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windfarm_pm91.c

/*
 * Windfarm PowerMac thermal control. SMU based 1 CPU desktop control loops
 *
 * (c) Copyright 2005 Benjamin Herrenschmidt, IBM Corp.
 *                    <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
 *
 * Released under the term of the GNU GPL v2.
 *
 * The algorithm used is the PID control algorithm, used the same
 * way the published Darwin code does, using the same values that
 * are present in the Darwin 8.2 snapshot property lists (note however
 * that none of the code has been re-used, it's a complete re-implementation
 *
 * The various control loops found in Darwin config file are:
 *
 * PowerMac9,1
 * ===========
 *
 * Has 3 control loops: CPU fans is similar to PowerMac8,1 (though it doesn't
 * try to play with other control loops fans). Drive bay is rather basic PID
 * with one sensor and one fan. Slots area is a bit different as the Darwin
 * driver is supposed to be capable of working in a special "AGP" mode which
 * involves the presence of an AGP sensor and an AGP fan (possibly on the
 * AGP card itself). I can't deal with that special mode as I don't have
 * access to those additional sensor/fans for now (though ultimately, it would
 * be possible to add sensor objects for them) so I'm only implementing the
 * basic PCI slot control loop
 */

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <asm/prom.h>
#include <asm/machdep.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/smu.h>

#include "windfarm.h"
#include "windfarm_pid.h"

#define VERSION "0.4"

#undef DEBUG

#ifdef DEBUG
#define DBG(args...)    printk(args)
#else
#define DBG(args...)    do { } while(0)
#endif

/* define this to force CPU overtemp to 74 degree, useful for testing
 * the overtemp code
 */
#undef HACKED_OVERTEMP

/* Controls & sensors */
static struct wf_sensor *sensor_cpu_power;
static struct wf_sensor *sensor_cpu_temp;
static struct wf_sensor *sensor_hd_temp;
static struct wf_sensor *sensor_slots_power;
static struct wf_control *fan_cpu_main;
static struct wf_control *fan_cpu_second;
static struct wf_control *fan_cpu_third;
static struct wf_control *fan_hd;
static struct wf_control *fan_slots;
static struct wf_control *cpufreq_clamp;

/* Set to kick the control loop into life */
static int wf_smu_all_controls_ok, wf_smu_all_sensors_ok, wf_smu_started;

/* Failure handling.. could be nicer */
#define FAILURE_FAN           0x01
#define FAILURE_SENSOR        0x02
#define FAILURE_OVERTEMP      0x04

static unsigned int wf_smu_failure_state;
static int wf_smu_readjust, wf_smu_skipping;

/*
 * ****** CPU Fans Control Loop ******
 *
 */


#define WF_SMU_CPU_FANS_INTERVAL    1
#define WF_SMU_CPU_FANS_MAX_HISTORY 16

/* State data used by the cpu fans control loop
 */
struct wf_smu_cpu_fans_state {
      int               ticks;
      s32               cpu_setpoint;
      struct wf_cpu_pid_state pid;
};

static struct wf_smu_cpu_fans_state *wf_smu_cpu_fans;



/*
 * ****** Drive Fan Control Loop ******
 *
 */

struct wf_smu_drive_fans_state {
      int               ticks;
      s32               setpoint;
      struct wf_pid_state     pid;
};

static struct wf_smu_drive_fans_state *wf_smu_drive_fans;

/*
 * ****** Slots Fan Control Loop ******
 *
 */

struct wf_smu_slots_fans_state {
      int               ticks;
      s32               setpoint;
      struct wf_pid_state     pid;
};

static struct wf_smu_slots_fans_state *wf_smu_slots_fans;

/*
 * ***** Implementation *****
 *
 */


static void wf_smu_create_cpu_fans(void)
{
      struct wf_cpu_pid_param pid_param;
      const struct smu_sdbp_header *hdr;
      struct smu_sdbp_cpupiddata *piddata;
      struct smu_sdbp_fvt *fvt;
      s32 tmax, tdelta, maxpow, powadj;

      /* First, locate the PID params in SMU SBD */
      hdr = smu_get_sdb_partition(SMU_SDB_CPUPIDDATA_ID, NULL);
      if (hdr == 0) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: CPU PID fan config not found "
                   "max fan speed\n");
            goto fail;
      }
      piddata = (struct smu_sdbp_cpupiddata *)&hdr[1];

      /* Get the FVT params for operating point 0 (the only supported one
       * for now) in order to get tmax
       */
      hdr = smu_get_sdb_partition(SMU_SDB_FVT_ID, NULL);
      if (hdr) {
            fvt = (struct smu_sdbp_fvt *)&hdr[1];
            tmax = ((s32)fvt->maxtemp) << 16;
      } else
            tmax = 0x5e0000; /* 94 degree default */

      /* Alloc & initialize state */
      wf_smu_cpu_fans = kmalloc(sizeof(struct wf_smu_cpu_fans_state),
                          GFP_KERNEL);
      if (wf_smu_cpu_fans == NULL)
            goto fail;
            wf_smu_cpu_fans->ticks = 1;

      /* Fill PID params */
      pid_param.interval = WF_SMU_CPU_FANS_INTERVAL;
      pid_param.history_len = piddata->history_len;
      if (pid_param.history_len > WF_CPU_PID_MAX_HISTORY) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: History size overflow on "
                   "CPU control loop (%d)\n", piddata->history_len);
            pid_param.history_len = WF_CPU_PID_MAX_HISTORY;
      }
      pid_param.gd = piddata->gd;
      pid_param.gp = piddata->gp;
      pid_param.gr = piddata->gr / pid_param.history_len;

      tdelta = ((s32)piddata->target_temp_delta) << 16;
      maxpow = ((s32)piddata->max_power) << 16;
      powadj = ((s32)piddata->power_adj) << 16;

      pid_param.tmax = tmax;
      pid_param.ttarget = tmax - tdelta;
      pid_param.pmaxadj = maxpow - powadj;

      pid_param.min = fan_cpu_main->ops->get_min(fan_cpu_main);
      pid_param.max = fan_cpu_main->ops->get_max(fan_cpu_main);

      wf_cpu_pid_init(&wf_smu_cpu_fans->pid, &pid_param);

      DBG("wf: CPU Fan control initialized.\n");
      DBG("    ttarged=%d.%03d, tmax=%d.%03d, min=%d RPM, max=%d RPM\n",
          FIX32TOPRINT(pid_param.ttarget), FIX32TOPRINT(pid_param.tmax),
          pid_param.min, pid_param.max);

      return;

 fail:
      printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: CPU fan config not found\n"
             "for this machine model, max fan speed\n");

      if (cpufreq_clamp)
            wf_control_set_max(cpufreq_clamp);
      if (fan_cpu_main)
            wf_control_set_max(fan_cpu_main);
}

static void wf_smu_cpu_fans_tick(struct wf_smu_cpu_fans_state *st)
{
      s32 new_setpoint, temp, power;
      int rc;

      if (--st->ticks != 0) {
            if (wf_smu_readjust)
                  goto readjust;
            return;
      }
      st->ticks = WF_SMU_CPU_FANS_INTERVAL;

      rc = sensor_cpu_temp->ops->get_value(sensor_cpu_temp, &temp);
      if (rc) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: CPU temp sensor error %d\n",
                   rc);
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_SENSOR;
            return;
      }

      rc = sensor_cpu_power->ops->get_value(sensor_cpu_power, &power);
      if (rc) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: CPU power sensor error %d\n",
                   rc);
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_SENSOR;
            return;
      }

      DBG("wf_smu: CPU Fans tick ! CPU temp: %d.%03d, power: %d.%03d\n",
          FIX32TOPRINT(temp), FIX32TOPRINT(power));

#ifdef HACKED_OVERTEMP
      if (temp > 0x4a0000)
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_OVERTEMP;
#else
      if (temp > st->pid.param.tmax)
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_OVERTEMP;
#endif
      new_setpoint = wf_cpu_pid_run(&st->pid, power, temp);

      DBG("wf_smu: new_setpoint: %d RPM\n", (int)new_setpoint);

      if (st->cpu_setpoint == new_setpoint)
            return;
      st->cpu_setpoint = new_setpoint;
 readjust:
      if (fan_cpu_main && wf_smu_failure_state == 0) {
            rc = fan_cpu_main->ops->set_value(fan_cpu_main,
                                      st->cpu_setpoint);
            if (rc) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: CPU main fan"
                         " error %d\n", rc);
                  wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_FAN;
            }
      }
      if (fan_cpu_second && wf_smu_failure_state == 0) {
            rc = fan_cpu_second->ops->set_value(fan_cpu_second,
                                        st->cpu_setpoint);
            if (rc) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: CPU second fan"
                         " error %d\n", rc);
                  wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_FAN;
            }
      }
      if (fan_cpu_third && wf_smu_failure_state == 0) {
            rc = fan_cpu_main->ops->set_value(fan_cpu_third,
                                      st->cpu_setpoint);
            if (rc) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: CPU third fan"
                         " error %d\n", rc);
                  wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_FAN;
            }
      }
}

static void wf_smu_create_drive_fans(void)
{
      struct wf_pid_param param = {
            .interval   = 5,
            .history_len      = 2,
            .gd         = 0x01e00000,
            .gp         = 0x00500000,
            .gr         = 0x00000000,
            .itarget    = 0x00200000,
      };

      /* Alloc & initialize state */
      wf_smu_drive_fans = kmalloc(sizeof(struct wf_smu_drive_fans_state),
                              GFP_KERNEL);
      if (wf_smu_drive_fans == NULL) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: Memory allocation error"
                   " max fan speed\n");
            goto fail;
      }
            wf_smu_drive_fans->ticks = 1;

      /* Fill PID params */
      param.additive = (fan_hd->type == WF_CONTROL_RPM_FAN);
      param.min = fan_hd->ops->get_min(fan_hd);
      param.max = fan_hd->ops->get_max(fan_hd);
      wf_pid_init(&wf_smu_drive_fans->pid, &param);

      DBG("wf: Drive Fan control initialized.\n");
      DBG("    itarged=%d.%03d, min=%d RPM, max=%d RPM\n",
          FIX32TOPRINT(param.itarget), param.min, param.max);
      return;

 fail:
      if (fan_hd)
            wf_control_set_max(fan_hd);
}

static void wf_smu_drive_fans_tick(struct wf_smu_drive_fans_state *st)
{
      s32 new_setpoint, temp;
      int rc;

      if (--st->ticks != 0) {
            if (wf_smu_readjust)
                  goto readjust;
            return;
      }
      st->ticks = st->pid.param.interval;

      rc = sensor_hd_temp->ops->get_value(sensor_hd_temp, &temp);
      if (rc) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: HD temp sensor error %d\n",
                   rc);
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_SENSOR;
            return;
      }

      DBG("wf_smu: Drive Fans tick ! HD temp: %d.%03d\n",
          FIX32TOPRINT(temp));

      if (temp > (st->pid.param.itarget + 0x50000))
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_OVERTEMP;

      new_setpoint = wf_pid_run(&st->pid, temp);

      DBG("wf_smu: new_setpoint: %d\n", (int)new_setpoint);

      if (st->setpoint == new_setpoint)
            return;
      st->setpoint = new_setpoint;
 readjust:
      if (fan_hd && wf_smu_failure_state == 0) {
            rc = fan_hd->ops->set_value(fan_hd, st->setpoint);
            if (rc) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: HD fan error %d\n",
                         rc);
                  wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_FAN;
            }
      }
}

static void wf_smu_create_slots_fans(void)
{
      struct wf_pid_param param = {
            .interval   = 1,
            .history_len      = 8,
            .gd         = 0x00000000,
            .gp         = 0x00000000,
            .gr         = 0x00020000,
            .itarget    = 0x00000000
      };

      /* Alloc & initialize state */
      wf_smu_slots_fans = kmalloc(sizeof(struct wf_smu_slots_fans_state),
                              GFP_KERNEL);
      if (wf_smu_slots_fans == NULL) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: Memory allocation error"
                   " max fan speed\n");
            goto fail;
      }
            wf_smu_slots_fans->ticks = 1;

      /* Fill PID params */
      param.additive = (fan_slots->type == WF_CONTROL_RPM_FAN);
      param.min = fan_slots->ops->get_min(fan_slots);
      param.max = fan_slots->ops->get_max(fan_slots);
      wf_pid_init(&wf_smu_slots_fans->pid, &param);

      DBG("wf: Slots Fan control initialized.\n");
      DBG("    itarged=%d.%03d, min=%d RPM, max=%d RPM\n",
          FIX32TOPRINT(param.itarget), param.min, param.max);
      return;

 fail:
      if (fan_slots)
            wf_control_set_max(fan_slots);
}

static void wf_smu_slots_fans_tick(struct wf_smu_slots_fans_state *st)
{
      s32 new_setpoint, power;
      int rc;

      if (--st->ticks != 0) {
            if (wf_smu_readjust)
                  goto readjust;
            return;
      }
      st->ticks = st->pid.param.interval;

      rc = sensor_slots_power->ops->get_value(sensor_slots_power, &power);
      if (rc) {
            printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: Slots power sensor error %d\n",
                   rc);
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_SENSOR;
            return;
      }

      DBG("wf_smu: Slots Fans tick ! Slots power: %d.%03d\n",
          FIX32TOPRINT(power));

#if 0 /* Check what makes a good overtemp condition */
      if (power > (st->pid.param.itarget + 0x50000))
            wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_OVERTEMP;
#endif

      new_setpoint = wf_pid_run(&st->pid, power);

      DBG("wf_smu: new_setpoint: %d\n", (int)new_setpoint);

      if (st->setpoint == new_setpoint)
            return;
      st->setpoint = new_setpoint;
 readjust:
      if (fan_slots && wf_smu_failure_state == 0) {
            rc = fan_slots->ops->set_value(fan_slots, st->setpoint);
            if (rc) {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING "windfarm: Slots fan error %d\n",
                         rc);
                  wf_smu_failure_state |= FAILURE_FAN;
            }
      }
}


/*
 * ****** Setup / Init / Misc ... ******
 *
 */

static void wf_smu_tick(void)
{
      unsigned int last_failure = wf_smu_failure_state;
      unsigned int new_failure;

      if (!wf_smu_started) {
            DBG("wf: creating control loops !\n");
            wf_smu_create_drive_fans();
            wf_smu_create_slots_fans();
            wf_smu_create_cpu_fans();
            wf_smu_started = 1;
      }

      /* Skipping ticks */
      if (wf_smu_skipping && --wf_smu_skipping)
            return;

      wf_smu_failure_state = 0;
      if (wf_smu_drive_fans)
            wf_smu_drive_fans_tick(wf_smu_drive_fans);
      if (wf_smu_slots_fans)
            wf_smu_slots_fans_tick(wf_smu_slots_fans);
      if (wf_smu_cpu_fans)
            wf_smu_cpu_fans_tick(wf_smu_cpu_fans);

      wf_smu_readjust = 0;
      new_failure = wf_smu_failure_state & ~last_failure;

      /* If entering failure mode, clamp cpufreq and ramp all
       * fans to full speed.
       */
      if (wf_smu_failure_state && !last_failure) {
            if (cpufreq_clamp)
                  wf_control_set_max(cpufreq_clamp);
            if (fan_cpu_main)
                  wf_control_set_max(fan_cpu_main);
            if (fan_cpu_second)
                  wf_control_set_max(fan_cpu_second);
            if (fan_cpu_third)
                  wf_control_set_max(fan_cpu_third);
            if (fan_hd)
                  wf_control_set_max(fan_hd);
            if (fan_slots)
                  wf_control_set_max(fan_slots);
      }

      /* If leaving failure mode, unclamp cpufreq and readjust
       * all fans on next iteration
       */
      if (!wf_smu_failure_state && last_failure) {
            if (cpufreq_clamp)
                  wf_control_set_min(cpufreq_clamp);
            wf_smu_readjust = 1;
      }

      /* Overtemp condition detected, notify and start skipping a couple
       * ticks to let the temperature go down
       */
      if (new_failure & FAILURE_OVERTEMP) {
            wf_set_overtemp();
            wf_smu_skipping = 2;
      }

      /* We only clear the overtemp condition if overtemp is cleared
       * _and_ no other failure is present. Since a sensor error will
       * clear the overtemp condition (can't measure temperature) at
       * the control loop levels, but we don't want to keep it clear
       * here in this case
       */
      if (new_failure == 0 && last_failure & FAILURE_OVERTEMP)
            wf_clear_overtemp();
}


static void wf_smu_new_control(struct wf_control *ct)
{
      if (wf_smu_all_controls_ok)
            return;

      if (fan_cpu_main == NULL && !strcmp(ct->name, "cpu-rear-fan-0")) {
            if (wf_get_control(ct) == 0)
                  fan_cpu_main = ct;
      }

      if (fan_cpu_second == NULL && !strcmp(ct->name, "cpu-rear-fan-1")) {
            if (wf_get_control(ct) == 0)
                  fan_cpu_second = ct;
      }

      if (fan_cpu_third == NULL && !strcmp(ct->name, "cpu-front-fan-0")) {
            if (wf_get_control(ct) == 0)
                  fan_cpu_third = ct;
      }

      if (cpufreq_clamp == NULL && !strcmp(ct->name, "cpufreq-clamp")) {
            if (wf_get_control(ct) == 0)
                  cpufreq_clamp = ct;
      }

      if (fan_hd == NULL && !strcmp(ct->name, "drive-bay-fan")) {
            if (wf_get_control(ct) == 0)
                  fan_hd = ct;
      }

      if (fan_slots == NULL && !strcmp(ct->name, "slots-fan")) {
            if (wf_get_control(ct) == 0)
                  fan_slots = ct;
      }

      if (fan_cpu_main && (fan_cpu_second || fan_cpu_third) && fan_hd &&
          fan_slots && cpufreq_clamp)
            wf_smu_all_controls_ok = 1;
}

static void wf_smu_new_sensor(struct wf_sensor *sr)
{
      if (wf_smu_all_sensors_ok)
            return;

      if (sensor_cpu_power == NULL && !strcmp(sr->name, "cpu-power")) {
            if (wf_get_sensor(sr) == 0)
                  sensor_cpu_power = sr;
      }

      if (sensor_cpu_temp == NULL && !strcmp(sr->name, "cpu-temp")) {
            if (wf_get_sensor(sr) == 0)
                  sensor_cpu_temp = sr;
      }

      if (sensor_hd_temp == NULL && !strcmp(sr->name, "hd-temp")) {
            if (wf_get_sensor(sr) == 0)
                  sensor_hd_temp = sr;
      }

      if (sensor_slots_power == NULL && !strcmp(sr->name, "slots-power")) {
            if (wf_get_sensor(sr) == 0)
                  sensor_slots_power = sr;
      }

      if (sensor_cpu_power && sensor_cpu_temp &&
          sensor_hd_temp && sensor_slots_power)
            wf_smu_all_sensors_ok = 1;
}


static int wf_smu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
                         unsigned long event, void *data)
{
      switch(event) {
      case WF_EVENT_NEW_CONTROL:
            DBG("wf: new control %s detected\n",
                ((struct wf_control *)data)->name);
            wf_smu_new_control(data);
            wf_smu_readjust = 1;
            break;
      case WF_EVENT_NEW_SENSOR:
            DBG("wf: new sensor %s detected\n",
                ((struct wf_sensor *)data)->name);
            wf_smu_new_sensor(data);
            break;
      case WF_EVENT_TICK:
            if (wf_smu_all_controls_ok && wf_smu_all_sensors_ok)
                  wf_smu_tick();
      }

      return 0;
}

static struct notifier_block wf_smu_events = {
      .notifier_call    = wf_smu_notify,
};

static int wf_init_pm(void)
{
      printk(KERN_INFO "windfarm: Initializing for Desktop G5 model\n");

      return 0;
}

static int wf_smu_probe(struct platform_device *ddev)
{
      wf_register_client(&wf_smu_events);

      return 0;
}

static int __devexit wf_smu_remove(struct platform_device *ddev)
{
      wf_unregister_client(&wf_smu_events);

      /* XXX We don't have yet a guarantee that our callback isn't
       * in progress when returning from wf_unregister_client, so
       * we add an arbitrary delay. I'll have to fix that in the core
       */
      msleep(1000);

      /* Release all sensors */
      /* One more crappy race: I don't think we have any guarantee here
       * that the attribute callback won't race with the sensor beeing
       * disposed of, and I'm not 100% certain what best way to deal
       * with that except by adding locks all over... I'll do that
       * eventually but heh, who ever rmmod this module anyway ?
       */
      if (sensor_cpu_power)
            wf_put_sensor(sensor_cpu_power);
      if (sensor_cpu_temp)
            wf_put_sensor(sensor_cpu_temp);
      if (sensor_hd_temp)
            wf_put_sensor(sensor_hd_temp);
      if (sensor_slots_power)
            wf_put_sensor(sensor_slots_power);

      /* Release all controls */
      if (fan_cpu_main)
            wf_put_control(fan_cpu_main);
      if (fan_cpu_second)
            wf_put_control(fan_cpu_second);
      if (fan_cpu_third)
            wf_put_control(fan_cpu_third);
      if (fan_hd)
            wf_put_control(fan_hd);
      if (fan_slots)
            wf_put_control(fan_slots);
      if (cpufreq_clamp)
            wf_put_control(cpufreq_clamp);

      /* Destroy control loops state structures */
      if (wf_smu_slots_fans)
            kfree(wf_smu_cpu_fans);
      if (wf_smu_drive_fans)
            kfree(wf_smu_cpu_fans);
      if (wf_smu_cpu_fans)
            kfree(wf_smu_cpu_fans);

      return 0;
}

static struct platform_driver wf_smu_driver = {
        .probe = wf_smu_probe,
        .remove = __devexit_p(wf_smu_remove),
      .driver = {
            .name = "windfarm",
            .bus = &platform_bus_type,
      },
};


static int __init wf_smu_init(void)
{
      int rc = -ENODEV;

      if (machine_is_compatible("PowerMac9,1"))
            rc = wf_init_pm();

      if (rc == 0) {
#ifdef MODULE
            request_module("windfarm_smu_controls");
            request_module("windfarm_smu_sensors");
            request_module("windfarm_lm75_sensor");
            request_module("windfarm_cpufreq_clamp");

#endif /* MODULE */
            platform_driver_register(&wf_smu_driver);
      }

      return rc;
}

static void __exit wf_smu_exit(void)
{

      platform_driver_unregister(&wf_smu_driver);
}


module_init(wf_smu_init);
module_exit(wf_smu_exit);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Thermal control logic for PowerMac9,1");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");


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