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via-cuda.c

/*
 * Device driver for the via-cuda on Apple Powermacs.
 *
 * The VIA (versatile interface adapter) interfaces to the CUDA,
 * a 6805 microprocessor core which controls the ADB (Apple Desktop
 * Bus) which connects to the keyboard and mouse.  The CUDA also
 * controls system power and the RTC (real time clock) chip.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1996 Paul Mackerras.
 */
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/adb.h>
#include <linux/cuda.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC
#include <asm/prom.h>
#include <asm/machdep.h>
#else
#include <asm/macintosh.h>
#include <asm/macints.h>
#include <asm/machw.h>
#include <asm/mac_via.h>
#endif
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <linux/init.h>

static volatile unsigned char __iomem *via;
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cuda_lock);

/* VIA registers - spaced 0x200 bytes apart */
#define RS        0x200       /* skip between registers */
#define B         0           /* B-side data */
#define A         RS          /* A-side data */
#define DIRB            (2*RS)            /* B-side direction (1=output) */
#define DIRA            (3*RS)            /* A-side direction (1=output) */
#define T1CL            (4*RS)            /* Timer 1 ctr/latch (low 8 bits) */
#define T1CH            (5*RS)            /* Timer 1 counter (high 8 bits) */
#define T1LL            (6*RS)            /* Timer 1 latch (low 8 bits) */
#define T1LH            (7*RS)            /* Timer 1 latch (high 8 bits) */
#define T2CL            (8*RS)            /* Timer 2 ctr/latch (low 8 bits) */
#define T2CH            (9*RS)            /* Timer 2 counter (high 8 bits) */
#define SR        (10*RS)           /* Shift register */
#define ACR       (11*RS)           /* Auxiliary control register */
#define PCR       (12*RS)           /* Peripheral control register */
#define IFR       (13*RS)           /* Interrupt flag register */
#define IER       (14*RS)           /* Interrupt enable register */
#define ANH       (15*RS)           /* A-side data, no handshake */

/* Bits in B data register: all active low */
#define TREQ            0x08        /* Transfer request (input) */
#define TACK            0x10        /* Transfer acknowledge (output) */
#define TIP       0x20        /* Transfer in progress (output) */

/* Bits in ACR */
#define SR_CTRL         0x1c        /* Shift register control bits */
#define SR_EXT          0x0c        /* Shift on external clock */
#define SR_OUT          0x10        /* Shift out if 1 */

/* Bits in IFR and IER */
#define IER_SET         0x80        /* set bits in IER */
#define IER_CLR         0           /* clear bits in IER */
#define SR_INT          0x04        /* Shift register full/empty */

static enum cuda_state {
    idle,
    sent_first_byte,
    sending,
    reading,
    read_done,
    awaiting_reply
} cuda_state;

static struct adb_request *current_req;
static struct adb_request *last_req;
static unsigned char cuda_rbuf[16];
static unsigned char *reply_ptr;
static int reading_reply;
static int data_index;
static int cuda_irq;
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC
static struct device_node *vias;
#endif
static int cuda_fully_inited;

#ifdef CONFIG_ADB
static int cuda_probe(void);
static int cuda_init(void);
static int cuda_send_request(struct adb_request *req, int sync);
static int cuda_adb_autopoll(int devs);
static int cuda_reset_adb_bus(void);
#endif /* CONFIG_ADB */

static int cuda_init_via(void);
static void cuda_start(void);
static irqreturn_t cuda_interrupt(int irq, void *arg);
static void cuda_input(unsigned char *buf, int nb);
void cuda_poll(void);
static int cuda_write(struct adb_request *req);

int cuda_request(struct adb_request *req,
             void (*done)(struct adb_request *), int nbytes, ...);

#ifdef CONFIG_ADB
struct adb_driver via_cuda_driver = {
      "CUDA",
      cuda_probe,
      cuda_init,
      cuda_send_request,
      cuda_adb_autopoll,
      cuda_poll,
      cuda_reset_adb_bus
};
#endif /* CONFIG_ADB */

#ifdef CONFIG_PPC
int __init find_via_cuda(void)
{
    struct adb_request req;
    phys_addr_t taddr;
    const u32 *reg;
    int err;

    if (vias != 0)
      return 1;
    vias = of_find_node_by_name(NULL, "via-cuda");
    if (vias == 0)
      return 0;

    reg = of_get_property(vias, "reg", NULL);
    if (reg == NULL) {
          printk(KERN_ERR "via-cuda: No \"reg\" property !\n");
          goto fail;
    }
    taddr = of_translate_address(vias, reg);
    if (taddr == 0) {
          printk(KERN_ERR "via-cuda: Can't translate address !\n");
          goto fail;
    }
    via = ioremap(taddr, 0x2000);
    if (via == NULL) {
          printk(KERN_ERR "via-cuda: Can't map address !\n");
          goto fail;
    }

    cuda_state = idle;
    sys_ctrler = SYS_CTRLER_CUDA;

    err = cuda_init_via();
    if (err) {
      printk(KERN_ERR "cuda_init_via() failed\n");
      via = NULL;
      return 0;
    }

    /* Clear and enable interrupts, but only on PPC. On 68K it's done  */
    /* for us by the main VIA driver in arch/m68k/mac/via.c        */

    out_8(&via[IFR], 0x7f);   /* clear interrupts by writing 1s */
    out_8(&via[IER], IER_SET|SR_INT); /* enable interrupt from SR */

    /* enable autopoll */
    cuda_request(&req, NULL, 3, CUDA_PACKET, CUDA_AUTOPOLL, 1);
    while (!req.complete)
      cuda_poll();

    return 1;

 fail:
    of_node_put(vias);
    vias = NULL;
    return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC */

static int __init via_cuda_start(void)
{
    if (via == NULL)
      return -ENODEV;

#ifdef CONFIG_MAC
    cuda_irq = IRQ_MAC_ADB;
#else /* CONFIG_MAC */
    cuda_irq = irq_of_parse_and_map(vias, 0);
    if (cuda_irq == NO_IRQ) {
      printk(KERN_ERR "via-cuda: can't map interrupts for %s\n",
             vias->full_name);
      return -ENODEV;
    }
#endif /* CONFIG_MAC */

    if (request_irq(cuda_irq, cuda_interrupt, 0, "ADB", cuda_interrupt)) {
      printk(KERN_ERR "via-cuda: can't request irq %d\n", cuda_irq);
      return -EAGAIN;
    }

    printk("Macintosh CUDA driver v0.5 for Unified ADB.\n");

    cuda_fully_inited = 1;
    return 0;
}

device_initcall(via_cuda_start);

#ifdef CONFIG_ADB
static int
cuda_probe(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC
    if (sys_ctrler != SYS_CTRLER_CUDA)
      return -ENODEV;
#else
    if (macintosh_config->adb_type != MAC_ADB_CUDA)
      return -ENODEV;
    via = via1;
#endif
    return 0;
}

static int __init
cuda_init(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC
    if (via == NULL)
      return -ENODEV;
    return 0;
#else 
    int err = cuda_init_via();
    if (err) {
      printk(KERN_ERR "cuda_init_via() failed\n");
      return -ENODEV;
    }
    out_8(&via[IER], IER_SET|SR_INT); /* enable interrupt from SR */

    return via_cuda_start();
#endif
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ADB */

#define WAIT_FOR(cond, what)                          \
    do {                                                        \
      int x;                                          \
      for (x = 1000; !(cond); --x) {                        \
          if (x == 0) {                         \
            printk("Timeout waiting for " what "\n"); \
            return -ENXIO;                            \
          }                                     \
          udelay(100);                          \
      }                                         \
    } while (0)

static int
cuda_init_via(void)
{
    out_8(&via[DIRB], (in_8(&via[DIRB]) | TACK | TIP) & ~TREQ);   /* TACK & TIP out */
    out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) | TACK | TIP);             /* negate them */
    out_8(&via[ACR] ,(in_8(&via[ACR]) & ~SR_CTRL) | SR_EXT);      /* SR data in */
    (void)in_8(&via[SR]);                                   /* clear any left-over data */
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC
    out_8(&via[IER], 0x7f);                           /* disable interrupts from VIA */
    (void)in_8(&via[IER]);
#else
    out_8(&via[IER], SR_INT);                         /* disable SR interrupt from VIA */
#endif

    /* delay 4ms and then clear any pending interrupt */
    mdelay(4);
    (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
    out_8(&via[IFR], SR_INT);

    /* sync with the CUDA - assert TACK without TIP */
    out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) & ~TACK);

    /* wait for the CUDA to assert TREQ in response */
    WAIT_FOR((in_8(&via[B]) & TREQ) == 0, "CUDA response to sync");

    /* wait for the interrupt and then clear it */
    WAIT_FOR(in_8(&via[IFR]) & SR_INT, "CUDA response to sync (2)");
    (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
    out_8(&via[IFR], SR_INT);

    /* finish the sync by negating TACK */
    out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) | TACK);

    /* wait for the CUDA to negate TREQ and the corresponding interrupt */
    WAIT_FOR(in_8(&via[B]) & TREQ, "CUDA response to sync (3)");
    WAIT_FOR(in_8(&via[IFR]) & SR_INT, "CUDA response to sync (4)");
    (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
    out_8(&via[IFR], SR_INT);
    out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) | TIP);  /* should be unnecessary */

    return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_ADB
/* Send an ADB command */
static int
cuda_send_request(struct adb_request *req, int sync)
{
    int i;

    if ((via == NULL) || !cuda_fully_inited) {
      req->complete = 1;
      return -ENXIO;
    }
  
    req->reply_expected = 1;

    i = cuda_write(req);
    if (i)
      return i;

    if (sync) {
      while (!req->complete)
          cuda_poll();
    }
    return 0;
}


/* Enable/disable autopolling */
static int
cuda_adb_autopoll(int devs)
{
    struct adb_request req;

    if ((via == NULL) || !cuda_fully_inited)
      return -ENXIO;

    cuda_request(&req, NULL, 3, CUDA_PACKET, CUDA_AUTOPOLL, (devs? 1: 0));
    while (!req.complete)
      cuda_poll();
    return 0;
}

/* Reset adb bus - how do we do this?? */
static int
cuda_reset_adb_bus(void)
{
    struct adb_request req;

    if ((via == NULL) || !cuda_fully_inited)
      return -ENXIO;

    cuda_request(&req, NULL, 2, ADB_PACKET, 0);       /* maybe? */
    while (!req.complete)
      cuda_poll();
    return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ADB */
/* Construct and send a cuda request */
int
cuda_request(struct adb_request *req, void (*done)(struct adb_request *),
           int nbytes, ...)
{
    va_list list;
    int i;

    if (via == NULL) {
      req->complete = 1;
      return -ENXIO;
    }

    req->nbytes = nbytes;
    req->done = done;
    va_start(list, nbytes);
    for (i = 0; i < nbytes; ++i)
      req->data[i] = va_arg(list, int);
    va_end(list);
    req->reply_expected = 1;
    return cuda_write(req);
}

static int
cuda_write(struct adb_request *req)
{
    unsigned long flags;

    if (req->nbytes < 2 || req->data[0] > CUDA_PACKET) {
      req->complete = 1;
      return -EINVAL;
    }
    req->next = NULL;
    req->sent = 0;
    req->complete = 0;
    req->reply_len = 0;

    spin_lock_irqsave(&cuda_lock, flags);
    if (current_req != 0) {
      last_req->next = req;
      last_req = req;
    } else {
      current_req = req;
      last_req = req;
      if (cuda_state == idle)
          cuda_start();
    }
    spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cuda_lock, flags);

    return 0;
}

static void
cuda_start(void)
{
    struct adb_request *req;

    /* assert cuda_state == idle */
    /* get the packet to send */
    req = current_req;
    if (req == 0)
      return;
    if ((in_8(&via[B]) & TREQ) == 0)
      return;                 /* a byte is coming in from the CUDA */

    /* set the shift register to shift out and send a byte */
    out_8(&via[ACR], in_8(&via[ACR]) | SR_OUT);
    out_8(&via[SR], req->data[0]);
    out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) & ~TIP);
    cuda_state = sent_first_byte;
}

void
cuda_poll(void)
{
    /* cuda_interrupt only takes a normal lock, we disable
     * interrupts here to avoid re-entering and thus deadlocking.
     */
    disable_irq(cuda_irq);
    cuda_interrupt(0, NULL);
    enable_irq(cuda_irq);
}

static irqreturn_t
cuda_interrupt(int irq, void *arg)
{
    int status;
    struct adb_request *req = NULL;
    unsigned char ibuf[16];
    int ibuf_len = 0;
    int complete = 0;
    
    spin_lock(&cuda_lock);

    /* On powermacs, this handler is registered for the VIA IRQ. But it uses
     * just the shift register IRQ -- other VIA interrupt sources are disabled.
     * On m68k macs, the VIA IRQ sources are dispatched individually. Unless
     * we are polling, the shift register IRQ flag has already been cleared.
     */

#ifdef CONFIG_MAC
    if (!arg)
#endif
    {
        if ((in_8(&via[IFR]) & SR_INT) == 0) {
            spin_unlock(&cuda_lock);
            return IRQ_NONE;
        } else {
            out_8(&via[IFR], SR_INT);
        }
    }
    
    status = (~in_8(&via[B]) & (TIP|TREQ)) | (in_8(&via[ACR]) & SR_OUT);
    /* printk("cuda_interrupt: state=%d status=%x\n", cuda_state, status); */
    switch (cuda_state) {
    case idle:
      /* CUDA has sent us the first byte of data - unsolicited */
      if (status != TREQ)
          printk("cuda: state=idle, status=%x\n", status);
      (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
      out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) & ~TIP);
      cuda_state = reading;
      reply_ptr = cuda_rbuf;
      reading_reply = 0;
      break;

    case awaiting_reply:
      /* CUDA has sent us the first byte of data of a reply */
      if (status != TREQ)
          printk("cuda: state=awaiting_reply, status=%x\n", status);
      (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
      out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) & ~TIP);
      cuda_state = reading;
      reply_ptr = current_req->reply;
      reading_reply = 1;
      break;

    case sent_first_byte:
      if (status == TREQ + TIP + SR_OUT) {
          /* collision */
          out_8(&via[ACR], in_8(&via[ACR]) & ~SR_OUT);
          (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
          out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) | TIP | TACK);
          cuda_state = idle;
      } else {
          /* assert status == TIP + SR_OUT */
          if (status != TIP + SR_OUT)
            printk("cuda: state=sent_first_byte status=%x\n", status);
          out_8(&via[SR], current_req->data[1]);
          out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) ^ TACK);
          data_index = 2;
          cuda_state = sending;
      }
      break;

    case sending:
      req = current_req;
      if (data_index >= req->nbytes) {
          out_8(&via[ACR], in_8(&via[ACR]) & ~SR_OUT);
          (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
          out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) | TACK | TIP);
          req->sent = 1;
          if (req->reply_expected) {
            cuda_state = awaiting_reply;
          } else {
            current_req = req->next;
            complete = 1;
            /* not sure about this */
            cuda_state = idle;
            cuda_start();
          }
      } else {
          out_8(&via[SR], req->data[data_index++]);
          out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) ^ TACK);
      }
      break;

    case reading:
      *reply_ptr++ = in_8(&via[SR]);
      if (status == TIP) {
          /* that's all folks */
          out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) | TACK | TIP);
          cuda_state = read_done;
      } else {
          /* assert status == TIP | TREQ */
          if (status != TIP + TREQ)
            printk("cuda: state=reading status=%x\n", status);
          out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) ^ TACK);
      }
      break;

    case read_done:
      (void)in_8(&via[SR]);
      if (reading_reply) {
          req = current_req;
          req->reply_len = reply_ptr - req->reply;
          if (req->data[0] == ADB_PACKET) {
            /* Have to adjust the reply from ADB commands */
            if (req->reply_len <= 2 || (req->reply[1] & 2) != 0) {
                /* the 0x2 bit indicates no response */
                req->reply_len = 0;
            } else {
                /* leave just the command and result bytes in the reply */
                req->reply_len -= 2;
                memmove(req->reply, req->reply + 2, req->reply_len);
            }
          }
          current_req = req->next;
          complete = 1;
      } else {
          /* This is tricky. We must break the spinlock to call
           * cuda_input. However, doing so means we might get
           * re-entered from another CPU getting an interrupt
           * or calling cuda_poll(). I ended up using the stack
           * (it's only for 16 bytes) and moving the actual
           * call to cuda_input to outside of the lock.
           */
          ibuf_len = reply_ptr - cuda_rbuf;
          memcpy(ibuf, cuda_rbuf, ibuf_len);
      }
      if (status == TREQ) {
          out_8(&via[B], in_8(&via[B]) & ~TIP);
          cuda_state = reading;
          reply_ptr = cuda_rbuf;
          reading_reply = 0;
      } else {
          cuda_state = idle;
          cuda_start();
      }
      break;

    default:
      printk("cuda_interrupt: unknown cuda_state %d?\n", cuda_state);
    }
    spin_unlock(&cuda_lock);
    if (complete && req) {
      void (*done)(struct adb_request *) = req->done;
      mb();
      req->complete = 1;
      /* Here, we assume that if the request has a done member, the
       * struct request will survive to setting req->complete to 1
       */
      if (done)
            (*done)(req);
    }
    if (ibuf_len)
      cuda_input(ibuf, ibuf_len);
    return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

static void
cuda_input(unsigned char *buf, int nb)
{
    int i;

    switch (buf[0]) {
    case ADB_PACKET:
#ifdef CONFIG_XMON
      if (nb == 5 && buf[2] == 0x2c) {
          extern int xmon_wants_key, xmon_adb_keycode;
          if (xmon_wants_key) {
            xmon_adb_keycode = buf[3];
            return;
          }
      }
#endif /* CONFIG_XMON */
#ifdef CONFIG_ADB
      adb_input(buf+2, nb-2, buf[1] & 0x40);
#endif /* CONFIG_ADB */
      break;

    default:
      printk("data from cuda (%d bytes):", nb);
      for (i = 0; i < nb; ++i)
          printk(" %.2x", buf[i]);
      printk("\n");
    }
}

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