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checks.c

/*
 * (C) Copyright David Gibson <dwg@au1.ibm.com>, IBM Corporation.  2007.
 *
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
 * License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307
 *                                                                   USA
 */

#include "dtc.h"

#ifdef TRACE_CHECKS
#define TRACE(c, ...) \
      do { \
            fprintf(stderr, "=== %s: ", (c)->name); \
            fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__); \
            fprintf(stderr, "\n"); \
      } while (0)
#else
#define TRACE(c, fmt, ...)    do { } while (0)
#endif

enum checklevel {
      IGNORE = 0,
      WARN = 1,
      ERROR = 2,
};

enum checkstatus {
      UNCHECKED = 0,
      PREREQ,
      PASSED,
      FAILED,
};

struct check;

typedef void (*tree_check_fn)(struct check *c, struct node *dt);
typedef void (*node_check_fn)(struct check *c, struct node *dt, struct node *node);
typedef void (*prop_check_fn)(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                        struct node *node, struct property *prop);

struct check {
      const char *name;
      tree_check_fn tree_fn;
      node_check_fn node_fn;
      prop_check_fn prop_fn;
      void *data;
      enum checklevel level;
      enum checkstatus status;
      int inprogress;
      int num_prereqs;
      struct check **prereq;
};

#define CHECK(nm, tfn, nfn, pfn, d, lvl, ...) \
      static struct check *nm##_prereqs[] = { __VA_ARGS__ }; \
      static struct check nm = { \
            .name = #nm, \
            .tree_fn = (tfn), \
            .node_fn = (nfn), \
            .prop_fn = (pfn), \
            .data = (d), \
            .level = (lvl), \
            .status = UNCHECKED, \
            .num_prereqs = ARRAY_SIZE(nm##_prereqs), \
            .prereq = nm##_prereqs, \
      };

#define TREE_CHECK(nm, d, lvl, ...) \
      CHECK(nm, check_##nm, NULL, NULL, d, lvl, __VA_ARGS__)
#define NODE_CHECK(nm, d, lvl, ...) \
      CHECK(nm, NULL, check_##nm, NULL, d, lvl, __VA_ARGS__)
#define PROP_CHECK(nm, d, lvl, ...) \
      CHECK(nm, NULL, NULL, check_##nm, d, lvl, __VA_ARGS__)
#define BATCH_CHECK(nm, lvl, ...) \
      CHECK(nm, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, lvl, __VA_ARGS__)

#ifdef __GNUC__
static inline void check_msg(struct check *c, const char *fmt, ...) __attribute__((format (printf, 2, 3)));
#endif
static inline void check_msg(struct check *c, const char *fmt, ...)
{
      va_list ap;
      va_start(ap, fmt);

      if ((c->level < WARN) || (c->level <= quiet))
            return; /* Suppress message */

      fprintf(stderr, "%s (%s): ",
            (c->level == ERROR) ? "ERROR" : "Warning", c->name);
      vfprintf(stderr, fmt, ap);
      fprintf(stderr, "\n");
}

#define FAIL(c, ...) \
      do { \
            TRACE((c), "\t\tFAILED at %s:%d", __FILE__, __LINE__); \
            (c)->status = FAILED; \
            check_msg((c), __VA_ARGS__); \
      } while (0)

static void check_nodes_props(struct check *c, struct node *dt, struct node *node)
{
      struct node *child;
      struct property *prop;

      TRACE(c, "%s", node->fullpath);
      if (c->node_fn)
            c->node_fn(c, dt, node);

      if (c->prop_fn)
            for_each_property(node, prop) {
                  TRACE(c, "%s\t'%s'", node->fullpath, prop->name);
                  c->prop_fn(c, dt, node, prop);
            }

      for_each_child(node, child)
            check_nodes_props(c, dt, child);
}

static int run_check(struct check *c, struct node *dt)
{
      int error = 0;
      int i;

      assert(!c->inprogress);

      if (c->status != UNCHECKED)
            goto out;

      c->inprogress = 1;

      for (i = 0; i < c->num_prereqs; i++) {
            struct check *prq = c->prereq[i];
            error |= run_check(prq, dt);
            if (prq->status != PASSED) {
                  c->status = PREREQ;
                  check_msg(c, "Failed prerequisite '%s'",
                          c->prereq[i]->name);
            }
      }

      if (c->status != UNCHECKED)
            goto out;

      if (c->node_fn || c->prop_fn)
            check_nodes_props(c, dt, dt);

      if (c->tree_fn)
            c->tree_fn(c, dt);
      if (c->status == UNCHECKED)
            c->status = PASSED;

      TRACE(c, "\tCompleted, status %d", c->status);

out:
      c->inprogress = 0;
      if ((c->status != PASSED) && (c->level == ERROR))
            error = 1;
      return error;
}

/*
 * Utility check functions
 */

static void check_is_string(struct check *c, struct node *root,
                      struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop;
      char *propname = c->data;

      prop = get_property(node, propname);
      if (!prop)
            return; /* Not present, assumed ok */

      if (!data_is_one_string(prop->val))
            FAIL(c, "\"%s\" property in %s is not a string",
                 propname, node->fullpath);
}
#define CHECK_IS_STRING(nm, propname, lvl) \
      CHECK(nm, NULL, check_is_string, NULL, (propname), (lvl))

static void check_is_cell(struct check *c, struct node *root,
                    struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop;
      char *propname = c->data;

      prop = get_property(node, propname);
      if (!prop)
            return; /* Not present, assumed ok */

      if (prop->val.len != sizeof(cell_t))
            FAIL(c, "\"%s\" property in %s is not a single cell",
                 propname, node->fullpath);
}
#define CHECK_IS_CELL(nm, propname, lvl) \
      CHECK(nm, NULL, check_is_cell, NULL, (propname), (lvl))

/*
 * Structural check functions
 */

static void check_duplicate_node_names(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                               struct node *node)
{
      struct node *child, *child2;

      for_each_child(node, child)
            for (child2 = child->next_sibling;
                 child2;
                 child2 = child2->next_sibling)
                  if (streq(child->name, child2->name))
                        FAIL(c, "Duplicate node name %s",
                             child->fullpath);
}
NODE_CHECK(duplicate_node_names, NULL, ERROR);

static void check_duplicate_property_names(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                                 struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop, *prop2;

      for_each_property(node, prop)
            for (prop2 = prop->next; prop2; prop2 = prop2->next)
                  if (streq(prop->name, prop2->name))
                        FAIL(c, "Duplicate property name %s in %s",
                             prop->name, node->fullpath);
}
NODE_CHECK(duplicate_property_names, NULL, ERROR);

static void check_explicit_phandles(struct check *c, struct node *root,
                                struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop;
      struct node *other;
      cell_t phandle;

      prop = get_property(node, "linux,phandle");
      if (! prop)
            return; /* No phandle, that's fine */

      if (prop->val.len != sizeof(cell_t)) {
            FAIL(c, "%s has bad length (%d) linux,phandle property",
                 node->fullpath, prop->val.len);
            return;
      }

      phandle = propval_cell(prop);
      if ((phandle == 0) || (phandle == -1)) {
            FAIL(c, "%s has invalid linux,phandle value 0x%x",
                 node->fullpath, phandle);
            return;
      }

      other = get_node_by_phandle(root, phandle);
      if (other) {
            FAIL(c, "%s has duplicated phandle 0x%x (seen before at %s)",
                 node->fullpath, phandle, other->fullpath);
            return;
      }

      node->phandle = phandle;
}
NODE_CHECK(explicit_phandles, NULL, ERROR);

static void check_name_properties(struct check *c, struct node *root,
                          struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop;

      prop = get_property(node, "name");
      if (!prop)
            return; /* No name property, that's fine */

      if ((prop->val.len != node->basenamelen+1)
          || (memcmp(prop->val.val, node->name, node->basenamelen) != 0))
            FAIL(c, "\"name\" property in %s is incorrect (\"%s\" instead"
                 " of base node name)", node->fullpath, prop->val.val);
}
CHECK_IS_STRING(name_is_string, "name", ERROR);
NODE_CHECK(name_properties, NULL, ERROR, &name_is_string);

/*
 * Reference fixup functions
 */

static void fixup_phandle_references(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                             struct node *node, struct property *prop)
{
      struct marker *m = prop->val.markers;
      struct node *refnode;
      cell_t phandle;

      for_each_marker_of_type(m, REF_PHANDLE) {
            assert(m->offset + sizeof(cell_t) <= prop->val.len);

            refnode = get_node_by_ref(dt, m->ref);
            if (! refnode) {
                  FAIL(c, "Reference to non-existent node or label \"%s\"\n",
                     m->ref);
                  continue;
            }

            phandle = get_node_phandle(dt, refnode);
            *((cell_t *)(prop->val.val + m->offset)) = cpu_to_be32(phandle);
      }
}
CHECK(phandle_references, NULL, NULL, fixup_phandle_references, NULL, ERROR,
      &duplicate_node_names, &explicit_phandles);

static void fixup_path_references(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                          struct node *node, struct property *prop)
{
      struct marker *m = prop->val.markers;
      struct node *refnode;
      char *path;

      for_each_marker_of_type(m, REF_PATH) {
            assert(m->offset <= prop->val.len);

            refnode = get_node_by_ref(dt, m->ref);
            if (!refnode) {
                  FAIL(c, "Reference to non-existent node or label \"%s\"\n",
                       m->ref);
                  continue;
            }

            path = refnode->fullpath;
            prop->val = data_insert_at_marker(prop->val, m, path,
                                      strlen(path) + 1);
      }
}
CHECK(path_references, NULL, NULL, fixup_path_references, NULL, ERROR,
      &duplicate_node_names);

/*
 * Semantic checks
 */
CHECK_IS_CELL(address_cells_is_cell, "#address-cells", WARN);
CHECK_IS_CELL(size_cells_is_cell, "#size-cells", WARN);
CHECK_IS_CELL(interrupt_cells_is_cell, "#interrupt-cells", WARN);

CHECK_IS_STRING(device_type_is_string, "device_type", WARN);
CHECK_IS_STRING(model_is_string, "model", WARN);
CHECK_IS_STRING(status_is_string, "status", WARN);

static void fixup_addr_size_cells(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                          struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop;

      node->addr_cells = -1;
      node->size_cells = -1;

      prop = get_property(node, "#address-cells");
      if (prop)
            node->addr_cells = propval_cell(prop);

      prop = get_property(node, "#size-cells");
      if (prop)
            node->size_cells = propval_cell(prop);
}
CHECK(addr_size_cells, NULL, fixup_addr_size_cells, NULL, NULL, WARN,
      &address_cells_is_cell, &size_cells_is_cell);

#define node_addr_cells(n) \
      (((n)->addr_cells == -1) ? 2 : (n)->addr_cells)
#define node_size_cells(n) \
      (((n)->size_cells == -1) ? 1 : (n)->size_cells)

static void check_reg_format(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                       struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop;
      int addr_cells, size_cells, entrylen;

      prop = get_property(node, "reg");
      if (!prop)
            return; /* No "reg", that's fine */

      if (!node->parent) {
            FAIL(c, "Root node has a \"reg\" property");
            return;
      }

      if (prop->val.len == 0)
            FAIL(c, "\"reg\" property in %s is empty", node->fullpath);

      addr_cells = node_addr_cells(node->parent);
      size_cells = node_size_cells(node->parent);
      entrylen = (addr_cells + size_cells) * sizeof(cell_t);

      if ((prop->val.len % entrylen) != 0)
            FAIL(c, "\"reg\" property in %s has invalid length (%d bytes) "
                 "(#address-cells == %d, #size-cells == %d)",
                 node->fullpath, prop->val.len, addr_cells, size_cells);
}
NODE_CHECK(reg_format, NULL, WARN, &addr_size_cells);

static void check_ranges_format(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                        struct node *node)
{
      struct property *prop;
      int c_addr_cells, p_addr_cells, c_size_cells, p_size_cells, entrylen;

      prop = get_property(node, "ranges");
      if (!prop)
            return;

      if (!node->parent) {
            FAIL(c, "Root node has a \"ranges\" property");
            return;
      }

      p_addr_cells = node_addr_cells(node->parent);
      p_size_cells = node_size_cells(node->parent);
      c_addr_cells = node_addr_cells(node);
      c_size_cells = node_size_cells(node);
      entrylen = (p_addr_cells + c_addr_cells + c_size_cells) * sizeof(cell_t);

      if (prop->val.len == 0) {
            if (p_addr_cells != c_addr_cells)
                  FAIL(c, "%s has empty \"ranges\" property but its "
                       "#address-cells (%d) differs from %s (%d)",
                       node->fullpath, c_addr_cells, node->parent->fullpath,
                       p_addr_cells);
            if (p_size_cells != c_size_cells)
                  FAIL(c, "%s has empty \"ranges\" property but its "
                       "#size-cells (%d) differs from %s (%d)",
                       node->fullpath, c_size_cells, node->parent->fullpath,
                       p_size_cells);
      } else if ((prop->val.len % entrylen) != 0) {
            FAIL(c, "\"ranges\" property in %s has invalid length (%d bytes) "
                 "(parent #address-cells == %d, child #address-cells == %d, "
                 "#size-cells == %d)", node->fullpath, prop->val.len,
                 p_addr_cells, c_addr_cells, c_size_cells);
      }
}
NODE_CHECK(ranges_format, NULL, WARN, &addr_size_cells);

/*
 * Style checks
 */
static void check_avoid_default_addr_size(struct check *c, struct node *dt,
                                struct node *node)
{
      struct property *reg, *ranges;

      if (!node->parent)
            return; /* Ignore root node */

      reg = get_property(node, "reg");
      ranges = get_property(node, "ranges");

      if (!reg && !ranges)
            return;

      if ((node->parent->addr_cells == -1))
            FAIL(c, "Relying on default #address-cells value for %s",
                 node->fullpath);

      if ((node->parent->size_cells == -1))
            FAIL(c, "Relying on default #size-cells value for %s",
                 node->fullpath);
}
NODE_CHECK(avoid_default_addr_size, NULL, WARN, &addr_size_cells);

static void check_obsolete_chosen_interrupt_controller(struct check *c,
                                           struct node *dt)
{
      struct node *chosen;
      struct property *prop;

      chosen = get_node_by_path(dt, "/chosen");
      if (!chosen)
            return;

      prop = get_property(chosen, "interrupt-controller");
      if (prop)
            FAIL(c, "/chosen has obsolete \"interrupt-controller\" "
                 "property");
}
TREE_CHECK(obsolete_chosen_interrupt_controller, NULL, WARN);

static struct check *check_table[] = {
      &duplicate_node_names, &duplicate_property_names,
      &name_is_string, &name_properties,
      &explicit_phandles,
      &phandle_references, &path_references,

      &address_cells_is_cell, &size_cells_is_cell, &interrupt_cells_is_cell,
      &device_type_is_string, &model_is_string, &status_is_string,

      &addr_size_cells, &reg_format, &ranges_format,

      &avoid_default_addr_size,
      &obsolete_chosen_interrupt_controller,
};

int check_semantics(struct node *dt, int outversion, int boot_cpuid_phys);

void process_checks(int force, struct boot_info *bi,
                int checkflag, int outversion, int boot_cpuid_phys)
{
      struct node *dt = bi->dt;
      int i;
      int error = 0;

      for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(check_table); i++) {
            struct check *c = check_table[i];

            if (c->level != IGNORE)
                  error = error || run_check(c, dt);
      }

      if (error) {
            if (!force) {
                  fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: Input tree has errors, aborting "
                        "(use -f to force output)\n");
                  exit(2);
            } else if (quiet < 3) {
                  fprintf(stderr, "Warning: Input tree has errors, "
                        "output forced\n");
            }
      }

      if (checkflag) {
            if (error) {
                  fprintf(stderr, "Warning: Skipping semantic checks due to structural errors\n");
            } else {
                  if (!check_semantics(bi->dt, outversion,
                                   boot_cpuid_phys))
                        fprintf(stderr, "Warning: Input tree has semantic errors\n");
            }
      }
}

/*
 * Semantic check functions
 */

#define ERRMSG(...) if (quiet < 2) fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: " __VA_ARGS__)
#define WARNMSG(...) if (quiet < 1) fprintf(stderr, "Warning: " __VA_ARGS__)

#define DO_ERR(...) do {ERRMSG(__VA_ARGS__); ok = 0; } while (0)

#define CHECK_HAVE(node, propname) \
      do { \
            if (! (prop = get_property((node), (propname)))) \
                  DO_ERR("Missing \"%s\" property in %s\n", (propname), \
                        (node)->fullpath); \
      } while (0);

#define CHECK_HAVE_WARN(node, propname) \
      do { \
            if (! (prop  = get_property((node), (propname)))) \
                  WARNMSG("%s has no \"%s\" property\n", \
                        (node)->fullpath, (propname)); \
      } while (0)

#define CHECK_HAVE_STRING(node, propname) \
      do { \
            CHECK_HAVE((node), (propname)); \
            if (prop && !data_is_one_string(prop->val)) \
                  DO_ERR("\"%s\" property in %s is not a string\n", \
                        (propname), (node)->fullpath); \
      } while (0)

#define CHECK_HAVE_STREQ(node, propname, value) \
      do { \
            CHECK_HAVE_STRING((node), (propname)); \
            if (prop && !streq(prop->val.val, (value))) \
                  DO_ERR("%s has wrong %s, %s (should be %s\n", \
                        (node)->fullpath, (propname), \
                        prop->val.val, (value)); \
      } while (0)

#define CHECK_HAVE_ONECELL(node, propname) \
      do { \
            CHECK_HAVE((node), (propname)); \
            if (prop && (prop->val.len != sizeof(cell_t))) \
                  DO_ERR("\"%s\" property in %s has wrong size %d (should be 1 cell)\n", (propname), (node)->fullpath, prop->val.len); \
      } while (0)

#define CHECK_HAVE_WARN_ONECELL(node, propname) \
      do { \
            CHECK_HAVE_WARN((node), (propname)); \
            if (prop && (prop->val.len != sizeof(cell_t))) \
                  DO_ERR("\"%s\" property in %s has wrong size %d (should be 1 cell)\n", (propname), (node)->fullpath, prop->val.len); \
      } while (0)

#define CHECK_HAVE_WARN_PHANDLE(xnode, propname, root) \
      do { \
            struct node *ref; \
            CHECK_HAVE_WARN_ONECELL((xnode), (propname)); \
            if (prop) {\
                  cell_t phandle = propval_cell(prop); \
                  if ((phandle == 0) || (phandle == -1)) { \
                        DO_ERR("\"%s\" property in %s contains an invalid phandle %x\n", (propname), (xnode)->fullpath, phandle); \
                  } else { \
                        ref = get_node_by_phandle((root), propval_cell(prop)); \
                        if (! ref) \
                              DO_ERR("\"%s\" property in %s refers to non-existant phandle %x\n", (propname), (xnode)->fullpath, propval_cell(prop)); \
                  } \
            } \
      } while (0)

#define CHECK_HAVE_WARN_STRING(node, propname) \
      do { \
            CHECK_HAVE_WARN((node), (propname)); \
            if (prop && !data_is_one_string(prop->val)) \
                  DO_ERR("\"%s\" property in %s is not a string\n", \
                        (propname), (node)->fullpath); \
      } while (0)

static int check_root(struct node *root)
{
      struct property *prop;
      int ok = 1;

      CHECK_HAVE_STRING(root, "model");
      CHECK_HAVE_WARN(root, "compatible");

      return ok;
}

static int check_cpus(struct node *root, int outversion, int boot_cpuid_phys)
{
      struct node *cpus, *cpu;
      struct property *prop;
      struct node *bootcpu = NULL;
      int ok = 1;

      cpus = get_subnode(root, "cpus");
      if (! cpus) {
            ERRMSG("Missing /cpus node\n");
            return 0;
      }

      if (cpus->addr_cells != 1)
            DO_ERR("%s has bad #address-cells value %d (should be 1)\n",
                   cpus->fullpath, cpus->addr_cells);
      if (cpus->size_cells != 0)
            DO_ERR("%s has bad #size-cells value %d (should be 0)\n",
                   cpus->fullpath, cpus->size_cells);

      for_each_child(cpus, cpu) {
            CHECK_HAVE_STREQ(cpu, "device_type", "cpu");

            CHECK_HAVE_ONECELL(cpu, "reg");
            if (prop) {
                  cell_t unitnum;
                  char *eptr;

                  unitnum = strtol(get_unitname(cpu), &eptr, 16);
                  if (*eptr) {
                        WARNMSG("%s has bad format unit name %s (should be CPU number\n",
                              cpu->fullpath, get_unitname(cpu));
                  } else if (unitnum != propval_cell(prop)) {
                        WARNMSG("%s unit name \"%s\" does not match \"reg\" property <%x>\n",
                               cpu->fullpath, get_unitname(cpu),
                               propval_cell(prop));
                  }
            }

/*          CHECK_HAVE_ONECELL(cpu, "d-cache-line-size"); */
/*          CHECK_HAVE_ONECELL(cpu, "i-cache-line-size"); */
            CHECK_HAVE_ONECELL(cpu, "d-cache-size");
            CHECK_HAVE_ONECELL(cpu, "i-cache-size");

            CHECK_HAVE_WARN_ONECELL(cpu, "clock-frequency");
            CHECK_HAVE_WARN_ONECELL(cpu, "timebase-frequency");

            prop = get_property(cpu, "linux,boot-cpu");
            if (prop) {
                  if (prop->val.len)
                        WARNMSG("\"linux,boot-cpu\" property in %s is non-empty\n",
                              cpu->fullpath);
                  if (bootcpu)
                        DO_ERR("Multiple boot cpus (%s and %s)\n",
                               bootcpu->fullpath, cpu->fullpath);
                  else
                        bootcpu = cpu;
            }
      }

      if (outversion < 2) {
            if (! bootcpu)
                  WARNMSG("No cpu has \"linux,boot-cpu\" property\n");
      } else {
            if (bootcpu)
                  WARNMSG("\"linux,boot-cpu\" property is deprecated in blob version 2 or higher\n");
            if (boot_cpuid_phys == 0xfeedbeef)
                  WARNMSG("physical boot CPU not set.  Use -b option to set\n");
      }

      return ok;
}

static int check_memory(struct node *root)
{
      struct node *mem;
      struct property *prop;
      int nnodes = 0;
      int ok = 1;

      for_each_child(root, mem) {
            if (! strneq(mem->name, "memory", mem->basenamelen))
                  continue;

            nnodes++;

            CHECK_HAVE_STREQ(mem, "device_type", "memory");
            CHECK_HAVE(mem, "reg");
      }

      if (nnodes == 0) {
            ERRMSG("No memory nodes\n");
            return 0;
      }

      return ok;
}

int check_semantics(struct node *dt, int outversion, int boot_cpuid_phys)
{
      int ok = 1;

      ok = ok && check_root(dt);
      ok = ok && check_cpus(dt, outversion, boot_cpuid_phys);
      ok = ok && check_memory(dt);
      if (! ok)
            return 0;

      return 1;
}

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