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perf_event.c

/*
 * Hardware performance events for the Alpha.
 *
 * We implement HW counts on the EV67 and subsequent CPUs only.
 *
 * (C) 2010 Michael J. Cree
 *
 * Somewhat based on the Sparc code, and to a lesser extent the PowerPC and
 * ARM code, which are copyright by their respective authors.
 */

#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/init.h>

#include <asm/hwrpb.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
#include <asm/pal.h>
#include <asm/wrperfmon.h>
#include <asm/hw_irq.h>


/* The maximum number of PMCs on any Alpha CPU whatsoever. */
#define MAX_HWEVENTS 3
#define PMC_NO_INDEX -1

/* For tracking PMCs and the hw events they monitor on each CPU. */
00033 struct cpu_hw_events {
      int               enabled;
      /* Number of events scheduled; also number entries valid in arrays below. */
      int               n_events;
      /* Number events added since last hw_perf_disable(). */
      int               n_added;
      /* Events currently scheduled. */
      struct perf_event *event[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      /* Event type of each scheduled event. */
      unsigned long           evtype[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      /* Current index of each scheduled event; if not yet determined
       * contains PMC_NO_INDEX.
       */
      int               current_idx[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      /* The active PMCs' config for easy use with wrperfmon(). */
      unsigned long           config;
      /* The active counters' indices for easy use with wrperfmon(). */
      unsigned long           idx_mask;
};
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_events, cpu_hw_events);



/*
 * A structure to hold the description of the PMCs available on a particular
 * type of Alpha CPU.
 */
00060 struct alpha_pmu_t {
      /* Mapping of the perf system hw event types to indigenous event types */
      const int *event_map;
      /* The number of entries in the event_map */
      int  max_events;
      /* The number of PMCs on this Alpha */
      int  num_pmcs;
      /*
       * All PMC counters reside in the IBOX register PCTR.  This is the
       * LSB of the counter.
       */
      int  pmc_count_shift[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      /*
       * The mask that isolates the PMC bits when the LSB of the counter
       * is shifted to bit 0.
       */
      unsigned long pmc_count_mask[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      /* The maximum period the PMC can count. */
      unsigned long pmc_max_period[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      /*
       * The maximum value that may be written to the counter due to
       * hardware restrictions is pmc_max_period - pmc_left.
       */
      long pmc_left[3];
       /* Subroutine for allocation of PMCs.  Enforces constraints. */
      int (*check_constraints)(struct perf_event **, unsigned long *, int);
};

/*
 * The Alpha CPU PMU description currently in operation.  This is set during
 * the boot process to the specific CPU of the machine.
 */
static const struct alpha_pmu_t *alpha_pmu;


#define HW_OP_UNSUPPORTED -1

/*
 * The hardware description of the EV67, EV68, EV69, EV7 and EV79 PMUs
 * follow. Since they are identical we refer to them collectively as the
 * EV67 henceforth.
 */

/*
 * EV67 PMC event types
 *
 * There is no one-to-one mapping of the possible hw event types to the
 * actual codes that are used to program the PMCs hence we introduce our
 * own hw event type identifiers.
 */
enum ev67_pmc_event_type {
      EV67_CYCLES = 1,
      EV67_INSTRUCTIONS,
      EV67_BCACHEMISS,
      EV67_MBOXREPLAY,
      EV67_LAST_ET
};
#define EV67_NUM_EVENT_TYPES (EV67_LAST_ET-EV67_CYCLES)


/* Mapping of the hw event types to the perf tool interface */
static const int ev67_perfmon_event_map[] = {
      [PERF_COUNT_HW_CPU_CYCLES]     = EV67_CYCLES,
      [PERF_COUNT_HW_INSTRUCTIONS]   = EV67_INSTRUCTIONS,
      [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_REFERENCES] = HW_OP_UNSUPPORTED,
      [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MISSES]   = EV67_BCACHEMISS,
};

00128 struct ev67_mapping_t {
      int config;
      int idx;
};

/*
 * The mapping used for one event only - these must be in same order as enum
 * ev67_pmc_event_type definition.
 */
static const struct ev67_mapping_t ev67_mapping[] = {
      {EV67_PCTR_INSTR_CYCLES, 1},   /* EV67_CYCLES, */
      {EV67_PCTR_INSTR_CYCLES, 0},   /* EV67_INSTRUCTIONS */
      {EV67_PCTR_INSTR_BCACHEMISS, 1}, /* EV67_BCACHEMISS */
      {EV67_PCTR_CYCLES_MBOX, 1}     /* EV67_MBOXREPLAY */
};


/*
 * Check that a group of events can be simultaneously scheduled on to the
 * EV67 PMU.  Also allocate counter indices and config.
 */
static int ev67_check_constraints(struct perf_event **event,
                        unsigned long *evtype, int n_ev)
{
      int idx0;
      unsigned long config;

      idx0 = ev67_mapping[evtype[0]-1].idx;
      config = ev67_mapping[evtype[0]-1].config;
      if (n_ev == 1)
            goto success;

      BUG_ON(n_ev != 2);

      if (evtype[0] == EV67_MBOXREPLAY || evtype[1] == EV67_MBOXREPLAY) {
            /* MBOX replay traps must be on PMC 1 */
            idx0 = (evtype[0] == EV67_MBOXREPLAY) ? 1 : 0;
            /* Only cycles can accompany MBOX replay traps */
            if (evtype[idx0] == EV67_CYCLES) {
                  config = EV67_PCTR_CYCLES_MBOX;
                  goto success;
            }
      }

      if (evtype[0] == EV67_BCACHEMISS || evtype[1] == EV67_BCACHEMISS) {
            /* Bcache misses must be on PMC 1 */
            idx0 = (evtype[0] == EV67_BCACHEMISS) ? 1 : 0;
            /* Only instructions can accompany Bcache misses */
            if (evtype[idx0] == EV67_INSTRUCTIONS) {
                  config = EV67_PCTR_INSTR_BCACHEMISS;
                  goto success;
            }
      }

      if (evtype[0] == EV67_INSTRUCTIONS || evtype[1] == EV67_INSTRUCTIONS) {
            /* Instructions must be on PMC 0 */
            idx0 = (evtype[0] == EV67_INSTRUCTIONS) ? 0 : 1;
            /* By this point only cycles can accompany instructions */
            if (evtype[idx0^1] == EV67_CYCLES) {
                  config = EV67_PCTR_INSTR_CYCLES;
                  goto success;
            }
      }

      /* Otherwise, darn it, there is a conflict.  */
      return -1;

success:
      event[0]->hw.idx = idx0;
      event[0]->hw.config_base = config;
      if (n_ev == 2) {
            event[1]->hw.idx = idx0 ^ 1;
            event[1]->hw.config_base = config;
      }
      return 0;
}


static const struct alpha_pmu_t ev67_pmu = {
      .event_map = ev67_perfmon_event_map,
      .max_events = ARRAY_SIZE(ev67_perfmon_event_map),
      .num_pmcs = 2,
      .pmc_count_shift = {EV67_PCTR_0_COUNT_SHIFT, EV67_PCTR_1_COUNT_SHIFT, 0},
      .pmc_count_mask = {EV67_PCTR_0_COUNT_MASK,  EV67_PCTR_1_COUNT_MASK,  0},
      .pmc_max_period = {(1UL<<20) - 1, (1UL<<20) - 1, 0},
      .pmc_left = {16, 4, 0},
      .check_constraints = ev67_check_constraints
};



/*
 * Helper routines to ensure that we read/write only the correct PMC bits
 * when calling the wrperfmon PALcall.
 */
static inline void alpha_write_pmc(int idx, unsigned long val)
{
      val &= alpha_pmu->pmc_count_mask[idx];
      val <<= alpha_pmu->pmc_count_shift[idx];
      val |= (1<<idx);
      wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_WRITE, val);
}

static inline unsigned long alpha_read_pmc(int idx)
{
      unsigned long val;

      val = wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_READ, 0);
      val >>= alpha_pmu->pmc_count_shift[idx];
      val &= alpha_pmu->pmc_count_mask[idx];
      return val;
}

/* Set a new period to sample over */
static int alpha_perf_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event,
                        struct hw_perf_event *hwc, int idx)
{
      long left = local64_read(&hwc->period_left);
      long period = hwc->sample_period;
      int ret = 0;

      if (unlikely(left <= -period)) {
            left = period;
            local64_set(&hwc->period_left, left);
            hwc->last_period = period;
            ret = 1;
      }

      if (unlikely(left <= 0)) {
            left += period;
            local64_set(&hwc->period_left, left);
            hwc->last_period = period;
            ret = 1;
      }

      /*
       * Hardware restrictions require that the counters must not be
       * written with values that are too close to the maximum period.
       */
      if (unlikely(left < alpha_pmu->pmc_left[idx]))
            left = alpha_pmu->pmc_left[idx];

      if (left > (long)alpha_pmu->pmc_max_period[idx])
            left = alpha_pmu->pmc_max_period[idx];

      local64_set(&hwc->prev_count, (unsigned long)(-left));

      alpha_write_pmc(idx, (unsigned long)(-left));

      perf_event_update_userpage(event);

      return ret;
}


/*
 * Calculates the count (the 'delta') since the last time the PMC was read.
 *
 * As the PMCs' full period can easily be exceeded within the perf system
 * sampling period we cannot use any high order bits as a guard bit in the
 * PMCs to detect overflow as is done by other architectures.  The code here
 * calculates the delta on the basis that there is no overflow when ovf is
 * zero.  The value passed via ovf by the interrupt handler corrects for
 * overflow.
 *
 * This can be racey on rare occasions -- a call to this routine can occur
 * with an overflowed counter just before the PMI service routine is called.
 * The check for delta negative hopefully always rectifies this situation.
 */
static unsigned long alpha_perf_event_update(struct perf_event *event,
                              struct hw_perf_event *hwc, int idx, long ovf)
{
      long prev_raw_count, new_raw_count;
      long delta;

again:
      prev_raw_count = local64_read(&hwc->prev_count);
      new_raw_count = alpha_read_pmc(idx);

      if (local64_cmpxchg(&hwc->prev_count, prev_raw_count,
                       new_raw_count) != prev_raw_count)
            goto again;

      delta = (new_raw_count - (prev_raw_count & alpha_pmu->pmc_count_mask[idx])) + ovf;

      /* It is possible on very rare occasions that the PMC has overflowed
       * but the interrupt is yet to come.  Detect and fix this situation.
       */
      if (unlikely(delta < 0)) {
            delta += alpha_pmu->pmc_max_period[idx] + 1;
      }

      local64_add(delta, &event->count);
      local64_sub(delta, &hwc->period_left);

      return new_raw_count;
}


/*
 * Collect all HW events into the array event[].
 */
static int collect_events(struct perf_event *group, int max_count,
                    struct perf_event *event[], unsigned long *evtype,
                    int *current_idx)
{
      struct perf_event *pe;
      int n = 0;

      if (!is_software_event(group)) {
            if (n >= max_count)
                  return -1;
            event[n] = group;
            evtype[n] = group->hw.event_base;
            current_idx[n++] = PMC_NO_INDEX;
      }
      list_for_each_entry(pe, &group->sibling_list, group_entry) {
            if (!is_software_event(pe) && pe->state != PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF) {
                  if (n >= max_count)
                        return -1;
                  event[n] = pe;
                  evtype[n] = pe->hw.event_base;
                  current_idx[n++] = PMC_NO_INDEX;
            }
      }
      return n;
}



/*
 * Check that a group of events can be simultaneously scheduled on to the PMU.
 */
static int alpha_check_constraints(struct perf_event **events,
                           unsigned long *evtypes, int n_ev)
{

      /* No HW events is possible from hw_perf_group_sched_in(). */
      if (n_ev == 0)
            return 0;

      if (n_ev > alpha_pmu->num_pmcs)
            return -1;

      return alpha_pmu->check_constraints(events, evtypes, n_ev);
}


/*
 * If new events have been scheduled then update cpuc with the new
 * configuration.  This may involve shifting cycle counts from one PMC to
 * another.
 */
static void maybe_change_configuration(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc)
{
      int j;

      if (cpuc->n_added == 0)
            return;

      /* Find counters that are moving to another PMC and update */
      for (j = 0; j < cpuc->n_events; j++) {
            struct perf_event *pe = cpuc->event[j];

            if (cpuc->current_idx[j] != PMC_NO_INDEX &&
                  cpuc->current_idx[j] != pe->hw.idx) {
                  alpha_perf_event_update(pe, &pe->hw, cpuc->current_idx[j], 0);
                  cpuc->current_idx[j] = PMC_NO_INDEX;
            }
      }

      /* Assign to counters all unassigned events. */
      cpuc->idx_mask = 0;
      for (j = 0; j < cpuc->n_events; j++) {
            struct perf_event *pe = cpuc->event[j];
            struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &pe->hw;
            int idx = hwc->idx;

            if (cpuc->current_idx[j] == PMC_NO_INDEX) {
                  alpha_perf_event_set_period(pe, hwc, idx);
                  cpuc->current_idx[j] = idx;
            }

            if (!(hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED))
                  cpuc->idx_mask |= (1<<cpuc->current_idx[j]);
      }
      cpuc->config = cpuc->event[0]->hw.config_base;
}



/* Schedule perf HW event on to PMU.
 *  - this function is called from outside this module via the pmu struct
 *    returned from perf event initialisation.
 */
static int alpha_pmu_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
      struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);
      struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
      int n0;
      int ret;
      unsigned long irq_flags;

      /*
       * The Sparc code has the IRQ disable first followed by the perf
       * disable, however this can lead to an overflowed counter with the
       * PMI disabled on rare occasions.  The alpha_perf_event_update()
       * routine should detect this situation by noting a negative delta,
       * nevertheless we disable the PMCs first to enable a potential
       * final PMI to occur before we disable interrupts.
       */
      perf_pmu_disable(event->pmu);
      local_irq_save(irq_flags);

      /* Default to error to be returned */
      ret = -EAGAIN;

      /* Insert event on to PMU and if successful modify ret to valid return */
      n0 = cpuc->n_events;
      if (n0 < alpha_pmu->num_pmcs) {
            cpuc->event[n0] = event;
            cpuc->evtype[n0] = event->hw.event_base;
            cpuc->current_idx[n0] = PMC_NO_INDEX;

            if (!alpha_check_constraints(cpuc->event, cpuc->evtype, n0+1)) {
                  cpuc->n_events++;
                  cpuc->n_added++;
                  ret = 0;
            }
      }

      hwc->state = PERF_HES_UPTODATE;
      if (!(flags & PERF_EF_START))
            hwc->state |= PERF_HES_STOPPED;

      local_irq_restore(irq_flags);
      perf_pmu_enable(event->pmu);

      return ret;
}



/* Disable performance monitoring unit
 *  - this function is called from outside this module via the pmu struct
 *    returned from perf event initialisation.
 */
static void alpha_pmu_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
      struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);
      struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
      unsigned long irq_flags;
      int j;

      perf_pmu_disable(event->pmu);
      local_irq_save(irq_flags);

      for (j = 0; j < cpuc->n_events; j++) {
            if (event == cpuc->event[j]) {
                  int idx = cpuc->current_idx[j];

                  /* Shift remaining entries down into the existing
                   * slot.
                   */
                  while (++j < cpuc->n_events) {
                        cpuc->event[j - 1] = cpuc->event[j];
                        cpuc->evtype[j - 1] = cpuc->evtype[j];
                        cpuc->current_idx[j - 1] =
                              cpuc->current_idx[j];
                  }

                  /* Absorb the final count and turn off the event. */
                  alpha_perf_event_update(event, hwc, idx, 0);
                  perf_event_update_userpage(event);

                  cpuc->idx_mask &= ~(1UL<<idx);
                  cpuc->n_events--;
                  break;
            }
      }

      local_irq_restore(irq_flags);
      perf_pmu_enable(event->pmu);
}


static void alpha_pmu_read(struct perf_event *event)
{
      struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;

      alpha_perf_event_update(event, hwc, hwc->idx, 0);
}


static void alpha_pmu_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
      struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
      struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);

      if (!(hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)) {
            cpuc->idx_mask &= ~(1UL<<hwc->idx);
            hwc->state |= PERF_HES_STOPPED;
      }

      if ((flags & PERF_EF_UPDATE) && !(hwc->state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE)) {
            alpha_perf_event_update(event, hwc, hwc->idx, 0);
            hwc->state |= PERF_HES_UPTODATE;
      }

      if (cpuc->enabled)
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_DISABLE, (1UL<<hwc->idx));
}


static void alpha_pmu_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
{
      struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
      struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);

      if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)))
            return;

      if (flags & PERF_EF_RELOAD) {
            WARN_ON_ONCE(!(hwc->state & PERF_HES_UPTODATE));
            alpha_perf_event_set_period(event, hwc, hwc->idx);
      }

      hwc->state = 0;

      cpuc->idx_mask |= 1UL<<hwc->idx;
      if (cpuc->enabled)
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_ENABLE, (1UL<<hwc->idx));
}


/*
 * Check that CPU performance counters are supported.
 * - currently support EV67 and later CPUs.
 * - actually some later revisions of the EV6 have the same PMC model as the
 *     EV67 but we don't do suffiently deep CPU detection to detect them.
 *     Bad luck to the very few people who might have one, I guess.
 */
static int supported_cpu(void)
{
      struct percpu_struct *cpu;
      unsigned long cputype;

      /* Get cpu type from HW */
      cpu = (struct percpu_struct *)((char *)hwrpb + hwrpb->processor_offset);
      cputype = cpu->type & 0xffffffff;
      /* Include all of EV67, EV68, EV7, EV79 and EV69 as supported. */
      return (cputype >= EV67_CPU) && (cputype <= EV69_CPU);
}



static void hw_perf_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event)
{
      /* Nothing to be done! */
      return;
}



static int __hw_perf_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
{
      struct perf_event_attr *attr = &event->attr;
      struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
      struct perf_event *evts[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      unsigned long evtypes[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      int idx_rubbish_bin[MAX_HWEVENTS];
      int ev;
      int n;

      /* We only support a limited range of HARDWARE event types with one
       * only programmable via a RAW event type.
       */
      if (attr->type == PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE) {
            if (attr->config >= alpha_pmu->max_events)
                  return -EINVAL;
            ev = alpha_pmu->event_map[attr->config];
      } else if (attr->type == PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE) {
            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
      } else if (attr->type == PERF_TYPE_RAW) {
            ev = attr->config & 0xff;
      } else {
            return -EOPNOTSUPP;
      }

      if (ev < 0) {
            return ev;
      }

      /* The EV67 does not support mode exclusion */
      if (attr->exclude_kernel || attr->exclude_user
                  || attr->exclude_hv || attr->exclude_idle) {
            return -EPERM;
      }

      /*
       * We place the event type in event_base here and leave calculation
       * of the codes to programme the PMU for alpha_pmu_enable() because
       * it is only then we will know what HW events are actually
       * scheduled on to the PMU.  At that point the code to programme the
       * PMU is put into config_base and the PMC to use is placed into
       * idx.  We initialise idx (below) to PMC_NO_INDEX to indicate that
       * it is yet to be determined.
       */
      hwc->event_base = ev;

      /* Collect events in a group together suitable for calling
       * alpha_check_constraints() to verify that the group as a whole can
       * be scheduled on to the PMU.
       */
      n = 0;
      if (event->group_leader != event) {
            n = collect_events(event->group_leader,
                        alpha_pmu->num_pmcs - 1,
                        evts, evtypes, idx_rubbish_bin);
            if (n < 0)
                  return -EINVAL;
      }
      evtypes[n] = hwc->event_base;
      evts[n] = event;

      if (alpha_check_constraints(evts, evtypes, n + 1))
            return -EINVAL;

      /* Indicate that PMU config and idx are yet to be determined. */
      hwc->config_base = 0;
      hwc->idx = PMC_NO_INDEX;

      event->destroy = hw_perf_event_destroy;

      /*
       * Most architectures reserve the PMU for their use at this point.
       * As there is no existing mechanism to arbitrate usage and there
       * appears to be no other user of the Alpha PMU we just assume
       * that we can just use it, hence a NO-OP here.
       *
       * Maybe an alpha_reserve_pmu() routine should be implemented but is
       * anything else ever going to use it?
       */

      if (!hwc->sample_period) {
            hwc->sample_period = alpha_pmu->pmc_max_period[0];
            hwc->last_period = hwc->sample_period;
            local64_set(&hwc->period_left, hwc->sample_period);
      }

      return 0;
}

/*
 * Main entry point to initialise a HW performance event.
 */
static int alpha_pmu_event_init(struct perf_event *event)
{
      int err;

      switch (event->attr.type) {
      case PERF_TYPE_RAW:
      case PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE:
      case PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE:
            break;

      default:
            return -ENOENT;
      }

      if (!alpha_pmu)
            return -ENODEV;

      /* Do the real initialisation work. */
      err = __hw_perf_event_init(event);

      return err;
}

/*
 * Main entry point - enable HW performance counters.
 */
static void alpha_pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu)
{
      struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);

      if (cpuc->enabled)
            return;

      cpuc->enabled = 1;
      barrier();

      if (cpuc->n_events > 0) {
            /* Update cpuc with information from any new scheduled events. */
            maybe_change_configuration(cpuc);

            /* Start counting the desired events. */
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_LOGGING_OPTIONS, EV67_PCTR_MODE_AGGREGATE);
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_DESIRED_EVENTS, cpuc->config);
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_ENABLE, cpuc->idx_mask);
      }
}


/*
 * Main entry point - disable HW performance counters.
 */

static void alpha_pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu)
{
      struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);

      if (!cpuc->enabled)
            return;

      cpuc->enabled = 0;
      cpuc->n_added = 0;

      wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_DISABLE, cpuc->idx_mask);
}

static struct pmu pmu = {
      .pmu_enable = alpha_pmu_enable,
      .pmu_disable      = alpha_pmu_disable,
      .event_init = alpha_pmu_event_init,
      .add        = alpha_pmu_add,
      .del        = alpha_pmu_del,
      .start            = alpha_pmu_start,
      .stop       = alpha_pmu_stop,
      .read       = alpha_pmu_read,
};


/*
 * Main entry point - don't know when this is called but it
 * obviously dumps debug info.
 */
void perf_event_print_debug(void)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      unsigned long pcr;
      int pcr0, pcr1;
      int cpu;

      if (!supported_cpu())
            return;

      local_irq_save(flags);

      cpu = smp_processor_id();

      pcr = wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_READ, 0);
      pcr0 = (pcr >> alpha_pmu->pmc_count_shift[0]) & alpha_pmu->pmc_count_mask[0];
      pcr1 = (pcr >> alpha_pmu->pmc_count_shift[1]) & alpha_pmu->pmc_count_mask[1];

      pr_info("CPU#%d: PCTR0[%06x] PCTR1[%06x]\n", cpu, pcr0, pcr1);

      local_irq_restore(flags);
}


/*
 * Performance Monitoring Interrupt Service Routine called when a PMC
 * overflows.  The PMC that overflowed is passed in la_ptr.
 */
static void alpha_perf_event_irq_handler(unsigned long la_ptr,
                              struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc;
      struct perf_sample_data data;
      struct perf_event *event;
      struct hw_perf_event *hwc;
      int idx, j;

      __get_cpu_var(irq_pmi_count)++;
      cpuc = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_hw_events);

      /* Completely counting through the PMC's period to trigger a new PMC
       * overflow interrupt while in this interrupt routine is utterly
       * disastrous!  The EV6 and EV67 counters are sufficiently large to
       * prevent this but to be really sure disable the PMCs.
       */
      wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_DISABLE, cpuc->idx_mask);

      /* la_ptr is the counter that overflowed. */
      if (unlikely(la_ptr >= alpha_pmu->num_pmcs)) {
            /* This should never occur! */
            irq_err_count++;
            pr_warning("PMI: silly index %ld\n", la_ptr);
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_ENABLE, cpuc->idx_mask);
            return;
      }

      idx = la_ptr;

      perf_sample_data_init(&data, 0);
      for (j = 0; j < cpuc->n_events; j++) {
            if (cpuc->current_idx[j] == idx)
                  break;
      }

      if (unlikely(j == cpuc->n_events)) {
            /* This can occur if the event is disabled right on a PMC overflow. */
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_ENABLE, cpuc->idx_mask);
            return;
      }

      event = cpuc->event[j];

      if (unlikely(!event)) {
            /* This should never occur! */
            irq_err_count++;
            pr_warning("PMI: No event at index %d!\n", idx);
            wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_ENABLE, cpuc->idx_mask);
            return;
      }

      hwc = &event->hw;
      alpha_perf_event_update(event, hwc, idx, alpha_pmu->pmc_max_period[idx]+1);
      data.period = event->hw.last_period;

      if (alpha_perf_event_set_period(event, hwc, idx)) {
            if (perf_event_overflow(event, 1, &data, regs)) {
                  /* Interrupts coming too quickly; "throttle" the
                   * counter, i.e., disable it for a little while.
                   */
                  alpha_pmu_stop(event, 0);
            }
      }
      wrperfmon(PERFMON_CMD_ENABLE, cpuc->idx_mask);

      return;
}



/*
 * Init call to initialise performance events at kernel startup.
 */
int __init init_hw_perf_events(void)
{
      pr_info("Performance events: ");

      if (!supported_cpu()) {
            pr_cont("No support for your CPU.\n");
            return 0;
      }

      pr_cont("Supported CPU type!\n");

      /* Override performance counter IRQ vector */

      perf_irq = alpha_perf_event_irq_handler;

      /* And set up PMU specification */
      alpha_pmu = &ev67_pmu;

      perf_pmu_register(&pmu, "cpu", PERF_TYPE_RAW);

      return 0;
}
early_initcall(init_hw_perf_events);

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