Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: linux version File versions  Download package

process.c

/*
 *  linux/arch/alpha/kernel/process.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1995  Linus Torvalds
 */

/*
 * This file handles the architecture-dependent parts of process handling.
 */

#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/vt.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/elfcore.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/console.h>

#include <asm/reg.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/hwrpb.h>
#include <asm/fpu.h>

#include "proto.h"
#include "pci_impl.h"

/*
 * Power off function, if any
 */
void (*pm_power_off)(void) = machine_power_off;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pm_power_off);

void
cpu_idle(void)
{
      set_thread_flag(TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG);

      while (1) {
            /* FIXME -- EV6 and LCA45 know how to power down
               the CPU.  */

            while (!need_resched())
                  cpu_relax();
            schedule();
      }
}


00066 struct halt_info {
      int mode;
      char *restart_cmd;
};

static void
common_shutdown_1(void *generic_ptr)
{
      struct halt_info *how = (struct halt_info *)generic_ptr;
      struct percpu_struct *cpup;
      unsigned long *pflags, flags;
      int cpuid = smp_processor_id();

      /* No point in taking interrupts anymore. */
      local_irq_disable();

      cpup = (struct percpu_struct *)
                  ((unsigned long)hwrpb + hwrpb->processor_offset
                   + hwrpb->processor_size * cpuid);
      pflags = &cpup->flags;
      flags = *pflags;

      /* Clear reason to "default"; clear "bootstrap in progress". */
      flags &= ~0x00ff0001UL;

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
      /* Secondaries halt here. */
      if (cpuid != boot_cpuid) {
            flags |= 0x00040000UL; /* "remain halted" */
            *pflags = flags;
            cpu_clear(cpuid, cpu_present_map);
            halt();
      }
#endif

      if (how->mode == LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART) {
            if (!how->restart_cmd) {
                  flags |= 0x00020000UL; /* "cold bootstrap" */
            } else {
                  /* For SRM, we could probably set environment
                     variables to get this to work.  We'd have to
                     delay this until after srm_paging_stop unless
                     we ever got srm_fixup working.

                     At the moment, SRM will use the last boot device,
                     but the file and flags will be the defaults, when
                     doing a "warm" bootstrap.  */
                  flags |= 0x00030000UL; /* "warm bootstrap" */
            }
      } else {
            flags |= 0x00040000UL; /* "remain halted" */
      }
      *pflags = flags;

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
      /* Wait for the secondaries to halt. */
      cpu_clear(boot_cpuid, cpu_present_map);
      while (cpus_weight(cpu_present_map))
            barrier();
#endif

      /* If booted from SRM, reset some of the original environment. */
      if (alpha_using_srm) {
#ifdef CONFIG_DUMMY_CONSOLE
            /* If we've gotten here after SysRq-b, leave interrupt
               context before taking over the console. */
            if (in_interrupt())
                  irq_exit();
            /* This has the effect of resetting the VGA video origin.  */
            take_over_console(&dummy_con, 0, MAX_NR_CONSOLES-1, 1);
#endif
            pci_restore_srm_config();
            set_hae(srm_hae);
      }

      if (alpha_mv.kill_arch)
            alpha_mv.kill_arch(how->mode);

      if (! alpha_using_srm && how->mode != LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART) {
            /* Unfortunately, since MILO doesn't currently understand
               the hwrpb bits above, we can't reliably halt the 
               processor and keep it halted.  So just loop.  */
            return;
      }

      if (alpha_using_srm)
            srm_paging_stop();

      halt();
}

static void
common_shutdown(int mode, char *restart_cmd)
{
      struct halt_info args;
      args.mode = mode;
      args.restart_cmd = restart_cmd;
      on_each_cpu(common_shutdown_1, &args, 0);
}

void
machine_restart(char *restart_cmd)
{
      common_shutdown(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART, restart_cmd);
}


void
machine_halt(void)
{
      common_shutdown(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_HALT, NULL);
}


void
machine_power_off(void)
{
      common_shutdown(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWER_OFF, NULL);
}


/* Used by sysrq-p, among others.  I don't believe r9-r15 are ever
   saved in the context it's used.  */

void
show_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      dik_show_regs(regs, NULL);
}

/*
 * Re-start a thread when doing execve()
 */
void
start_thread(struct pt_regs * regs, unsigned long pc, unsigned long sp)
{
      set_fs(USER_DS);
      regs->pc = pc;
      regs->ps = 8;
      wrusp(sp);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(start_thread);

/*
 * Free current thread data structures etc..
 */
void
exit_thread(void)
{
}

void
flush_thread(void)
{
      /* Arrange for each exec'ed process to start off with a clean slate
         with respect to the FPU.  This is all exceptions disabled.  */
      current_thread_info()->ieee_state = 0;
      wrfpcr(FPCR_DYN_NORMAL | ieee_swcr_to_fpcr(0));

      /* Clean slate for TLS.  */
      current_thread_info()->pcb.unique = 0;
}

void
release_thread(struct task_struct *dead_task)
{
}

/*
 * "alpha_clone()".. By the time we get here, the
 * non-volatile registers have also been saved on the
 * stack. We do some ugly pointer stuff here.. (see
 * also copy_thread)
 *
 * Notice that "fork()" is implemented in terms of clone,
 * with parameters (SIGCHLD, 0).
 */
int
alpha_clone(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long usp,
          int __user *parent_tid, int __user *child_tid,
          unsigned long tls_value, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      if (!usp)
            usp = rdusp();

      return do_fork(clone_flags, usp, regs, 0, parent_tid, child_tid);
}

int
alpha_vfork(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      return do_fork(CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM | SIGCHLD, rdusp(),
                   regs, 0, NULL, NULL);
}

/*
 * Copy an alpha thread..
 *
 * Note the "stack_offset" stuff: when returning to kernel mode, we need
 * to have some extra stack-space for the kernel stack that still exists
 * after the "ret_from_fork".  When returning to user mode, we only want
 * the space needed by the syscall stack frame (ie "struct pt_regs").
 * Use the passed "regs" pointer to determine how much space we need
 * for a kernel fork().
 */

int
copy_thread(int nr, unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long usp,
          unsigned long unused,
          struct task_struct * p, struct pt_regs * regs)
{
      extern void ret_from_fork(void);

      struct thread_info *childti = task_thread_info(p);
      struct pt_regs * childregs;
      struct switch_stack * childstack, *stack;
      unsigned long stack_offset, settls;

      stack_offset = PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct pt_regs);
      if (!(regs->ps & 8))
            stack_offset = (PAGE_SIZE-1) & (unsigned long) regs;
      childregs = (struct pt_regs *)
        (stack_offset + PAGE_SIZE + task_stack_page(p));
            
      *childregs = *regs;
      settls = regs->r20;
      childregs->r0 = 0;
      childregs->r19 = 0;
      childregs->r20 = 1;     /* OSF/1 has some strange fork() semantics.  */
      regs->r20 = 0;
      stack = ((struct switch_stack *) regs) - 1;
      childstack = ((struct switch_stack *) childregs) - 1;
      *childstack = *stack;
      childstack->r26 = (unsigned long) ret_from_fork;
      childti->pcb.usp = usp;
      childti->pcb.ksp = (unsigned long) childstack;
      childti->pcb.flags = 1; /* set FEN, clear everything else */

      /* Set a new TLS for the child thread?  Peek back into the
         syscall arguments that we saved on syscall entry.  Oops,
         except we'd have clobbered it with the parent/child set
         of r20.  Read the saved copy.  */
      /* Note: if CLONE_SETTLS is not set, then we must inherit the
         value from the parent, which will have been set by the block
         copy in dup_task_struct.  This is non-intuitive, but is
         required for proper operation in the case of a threaded
         application calling fork.  */
      if (clone_flags & CLONE_SETTLS)
            childti->pcb.unique = settls;

      return 0;
}

/*
 * Fill in the user structure for a ELF core dump.
 */
void
dump_elf_thread(elf_greg_t *dest, struct pt_regs *pt, struct thread_info *ti)
{
      /* switch stack follows right below pt_regs: */
      struct switch_stack * sw = ((struct switch_stack *) pt) - 1;

      dest[ 0] = pt->r0;
      dest[ 1] = pt->r1;
      dest[ 2] = pt->r2;
      dest[ 3] = pt->r3;
      dest[ 4] = pt->r4;
      dest[ 5] = pt->r5;
      dest[ 6] = pt->r6;
      dest[ 7] = pt->r7;
      dest[ 8] = pt->r8;
      dest[ 9] = sw->r9;
      dest[10] = sw->r10;
      dest[11] = sw->r11;
      dest[12] = sw->r12;
      dest[13] = sw->r13;
      dest[14] = sw->r14;
      dest[15] = sw->r15;
      dest[16] = pt->r16;
      dest[17] = pt->r17;
      dest[18] = pt->r18;
      dest[19] = pt->r19;
      dest[20] = pt->r20;
      dest[21] = pt->r21;
      dest[22] = pt->r22;
      dest[23] = pt->r23;
      dest[24] = pt->r24;
      dest[25] = pt->r25;
      dest[26] = pt->r26;
      dest[27] = pt->r27;
      dest[28] = pt->r28;
      dest[29] = pt->gp;
      dest[30] = rdusp();
      dest[31] = pt->pc;

      /* Once upon a time this was the PS value.  Which is stupid
         since that is always 8 for usermode.  Usurped for the more
         useful value of the thread's UNIQUE field.  */
      dest[32] = ti->pcb.unique;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_elf_thread);

int
dump_elf_task(elf_greg_t *dest, struct task_struct *task)
{
      dump_elf_thread(dest, task_pt_regs(task), task_thread_info(task));
      return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_elf_task);

int
dump_elf_task_fp(elf_fpreg_t *dest, struct task_struct *task)
{
      struct switch_stack *sw = (struct switch_stack *)task_pt_regs(task) - 1;
      memcpy(dest, sw->fp, 32 * 8);
      return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(dump_elf_task_fp);

/*
 * sys_execve() executes a new program.
 */
asmlinkage int
do_sys_execve(char __user *ufilename, char __user * __user *argv,
            char __user * __user *envp, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      int error;
      char *filename;

      filename = getname(ufilename);
      error = PTR_ERR(filename);
      if (IS_ERR(filename))
            goto out;
      error = do_execve(filename, argv, envp, regs);
      putname(filename);
out:
      return error;
}

/*
 * Return saved PC of a blocked thread.  This assumes the frame
 * pointer is the 6th saved long on the kernel stack and that the
 * saved return address is the first long in the frame.  This all
 * holds provided the thread blocked through a call to schedule() ($15
 * is the frame pointer in schedule() and $15 is saved at offset 48 by
 * entry.S:do_switch_stack).
 *
 * Under heavy swap load I've seen this lose in an ugly way.  So do
 * some extra sanity checking on the ranges we expect these pointers
 * to be in so that we can fail gracefully.  This is just for ps after
 * all.  -- r~
 */

unsigned long
thread_saved_pc(struct task_struct *t)
{
      unsigned long base = (unsigned long)task_stack_page(t);
      unsigned long fp, sp = task_thread_info(t)->pcb.ksp;

      if (sp > base && sp+6*8 < base + 16*1024) {
            fp = ((unsigned long*)sp)[6];
            if (fp > sp && fp < base + 16*1024)
                  return *(unsigned long *)fp;
      }

      return 0;
}

unsigned long
get_wchan(struct task_struct *p)
{
      unsigned long schedule_frame;
      unsigned long pc;
      if (!p || p == current || p->state == TASK_RUNNING)
            return 0;
      /*
       * This one depends on the frame size of schedule().  Do a
       * "disass schedule" in gdb to find the frame size.  Also, the
       * code assumes that sleep_on() follows immediately after
       * interruptible_sleep_on() and that add_timer() follows
       * immediately after interruptible_sleep().  Ugly, isn't it?
       * Maybe adding a wchan field to task_struct would be better,
       * after all...
       */

      pc = thread_saved_pc(p);
      if (in_sched_functions(pc)) {
            schedule_frame = ((unsigned long *)task_thread_info(p)->pcb.ksp)[6];
            return ((unsigned long *)schedule_frame)[12];
      }
      return pc;
}

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index