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string.c

/* A memcpy for CRIS.
   Copyright (C) 1994-2005 Axis Communications.
   All rights reserved.

   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
   are met:

   1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
      notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

   2. Neither the name of Axis Communications nor the names of its
      contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
      from this software without specific prior written permission.

   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY AXIS COMMUNICATIONS AND ITS CONTRIBUTORS
   ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL AXIS
   COMMUNICATIONS OR ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
   INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
   (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
   SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
   HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
   STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING
   IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
   POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.  */

/* FIXME: This file should really only be used for reference, as the
   result is somewhat depending on gcc generating what we expect rather
   than what we describe.  An assembly file should be used instead.  */

#include <stddef.h>

/* Break even between movem and move16 is really at 38.7 * 2, but
   modulo 44, so up to the next multiple of 44, we use ordinary code.  */
#define MEMCPY_BY_BLOCK_THRESHOLD (44 * 2)

/* No name ambiguities in this file.  */
__asm__ (".syntax no_register_prefix");

void *
memcpy(void *pdst, const void *psrc, size_t pn)
{
  /* Now we want the parameters put in special registers.
     Make sure the compiler is able to make something useful of this.
     As it is now: r10 -> r13; r11 -> r11 (nop); r12 -> r12 (nop).

     If gcc was allright, it really would need no temporaries, and no
     stack space to save stuff on.  */

  register void *return_dst __asm__ ("r10") = pdst;
  register unsigned char *dst __asm__ ("r13") = pdst;
  register unsigned const char *src __asm__ ("r11") = psrc;
  register int n __asm__ ("r12") = pn;

  /* When src is aligned but not dst, this makes a few extra needless
     cycles.  I believe it would take as many to check that the
     re-alignment was unnecessary.  */
  if (((unsigned long) dst & 3) != 0
      /* Don't align if we wouldn't copy more than a few bytes; so we
       don't have to check further for overflows.  */
      && n >= 3)
  {
    if ((unsigned long) dst & 1)
      {
      n--;
      *dst = *src;
      src++;
      dst++;
      }

    if ((unsigned long) dst & 2)
      {
      n -= 2;
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src;
      src += 2;
      dst += 2;
      }
  }

  /* Decide which copying method to use.  */
  if (n >= MEMCPY_BY_BLOCK_THRESHOLD)
    {
      /* It is not optimal to tell the compiler about clobbering any
       registers; that will move the saving/restoring of those registers
       to the function prologue/epilogue, and make non-movem sizes
       suboptimal.  */
      __asm__ volatile
      ("\
       ;; GCC does promise correct register allocations, but let's      \n\
       ;; make sure it keeps its promises.                        \n\
       .ifnc %0-%1-%2,$r13-$r11-$r12                              \n\
       .error \"GCC reg alloc bug: %0-%1-%4 != $r13-$r12-$r11\"   \n\
       .endif                                               \n\
                                                      \n\
       ;; Save the registers we'll use in the movem process       \n\
       ;; on the stack.                               \n\
       subq 11*4,sp                                         \n\
       movem      r10,[sp]                                  \n\
                                                      \n\
       ;; Now we've got this:                               \n\
       ;; r11 - src                                         \n\
       ;; r13 - dst                                         \n\
       ;; r12 - n                                     \n\
                                                      \n\
       ;; Update n for the first loop.                      \n\
       subq  44,r12                                         \n\
0:                                                    \n\
"
#ifdef __arch_common_v10_v32
       /* Cater to branch offset difference between v32 and v10.  We
          assume the branch below has an 8-bit offset.  */
"      setf\n"
#endif
"      movem      [r11+],r10                                \n\
       subq 44,r12                                          \n\
       bge   0b                                       \n\
       movem      r10,[r13+]                                \n\
                                                      \n\
       ;; Compensate for last loop underflowing n.                \n\
       addq 44,r12                                          \n\
                                                      \n\
       ;; Restore registers from stack.                     \n\
       movem [sp+],r10"

       /* Outputs.  */
       : "=r" (dst), "=r" (src), "=r" (n)

       /* Inputs.  */
       : "0" (dst), "1" (src), "2" (n));
    }

  while (n >= 16)
    {
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;

      n -= 16;
    }

  switch (n)
    {
    case 0:
      break;

    case 1:
      *dst = *src;
      break;

    case 2:
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src;
      break;

    case 3:
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src; dst += 2; src += 2;
      *dst = *src;
      break;

    case 4:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src;
      break;

    case 5:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *dst = *src;
      break;

    case 6:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src;
      break;

    case 7:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src; dst += 2; src += 2;
      *dst = *src;
      break;

    case 8:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src;
      break;

    case 9:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *dst = *src;
      break;

    case 10:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src;
      break;

    case 11:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src; dst += 2; src += 2;
      *dst = *src;
      break;

    case 12:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src;
      break;

    case 13:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *dst = *src;
      break;

    case 14:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src;
      break;

    case 15:
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(long *) dst = *(long *) src; dst += 4; src += 4;
      *(short *) dst = *(short *) src; dst += 2; src += 2;
      *dst = *src;
      break;
    }

  return return_dst;
}

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