Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: linux version File versions  Download package

pgtable.h

/* pgtable.h: FR-V page table mangling
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
 * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
 * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * Derived from:
 *    include/asm-m68knommu/pgtable.h
 *    include/asm-i386/pgtable.h
 */

#ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_H
#define _ASM_PGTABLE_H

#include <asm/mem-layout.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
struct vm_area_struct;
#endif

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#if defined(CONFIG_HIGHPTE)
typedef unsigned long pte_addr_t;
#else
typedef pte_t *pte_addr_t;
#endif
#endif

/*****************************************************************************/
/*
 * MMU-less operation case first
 */
#ifndef CONFIG_MMU

#define pgd_present(pgd)      (1)         /* pages are always present on NO_MM */
#define pgd_none(pgd)         (0)
#define pgd_bad(pgd)          (0)
#define pgd_clear(pgdp)
#define kern_addr_valid(addr) (1)
#define     pmd_offset(a, b)  ((void *) 0)

#define PAGE_NONE       __pgprot(0) /* these mean nothing to NO_MM */
#define PAGE_SHARED           __pgprot(0) /* these mean nothing to NO_MM */
#define PAGE_COPY       __pgprot(0) /* these mean nothing to NO_MM */
#define PAGE_READONLY         __pgprot(0) /* these mean nothing to NO_MM */
#define PAGE_KERNEL           __pgprot(0) /* these mean nothing to NO_MM */

#define __swp_type(x)         (0)
#define __swp_offset(x)       (0)
#define __swp_entry(typ,off)  ((swp_entry_t) { ((typ) | ((off) << 7)) })
#define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte)     ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val(pte) })
#define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { (x).val })

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
static inline int pte_file(pte_t pte) { return 0; }
#endif

#define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr)      ({ BUG(); NULL; })

#define swapper_pg_dir        ((pgd_t *) NULL)

#define pgtable_cache_init()        do {} while (0)

#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>

#else /* !CONFIG_MMU */
/*****************************************************************************/
/*
 * then MMU operation
 */

/*
 * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero: used
 * for zero-mapped memory areas etc..
 */
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
extern unsigned long empty_zero_page;
#define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr)      virt_to_page(empty_zero_page)
#endif

/*
 * we use 2-level page tables, folding the PMD (mid-level table) into the PGE (top-level entry)
 * [see Documentation/frv/mmu-layout.txt]
 *
 * Page Directory:
 *  - Size: 16KB
 *  - 64 PGEs per PGD
 *  - Each PGE holds 1 PUD and covers 64MB
 *
 * Page Upper Directory:
 *  - Size: 256B
 *  - 1 PUE per PUD
 *  - Each PUE holds 1 PMD and covers 64MB
 *
 * Page Mid-Level Directory
 *  - Size: 256B
 *  - 1 PME per PMD
 *  - Each PME holds 64 STEs, all of which point to separate chunks of the same Page Table
 *  - All STEs are instantiated at the same time
 *
 * Page Table
 *  - Size: 16KB
 *  - 4096 PTEs per PT
 *  - Each Linux PT is subdivided into 64 FR451 PT's, each of which holds 64 entries
 *
 * Pages
 *  - Size: 4KB
 *
 * total PTEs
 *    = 1 PML4E * 64 PGEs * 1 PUEs * 1 PMEs * 4096 PTEs
 *    = 1 PML4E * 64 PGEs * 64 STEs * 64 PTEs/FR451-PT
 *    = 262144 (or 256 * 1024)
 */
#define PGDIR_SHIFT           26
#define PGDIR_SIZE            (1UL << PGDIR_SHIFT)
#define PGDIR_MASK            (~(PGDIR_SIZE - 1))
#define PTRS_PER_PGD          64

#define PUD_SHIFT       26
#define PTRS_PER_PUD          1
#define PUD_SIZE        (1UL << PUD_SHIFT)
#define PUD_MASK        (~(PUD_SIZE - 1))
#define PUE_SIZE        256

#define PMD_SHIFT       26
#define PMD_SIZE        (1UL << PMD_SHIFT)
#define PMD_MASK        (~(PMD_SIZE - 1))
#define PTRS_PER_PMD          1
#define PME_SIZE        256

#define __frv_PT_SIZE         256

#define PTRS_PER_PTE          4096

#define USER_PGDS_IN_LAST_PML4      (TASK_SIZE / PGDIR_SIZE)
#define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS    0

#define USER_PGD_PTRS         (PAGE_OFFSET >> PGDIR_SHIFT)
#define KERNEL_PGD_PTRS       (PTRS_PER_PGD - USER_PGD_PTRS)

#define TWOLEVEL_PGDIR_SHIFT  26
#define BOOT_USER_PGD_PTRS    (__PAGE_OFFSET >> TWOLEVEL_PGDIR_SHIFT)
#define BOOT_KERNEL_PGD_PTRS  (PTRS_PER_PGD - BOOT_USER_PGD_PTRS)

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

extern pgd_t swapper_pg_dir[PTRS_PER_PGD];

#define pte_ERROR(e) \
      printk("%s:%d: bad pte %08lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, (e).pte)
#define pmd_ERROR(e) \
      printk("%s:%d: bad pmd %08lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pmd_val(e))
#define pud_ERROR(e) \
      printk("%s:%d: bad pud %08lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pmd_val(pud_val(e)))
#define pgd_ERROR(e) \
      printk("%s:%d: bad pgd %08lx.\n", __FILE__, __LINE__, pmd_val(pud_val(pgd_val(e))))

/*
 * Certain architectures need to do special things when PTEs
 * within a page table are directly modified.  Thus, the following
 * hook is made available.
 */
#define set_pte(pteptr, pteval)                       \
do {                                      \
      *(pteptr) = (pteval);                     \
      asm volatile("dcf %M0" :: "U"(*pteptr));  \
} while(0)
#define set_pte_at(mm,addr,ptep,pteval) set_pte(ptep,pteval)

/*
 * pgd_offset() returns a (pgd_t *)
 * pgd_index() is used get the offset into the pgd page's array of pgd_t's;
 */
#define pgd_offset(mm, address) ((mm)->pgd + pgd_index(address))

/*
 * a shortcut which implies the use of the kernel's pgd, instead
 * of a process's
 */
#define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, address)

/*
 * The "pgd_xxx()" functions here are trivial for a folded two-level
 * setup: the pud is never bad, and a pud always exists (as it's folded
 * into the pgd entry)
 */
static inline int pgd_none(pgd_t pgd)           { return 0; }
static inline int pgd_bad(pgd_t pgd)            { return 0; }
static inline int pgd_present(pgd_t pgd)  { return 1; }
static inline void pgd_clear(pgd_t *pgd)  { }

#define pgd_populate(mm, pgd, pud)        do { } while (0)
/*
 * (puds are folded into pgds so this doesn't get actually called,
 * but the define is needed for a generic inline function.)
 */
#define set_pgd(pgdptr, pgdval)                       \
do {                                      \
      memcpy((pgdptr), &(pgdval), sizeof(pgd_t));     \
      asm volatile("dcf %M0" :: "U"(*(pgdptr)));      \
} while(0)

static inline pud_t *pud_offset(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address)
{
      return (pud_t *) pgd;
}

#define pgd_page(pgd)                     (pud_page((pud_t){ pgd }))
#define pgd_page_vaddr(pgd)               (pud_page_vaddr((pud_t){ pgd }))

/*
 * allocating and freeing a pud is trivial: the 1-entry pud is
 * inside the pgd, so has no extra memory associated with it.
 */
#define pud_alloc_one(mm, address)        NULL
#define pud_free(mm, x)                   do { } while (0)
#define __pud_free_tlb(tlb, x, address)         do { } while (0)

/*
 * The "pud_xxx()" functions here are trivial for a folded two-level
 * setup: the pmd is never bad, and a pmd always exists (as it's folded
 * into the pud entry)
 */
static inline int pud_none(pud_t pud)           { return 0; }
static inline int pud_bad(pud_t pud)            { return 0; }
static inline int pud_present(pud_t pud)  { return 1; }
static inline void pud_clear(pud_t *pud)  { }

#define pud_populate(mm, pmd, pte)        do { } while (0)

/*
 * (pmds are folded into puds so this doesn't get actually called,
 * but the define is needed for a generic inline function.)
 */
#define set_pud(pudptr, pudval)                 set_pmd((pmd_t *)(pudptr), (pmd_t) { pudval })

#define pud_page(pud)                     (pmd_page((pmd_t){ pud }))
#define pud_page_vaddr(pud)               (pmd_page_vaddr((pmd_t){ pud }))

/*
 * (pmds are folded into pgds so this doesn't get actually called,
 * but the define is needed for a generic inline function.)
 */
extern void __set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdptr, unsigned long __pmd);

#define set_pmd(pmdptr, pmdval)                 \
do {                                \
      __set_pmd((pmdptr), (pmdval).ste[0]);     \
} while(0)

#define __pmd_index(address)              0

static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *dir, unsigned long address)
{
      return (pmd_t *) dir + __pmd_index(address);
}

#define pte_same(a, b)        ((a).pte == (b).pte)
#define pte_page(x)           (mem_map + ((unsigned long)(((x).pte >> PAGE_SHIFT))))
#define pte_none(x)           (!(x).pte)
#define pte_pfn(x)            ((unsigned long)(((x).pte >> PAGE_SHIFT)))
#define pfn_pte(pfn, prot)    __pte(((pfn) << PAGE_SHIFT) | pgprot_val(prot))
#define pfn_pmd(pfn, prot)    __pmd(((pfn) << PAGE_SHIFT) | pgprot_val(prot))

#define VMALLOC_VMADDR(x)     ((unsigned long) (x))

#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */

/*
 * control flags in AMPR registers and TLB entries
 */
#define _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT     xAMPRx_V_BIT
#define _PAGE_BIT_WP          DAMPRx_WP_BIT
#define _PAGE_BIT_NOCACHE     xAMPRx_C_BIT
#define _PAGE_BIT_SUPER       xAMPRx_S_BIT
#define _PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED    xAMPRx_RESERVED8_BIT
#define _PAGE_BIT_DIRTY       xAMPRx_M_BIT
#define _PAGE_BIT_NOTGLOBAL   xAMPRx_NG_BIT

#define _PAGE_PRESENT         xAMPRx_V
#define _PAGE_WP        DAMPRx_WP
#define _PAGE_NOCACHE         xAMPRx_C
#define _PAGE_SUPER           xAMPRx_S
#define _PAGE_ACCESSED        xAMPRx_RESERVED8  /* accessed if set */
#define _PAGE_DIRTY           xAMPRx_M
#define _PAGE_NOTGLOBAL       xAMPRx_NG

#define _PAGE_RESERVED_MASK   (xAMPRx_RESERVED8 | xAMPRx_RESERVED13)

#define _PAGE_FILE            0x002 /* set:pagecache unset:swap */
#define _PAGE_PROTNONE        0x000 /* If not present */

#define _PAGE_CHG_MASK        (PTE_MASK | _PAGE_ACCESSED | _PAGE_DIRTY)

#define __PGPROT_BASE \
      (_PAGE_PRESENT | xAMPRx_SS_16Kb | xAMPRx_D | _PAGE_NOTGLOBAL | _PAGE_ACCESSED)

#define PAGE_NONE __pgprot(_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED)
#define PAGE_SHARED     __pgprot(__PGPROT_BASE)
#define PAGE_COPY __pgprot(__PGPROT_BASE | _PAGE_WP)
#define PAGE_READONLY   __pgprot(__PGPROT_BASE | _PAGE_WP)

#define __PAGE_KERNEL         (__PGPROT_BASE | _PAGE_SUPER | _PAGE_DIRTY)
#define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE (__PGPROT_BASE | _PAGE_SUPER | _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_NOCACHE)
#define __PAGE_KERNEL_RO      (__PGPROT_BASE | _PAGE_SUPER | _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_WP)

#define MAKE_GLOBAL(x) __pgprot((x) & ~_PAGE_NOTGLOBAL)

#define PAGE_KERNEL           MAKE_GLOBAL(__PAGE_KERNEL)
#define PAGE_KERNEL_RO        MAKE_GLOBAL(__PAGE_KERNEL_RO)
#define PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE   MAKE_GLOBAL(__PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE)

#define _PAGE_TABLE           (_PAGE_PRESENT | xAMPRx_SS_16Kb)

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

/*
 * The FR451 can do execute protection by virtue of having separate TLB miss handlers for
 * instruction access and for data access. However, we don't have enough reserved bits to say
 * "execute only", so we don't bother. If you can read it, you can execute it and vice versa.
 */
#define __P000    PAGE_NONE
#define __P001    PAGE_READONLY
#define __P010    PAGE_COPY
#define __P011    PAGE_COPY
#define __P100    PAGE_READONLY
#define __P101    PAGE_READONLY
#define __P110    PAGE_COPY
#define __P111    PAGE_COPY

#define __S000    PAGE_NONE
#define __S001    PAGE_READONLY
#define __S010    PAGE_SHARED
#define __S011    PAGE_SHARED
#define __S100    PAGE_READONLY
#define __S101    PAGE_READONLY
#define __S110    PAGE_SHARED
#define __S111    PAGE_SHARED

/*
 * Define this to warn about kernel memory accesses that are
 * done without a 'access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE,..)'
 */
#undef TEST_ACCESS_OK

#define pte_present(x)  (pte_val(x) & _PAGE_PRESENT)
#define pte_clear(mm,addr,xp) do { set_pte_at(mm, addr, xp, __pte(0)); } while (0)

#define pmd_none(x)     (!pmd_val(x))
#define pmd_present(x)  (pmd_val(x) & _PAGE_PRESENT)
#define     pmd_bad(x)  (pmd_val(x) & xAMPRx_SS)
#define pmd_clear(xp)   do { __set_pmd(xp, 0); } while(0)

#define pmd_page_vaddr(pmd) \
      ((unsigned long) __va(pmd_val(pmd) & PAGE_MASK))

#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
#define pmd_page(pmd)   (pfn_to_page(pmd_val(pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT))
#endif

#define pages_to_mb(x) ((x) >> (20-PAGE_SHIFT))

/*
 * The following only work if pte_present() is true.
 * Undefined behaviour if not..
 */
static inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte)          { return (pte).pte & _PAGE_DIRTY; }
static inline int pte_young(pte_t pte)          { return (pte).pte & _PAGE_ACCESSED; }
static inline int pte_write(pte_t pte)          { return !((pte).pte & _PAGE_WP); }
static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte)  { return 0; }

static inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte)      { (pte).pte &= ~_PAGE_DIRTY; return pte; }
static inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte)  { (pte).pte &= ~_PAGE_ACCESSED; return pte; }
static inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte)    { (pte).pte |= _PAGE_WP; return pte; }
static inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte)      { (pte).pte |= _PAGE_DIRTY; return pte; }
static inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte)      { (pte).pte |= _PAGE_ACCESSED; return pte; }
static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte)      { (pte).pte &= ~_PAGE_WP; return pte; }
static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte)    { return pte; }

static inline int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
      int i = test_and_clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED, ptep);
      asm volatile("dcf %M0" :: "U"(*ptep));
      return i;
}

static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
      unsigned long x = xchg(&ptep->pte, 0);
      asm volatile("dcf %M0" :: "U"(*ptep));
      return __pte(x);
}

static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
      set_bit(_PAGE_BIT_WP, ptep);
      asm volatile("dcf %M0" :: "U"(*ptep));
}

/*
 * Macro to mark a page protection value as "uncacheable"
 */
#define pgprot_noncached(prot) (__pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | _PAGE_NOCACHE))

/*
 * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry,
 * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to.
 */

#define mk_pte(page, pgprot)  pfn_pte(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot))
#define mk_pte_huge(entry)    ((entry).pte_low |= _PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PSE)

/* This takes a physical page address that is used by the remapping functions */
#define mk_pte_phys(physpage, pgprot)     pfn_pte((physpage) >> PAGE_SHIFT, pgprot)

static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot)
{
      pte.pte &= _PAGE_CHG_MASK;
      pte.pte |= pgprot_val(newprot);
      return pte;
}

/* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */
#define pgd_index(address) (((address) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD - 1))
#define pgd_index_k(addr) pgd_index(addr)

/* Find an entry in the bottom-level page table.. */
#define __pte_index(address) (((address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1))

/*
 * the pte page can be thought of an array like this: pte_t[PTRS_PER_PTE]
 *
 * this macro returns the index of the entry in the pte page which would
 * control the given virtual address
 */
#define pte_index(address) \
            (((address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1))
#define pte_offset_kernel(dir, address) \
      ((pte_t *) pmd_page_vaddr(*(dir)) +  pte_index(address))

#if defined(CONFIG_HIGHPTE)
#define pte_offset_map(dir, address) \
      ((pte_t *)kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir)),KM_PTE0) + pte_index(address))
#define pte_offset_map_nested(dir, address) \
      ((pte_t *)kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir)),KM_PTE1) + pte_index(address))
#define pte_unmap(pte) kunmap_atomic(pte, KM_PTE0)
#define pte_unmap_nested(pte) kunmap_atomic((pte), KM_PTE1)
#else
#define pte_offset_map(dir, address) \
      ((pte_t *)page_address(pmd_page(*(dir))) + pte_index(address))
#define pte_offset_map_nested(dir, address) pte_offset_map((dir), (address))
#define pte_unmap(pte) do { } while (0)
#define pte_unmap_nested(pte) do { } while (0)
#endif

/*
 * Handle swap and file entries
 * - the PTE is encoded in the following format:
 *    bit 0:            Must be 0 (!_PAGE_PRESENT)
 *    bit 1:            Type: 0 for swap, 1 for file (_PAGE_FILE)
 *    bits 2-7:   Swap type
 *    bits 8-31:  Swap offset
 *    bits 2-31:  File pgoff
 */
#define __swp_type(x)               (((x).val >> 2) & 0x1f)
#define __swp_offset(x)             ((x).val >> 8)
#define __swp_entry(type, offset)   ((swp_entry_t) { ((type) << 2) | ((offset) << 8) })
#define __pte_to_swp_entry(_pte)    ((swp_entry_t) { (_pte).pte })
#define __swp_entry_to_pte(x)       ((pte_t) { (x).val })

static inline int pte_file(pte_t pte)
{
      return pte.pte & _PAGE_FILE;
}

#define PTE_FILE_MAX_BITS     29

#define pte_to_pgoff(PTE)     ((PTE).pte >> 2)
#define pgoff_to_pte(off)     __pte((off) << 2 | _PAGE_FILE)

/* Needs to be defined here and not in linux/mm.h, as it is arch dependent */
#define PageSkip(page)        (0)
#define kern_addr_valid(addr) (1)

#define io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vaddr, pfn, size, prot)           \
            remap_pfn_range(vma, vaddr, pfn, size, prot)

#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT
#define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME
#include <asm-generic/pgtable.h>

/*
 * preload information about a newly instantiated PTE into the SCR0/SCR1 PGE cache
 */
static inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t pte)
{
      struct mm_struct *mm;
      unsigned long ampr;

      mm = current->mm;
      if (mm) {
            pgd_t *pge = pgd_offset(mm, address);
            pud_t *pue = pud_offset(pge, address);
            pmd_t *pme = pmd_offset(pue, address);

            ampr = pme->ste[0] & 0xffffff00;
            ampr |= xAMPRx_L | xAMPRx_SS_16Kb | xAMPRx_S | xAMPRx_C |
                  xAMPRx_V;
      } else {
            address = ULONG_MAX;
            ampr = 0;
      }

      asm volatile("movgs %0,scr0\n"
                 "movgs %0,scr1\n"
                 "movgs %1,dampr4\n"
                 "movgs %1,dampr5\n"
                 :
                 : "r"(address), "r"(ampr)
                 );
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
extern char *proc_pid_status_frv_cxnr(struct mm_struct *mm, char *buffer);
#endif

extern void __init pgtable_cache_init(void);

#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* !CONFIG_MMU */

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
extern void __init paging_init(void);
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */

#endif /* _ASM_PGTABLE_H */

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index