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rwsem.h

/*
 * R/W semaphores for ia64
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2003 Ken Chen <kenneth.w.chen@intel.com>
 * Copyright (C) 2003 Asit Mallick <asit.k.mallick@intel.com>
 * Copyright (C) 2005 Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
 *
 * Based on asm-i386/rwsem.h and other architecture implementation.
 *
 * The MSW of the count is the negated number of active writers and
 * waiting lockers, and the LSW is the total number of active locks.
 *
 * The lock count is initialized to 0 (no active and no waiting lockers).
 *
 * When a writer subtracts WRITE_BIAS, it'll get 0xffffffff00000001 for
 * the case of an uncontended lock. Readers increment by 1 and see a positive
 * value when uncontended, negative if there are writers (and maybe) readers
 * waiting (in which case it goes to sleep).
 */

#ifndef _ASM_IA64_RWSEM_H
#define _ASM_IA64_RWSEM_H

#ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H
#error "Please don't include <asm/rwsem.h> directly, use <linux/rwsem.h> instead."
#endif

#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>

#include <asm/intrinsics.h>

/*
 * the semaphore definition
 */
00036 struct rw_semaphore {
      signed long       count;
      spinlock_t        wait_lock;
      struct list_head  wait_list;
};

#define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE        __IA64_UL_CONST(0x0000000000000000)
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_BIAS           (1L)
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK           (0xffffffffL)
#define RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS          (-0x100000000L)
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS            RWSEM_ACTIVE_BIAS
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS           (RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS + RWSEM_ACTIVE_BIAS)

#define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \
      { RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE, __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED((name).wait_lock), \
        LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list) }

#define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \
      struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name)

extern struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_down_read_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem);
extern struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_down_write_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem);
extern struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem);
extern struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_downgrade_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem);

static inline void
init_rwsem (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      sem->count = RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;
      spin_lock_init(&sem->wait_lock);
      INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sem->wait_list);
}

/*
 * lock for reading
 */
static inline void
__down_read (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      long result = ia64_fetchadd8_acq((unsigned long *)&sem->count, 1);

      if (result < 0)
            rwsem_down_read_failed(sem);
}

/*
 * lock for writing
 */
static inline void
__down_write (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      long old, new;

      do {
            old = sem->count;
            new = old + RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS;
      } while (cmpxchg_acq(&sem->count, old, new) != old);

      if (old != 0)
            rwsem_down_write_failed(sem);
}

/*
 * unlock after reading
 */
static inline void
__up_read (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      long result = ia64_fetchadd8_rel((unsigned long *)&sem->count, -1);

      if (result < 0 && (--result & RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK) == 0)
            rwsem_wake(sem);
}

/*
 * unlock after writing
 */
static inline void
__up_write (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      long old, new;

      do {
            old = sem->count;
            new = old - RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS;
      } while (cmpxchg_rel(&sem->count, old, new) != old);

      if (new < 0 && (new & RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK) == 0)
            rwsem_wake(sem);
}

/*
 * trylock for reading -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention
 */
static inline int
__down_read_trylock (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      long tmp;
      while ((tmp = sem->count) >= 0) {
            if (tmp == cmpxchg_acq(&sem->count, tmp, tmp+1)) {
                  return 1;
            }
      }
      return 0;
}

/*
 * trylock for writing -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention
 */
static inline int
__down_write_trylock (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      long tmp = cmpxchg_acq(&sem->count, RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE,
                        RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS);
      return tmp == RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;
}

/*
 * downgrade write lock to read lock
 */
static inline void
__downgrade_write (struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      long old, new;

      do {
            old = sem->count;
            new = old - RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS;
      } while (cmpxchg_rel(&sem->count, old, new) != old);

      if (old < 0)
            rwsem_downgrade_wake(sem);
}

/*
 * Implement atomic add functionality.  These used to be "inline" functions, but GCC v3.1
 * doesn't quite optimize this stuff right and ends up with bad calls to fetchandadd.
 */
#define rwsem_atomic_add(delta, sem)      atomic64_add(delta, (atomic64_t *)(&(sem)->count))
#define rwsem_atomic_update(delta, sem)   atomic64_add_return(delta, (atomic64_t *)(&(sem)->count))

static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
      return (sem->count != 0);
}

#endif /* _ASM_IA64_RWSEM_H */

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