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time_64.c

/*
 *  "High Precision Event Timer" based timekeeping.
 *
 *  Copyright (c) 1991,1992,1995  Linus Torvalds
 *  Copyright (c) 1994  Alan Modra
 *  Copyright (c) 1995  Markus Kuhn
 *  Copyright (c) 1996  Ingo Molnar
 *  Copyright (c) 1998  Andrea Arcangeli
 *  Copyright (c) 2002,2006  Vojtech Pavlik
 *  Copyright (c) 2003  Andi Kleen
 *  RTC support code taken from arch/i386/kernel/timers/time_hpet.c
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/sysdev.h>
#include <linux/bcd.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/clockchips.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
#include <acpi/achware.h>     /* for PM timer frequency */
#include <acpi/acpi_bus.h>
#endif
#include <asm/i8253.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <asm/timex.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm/hpet.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <linux/hpet.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/hpet.h>
#include <asm/mpspec.h>
#include <asm/nmi.h>
#include <asm/vgtod.h>

DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rtc_lock);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rtc_lock);

volatile unsigned long __jiffies __section_jiffies = INITIAL_JIFFIES;

unsigned long profile_pc(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      unsigned long pc = instruction_pointer(regs);

      /* Assume the lock function has either no stack frame or a copy
         of eflags from PUSHF
         Eflags always has bits 22 and up cleared unlike kernel addresses. */
      if (!user_mode(regs) && in_lock_functions(pc)) {
            unsigned long *sp = (unsigned long *)regs->rsp;
            if (sp[0] >> 22)
                  return sp[0];
            if (sp[1] >> 22)
                  return sp[1];
      }
      return pc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(profile_pc);

/*
 * In order to set the CMOS clock precisely, set_rtc_mmss has to be called 500
 * ms after the second nowtime has started, because when nowtime is written
 * into the registers of the CMOS clock, it will jump to the next second
 * precisely 500 ms later. Check the Motorola MC146818A or Dallas DS12887 data
 * sheet for details.
 */

static int set_rtc_mmss(unsigned long nowtime)
{
      int retval = 0;
      int real_seconds, real_minutes, cmos_minutes;
      unsigned char control, freq_select;
      unsigned long flags;

/*
 * set_rtc_mmss is called when irqs are enabled, so disable irqs here
 */
      spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
/*
 * Tell the clock it's being set and stop it.
 */
      control = CMOS_READ(RTC_CONTROL);
      CMOS_WRITE(control | RTC_SET, RTC_CONTROL);

      freq_select = CMOS_READ(RTC_FREQ_SELECT);
      CMOS_WRITE(freq_select | RTC_DIV_RESET2, RTC_FREQ_SELECT);

      cmos_minutes = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
            BCD_TO_BIN(cmos_minutes);

/*
 * since we're only adjusting minutes and seconds, don't interfere with hour
 * overflow. This avoids messing with unknown time zones but requires your RTC
 * not to be off by more than 15 minutes. Since we're calling it only when
 * our clock is externally synchronized using NTP, this shouldn't be a problem.
 */

      real_seconds = nowtime % 60;
      real_minutes = nowtime / 60;
      if (((abs(real_minutes - cmos_minutes) + 15) / 30) & 1)
            real_minutes += 30;           /* correct for half hour time zone */
      real_minutes %= 60;

      if (abs(real_minutes - cmos_minutes) >= 30) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "time.c: can't update CMOS clock "
                   "from %d to %d\n", cmos_minutes, real_minutes);
            retval = -1;
      } else {
            BIN_TO_BCD(real_seconds);
            BIN_TO_BCD(real_minutes);
            CMOS_WRITE(real_seconds, RTC_SECONDS);
            CMOS_WRITE(real_minutes, RTC_MINUTES);
      }

/*
 * The following flags have to be released exactly in this order, otherwise the
 * DS12887 (popular MC146818A clone with integrated battery and quartz) will
 * not reset the oscillator and will not update precisely 500 ms later. You
 * won't find this mentioned in the Dallas Semiconductor data sheets, but who
 * believes data sheets anyway ... -- Markus Kuhn
 */

      CMOS_WRITE(control, RTC_CONTROL);
      CMOS_WRITE(freq_select, RTC_FREQ_SELECT);

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);

      return retval;
}

int update_persistent_clock(struct timespec now)
{
      return set_rtc_mmss(now.tv_sec);
}

static irqreturn_t timer_event_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
      add_pda(irq0_irqs, 1);

      global_clock_event->event_handler(global_clock_event);

      return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

unsigned long read_persistent_clock(void)
{
      unsigned int year, mon, day, hour, min, sec;
      unsigned long flags;
      unsigned century = 0;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&rtc_lock, flags);
      /*
       * if UIP is clear, then we have >= 244 microseconds before RTC
       * registers will be updated.  Spec sheet says that this is the
       * reliable way to read RTC - registers invalid (off bus) during update
       */
      while ((CMOS_READ(RTC_FREQ_SELECT) & RTC_UIP))
            cpu_relax();


      /* now read all RTC registers while stable with interrupts disabled */
      sec = CMOS_READ(RTC_SECONDS);
      min = CMOS_READ(RTC_MINUTES);
      hour = CMOS_READ(RTC_HOURS);
      day = CMOS_READ(RTC_DAY_OF_MONTH);
      mon = CMOS_READ(RTC_MONTH);
      year = CMOS_READ(RTC_YEAR);
#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
      if (acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision >= FADT2_REVISION_ID &&
                        acpi_gbl_FADT.century)
            century = CMOS_READ(acpi_gbl_FADT.century);
#endif
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rtc_lock, flags);

      /*
       * We know that x86-64 always uses BCD format, no need to check the
       * config register.
       */

      BCD_TO_BIN(sec);
      BCD_TO_BIN(min);
      BCD_TO_BIN(hour);
      BCD_TO_BIN(day);
      BCD_TO_BIN(mon);
      BCD_TO_BIN(year);

      if (century) {
            BCD_TO_BIN(century);
            year += century * 100;
            printk(KERN_INFO "Extended CMOS year: %d\n", century * 100);
      } else {
            /*
             * x86-64 systems only exists since 2002.
             * This will work up to Dec 31, 2100
             */
            year += 2000;
      }

      return mktime(year, mon, day, hour, min, sec);
}

/* calibrate_cpu is used on systems with fixed rate TSCs to determine
 * processor frequency */
#define TICK_COUNT 100000000
static unsigned int __init tsc_calibrate_cpu_khz(void)
{
      int tsc_start, tsc_now;
      int i, no_ctr_free;
      unsigned long evntsel3 = 0, pmc3 = 0, pmc_now = 0;
      unsigned long flags;

      for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            if (avail_to_resrv_perfctr_nmi_bit(i))
                  break;
      no_ctr_free = (i == 4);
      if (no_ctr_free) {
            i = 3;
            rdmsrl(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL3, evntsel3);
            wrmsrl(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL3, 0);
            rdmsrl(MSR_K7_PERFCTR3, pmc3);
      } else {
            reserve_perfctr_nmi(MSR_K7_PERFCTR0 + i);
            reserve_evntsel_nmi(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0 + i);
      }
      local_irq_save(flags);
      /* start meauring cycles, incrementing from 0 */
      wrmsrl(MSR_K7_PERFCTR0 + i, 0);
      wrmsrl(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0 + i, 1 << 22 | 3 << 16 | 0x76);
      rdtscl(tsc_start);
      do {
            rdmsrl(MSR_K7_PERFCTR0 + i, pmc_now);
            tsc_now = get_cycles_sync();
      } while ((tsc_now - tsc_start) < TICK_COUNT);

      local_irq_restore(flags);
      if (no_ctr_free) {
            wrmsrl(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL3, 0);
            wrmsrl(MSR_K7_PERFCTR3, pmc3);
            wrmsrl(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL3, evntsel3);
      } else {
            release_perfctr_nmi(MSR_K7_PERFCTR0 + i);
            release_evntsel_nmi(MSR_K7_EVNTSEL0 + i);
      }

      return pmc_now * tsc_khz / (tsc_now - tsc_start);
}

static struct irqaction irq0 = {
      .handler    = timer_event_interrupt,
      .flags            = IRQF_DISABLED | IRQF_IRQPOLL | IRQF_NOBALANCING,
      .mask       = CPU_MASK_NONE,
      .name       = "timer"
};

void __init time_init(void)
{
      if (!hpet_enable())
            setup_pit_timer();

      setup_irq(0, &irq0);

      tsc_calibrate();

      cpu_khz = tsc_khz;
      if (cpu_has(&boot_cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_CONSTANT_TSC) &&
            boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor == X86_VENDOR_AMD &&
            boot_cpu_data.x86 == 16)
            cpu_khz = tsc_calibrate_cpu_khz();

      if (unsynchronized_tsc())
            mark_tsc_unstable("TSCs unsynchronized");

      if (cpu_has(&boot_cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP))
            vgetcpu_mode = VGETCPU_RDTSCP;
      else
            vgetcpu_mode = VGETCPU_LSL;

      printk(KERN_INFO "time.c: Detected %d.%03d MHz processor.\n",
            cpu_khz / 1000, cpu_khz % 1000);
      init_tsc_clocksource();
}

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