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mmu_context.h

#ifndef __ALPHA_MMU_CONTEXT_H
#define __ALPHA_MMU_CONTEXT_H

/*
 * get a new mmu context..
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1996, Linus Torvalds
 */

#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/machvec.h>
#include <asm/compiler.h>
#include <asm-generic/mm_hooks.h>

/*
 * Force a context reload. This is needed when we change the page
 * table pointer or when we update the ASN of the current process.
 */

/* Don't get into trouble with dueling __EXTERN_INLINEs.  */
#ifndef __EXTERN_INLINE
#include <asm/io.h>
#endif


static inline unsigned long
__reload_thread(struct pcb_struct *pcb)
{
      register unsigned long a0 __asm__("$16");
      register unsigned long v0 __asm__("$0");

      a0 = virt_to_phys(pcb);
      __asm__ __volatile__(
            "call_pal %2 #__reload_thread"
            : "=r"(v0), "=r"(a0)
            : "i"(PAL_swpctx), "r"(a0)
            : "$1", "$22", "$23", "$24", "$25");

      return v0;
}


/*
 * The maximum ASN's the processor supports.  On the EV4 this is 63
 * but the PAL-code doesn't actually use this information.  On the
 * EV5 this is 127, and EV6 has 255.
 *
 * On the EV4, the ASNs are more-or-less useless anyway, as they are
 * only used as an icache tag, not for TB entries.  On the EV5 and EV6,
 * ASN's also validate the TB entries, and thus make a lot more sense.
 *
 * The EV4 ASN's don't even match the architecture manual, ugh.  And
 * I quote: "If a processor implements address space numbers (ASNs),
 * and the old PTE has the Address Space Match (ASM) bit clear (ASNs
 * in use) and the Valid bit set, then entries can also effectively be
 * made coherent by assigning a new, unused ASN to the currently
 * running process and not reusing the previous ASN before calling the
 * appropriate PALcode routine to invalidate the translation buffer (TB)". 
 *
 * In short, the EV4 has a "kind of" ASN capability, but it doesn't actually
 * work correctly and can thus not be used (explaining the lack of PAL-code
 * support).
 */
#define EV4_MAX_ASN 63
#define EV5_MAX_ASN 127
#define EV6_MAX_ASN 255

#ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_GENERIC
# define MAX_ASN  (alpha_mv.max_asn)
#else
# ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_EV4
#  define MAX_ASN EV4_MAX_ASN
# elif defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_EV5)
#  define MAX_ASN EV5_MAX_ASN
# else
#  define MAX_ASN EV6_MAX_ASN
# endif
#endif

/*
 * cpu_last_asn(processor):
 * 63                                            0
 * +-------------+----------------+--------------+
 * | asn version | this processor | hardware asn |
 * +-------------+----------------+--------------+
 */

#include <asm/smp.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#define cpu_last_asn(cpuid)   (cpu_data[cpuid].last_asn)
#else
extern unsigned long last_asn;
#define cpu_last_asn(cpuid)   last_asn
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

#define WIDTH_HARDWARE_ASN    8
#define ASN_FIRST_VERSION (1UL << WIDTH_HARDWARE_ASN)
#define HARDWARE_ASN_MASK ((1UL << WIDTH_HARDWARE_ASN) - 1)

/*
 * NOTE! The way this is set up, the high bits of the "asn_cache" (and
 * the "mm->context") are the ASN _version_ code. A version of 0 is
 * always considered invalid, so to invalidate another process you only
 * need to do "p->mm->context = 0".
 *
 * If we need more ASN's than the processor has, we invalidate the old
 * user TLB's (tbiap()) and start a new ASN version. That will automatically
 * force a new asn for any other processes the next time they want to
 * run.
 */

#ifndef __EXTERN_INLINE
#define __EXTERN_INLINE extern inline
#define __MMU_EXTERN_INLINE
#endif

extern inline unsigned long
__get_new_mm_context(struct mm_struct *mm, long cpu)
{
      unsigned long asn = cpu_last_asn(cpu);
      unsigned long next = asn + 1;

      if ((asn & HARDWARE_ASN_MASK) >= MAX_ASN) {
            tbiap();
            imb();
            next = (asn & ~HARDWARE_ASN_MASK) + ASN_FIRST_VERSION;
      }
      cpu_last_asn(cpu) = next;
      return next;
}

__EXTERN_INLINE void
ev5_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev_mm, struct mm_struct *next_mm,
            struct task_struct *next)
{
      /* Check if our ASN is of an older version, and thus invalid. */
      unsigned long asn;
      unsigned long mmc;
      long cpu = smp_processor_id();

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
      cpu_data[cpu].asn_lock = 1;
      barrier();
#endif
      asn = cpu_last_asn(cpu);
      mmc = next_mm->context[cpu];
      if ((mmc ^ asn) & ~HARDWARE_ASN_MASK) {
            mmc = __get_new_mm_context(next_mm, cpu);
            next_mm->context[cpu] = mmc;
      }
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
      else
            cpu_data[cpu].need_new_asn = 1;
#endif

      /* Always update the PCB ASN.  Another thread may have allocated
         a new mm->context (via flush_tlb_mm) without the ASN serial
         number wrapping.  We have no way to detect when this is needed.  */
      task_thread_info(next)->pcb.asn = mmc & HARDWARE_ASN_MASK;
}

__EXTERN_INLINE void
ev4_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev_mm, struct mm_struct *next_mm,
            struct task_struct *next)
{
      /* As described, ASN's are broken for TLB usage.  But we can
         optimize for switching between threads -- if the mm is
         unchanged from current we needn't flush.  */
      /* ??? May not be needed because EV4 PALcode recognizes that
         ASN's are broken and does a tbiap itself on swpctx, under
         the "Must set ASN or flush" rule.  At least this is true
         for a 1992 SRM, reports Joseph Martin (jmartin@hlo.dec.com).
         I'm going to leave this here anyway, just to Be Sure.  -- r~  */
      if (prev_mm != next_mm)
            tbiap();

      /* Do continue to allocate ASNs, because we can still use them
         to avoid flushing the icache.  */
      ev5_switch_mm(prev_mm, next_mm, next);
}

extern void __load_new_mm_context(struct mm_struct *);

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#define check_mmu_context()                           \
do {                                            \
      int cpu = smp_processor_id();                   \
      cpu_data[cpu].asn_lock = 0;                     \
      barrier();                                \
      if (cpu_data[cpu].need_new_asn) {               \
            struct mm_struct * mm = current->active_mm;     \
            cpu_data[cpu].need_new_asn = 0;                 \
            if (!mm->context[cpu])              \
                  __load_new_mm_context(mm);          \
      }                                         \
} while(0)
#else
#define check_mmu_context()  do { } while(0)
#endif

__EXTERN_INLINE void
ev5_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev_mm, struct mm_struct *next_mm)
{
      __load_new_mm_context(next_mm);
}

__EXTERN_INLINE void
ev4_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev_mm, struct mm_struct *next_mm)
{
      __load_new_mm_context(next_mm);
      tbiap();
}

#define deactivate_mm(tsk,mm) do { } while (0)

#ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_GENERIC
# define switch_mm(a,b,c)     alpha_mv.mv_switch_mm((a),(b),(c))
# define activate_mm(x,y)     alpha_mv.mv_activate_mm((x),(y))
#else
# ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_EV4
#  define switch_mm(a,b,c)    ev4_switch_mm((a),(b),(c))
#  define activate_mm(x,y)    ev4_activate_mm((x),(y))
# else
#  define switch_mm(a,b,c)    ev5_switch_mm((a),(b),(c))
#  define activate_mm(x,y)    ev5_activate_mm((x),(y))
# endif
#endif

static inline int
init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
{
      int i;

      for_each_online_cpu(i)
            mm->context[i] = 0;
      if (tsk != current)
            task_thread_info(tsk)->pcb.ptbr
              = ((unsigned long)mm->pgd - IDENT_ADDR) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
      return 0;
}

extern inline void
destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
      /* Nothing to do.  */
}

static inline void
enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
      task_thread_info(tsk)->pcb.ptbr
        = ((unsigned long)mm->pgd - IDENT_ADDR) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
}

#ifdef __MMU_EXTERN_INLINE
#undef __EXTERN_INLINE
#undef __MMU_EXTERN_INLINE
#endif

#endif /* __ALPHA_MMU_CONTEXT_H */

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