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gpio_mdio.c

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2007 PA Semi, Inc
 *
 * Author: Olof Johansson, PA Semi
 *
 * Maintained by: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net>
 *
 * Based on drivers/net/fs_enet/mii-bitbang.c.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 */

#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/phy.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/of_platform.h>

#define DELAY 1

static void __iomem *gpio_regs;

00039 struct gpio_priv {
      int mdc_pin;
      int mdio_pin;
};

#define MDC_PIN(bus)    (((struct gpio_priv *)bus->priv)->mdc_pin)
#define MDIO_PIN(bus)   (((struct gpio_priv *)bus->priv)->mdio_pin)

static inline void mdio_lo(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      out_le32(gpio_regs+0x10, 1 << MDIO_PIN(bus));
}

static inline void mdio_hi(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      out_le32(gpio_regs, 1 << MDIO_PIN(bus));
}

static inline void mdc_lo(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      out_le32(gpio_regs+0x10, 1 << MDC_PIN(bus));
}

static inline void mdc_hi(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      out_le32(gpio_regs, 1 << MDC_PIN(bus));
}

static inline void mdio_active(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      out_le32(gpio_regs+0x20, (1 << MDC_PIN(bus)) | (1 << MDIO_PIN(bus)));
}

static inline void mdio_tristate(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      out_le32(gpio_regs+0x30, (1 << MDIO_PIN(bus)));
}

static inline int mdio_read(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      return !!(in_le32(gpio_regs+0x40) & (1 << MDIO_PIN(bus)));
}

static void clock_out(struct mii_bus *bus, int bit)
{
      if (bit)
            mdio_hi(bus);
      else
            mdio_lo(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_hi(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_lo(bus);
}

/* Utility to send the preamble, address, and register (common to read and write). */
static void bitbang_pre(struct mii_bus *bus, int read, u8 addr, u8 reg)
{
      int i;

      /* CFE uses a really long preamble (40 bits). We'll do the same. */
      mdio_active(bus);
      for (i = 0; i < 40; i++) {
            clock_out(bus, 1);
      }

      /* send the start bit (01) and the read opcode (10) or write (10) */
      clock_out(bus, 0);
      clock_out(bus, 1);

      clock_out(bus, read);
      clock_out(bus, !read);

      /* send the PHY address */
      for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
            clock_out(bus, (addr & 0x10) != 0);
            addr <<= 1;
      }

      /* send the register address */
      for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
            clock_out(bus, (reg & 0x10) != 0);
            reg <<= 1;
      }
}

static int gpio_mdio_read(struct mii_bus *bus, int phy_id, int location)
{
      u16 rdreg;
      int ret, i;
      u8 addr = phy_id & 0xff;
      u8 reg = location & 0xff;

      bitbang_pre(bus, 1, addr, reg);

      /* tri-state our MDIO I/O pin so we can read */
      mdio_tristate(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_hi(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_lo(bus);

      /* read 16 bits of register data, MSB first */
      rdreg = 0;
      for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
            mdc_lo(bus);
            udelay(DELAY);
            mdc_hi(bus);
            udelay(DELAY);
            mdc_lo(bus);
            udelay(DELAY);
            rdreg <<= 1;
            rdreg |= mdio_read(bus);
      }

      mdc_hi(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_lo(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);

      ret = rdreg;

      return ret;
}

static int gpio_mdio_write(struct mii_bus *bus, int phy_id, int location, u16 val)
{
      int i;

      u8 addr = phy_id & 0xff;
      u8 reg = location & 0xff;
      u16 value = val & 0xffff;

      bitbang_pre(bus, 0, addr, reg);

      /* send the turnaround (10) */
      mdc_lo(bus);
      mdio_hi(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_hi(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_lo(bus);
      mdio_lo(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_hi(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);

      /* write 16 bits of register data, MSB first */
      for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
            mdc_lo(bus);
            if (value & 0x8000)
                  mdio_hi(bus);
            else
                  mdio_lo(bus);
            udelay(DELAY);
            mdc_hi(bus);
            udelay(DELAY);
            value <<= 1;
      }

      /*
       * Tri-state the MDIO line.
       */
      mdio_tristate(bus);
      mdc_lo(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      mdc_hi(bus);
      udelay(DELAY);
      return 0;
}

static int gpio_mdio_reset(struct mii_bus *bus)
{
      /*nothing here - dunno how to reset it*/
      return 0;
}


static int __devinit gpio_mdio_probe(struct of_device *ofdev,
                             const struct of_device_id *match)
{
      struct device *dev = &ofdev->dev;
      struct device_node *phy_dn, *np = ofdev->node;
      struct mii_bus *new_bus;
      struct gpio_priv *priv;
      const unsigned int *prop;
      int err;
      int i;

      err = -ENOMEM;
      priv = kzalloc(sizeof(struct gpio_priv), GFP_KERNEL);
      if (!priv)
            goto out;

      new_bus = mdiobus_alloc();

      if (!new_bus)
            goto out_free_priv;

      new_bus->name = "pasemi gpio mdio bus";
      new_bus->read = &gpio_mdio_read;
      new_bus->write = &gpio_mdio_write;
      new_bus->reset = &gpio_mdio_reset;

      prop = of_get_property(np, "reg", NULL);
      snprintf(new_bus->id, MII_BUS_ID_SIZE, "%x", *prop);
      new_bus->priv = priv;

      new_bus->phy_mask = 0;

      new_bus->irq = kmalloc(sizeof(int)*PHY_MAX_ADDR, GFP_KERNEL);

      if (!new_bus->irq)
            goto out_free_bus;

      for (i = 0; i < PHY_MAX_ADDR; i++)
            new_bus->irq[i] = NO_IRQ;

      for (phy_dn = of_get_next_child(np, NULL);
           phy_dn != NULL;
           phy_dn = of_get_next_child(np, phy_dn)) {
            const unsigned int *ip, *regp;

            ip = of_get_property(phy_dn, "interrupts", NULL);
            regp = of_get_property(phy_dn, "reg", NULL);
            if (!ip || !regp || *regp >= PHY_MAX_ADDR)
                  continue;
            new_bus->irq[*regp] = irq_create_mapping(NULL, *ip);
      }

      prop = of_get_property(np, "mdc-pin", NULL);
      priv->mdc_pin = *prop;

      prop = of_get_property(np, "mdio-pin", NULL);
      priv->mdio_pin = *prop;

      new_bus->parent = dev;
      dev_set_drvdata(dev, new_bus);

      err = mdiobus_register(new_bus);

      if (err != 0) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Cannot register as MDIO bus, err %d\n",
                        new_bus->name, err);
            goto out_free_irq;
      }

      return 0;

out_free_irq:
      kfree(new_bus->irq);
out_free_bus:
      kfree(new_bus);
out_free_priv:
      kfree(priv);
out:
      return err;
}


static int gpio_mdio_remove(struct of_device *dev)
{
      struct mii_bus *bus = dev_get_drvdata(&dev->dev);

      mdiobus_unregister(bus);

      dev_set_drvdata(&dev->dev, NULL);

      kfree(bus->priv);
      bus->priv = NULL;
      mdiobus_free(bus);

      return 0;
}

static struct of_device_id gpio_mdio_match[] =
{
      {
            .compatible      = "gpio-mdio",
      },
      {},
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, gpio_mdio_match);

static struct of_platform_driver gpio_mdio_driver =
{
      .match_table      = gpio_mdio_match,
      .probe            = gpio_mdio_probe,
      .remove           = gpio_mdio_remove,
      .driver           = {
            .name = "gpio-mdio-bitbang",
      },
};

int gpio_mdio_init(void)
{
      struct device_node *np;

      np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL, "1682m-gpio");
      if (!np)
            np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL,
                                   "pasemi,pwrficient-gpio");
      if (!np)
            return -ENODEV;
      gpio_regs = of_iomap(np, 0);
      of_node_put(np);

      if (!gpio_regs)
            return -ENODEV;

      return of_register_platform_driver(&gpio_mdio_driver);
}
module_init(gpio_mdio_init);

void gpio_mdio_exit(void)
{
      of_unregister_platform_driver(&gpio_mdio_driver);
      if (gpio_regs)
            iounmap(gpio_regs);
}
module_exit(gpio_mdio_exit);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Driver for MDIO over GPIO on PA Semi PWRficient-based boards");

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