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uaccess.h

#ifndef _ASM_IA64_UACCESS_H
#define _ASM_IA64_UACCESS_H

/*
 * This file defines various macros to transfer memory areas across
 * the user/kernel boundary.  This needs to be done carefully because
 * this code is executed in kernel mode and uses user-specified
 * addresses.  Thus, we need to be careful not to let the user to
 * trick us into accessing kernel memory that would normally be
 * inaccessible.  This code is also fairly performance sensitive,
 * so we want to spend as little time doing safety checks as
 * possible.
 *
 * To make matters a bit more interesting, these macros sometimes also
 * called from within the kernel itself, in which case the address
 * validity check must be skipped.  The get_fs() macro tells us what
 * to do: if get_fs()==USER_DS, checking is performed, if
 * get_fs()==KERNEL_DS, checking is bypassed.
 *
 * Note that even if the memory area specified by the user is in a
 * valid address range, it is still possible that we'll get a page
 * fault while accessing it.  This is handled by filling out an
 * exception handler fixup entry for each instruction that has the
 * potential to fault.  When such a fault occurs, the page fault
 * handler checks to see whether the faulting instruction has a fixup
 * associated and, if so, sets r8 to -EFAULT and clears r9 to 0 and
 * then resumes execution at the continuation point.
 *
 * Based on <asm-alpha/uaccess.h>.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1998, 1999, 2001-2004 Hewlett-Packard Co
 *    David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
 */

#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>

#include <asm/intrinsics.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/io.h>

/*
 * For historical reasons, the following macros are grossly misnamed:
 */
#define KERNEL_DS ((mm_segment_t) { ~0UL })           /* cf. access_ok() */
#define USER_DS         ((mm_segment_t) { TASK_SIZE-1 })    /* cf. access_ok() */

#define VERIFY_READ     0
#define VERIFY_WRITE    1

#define get_ds()  (KERNEL_DS)
#define get_fs()  (current_thread_info()->addr_limit)
#define set_fs(x) (current_thread_info()->addr_limit = (x))

#define segment_eq(a, b)      ((a).seg == (b).seg)

/*
 * When accessing user memory, we need to make sure the entire area really is in
 * user-level space.  In order to do this efficiently, we make sure that the page at
 * address TASK_SIZE is never valid.  We also need to make sure that the address doesn't
 * point inside the virtually mapped linear page table.
 */
#define __access_ok(addr, size, segment)                                \
({                                                                \
      __chk_user_ptr(addr);                                             \
      (likely((unsigned long) (addr) <= (segment).seg)                        \
       && ((segment).seg == KERNEL_DS.seg                               \
           || likely(REGION_OFFSET((unsigned long) (addr)) < RGN_MAP_LIMIT)));      \
})
#define access_ok(type, addr, size) __access_ok((addr), (size), get_fs())

/*
 * These are the main single-value transfer routines.  They automatically
 * use the right size if we just have the right pointer type.
 *
 * Careful to not
 * (a) re-use the arguments for side effects (sizeof/typeof is ok)
 * (b) require any knowledge of processes at this stage
 */
#define put_user(x, ptr)      __put_user_check((__typeof__(*(ptr))) (x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), get_fs())
#define get_user(x, ptr)      __get_user_check((x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), get_fs())

/*
 * The "__xxx" versions do not do address space checking, useful when
 * doing multiple accesses to the same area (the programmer has to do the
 * checks by hand with "access_ok()")
 */
#define __put_user(x, ptr)    __put_user_nocheck((__typeof__(*(ptr))) (x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)))
#define __get_user(x, ptr)    __get_user_nocheck((x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)))

extern long __put_user_unaligned_unknown (void);

#define __put_user_unaligned(x, ptr)                                                \
({                                                                      \
      long __ret;                                                       \
      switch (sizeof(*(ptr))) {                                               \
            case 1: __ret = __put_user((x), (ptr)); break;                          \
            case 2: __ret = (__put_user((x), (u8 __user *)(ptr)))                   \
                  | (__put_user((x) >> 8, ((u8 __user *)(ptr) + 1))); break;        \
            case 4: __ret = (__put_user((x), (u16 __user *)(ptr)))                        \
                  | (__put_user((x) >> 16, ((u16 __user *)(ptr) + 1))); break;            \
            case 8: __ret = (__put_user((x), (u32 __user *)(ptr)))                        \
                  | (__put_user((x) >> 32, ((u32 __user *)(ptr) + 1))); break;            \
            default: __ret = __put_user_unaligned_unknown();                        \
      }                                                                 \
      __ret;                                                                  \
})

extern long __get_user_unaligned_unknown (void);

#define __get_user_unaligned(x, ptr)                                                \
({                                                                      \
      long __ret;                                                       \
      switch (sizeof(*(ptr))) {                                               \
            case 1: __ret = __get_user((x), (ptr)); break;                          \
            case 2: __ret = (__get_user((x), (u8 __user *)(ptr)))                   \
                  | (__get_user((x) >> 8, ((u8 __user *)(ptr) + 1))); break;        \
            case 4: __ret = (__get_user((x), (u16 __user *)(ptr)))                        \
                  | (__get_user((x) >> 16, ((u16 __user *)(ptr) + 1))); break;            \
            case 8: __ret = (__get_user((x), (u32 __user *)(ptr)))                        \
                  | (__get_user((x) >> 32, ((u32 __user *)(ptr) + 1))); break;            \
            default: __ret = __get_user_unaligned_unknown();                        \
      }                                                                 \
      __ret;                                                                  \
})

#ifdef ASM_SUPPORTED
  struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; };
# define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x))

/* We need to declare the __ex_table section before we can use it in .xdata.  */
asm (".section \"__ex_table\", \"a\"\n\t.previous");

# define __get_user_size(val, addr, n, err)                                         \
do {                                                                    \
      register long __gu_r8 asm ("r8") = 0;                                         \
      register long __gu_r9 asm ("r9");                                       \
      asm ("\n[1:]\tld"#n" %0=%2%P2\t// %0 and %1 get overwritten by exception handler\n" \
           "\t.xdata4 \"__ex_table\", 1b-., 1f-.+4\n"                               \
           "[1:]"                                                       \
           : "=r"(__gu_r9), "=r"(__gu_r8) : "m"(__m(addr)), "1"(__gu_r8));                \
      (err) = __gu_r8;                                                  \
      (val) = __gu_r9;                                                  \
} while (0)

/*
 * The "__put_user_size()" macro tells gcc it reads from memory instead of writing it.  This
 * is because they do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no aliasing
 * issues.
 */
# define __put_user_size(val, addr, n, err)                                         \
do {                                                                    \
      register long __pu_r8 asm ("r8") = 0;                                         \
      asm volatile ("\n[1:]\tst"#n" %1=%r2%P1\t// %0 gets overwritten by exception handler\n"   \
                  "\t.xdata4 \"__ex_table\", 1b-., 1f-.\n"                          \
                  "[1:]"                                                      \
                  : "=r"(__pu_r8) : "m"(__m(addr)), "rO"(val), "0"(__pu_r8));       \
      (err) = __pu_r8;                                                  \
} while (0)

#else /* !ASM_SUPPORTED */
# define RELOC_TYPE     2     /* ip-rel */
# define __get_user_size(val, addr, n, err)                       \
do {                                                  \
      __ld_user("__ex_table", (unsigned long) addr, n, RELOC_TYPE);     \
      (err) = ia64_getreg(_IA64_REG_R8);                    \
      (val) = ia64_getreg(_IA64_REG_R9);                    \
} while (0)
# define __put_user_size(val, addr, n, err)                                         \
do {                                                                    \
      __st_user("__ex_table", (unsigned long) addr, n, RELOC_TYPE, (unsigned long) (val));      \
      (err) = ia64_getreg(_IA64_REG_R8);                                      \
} while (0)
#endif /* !ASM_SUPPORTED */

extern void __get_user_unknown (void);

/*
 * Evaluating arguments X, PTR, SIZE, and SEGMENT may involve subroutine-calls, which
 * could clobber r8 and r9 (among others).  Thus, be careful not to evaluate it while
 * using r8/r9.
 */
#define __do_get_user(check, x, ptr, size, segment)                           \
({                                                                \
      const __typeof__(*(ptr)) __user *__gu_ptr = (ptr);                      \
      __typeof__ (size) __gu_size = (size);                                   \
      long __gu_err = -EFAULT;                                          \
      unsigned long __gu_val = 0;                                       \
      if (!check || __access_ok(__gu_ptr, size, segment))                     \
            switch (__gu_size) {                                        \
                  case 1: __get_user_size(__gu_val, __gu_ptr, 1, __gu_err); break;  \
                  case 2: __get_user_size(__gu_val, __gu_ptr, 2, __gu_err); break;  \
                  case 4: __get_user_size(__gu_val, __gu_ptr, 4, __gu_err); break;  \
                  case 8: __get_user_size(__gu_val, __gu_ptr, 8, __gu_err); break;  \
                  default: __get_user_unknown(); break;                       \
            }                                                     \
      (x) = (__typeof__(*(__gu_ptr))) __gu_val;                         \
      __gu_err;                                                   \
})

#define __get_user_nocheck(x, ptr, size)  __do_get_user(0, x, ptr, size, KERNEL_DS)
#define __get_user_check(x, ptr, size, segment) __do_get_user(1, x, ptr, size, segment)

extern void __put_user_unknown (void);

/*
 * Evaluating arguments X, PTR, SIZE, and SEGMENT may involve subroutine-calls, which
 * could clobber r8 (among others).  Thus, be careful not to evaluate them while using r8.
 */
#define __do_put_user(check, x, ptr, size, segment)                           \
({                                                                \
      __typeof__ (x) __pu_x = (x);                                      \
      __typeof__ (*(ptr)) __user *__pu_ptr = (ptr);                           \
      __typeof__ (size) __pu_size = (size);                                   \
      long __pu_err = -EFAULT;                                          \
                                                                  \
      if (!check || __access_ok(__pu_ptr, __pu_size, segment))                \
            switch (__pu_size) {                                        \
                  case 1: __put_user_size(__pu_x, __pu_ptr, 1, __pu_err); break;    \
                  case 2: __put_user_size(__pu_x, __pu_ptr, 2, __pu_err); break;    \
                  case 4: __put_user_size(__pu_x, __pu_ptr, 4, __pu_err); break;    \
                  case 8: __put_user_size(__pu_x, __pu_ptr, 8, __pu_err); break;    \
                  default: __put_user_unknown(); break;                       \
            }                                                     \
      __pu_err;                                                   \
})

#define __put_user_nocheck(x, ptr, size)  __do_put_user(0, x, ptr, size, KERNEL_DS)
#define __put_user_check(x, ptr, size, segment) __do_put_user(1, x, ptr, size, segment)

/*
 * Complex access routines
 */
extern unsigned long __must_check __copy_user (void __user *to, const void __user *from,
                                     unsigned long count);

static inline unsigned long
__copy_to_user (void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long count)
{
      return __copy_user(to, (__force void __user *) from, count);
}

static inline unsigned long
__copy_from_user (void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long count)
{
      return __copy_user((__force void __user *) to, from, count);
}

#define __copy_to_user_inatomic           __copy_to_user
#define __copy_from_user_inatomic   __copy_from_user
#define copy_to_user(to, from, n)                                       \
({                                                                \
      void __user *__cu_to = (to);                                      \
      const void *__cu_from = (from);                                         \
      long __cu_len = (n);                                              \
                                                                  \
      if (__access_ok(__cu_to, __cu_len, get_fs()))                           \
            __cu_len = __copy_user(__cu_to, (__force void __user *) __cu_from, __cu_len); \
      __cu_len;                                                   \
})

#define copy_from_user(to, from, n)                                     \
({                                                                \
      void *__cu_to = (to);                                             \
      const void __user *__cu_from = (from);                                  \
      long __cu_len = (n);                                              \
                                                                  \
      __chk_user_ptr(__cu_from);                                        \
      if (__access_ok(__cu_from, __cu_len, get_fs()))                         \
            __cu_len = __copy_user((__force void __user *) __cu_to, __cu_from, __cu_len); \
      __cu_len;                                                   \
})

#define __copy_in_user(to, from, size)    __copy_user((to), (from), (size))

static inline unsigned long
copy_in_user (void __user *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
{
      if (likely(access_ok(VERIFY_READ, from, n) && access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, to, n)))
            n = __copy_user(to, from, n);
      return n;
}

extern unsigned long __do_clear_user (void __user *, unsigned long);

#define __clear_user(to, n)         __do_clear_user(to, n)

#define clear_user(to, n)                             \
({                                              \
      unsigned long __cu_len = (n);                   \
      if (__access_ok(to, __cu_len, get_fs()))        \
            __cu_len = __do_clear_user(to, __cu_len); \
      __cu_len;                                 \
})


/*
 * Returns: -EFAULT if exception before terminator, N if the entire buffer filled, else
 * strlen.
 */
extern long __must_check __strncpy_from_user (char *to, const char __user *from, long to_len);

#define strncpy_from_user(to, from, n)                            \
({                                                    \
      const char __user * __sfu_from = (from);              \
      long __sfu_ret = -EFAULT;                             \
      if (__access_ok(__sfu_from, 0, get_fs()))             \
            __sfu_ret = __strncpy_from_user((to), __sfu_from, (n));     \
      __sfu_ret;                                      \
})

/* Returns: 0 if bad, string length+1 (memory size) of string if ok */
extern unsigned long __strlen_user (const char __user *);

#define strlen_user(str)                        \
({                                        \
      const char __user *__su_str = (str);            \
      unsigned long __su_ret = 0;               \
      if (__access_ok(__su_str, 0, get_fs()))         \
            __su_ret = __strlen_user(__su_str); \
      __su_ret;                           \
})

/*
 * Returns: 0 if exception before NUL or reaching the supplied limit
 * (N), a value greater than N if the limit would be exceeded, else
 * strlen.
 */
extern unsigned long __strnlen_user (const char __user *, long);

#define strnlen_user(str, len)                              \
({                                              \
      const char __user *__su_str = (str);                  \
      unsigned long __su_ret = 0;                     \
      if (__access_ok(__su_str, 0, get_fs()))               \
            __su_ret = __strnlen_user(__su_str, len); \
      __su_ret;                                 \
})

/* Generic code can't deal with the location-relative format that we use for compactness.  */
#define ARCH_HAS_SORT_EXTABLE
#define ARCH_HAS_SEARCH_EXTABLE

struct exception_table_entry {
      int addr;   /* location-relative address of insn this fixup is for */
      int cont;   /* location-relative continuation addr.; if bit 2 is set, r9 is set to 0 */
};

extern void ia64_handle_exception (struct pt_regs *regs, const struct exception_table_entry *e);
extern const struct exception_table_entry *search_exception_tables (unsigned long addr);

static inline int
ia64_done_with_exception (struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      const struct exception_table_entry *e;
      e = search_exception_tables(regs->cr_iip + ia64_psr(regs)->ri);
      if (e) {
            ia64_handle_exception(regs, e);
            return 1;
      }
      return 0;
}

#define ARCH_HAS_TRANSLATE_MEM_PTR  1
static __inline__ char *
xlate_dev_mem_ptr (unsigned long p)
{
      struct page *page;
      char * ptr;

      page = pfn_to_page(p >> PAGE_SHIFT);
      if (PageUncached(page))
            ptr = (char *)p + __IA64_UNCACHED_OFFSET;
      else
            ptr = __va(p);

      return ptr;
}

/*
 * Convert a virtual cached kernel memory pointer to an uncached pointer
 */
static __inline__ char *
xlate_dev_kmem_ptr (char * p)
{
      struct page *page;
      char * ptr;

      page = virt_to_page((unsigned long)p);
      if (PageUncached(page))
            ptr = (char *)__pa(p) + __IA64_UNCACHED_OFFSET;
      else
            ptr = p;

      return ptr;
}

#endif /* _ASM_IA64_UACCESS_H */

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