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ftrace.c

/*
 * Dynamic function tracing support.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
 *
 * For licencing details, see COPYING.
 *
 * Defines low-level handling of mcount calls when the kernel
 * is compiled with the -pg flag. When using dynamic ftrace, the
 * mcount call-sites get patched lazily with NOP till they are
 * enabled. All code mutation routines here take effect atomically.
 */

#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>

#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/patch.h>

/* In IA64, each function will be added below two bundles with -pg option */
static unsigned char __attribute__((aligned(8)))
ftrace_orig_code[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE] = {
      0x02, 0x40, 0x31, 0x10, 0x80, 0x05, /* alloc r40=ar.pfs,12,8,0 */
      0xb0, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x42, 0x40, /* mov r43=r0;; */
      0x05, 0x00, 0xc4, 0x00,             /* mov r42=b0 */
      0x11, 0x48, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x21, /* mov r41=r1 */
      0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, /* nop.i 0x0 */
      0x08, 0x00, 0x00, 0x50              /* br.call.sptk.many b0 = _mcount;; */
};

00031 struct ftrace_orig_insn {
      u64 dummy1, dummy2, dummy3;
      u64 dummy4:64-41+13;
      u64 imm20:20;
      u64 dummy5:3;
      u64 sign:1;
      u64 dummy6:4;
};

/* mcount stub will be converted below for nop */
static unsigned char ftrace_nop_code[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE] = {
      0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, /* [MII] nop.m 0x0 */
      0x30, 0x00, 0x00, 0x60, 0x00, 0x00, /* mov r3=ip */
      0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00,             /* nop.i 0x0 */
      0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, /* [MLX] nop.m 0x0 */
      0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, /* nop.x 0x0;; */
      0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00
};

static unsigned char *ftrace_nop_replace(void)
{
      return ftrace_nop_code;
}

/*
 * mcount stub will be converted below for call
 * Note: Just the last instruction is changed against nop
 * */
static unsigned char __attribute__((aligned(8)))
ftrace_call_code[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE] = {
      0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, /* [MII] nop.m 0x0 */
      0x30, 0x00, 0x00, 0x60, 0x00, 0x00, /* mov r3=ip */
      0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00,             /* nop.i 0x0 */
      0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, /* [MLX] nop.m 0x0 */
      0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x7f, 0x00, /* brl.many .;;*/
      0xf8, 0xff, 0xff, 0xc8
};

00069 struct ftrace_call_insn {
      u64 dummy1, dummy2;
      u64 dummy3:48;
      u64 imm39_l:16;
      u64 imm39_h:23;
      u64 dummy4:13;
      u64 imm20:20;
      u64 dummy5:3;
      u64 i:1;
      u64 dummy6:4;
};

static unsigned char *ftrace_call_replace(unsigned long ip, unsigned long addr)
{
      struct ftrace_call_insn *code = (void *)ftrace_call_code;
      unsigned long offset = addr - (ip + 0x10);

      code->imm39_l = offset >> 24;
      code->imm39_h = offset >> 40;
      code->imm20 = offset >> 4;
      code->i = offset >> 63;
      return ftrace_call_code;
}

static int
ftrace_modify_code(unsigned long ip, unsigned char *old_code,
               unsigned char *new_code, int do_check)
{
      unsigned char replaced[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE];

      /*
       * Note: Due to modules and __init, code can
       *  disappear and change, we need to protect against faulting
       *  as well as code changing. We do this by using the
       *  probe_kernel_* functions.
       *
       * No real locking needed, this code is run through
       * kstop_machine, or before SMP starts.
       */

      if (!do_check)
            goto skip_check;

      /* read the text we want to modify */
      if (probe_kernel_read(replaced, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
            return -EFAULT;

      /* Make sure it is what we expect it to be */
      if (memcmp(replaced, old_code, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE) != 0)
            return -EINVAL;

skip_check:
      /* replace the text with the new text */
      if (probe_kernel_write(((void *)ip), new_code, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
            return -EPERM;
      flush_icache_range(ip, ip + MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE);

      return 0;
}

static int ftrace_make_nop_check(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
{
      unsigned char __attribute__((aligned(8))) replaced[MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE];
      unsigned long ip = rec->ip;

      if (probe_kernel_read(replaced, (void *)ip, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE))
            return -EFAULT;
      if (rec->flags & FTRACE_FL_CONVERTED) {
            struct ftrace_call_insn *call_insn, *tmp_call;

            call_insn = (void *)ftrace_call_code;
            tmp_call = (void *)replaced;
            call_insn->imm39_l = tmp_call->imm39_l;
            call_insn->imm39_h = tmp_call->imm39_h;
            call_insn->imm20 = tmp_call->imm20;
            call_insn->i = tmp_call->i;
            if (memcmp(replaced, ftrace_call_code, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE) != 0)
                  return -EINVAL;
            return 0;
      } else {
            struct ftrace_orig_insn *call_insn, *tmp_call;

            call_insn = (void *)ftrace_orig_code;
            tmp_call = (void *)replaced;
            call_insn->sign = tmp_call->sign;
            call_insn->imm20 = tmp_call->imm20;
            if (memcmp(replaced, ftrace_orig_code, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE) != 0)
                  return -EINVAL;
            return 0;
      }
}

int ftrace_make_nop(struct module *mod,
                struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
{
      int ret;
      char *new;

      ret = ftrace_make_nop_check(rec, addr);
      if (ret)
            return ret;
      new = ftrace_nop_replace();
      return ftrace_modify_code(rec->ip, NULL, new, 0);
}

int ftrace_make_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long addr)
{
      unsigned long ip = rec->ip;
      unsigned char *old, *new;

      old=  ftrace_nop_replace();
      new = ftrace_call_replace(ip, addr);
      return ftrace_modify_code(ip, old, new, 1);
}

/* in IA64, _mcount can't directly call ftrace_stub. Only jump is ok */
int ftrace_update_ftrace_func(ftrace_func_t func)
{
      unsigned long ip;
      unsigned long addr = ((struct fnptr *)ftrace_call)->ip;

      if (func == ftrace_stub)
            return 0;
      ip = ((struct fnptr *)func)->ip;

      ia64_patch_imm64(addr + 2, ip);

      flush_icache_range(addr, addr + 16);
      return 0;
}

/* run from kstop_machine */
int __init ftrace_dyn_arch_init(void *data)
{
      *(unsigned long *)data = 0;

      return 0;
}

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