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gpio.c

/*
 * linux/arch/arm/mach-at91/gpio.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005 HP Labs
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/io.h>

#include <mach/hardware.h>
#include <mach/at91_pio.h>
#include <mach/gpio.h>

#include <asm/gpio.h>

#include "generic.h"

00031 struct at91_gpio_chip {
      struct gpio_chip  chip;
      struct at91_gpio_chip   *next;            /* Bank sharing same clock */
      struct at91_gpio_bank   *bank;            /* Bank definition */
      void __iomem            *regbase;   /* Base of register bank */
};

#define to_at91_gpio_chip(c) container_of(c, struct at91_gpio_chip, chip)

static void at91_gpiolib_dbg_show(struct seq_file *s, struct gpio_chip *chip);
static void at91_gpiolib_set(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int val);
static int at91_gpiolib_get(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset);
static int at91_gpiolib_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *chip,
                               unsigned offset, int val);
static int at91_gpiolib_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *chip,
                              unsigned offset);

#define AT91_GPIO_CHIP(name, base_gpio, nr_gpio)                  \
      {                                               \
            .chip = {                                 \
                  .label              = name,               \
                  .direction_input  = at91_gpiolib_direction_input, \
                  .direction_output = at91_gpiolib_direction_output, \
                  .get          = at91_gpiolib_get,         \
                  .set          = at91_gpiolib_set,         \
                  .dbg_show     = at91_gpiolib_dbg_show,    \
                  .base         = base_gpio,                \
                  .ngpio              = nr_gpio,                  \
            },                                        \
      }

static struct at91_gpio_chip gpio_chip[] = {
      AT91_GPIO_CHIP("A", 0x00 + PIN_BASE, 32),
      AT91_GPIO_CHIP("B", 0x20 + PIN_BASE, 32),
      AT91_GPIO_CHIP("C", 0x40 + PIN_BASE, 32),
      AT91_GPIO_CHIP("D", 0x60 + PIN_BASE, 32),
      AT91_GPIO_CHIP("E", 0x80 + PIN_BASE, 32),
};

static int gpio_banks;

static inline void __iomem *pin_to_controller(unsigned pin)
{
      pin -= PIN_BASE;
      pin /= 32;
      if (likely(pin < gpio_banks))
            return gpio_chip[pin].regbase;

      return NULL;
}

static inline unsigned pin_to_mask(unsigned pin)
{
      pin -= PIN_BASE;
      return 1 << (pin % 32);
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Not all hardware capabilities are exposed through these calls; they
 * only encapsulate the most common features and modes.  (So if you
 * want to change signals in groups, do it directly.)
 *
 * Bootloaders will usually handle some of the pin multiplexing setup.
 * The intent is certainly that by the time Linux is fully booted, all
 * pins should have been fully initialized.  These setup calls should
 * only be used by board setup routines, or possibly in driver probe().
 *
 * For bootloaders doing all that setup, these calls could be inlined
 * as NOPs so Linux won't duplicate any setup code
 */


/*
 * mux the pin to the "GPIO" peripheral role.
 */
int __init_or_module at91_set_GPIO_periph(unsigned pin, int use_pullup)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_IDR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (use_pullup ? PIO_PUER : PIO_PUDR));
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_PER);
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_GPIO_periph);


/*
 * mux the pin to the "A" internal peripheral role.
 */
int __init_or_module at91_set_A_periph(unsigned pin, int use_pullup)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_IDR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (use_pullup ? PIO_PUER : PIO_PUDR));
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_ASR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_PDR);
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_A_periph);


/*
 * mux the pin to the "B" internal peripheral role.
 */
int __init_or_module at91_set_B_periph(unsigned pin, int use_pullup)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_IDR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (use_pullup ? PIO_PUER : PIO_PUDR));
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_BSR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_PDR);
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_B_periph);


/*
 * mux the pin to the gpio controller (instead of "A" or "B" peripheral), and
 * configure it for an input.
 */
int __init_or_module at91_set_gpio_input(unsigned pin, int use_pullup)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_IDR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (use_pullup ? PIO_PUER : PIO_PUDR));
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_ODR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_PER);
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_gpio_input);


/*
 * mux the pin to the gpio controller (instead of "A" or "B" peripheral),
 * and configure it for an output.
 */
int __init_or_module at91_set_gpio_output(unsigned pin, int value)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_IDR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_PUDR);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (value ? PIO_SODR : PIO_CODR));
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_OER);
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_PER);
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_gpio_output);


/*
 * enable/disable the glitch filter; mostly used with IRQ handling.
 */
int __init_or_module at91_set_deglitch(unsigned pin, int is_on)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (is_on ? PIO_IFER : PIO_IFDR));
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_deglitch);

/*
 * enable/disable the multi-driver; This is only valid for output and
 * allows the output pin to run as an open collector output.
 */
int __init_or_module at91_set_multi_drive(unsigned pin, int is_on)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (is_on ? PIO_MDER : PIO_MDDR));
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_multi_drive);

/*
 * assuming the pin is muxed as a gpio output, set its value.
 */
int at91_set_gpio_value(unsigned pin, int value)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (value ? PIO_SODR : PIO_CODR));
      return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_set_gpio_value);


/*
 * read the pin's value (works even if it's not muxed as a gpio).
 */
int at91_get_gpio_value(unsigned pin)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);
      u32         pdsr;

      if (!pio)
            return -EINVAL;
      pdsr = __raw_readl(pio + PIO_PDSR);
      return (pdsr & mask) != 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(at91_get_gpio_value);

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef CONFIG_PM

static u32 wakeups[MAX_GPIO_BANKS];
static u32 backups[MAX_GPIO_BANKS];

static int gpio_irq_set_wake(struct irq_data *d, unsigned state)
{
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(d->irq);
      unsigned    bank = (d->irq - PIN_BASE) / 32;

      if (unlikely(bank >= MAX_GPIO_BANKS))
            return -EINVAL;

      if (state)
            wakeups[bank] |= mask;
      else
            wakeups[bank] &= ~mask;

      set_irq_wake(gpio_chip[bank].bank->id, state);

      return 0;
}

void at91_gpio_suspend(void)
{
      int i;

      for (i = 0; i < gpio_banks; i++) {
            void __iomem      *pio = gpio_chip[i].regbase;

            backups[i] = __raw_readl(pio + PIO_IMR);
            __raw_writel(backups[i], pio + PIO_IDR);
            __raw_writel(wakeups[i], pio + PIO_IER);

            if (!wakeups[i])
                  clk_disable(gpio_chip[i].bank->clock);
            else {
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_DEBUG
                  printk(KERN_DEBUG "GPIO-%c may wake for %08x\n", 'A'+i, wakeups[i]);
#endif
            }
      }
}

void at91_gpio_resume(void)
{
      int i;

      for (i = 0; i < gpio_banks; i++) {
            void __iomem      *pio = gpio_chip[i].regbase;

            if (!wakeups[i])
                  clk_enable(gpio_chip[i].bank->clock);

            __raw_writel(wakeups[i], pio + PIO_IDR);
            __raw_writel(backups[i], pio + PIO_IER);
      }
}

#else
#define gpio_irq_set_wake     NULL
#endif


/* Several AIC controller irqs are dispatched through this GPIO handler.
 * To use any AT91_PIN_* as an externally triggered IRQ, first call
 * at91_set_gpio_input() then maybe enable its glitch filter.
 * Then just request_irq() with the pin ID; it works like any ARM IRQ
 * handler, though it always triggers on rising and falling edges.
 *
 * Alternatively, certain pins may be used directly as IRQ0..IRQ6 after
 * configuring them with at91_set_a_periph() or at91_set_b_periph().
 * IRQ0..IRQ6 should be configurable, e.g. level vs edge triggering.
 */

static void gpio_irq_mask(struct irq_data *d)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(d->irq);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(d->irq);

      if (pio)
            __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_IDR);
}

static void gpio_irq_unmask(struct irq_data *d)
{
      void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(d->irq);
      unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(d->irq);

      if (pio)
            __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_IER);
}

static int gpio_irq_type(struct irq_data *d, unsigned type)
{
      switch (type) {
      case IRQ_TYPE_NONE:
      case IRQ_TYPE_EDGE_BOTH:
            return 0;
      default:
            return -EINVAL;
      }
}

static struct irq_chip gpio_irqchip = {
      .name       = "GPIO",
      .irq_mask   = gpio_irq_mask,
      .irq_unmask = gpio_irq_unmask,
      .irq_set_type     = gpio_irq_type,
      .irq_set_wake     = gpio_irq_set_wake,
};

static void gpio_irq_handler(unsigned irq, struct irq_desc *desc)
{
      unsigned    pin;
      struct irq_desc   *gpio;
      struct at91_gpio_chip *at91_gpio;
      void __iomem      *pio;
      u32         isr;

      at91_gpio = get_irq_chip_data(irq);
      pio = at91_gpio->regbase;

      /* temporarily mask (level sensitive) parent IRQ */
      desc->irq_data.chip->irq_ack(&desc->irq_data);
      for (;;) {
            /* Reading ISR acks pending (edge triggered) GPIO interrupts.
             * When there none are pending, we're finished unless we need
             * to process multiple banks (like ID_PIOCDE on sam9263).
             */
            isr = __raw_readl(pio + PIO_ISR) & __raw_readl(pio + PIO_IMR);
            if (!isr) {
                  if (!at91_gpio->next)
                        break;
                  at91_gpio = at91_gpio->next;
                  pio = at91_gpio->regbase;
                  continue;
            }

            pin = at91_gpio->chip.base;
            gpio = &irq_desc[pin];

            while (isr) {
                  if (isr & 1) {
                        if (unlikely(gpio->depth)) {
                              /*
                               * The core ARM interrupt handler lazily disables IRQs so
                               * another IRQ must be generated before it actually gets
                               * here to be disabled on the GPIO controller.
                               */
                              gpio_irq_mask(irq_get_irq_data(pin));
                        }
                        else
                              generic_handle_irq(pin);
                  }
                  pin++;
                  gpio++;
                  isr >>= 1;
            }
      }
      desc->irq_data.chip->irq_unmask(&desc->irq_data);
      /* now it may re-trigger */
}

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS

static int at91_gpio_show(struct seq_file *s, void *unused)
{
      int bank, j;

      /* print heading */
      seq_printf(s, "Pin\t");
      for (bank = 0; bank < gpio_banks; bank++) {
            seq_printf(s, "PIO%c\t", 'A' + bank);
      };
      seq_printf(s, "\n\n");

      /* print pin status */
      for (j = 0; j < 32; j++) {
            seq_printf(s, "%i:\t", j);

            for (bank = 0; bank < gpio_banks; bank++) {
                  unsigned    pin  = PIN_BASE + (32 * bank) + j;
                  void __iomem      *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
                  unsigned    mask = pin_to_mask(pin);

                  if (__raw_readl(pio + PIO_PSR) & mask)
                        seq_printf(s, "GPIO:%s", __raw_readl(pio + PIO_PDSR) & mask ? "1" : "0");
                  else
                        seq_printf(s, "%s", __raw_readl(pio + PIO_ABSR) & mask ? "B" : "A");

                  seq_printf(s, "\t");
            }

            seq_printf(s, "\n");
      }

      return 0;
}

static int at91_gpio_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
      return single_open(file, at91_gpio_show, NULL);
}

static const struct file_operations at91_gpio_operations = {
      .open       = at91_gpio_open,
      .read       = seq_read,
      .llseek           = seq_lseek,
      .release    = single_release,
};

static int __init at91_gpio_debugfs_init(void)
{
      /* /sys/kernel/debug/at91_gpio */
      (void) debugfs_create_file("at91_gpio", S_IFREG | S_IRUGO, NULL, NULL, &at91_gpio_operations);
      return 0;
}
postcore_initcall(at91_gpio_debugfs_init);

#endif

/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * This lock class tells lockdep that GPIO irqs are in a different
 * category than their parents, so it won't report false recursion.
 */
static struct lock_class_key gpio_lock_class;

/*
 * Called from the processor-specific init to enable GPIO interrupt support.
 */
void __init at91_gpio_irq_setup(void)
{
      unsigned          pioc, pin;
      struct at91_gpio_chip   *this, *prev;

      for (pioc = 0, pin = PIN_BASE, this = gpio_chip, prev = NULL;
                  pioc++ < gpio_banks;
                  prev = this, this++) {
            unsigned    id = this->bank->id;
            unsigned    i;

            __raw_writel(~0, this->regbase + PIO_IDR);

            for (i = 0, pin = this->chip.base; i < 32; i++, pin++) {
                  lockdep_set_class(&irq_desc[pin].lock, &gpio_lock_class);

                  /*
                   * Can use the "simple" and not "edge" handler since it's
                   * shorter, and the AIC handles interrupts sanely.
                   */
                  set_irq_chip(pin, &gpio_irqchip);
                  set_irq_handler(pin, handle_simple_irq);
                  set_irq_flags(pin, IRQF_VALID);
            }

            /* The toplevel handler handles one bank of GPIOs, except
             * AT91SAM9263_ID_PIOCDE handles three... PIOC is first in
             * the list, so we only set up that handler.
             */
            if (prev && prev->next == this)
                  continue;

            set_irq_chip_data(id, this);
            set_irq_chained_handler(id, gpio_irq_handler);
      }
      pr_info("AT91: %d gpio irqs in %d banks\n", pin - PIN_BASE, gpio_banks);
}

/* gpiolib support */
static int at91_gpiolib_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *chip,
                              unsigned offset)
{
      struct at91_gpio_chip *at91_gpio = to_at91_gpio_chip(chip);
      void __iomem *pio = at91_gpio->regbase;
      unsigned mask = 1 << offset;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_ODR);
      return 0;
}

static int at91_gpiolib_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *chip,
                               unsigned offset, int val)
{
      struct at91_gpio_chip *at91_gpio = to_at91_gpio_chip(chip);
      void __iomem *pio = at91_gpio->regbase;
      unsigned mask = 1 << offset;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (val ? PIO_SODR : PIO_CODR));
      __raw_writel(mask, pio + PIO_OER);
      return 0;
}

static int at91_gpiolib_get(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
      struct at91_gpio_chip *at91_gpio = to_at91_gpio_chip(chip);
      void __iomem *pio = at91_gpio->regbase;
      unsigned mask = 1 << offset;
      u32 pdsr;

      pdsr = __raw_readl(pio + PIO_PDSR);
      return (pdsr & mask) != 0;
}

static void at91_gpiolib_set(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int val)
{
      struct at91_gpio_chip *at91_gpio = to_at91_gpio_chip(chip);
      void __iomem *pio = at91_gpio->regbase;
      unsigned mask = 1 << offset;

      __raw_writel(mask, pio + (val ? PIO_SODR : PIO_CODR));
}

static void at91_gpiolib_dbg_show(struct seq_file *s, struct gpio_chip *chip)
{
      int i;

      for (i = 0; i < chip->ngpio; i++) {
            unsigned pin = chip->base + i;
            void __iomem *pio = pin_to_controller(pin);
            unsigned mask = pin_to_mask(pin);
            const char *gpio_label;

            gpio_label = gpiochip_is_requested(chip, i);
            if (gpio_label) {
                  seq_printf(s, "[%s] GPIO%s%d: ",
                           gpio_label, chip->label, i);
                  if (__raw_readl(pio + PIO_PSR) & mask)
                        seq_printf(s, "[gpio] %s\n",
                                 at91_get_gpio_value(pin) ?
                                 "set" : "clear");
                  else
                        seq_printf(s, "[periph %s]\n",
                                 __raw_readl(pio + PIO_ABSR) &
                                 mask ? "B" : "A");
            }
      }
}

/*
 * Called from the processor-specific init to enable GPIO pin support.
 */
void __init at91_gpio_init(struct at91_gpio_bank *data, int nr_banks)
{
      unsigned          i;
      struct at91_gpio_chip *at91_gpio, *last = NULL;

      BUG_ON(nr_banks > MAX_GPIO_BANKS);

      gpio_banks = nr_banks;

      for (i = 0; i < nr_banks; i++) {
            at91_gpio = &gpio_chip[i];

            at91_gpio->bank = &data[i];
            at91_gpio->chip.base = PIN_BASE + i * 32;
            at91_gpio->regbase = at91_gpio->bank->offset +
                  (void __iomem *)AT91_VA_BASE_SYS;

            /* enable PIO controller's clock */
            clk_enable(at91_gpio->bank->clock);

            /* AT91SAM9263_ID_PIOCDE groups PIOC, PIOD, PIOE */
            if (last && last->bank->id == at91_gpio->bank->id)
                  last->next = at91_gpio;
            last = at91_gpio;

            gpiochip_add(&at91_gpio->chip);
      }
}

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