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tda10023.c

/*
    TDA10023  - DVB-C decoder
    (as used in Philips CU1216-3 NIM and the Reelbox DVB-C tuner card)

    Copyright (C) 2005 Georg Acher, BayCom GmbH (acher at baycom dot de)
    Copyright (c) 2006 Hartmut Birr (e9hack at gmail dot com)

    Remotely based on tda10021.c
    Copyright (C) 1999 Convergence Integrated Media GmbH <ralph@convergence.de>
    Copyright (C) 2004 Markus Schulz <msc@antzsystem.de>
               Support for TDA10021

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
*/

#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include <asm/div64.h>

#include "dvb_frontend.h"
#include "tda1002x.h"


struct tda10023_state {
      struct i2c_adapter* i2c;
      /* configuration settings */
      const struct tda1002x_config* config;
      struct dvb_frontend frontend;

      u8 pwm;
      u8 reg0;
};


#define dprintk(x...)

static int verbose;

#define XTAL   28920000UL
#define PLL_M  8UL
#define PLL_P  4UL
#define PLL_N  1UL
#define SYSCLK (XTAL*PLL_M/(PLL_N*PLL_P))  // -> 57840000

static u8 tda10023_inittab[]={
      // reg mask val
      0x2a,0xff,0x02,  // PLL3, Bypass, Power Down
      0xff,0x64,0x00,  // Sleep 100ms
      0x2a,0xff,0x03,  // PLL3, Bypass, Power Down
      0xff,0x64,0x00,  // Sleep 100ms
      0x28,0xff,PLL_M-1,  // PLL1 M=8
      0x29,0xff,((PLL_P-1)<<6)|(PLL_N-1),  // PLL2
      0x00,0xff,0x23,  // GPR FSAMPLING=1
      0x2a,0xff,0x08,  // PLL3 PSACLK=1
      0xff,0x64,0x00,  // Sleep 100ms
      0x1f,0xff,0x00,  // RESET
      0xff,0x64,0x00,  // Sleep 100ms
      0xe6,0x0c,0x04,  // RSCFG_IND
      0x10,0xc0,0x80,  // DECDVBCFG1 PBER=1

      0x0e,0xff,0x82,  // GAIN1
      0x03,0x08,0x08,  // CLKCONF DYN=1
      0x2e,0xbf,0x30,  // AGCCONF2 TRIAGC=0,POSAGC=ENAGCIF=1 PPWMTUN=0 PPWMIF=0
      0x01,0xff,0x30,  // AGCREF
      0x1e,0x84,0x84,  // CONTROL SACLK_ON=1
      0x1b,0xff,0xc8,  // ADC TWOS=1
      0x3b,0xff,0xff,  // IFMAX
      0x3c,0xff,0x00,  // IFMIN
      0x34,0xff,0x00,  // PWMREF
      0x35,0xff,0xff,  // TUNMAX
      0x36,0xff,0x00,  // TUNMIN
      0x06,0xff,0x7f,  // EQCONF1 POSI=7 ENADAPT=ENEQUAL=DFE=1    // 0x77
      0x1c,0x30,0x30,  // EQCONF2 STEPALGO=SGNALGO=1
      0x37,0xff,0xf6,  // DELTAF_LSB
      0x38,0xff,0xff,  // DELTAF_MSB
      0x02,0xff,0x93,  // AGCCONF1  IFS=1 KAGCIF=2 KAGCTUN=3
      0x2d,0xff,0xf6,  // SWEEP SWPOS=1 SWDYN=7 SWSTEP=1 SWLEN=2
      0x04,0x10,0x00,   // SWRAMP=1
      0x12,0xff,0xa1,  // INTP1 POCLKP=1 FEL=1 MFS=0
      0x2b,0x01,0xa1,  // INTS1
      0x20,0xff,0x04,  // INTP2 SWAPP=? MSBFIRSTP=? INTPSEL=?
      0x2c,0xff,0x0d,  // INTP/S TRIP=0 TRIS=0
      0xc4,0xff,0x00,
      0xc3,0x30,0x00,
      0xb5,0xff,0x19,  // ERAGC_THD
      0x00,0x03,0x01,  // GPR, CLBS soft reset
      0x00,0x03,0x03,  // GPR, CLBS soft reset
      0xff,0x64,0x00,  // Sleep 100ms
      0xff,0xff,0xff
};

static u8 tda10023_readreg (struct tda10023_state* state, u8 reg)
{
      u8 b0 [] = { reg };
      u8 b1 [] = { 0 };
      struct i2c_msg msg [] = { { .addr = state->config->demod_address, .flags = 0, .buf = b0, .len = 1 },
                          { .addr = state->config->demod_address, .flags = I2C_M_RD, .buf = b1, .len = 1 } };
      int ret;

      ret = i2c_transfer (state->i2c, msg, 2);
      if (ret != 2)
            printk("DVB: TDA10023: %s: readreg error (ret == %i)\n",
                         __FUNCTION__, ret);
      return b1[0];
}

static int tda10023_writereg (struct tda10023_state* state, u8 reg, u8 data)
{
      u8 buf[] = { reg, data };
      struct i2c_msg msg = { .addr = state->config->demod_address, .flags = 0, .buf = buf, .len = 2 };
      int ret;

      ret = i2c_transfer (state->i2c, &msg, 1);
      if (ret != 1)
            printk("DVB: TDA10023(%d): %s, writereg error "
                  "(reg == 0x%02x, val == 0x%02x, ret == %i)\n",
                  state->frontend.dvb->num, __FUNCTION__, reg, data, ret);

      return (ret != 1) ? -EREMOTEIO : 0;
}


static int tda10023_writebit (struct tda10023_state* state, u8 reg, u8 mask,u8 data)
{
      if (mask==0xff)
            return tda10023_writereg(state, reg, data);
      else {
            u8 val;
            val=tda10023_readreg(state,reg);
            val&=~mask;
            val|=(data&mask);
            return tda10023_writereg(state, reg, val);
      }
}

static void tda10023_writetab(struct tda10023_state* state, u8* tab)
{
      u8 r,m,v;
      while (1) {
            r=*tab++;
            m=*tab++;
            v=*tab++;
            if (r==0xff) {
                  if (m==0xff)
                        break;
                  else
                        msleep(m);
            }
            else
                  tda10023_writebit(state,r,m,v);
      }
}

//get access to tuner
static int lock_tuner(struct tda10023_state* state)
{
      u8 buf[2] = { 0x0f, 0xc0 };
      struct i2c_msg msg = {.addr=state->config->demod_address, .flags=0, .buf=buf, .len=2};

      if(i2c_transfer(state->i2c, &msg, 1) != 1)
      {
            printk("tda10023: lock tuner fails\n");
            return -EREMOTEIO;
      }
      return 0;
}

//release access from tuner
static int unlock_tuner(struct tda10023_state* state)
{
      u8 buf[2] = { 0x0f, 0x40 };
      struct i2c_msg msg_post={.addr=state->config->demod_address, .flags=0, .buf=buf, .len=2};

      if(i2c_transfer(state->i2c, &msg_post, 1) != 1)
      {
            printk("tda10023: unlock tuner fails\n");
            return -EREMOTEIO;
      }
      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_setup_reg0 (struct tda10023_state* state, u8 reg0)
{
      reg0 |= state->reg0 & 0x63;

      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x00, reg0 & 0xfe);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x00, reg0 | 0x01);

      state->reg0 = reg0;
      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_set_symbolrate (struct tda10023_state* state, u32 sr)
{
      s32 BDR;
      s32 BDRI;
      s16 SFIL=0;
      u16 NDEC = 0;

      if (sr < (u32)(SYSCLK/98.40)) {
            NDEC=3;
            SFIL=1;
      } else if (sr<(u32)(SYSCLK/64.0)) {
            NDEC=3;
            SFIL=0;
      } else if (sr<(u32)(SYSCLK/49.2)) {
            NDEC=2;
            SFIL=1;
      } else if (sr<(u32)(SYSCLK/32.0)) {
            NDEC=2;
            SFIL=0;
      } else if (sr<(u32)(SYSCLK/24.6)) {
            NDEC=1;
            SFIL=1;
      } else if (sr<(u32)(SYSCLK/16.0)) {
            NDEC=1;
            SFIL=0;
      } else if (sr<(u32)(SYSCLK/12.3)) {
            NDEC=0;
            SFIL=1;
      }

      BDRI=SYSCLK*16;
      BDRI>>=NDEC;
      BDRI +=sr/2;
      BDRI /=sr;

      if (BDRI>255)
            BDRI=255;

      {
            u64 BDRX;

            BDRX=1<<(24+NDEC);
            BDRX*=sr;
            do_div(BDRX,SYSCLK);    // BDRX/=SYSCLK;

            BDR=(s32)BDRX;
      }
//    printk("Symbolrate %i, BDR %i BDRI %i, NDEC %i\n",sr,BDR,BDRI,NDEC);
      tda10023_writebit (state, 0x03, 0xc0, NDEC<<6);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x0a, BDR&255);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x0b, (BDR>>8)&255);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x0c, (BDR>>16)&31);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x0d, BDRI);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x3d, (SFIL<<7));
      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_init (struct dvb_frontend *fe)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;

      dprintk("DVB: TDA10023(%d): init chip\n", fe->adapter->num);

      tda10023_writetab(state, tda10023_inittab);

      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_set_parameters (struct dvb_frontend *fe,
                      struct dvb_frontend_parameters *p)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;

      static int qamvals[6][6] = {
            //  QAM   LOCKTHR  MSETH   AREF AGCREFNYQ  ERAGCNYQ_THD
            { (5<<2),  0x78,    0x8c,   0x96,   0x78,   0x4c  },  // 4 QAM
            { (0<<2),  0x87,    0xa2,   0x91,   0x8c,   0x57  },  // 16 QAM
            { (1<<2),  0x64,    0x74,   0x96,   0x8c,   0x57  },  // 32 QAM
            { (2<<2),  0x46,    0x43,   0x6a,   0x6a,   0x44  },  // 64 QAM
            { (3<<2),  0x36,    0x34,   0x7e,   0x78,   0x4c  },  // 128 QAM
            { (4<<2),  0x26,    0x23,   0x6c,   0x5c,   0x3c  },  // 256 QAM
      };

      int qam = p->u.qam.modulation;

      if (qam < 0 || qam > 5)
            return -EINVAL;

      if (fe->ops.tuner_ops.set_params) {
            fe->ops.tuner_ops.set_params(fe, p);
            if (fe->ops.i2c_gate_ctrl) fe->ops.i2c_gate_ctrl(fe, 0);
      }

      tda10023_set_symbolrate (state, p->u.qam.symbol_rate);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x05, qamvals[qam][1]);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x08, qamvals[qam][2]);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x09, qamvals[qam][3]);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0xb4, qamvals[qam][4]);
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0xb6, qamvals[qam][5]);

//    tda10023_writereg (state, 0x04, (p->inversion?0x12:0x32));
//    tda10023_writebit (state, 0x04, 0x60, (p->inversion?0:0x20));
      tda10023_writebit (state, 0x04, 0x40, 0x40);
      tda10023_setup_reg0 (state, qamvals[qam][0]);

      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_read_status(struct dvb_frontend* fe, fe_status_t* status)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;
      int sync;

      *status = 0;

      //0x11[1] == CARLOCK -> Carrier locked
      //0x11[2] == FSYNC -> Frame synchronisation
      //0x11[3] == FEL -> Front End locked
      //0x11[6] == NODVB -> DVB Mode Information
      sync = tda10023_readreg (state, 0x11);

      if (sync & 2)
            *status |= FE_HAS_SIGNAL|FE_HAS_CARRIER;

      if (sync & 4)
            *status |= FE_HAS_SYNC|FE_HAS_VITERBI;

      if (sync & 8)
            *status |= FE_HAS_LOCK;

      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_read_ber(struct dvb_frontend* fe, u32* ber)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;
      u8 a,b,c;
      a=tda10023_readreg(state, 0x14);
      b=tda10023_readreg(state, 0x15);
      c=tda10023_readreg(state, 0x16)&0xf;
      tda10023_writebit (state, 0x10, 0xc0, 0x00);

      *ber = a | (b<<8)| (c<<16);
      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_read_signal_strength(struct dvb_frontend* fe, u16* strength)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;
      u8 ifgain=tda10023_readreg(state, 0x2f);

      u16 gain = ((255-tda10023_readreg(state, 0x17))) + (255-ifgain)/16;
      // Max raw value is about 0xb0 -> Normalize to >0xf0 after 0x90
      if (gain>0x90)
            gain=gain+2*(gain-0x90);
      if (gain>255)
            gain=255;

      *strength = (gain<<8)|gain;
      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_read_snr(struct dvb_frontend* fe, u16* snr)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;

      u8 quality = ~tda10023_readreg(state, 0x18);
      *snr = (quality << 8) | quality;
      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_read_ucblocks(struct dvb_frontend* fe, u32* ucblocks)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;
      u8 a,b,c,d;
      a= tda10023_readreg (state, 0x74);
      b= tda10023_readreg (state, 0x75);
      c= tda10023_readreg (state, 0x76);
      d= tda10023_readreg (state, 0x77);
      *ucblocks = a | (b<<8)|(c<<16)|(d<<24);

      tda10023_writebit (state, 0x10, 0x20,0x00);
      tda10023_writebit (state, 0x10, 0x20,0x20);
      tda10023_writebit (state, 0x13, 0x01, 0x00);

      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_get_frontend(struct dvb_frontend* fe, struct dvb_frontend_parameters *p)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;
      int sync,inv;
      s8 afc = 0;

      sync = tda10023_readreg(state, 0x11);
      afc = tda10023_readreg(state, 0x19);
      inv = tda10023_readreg(state, 0x04);

      if (verbose) {
            /* AFC only valid when carrier has been recovered */
            printk(sync & 2 ? "DVB: TDA10023(%d): AFC (%d) %dHz\n" :
                          "DVB: TDA10023(%d): [AFC (%d) %dHz]\n",
                  state->frontend.dvb->num, afc,
                   -((s32)p->u.qam.symbol_rate * afc) >> 10);
      }

      p->inversion = (inv&0x20?0:1);
      p->u.qam.modulation = ((state->reg0 >> 2) & 7) + QAM_16;

      p->u.qam.fec_inner = FEC_NONE;
      p->frequency = ((p->frequency + 31250) / 62500) * 62500;

      if (sync & 2)
            p->frequency -= ((s32)p->u.qam.symbol_rate * afc) >> 10;

      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_sleep(struct dvb_frontend* fe)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;

      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x1b, 0x02);  /* pdown ADC */
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x00, 0x80);  /* standby */

      return 0;
}

static int tda10023_i2c_gate_ctrl(struct dvb_frontend* fe, int enable)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;

      if (enable) {
            lock_tuner(state);
      } else {
            unlock_tuner(state);
      }
      return 0;
}

static void tda10023_release(struct dvb_frontend* fe)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = fe->demodulator_priv;
      kfree(state);
}

static struct dvb_frontend_ops tda10023_ops;

struct dvb_frontend* tda10023_attach(const struct tda1002x_config* config,
                             struct i2c_adapter* i2c,
                             u8 pwm)
{
      struct tda10023_state* state = NULL;
      int i;

      /* allocate memory for the internal state */
      state = kmalloc(sizeof(struct tda10023_state), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (state == NULL) goto error;

      /* setup the state */
      state->config = config;
      state->i2c = i2c;
      memcpy(&state->frontend.ops, &tda10023_ops, sizeof(struct dvb_frontend_ops));
      state->pwm = pwm;
      for (i=0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(tda10023_inittab);i+=3) {
            if (tda10023_inittab[i] == 0x00) {
                  state->reg0 = tda10023_inittab[i+2];
                  break;
            }
      }

      // Wakeup if in standby
      tda10023_writereg (state, 0x00, 0x33);
      /* check if the demod is there */
      if ((tda10023_readreg(state, 0x1a) & 0xf0) != 0x70) goto error;

      /* create dvb_frontend */
      memcpy(&state->frontend.ops, &tda10023_ops, sizeof(struct dvb_frontend_ops));
      state->frontend.demodulator_priv = state;
      return &state->frontend;

error:
      kfree(state);
      return NULL;
}

static struct dvb_frontend_ops tda10023_ops = {

      .info = {
            .name = "Philips TDA10023 DVB-C",
            .type = FE_QAM,
            .frequency_stepsize = 62500,
            .frequency_min = 47000000,
            .frequency_max = 862000000,
            .symbol_rate_min = (SYSCLK/2)/64,     /* SACLK/64 == (SYSCLK/2)/64 */
            .symbol_rate_max = (SYSCLK/2)/4,      /* SACLK/4 */
            .caps = 0x400 | //FE_CAN_QAM_4
                  FE_CAN_QAM_16 | FE_CAN_QAM_32 | FE_CAN_QAM_64 |
                  FE_CAN_QAM_128 | FE_CAN_QAM_256 |
                  FE_CAN_FEC_AUTO
      },

      .release = tda10023_release,

      .init = tda10023_init,
      .sleep = tda10023_sleep,
      .i2c_gate_ctrl = tda10023_i2c_gate_ctrl,

      .set_frontend = tda10023_set_parameters,
      .get_frontend = tda10023_get_frontend,

      .read_status = tda10023_read_status,
      .read_ber = tda10023_read_ber,
      .read_signal_strength = tda10023_read_signal_strength,
      .read_snr = tda10023_read_snr,
      .read_ucblocks = tda10023_read_ucblocks,
};


MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Philips TDA10023 DVB-C demodulator driver");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Georg Acher, Hartmut Birr");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

EXPORT_SYMBOL(tda10023_attach);

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