
            break;
      default:
            if (devc->submodel < 8) {
                  devc->supported_devices       = ES688_MIXER_DEVICES;
                  devc->supported_rec_devices   = ES688_RECORDING_DEVICES;
                  devc->iomap                         = &es688_mix;
                  devc->iomap_sz                                  = ARRAY_SIZE(es688_mix);
            } else {
                  /*
                   * es1688 has 4 bits master vol.
                   * later chips have 6 bits (?)
                   */
                  devc->supported_devices       = ES1688_MIXER_DEVICES;
                  devc->supported_rec_devices   = ES1688_RECORDING_DEVICES;
                  if (devc->submodel < 0x10) {
                        devc->iomap                   = &es1688_mix;
                        devc->iomap_sz                          = ARRAY_SIZE(es688_mix);
                  } else {
                        devc->iomap                   = &es1688later_mix;
                        devc->iomap_sz                          = ARRAY_SIZE(es1688later_mix);
                  }
            }
      }
}

/*
 * Changing playback levels at an ESS chip with record mixer means having to
 * take care of recording levels of recorded inputs (devc->recmask) too!
 */
int ess_mixer_set(sb_devc *devc, int dev, int left, int right)
{
      if (ess_has_rec_mixer (devc->submodel) && (devc->recmask & (1 << dev))) {
            sb_common_mixer_set (devc, dev + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF, left, right);
      }
      return sb_common_mixer_set (devc, dev, left, right);
}

/*
 * After a sb_dsp_reset extended register 0xb4 (RECLEV) is reset too. After
 * sb_dsp_reset RECLEV has to be restored. This is where ess_mixer_reload
 * helps.
 */
void ess_mixer_reload (sb_devc *devc, int dev)
{
      int left, right, value;

      value = devc->levels[dev];
      left  = value & 0x000000ff;
      right = (value & 0x0000ff00) >> 8;

      sb_common_mixer_set(devc, dev, left, right);
}

static int es_rec_set_recmask(sb_devc * devc, int mask)
{
      int i, i_mask, cur_mask, diff_mask;
      int value, left, right;

#ifdef FKS_LOGGING
printk (KERN_INFO "FKS: es_rec_set_recmask mask = %x\n", mask);
#endif
      /*
       * Changing the recmask on an ESS chip with recording mixer means:
       * (1) Find the differences
       * (2) For "turned-on"  inputs: make the recording level the playback level
       * (3) For "turned-off" inputs: make the recording level zero
       */
      cur_mask  = devc->recmask;
      diff_mask = (cur_mask ^ mask);

      for (i = 0; i < 32; i++) {
            i_mask = (1 << i);
            if (diff_mask & i_mask) {     /* Difference? (1)  */
                  if (mask & i_mask) {    /* Turn it on  (2)  */
                        value = devc->levels[i];
                        left  = value & 0x000000ff;
                        right = (value & 0x0000ff00) >> 8;
                  } else {                      /* Turn it off (3)  */
                        left  = 0;
                        left  = 0;
                        right = 0;
                  }
                  sb_common_mixer_set(devc, i + ES_REC_MIXER_RECDIFF, left, right);
            }
      }
      return mask;
}

int ess_set_recmask(sb_devc * devc, int *mask)
{
      /* This applies to ESS chips with record mixers only! */

      if (ess_has_rec_mixer (devc->submodel)) {
            *mask = es_rec_set_recmask (devc, *mask);
            return 1;                                                   /* Applied        */
      } else {
            return 0;                                                   /* Not applied    */
      }
}

/*
 * ess_mixer_reset must be called from sb_mixer_reset
 */
int ess_mixer_reset (sb_devc * devc)
{
      /*
       * Separate actions for ESS chips with a record mixer:
       */
      if (ess_has_rec_mixer (devc->submodel)) {
            switch (devc->submodel) {
            case SUBMDL_ES1887:
                  /*
                   * Separate actions for ES1887:
                   * Change registers 7a and 1c to make the record mixer the
                   * actual recording source.
                   */
                  ess_chgmixer(devc, 0x7a, 0x18, 0x08);
                  ess_chgmixer(devc, 0x1c, 0x07, 0x07);
                  break;
            };
            /*
             * Call set_recmask for proper initialization
             */
            devc->recmask = devc->supported_rec_devices;
            es_rec_set_recmask(devc, 0);
            devc->recmask = 0;

            return 1;   /* We took care of recmask.                     */
      } else {
            return 0;   /* We didn't take care; caller do it      */
      }
}

/****************************************************************************
 *                                                                                                                *
 *                                              ESS midi                                                    *
 *                                                                                                                *
 ****************************************************************************/

/*
 * FKS: IRQ may be shared. Hm. And if so? Then What?
 */
int ess_midi_init(sb_devc * devc, struct address_info *hw_config)
{
      unsigned char   cfg, tmp;

      cfg = ess_getmixer (devc, 0x40) & 0x03;

      if (devc->submodel < 8) {
            ess_setmixer (devc, 0x40, cfg | 0x03);    /* Enable OPL3 & joystick */
            return 0;                            /* ES688 doesn't support MPU401 mode */
      }
      tmp = (hw_config->io_base & 0x0f0) >> 4;

      if (tmp > 3) {
            ess_setmixer (devc, 0x40, cfg);
            return 0;
      }
      cfg |= tmp << 3;

      tmp = 1;          /* MPU enabled without interrupts */

      /* May be shared: if so the value is -ve */

      switch (abs(hw_config->irq)) {
            case 9:
                  tmp = 0x4;
                  break;
            case 5:
                  tmp = 0x5;
                  break;
            case 7:
                  tmp = 0x6;
                  break;
            case 10:
                  tmp = 0x7;
                  break;
            default:
                  return 0;
      }

      cfg |= tmp << 5;
      ess_setmixer (devc, 0x40, cfg | 0x03);

      return 1;
}


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